Nkhuku Brama

Lero, kubzala nkhuku ndi ntchito yotchuka kwambiri.

Zimakupatsani inu kudya nthawi zonse zatsopano, zachilengedwe, nyama zoyera ndi mazira.

Koma, ngati tikukamba za kubereketsa nkhuku Brahma, ndiye kuti idzabweretsanso kukhutira.

Inde, nkhuku izi zimakhala zokongoletsa mbalame iliyonse.

Nthawi zonse akhala akusiyana ndi mtundu wokongola, wamtendere, wololera, wolemekezeka, wopirira.

Chifukwa cha ubwino umenewu, komanso kukula kwake ndi kukula kwake, nkhukuzi zapeza nkhuku zambiri zowakomera nkhuku.

Nkhuku zowakonda nkhuku nkhuku nthawi zambiri zimakhala ngati zokongoletsa kapena kusunga jini.

Kodi zikuluzikulu za mtundu wa Pomfret ndi ziti?

Nkhuku za nkhukuzi zinagwedezeka ndi kusankha ndi kudutsa kwa nthawi yaitali. Amwenye ndi ma Cochinites, anthu amphamvu ndi akuluakulu anasankhidwa, pambuyo pake adadutsa. Kenaka nthawi yaitali inasankhidwa "inokha."

Tiyenera kuzindikira kuti ma Brahms amene analipo kale, ndi Brahma lero ndi osiyana kwambiri.

Zakale zapitazi, mtunduwu unagwiridwa kwambiri ndi nyama zake. Kulemera kwake kwa tambala kunkafika ma kilogalamu 7, zinali zachilendo kuti anyamata akule mofulumira (ali ndi miyezi isanu, iwo ankalemera pafupifupi 3 kilogram ndipo anafika msinkhu).

Patapita nthawi, makhalidwe abwino a nkhuku imeneyi adachepetsedwa. Mungathe kufotokozera mbalame zosankhidwa mbadwo wotsatira chifukwa cha zizindikiro zokongoletsera, ndipo makhalidwe ofunikira opindulitsa adanyalanyazidwa.

Motero, pang'onopang'ono mbalameyo inayamba kupeza chinthu chofunika kwambiri chokongoletsera.

Kulemera kwake kwa mizere ya Brahma yomwe ikudziwika lero ikhoza kufika pa 4.5 kilograms. Ngakhale kuti chiwerengerochi sichitha kutchedwa kuti chaling'ono, koma chirichonse chimadziwika poyerekeza. Kawirikawiri, mtundu umenewu ndi wa nyama.

General zizindikiro zakunja mbalame zabwino lero:

  • Nkhuku za Pomura zikuluzikulu ndipo zimakhala zovuta;
  • Mutu ndi waung'ono;
  • Mphungu yaikulu;
  • Kuphatikizana ndi kochepa, pods, mzere wachitatu, ulibe mapeto akuthwa;
  • Maso akuya kwambiri, obisika pansi pazitali zamapiri, chifukwa cha izi, mawoneka akuwoneka akuda;
  • Mtundu wa khutu la khutu umakhala wofiira, mawonekedwe amawongolera;
  • Ndolo zazikulu;
  • Mlomo wamfupi;
  • Pali khola la khungu, lopangidwa pansi pa mlomo pa khosi;
  • Khosi liri lamasinkhu aatali, ndi makina okongola. Pachiyambi pali kondola kakang'ono;
  • Chifuwa chachikulu chikufika patsogolo;
  • Mzere wa kumbuyo kwa mchira umaoneka ngati zeze;
  • Thupi limawoneka kwambiri;
  • Kumbuyo kuli kwakukulu;
  • Mchira wotsalira, wamfupi;
  • Mitundu kuchokera kunja imakhala ndi nthenga zambiri, yamphamvu, yayikulu;
  • Mphunoyi ndi yolimba, yochuluka, pafupi ndi thupi;
  • Mitundu yofewa yokongola kwambiri imathamanga.

Nkhuku zimakhala zozungulira komanso zochepa kwambiri kuposa miyendo, poyerekeza ndi mizati.

Nanga nchifukwa ninji obereketsa nkhuku amakonda kukula nkhuku ya brama? Tiyeni tiyankhule za zoyenera

Mudzabala mbalame zakutchire ndipo simunayambe kudziwa mtundu umene mungasankhe: nyama, broilers, zigawo, kapena mukufuna kubzala pofuna kukondweretsa zokondweretsa, Brahma nkhuku zikhoza kukhala njira yabwino kwambiri.

Muli mtundu umene alimi ambiri amakonda nkhuku amawaphatikiza: mitundu yokongola kwambiri, nyama zabwino kwambiri, chifukwa cha fupa lochepa kwambiri, lopangidwa mosavuta ndi manja. Koma zinthu zoyamba poyamba.

Zokongoletsera za mtundu umenewu zimakhudza alimi ambiri a nkhuku. Zakale nkhukuzi popanda mphindi yozizwitsa, sizingatheke kudutsa. Sharm iwo amachititsa kudzikuza. Ndipo pa nthawi yomweyo amabisa kuseri kwa chithunzichi. mbalame zamtendere, zowonongekambalame zosavuta kukhulupirira ndi zowonongeka.

Ndalama yaikulu ya nkhuku za Brahma ndizokonzekera bwino m'malo ozizira.

Kukula nkhuku zing'onozing'ono kungakhale kovuta, koma mbalame zazikulu zimakhazikika bwino mu nyengo yozizira komanso yamvula. Izi zikhoza kusonyeza kuwonjezeka kwa mazira m'nyengo yozizira.

Ng'ombe za nkhuku zimadziwika ndi alimi a nkhuku kuti apeze phindu lolemera - akhoza kufika 3-4 kilogalamu. Nthawi zina kulemera kwa makoko ndi kwakukulu kwambiri moti kumawalepheretsa kuima mofulumira.

Kodi zolakwika za Brahma zimabisika chifukwa cha kukongola kwakukulu?

Ngati tilankhula za zofooka ndi zovuta za kukula kwa nkhukuzi, ndiye kuti tiyenera kutchula:

  • Mosasamala kanthu za chibadwa chapamwino choyamwitsa, nkhuku za mtundu uwu sizikulimbikitsidwa kuti zigwiritsidwe ntchito monga nkhuku. Nthawi yovutayi imafotokozedwa ndi nkhuku yayikulu, imatha kuchepetsa mazira. Kuyambira pa izi, ndibwino kugwiritsa ntchito dzira losakanikirana ndi nkhuku kapena nkhuku zina zazing'onoting'ono, popeza zikhoza kulemera 1.5 kilograms kuposa Brahma.
  • Kukula kochepa kwa nkhuku. Iwo samangokula pang'onopang'ono, koma pang'onopang'ono. Chitetezo chawo chiri pafupi 70%;
  • Mafunde ofooka kwambiri kuphatikiza;
  • Chakudya chosadziwika, poyerekeza ndi miyendo ya nkhuku zambiri.

Kodi nkhuku za Brahma ndi ziti?

Lero, pali mitundu iwiri ya Brahma: European and American. Pafupi ndi ma Kokhinits ndi mtundu wa ku Ulaya, iwo ali ndi madzi ochulukirapo ndipo ndi ofooka pang'ono poyerekeza ndi mtundu wa American mtundu.

Pambuyo pake unatchulidwa kuti: Brahma ndi mdima ndipo Brahma ndi wopepuka, pambuyo pake Brahma anapatsidwa fawn.

Brama ndi mtundu wakuda

Brahma mdima umadziwika ndi kusintha kwakukulu kwa nyengo yozizira yozizira. Kawirikawiri, nkhuku iyi imamera ngati yokongola. Zizindikiro zazikulu za kunja ndi izi:

  • Mbalame ya hawk idapsa;
  • kuphulika, pamphumi yaying'ono;
  • mutu wawung'onong'onoting'ono, wang'ono;
  • chigwacho chigawanika kukhala katatu;
  • mulomo wachikasu ndi longitudinal wakuda mikwingwirima yakuda, wolimba pang'ono, wamphamvu;
  • miyendo yamphongo, wamtali, wandiweyani, wachikasu;
  • zovala zofiira, zofiira;
  • maso ofiira-bulauni;
  • chifuwa chachikulu, chokwanira kuposa mitundu ina ya Brahma, yopanda;
  • khungu ndi lofiira ndi loyera;
  • mapiko aakulu.

Tambala pa khosi ndi mane imakhala ndi mithunzi, ndipo mkati mwake mpiringidzo wamkati. Mtundu wa nkhuku umayang'aniridwa ndi mtundu wakuda, nthenga zakuda ndi malire oyera, thupi liri ndi nthenga zakuda ndi mizere ya mikwingwirima yakuda.

Kukula msinkhu ku Brahma mdima umabwera pa miyezi 6-8. Panthawiyi, nkhuku imakula makilogalamu 4, ndipo tambala - mpaka 5 kilograms. Kutulutsa mazira ndi mazira 120-150. Kulemera kwa mazira pafupifupi magalamu 70, mtundu wa golide - kirimu.

Ndizosangalatsa kuwerenga za kulima atsekwe.

Fawn hens

Chimodzi mwa mitundu ya mtundu ndi Brahma. Zizindikiro za kunja ndi:

  • Zingwe za superciliary zimapangidwa, zomwe zimatsimikizira kuwona kwa maso;
  • Maso ali ofiira-bulauni;
  • Mutu umakhala wochepa kwambiri poyerekeza ndi thupi;
  • Zachilendo zimathandizidwa ndi pakati ndi kunja;
  • Miyendo ndi yachikasu, yandiweyani, yokhala ndi nthenga zolimba;
  • Mbalameyi imagawidwa muzipinda zitatu, zofanana ndi mtola;
  • Mchira uli wautali wamkati;
  • Kumbuyo kuli kochepa;
  • Khosi ndilosawerengeka kwa nthawi yaitali.

Zojambula zili ndi mane kwambiri kwambiri kuposa mtundu waukulu. Kulemera kwa moyo pa zaka zisanu ndi zitatu kumatha kufika mapaundi 4-5. Nkhuku Brama ndi mtundu wa fawn nthawi zambiri imabzalidwa osati chifukwa cha nyama kapena mazira, koma ngati yokongoletsera.

Kutulutsa mazira ndi mazira 130 pachaka. Kulemera kwake kwa dzira ndi magalamu 59. Chipolopolo chobiriwira.

Brama ndi mitundu yowala (yowala kwambiri)

Brama wobiriwira anagonjetsa alimi ambiri a nkhuku ndi zokongoletsa. Mitundu ya nkhuku ndi yotonthozeka kwambiri. Zimakhala zosavuta kuti zikhale bwino, komanso zimaphunzitsidwa kudyetsa m'manja, chifukwa zimadalira kwambiri.

Chikhalidwe chachikulu cha kubereka Brahma ndi mtundu wowala ndi kuyenda nthawi zonse. Mtundu uwu umadziwika ndi kusintha kwabwino kwa nyengo yovuta, yamvula. Ndipo panthawi imodzimodziyo, kubereketsa sikophweka monga momwe kungawonekere.

Brahma yoyera yoyera bwino imafika ma 4.5 kilogalamu mu miyezi 5-6 ndikuyamba kuika mazira (pafupifupi 160-170 zidutswa pachaka).

Chipolopolocho chili ndi zonona zokhala ndi mithunzi. Mazira a nkhuku amakula m'nyengo yozizira. Pachifukwa ichi, m'nyengo yozizira, Brahma ndi yofunika kufunikira chisamaliro chapadera.

Zizindikiro za kunja awa ndi awa:

  • Mutu ndi waung'ono ndi mphuno yaing'ono;
  • Mapiri a superciliary amakula bwino;
  • Mlomo wachikasu uli ndi mizere yakuda;
  • Chisa cha mtundu wofiira chinagawidwa muzipoto zitatu;
  • Zovala zazikulu zazikulu;
  • Kuzama-kuyang'ana maso;
  • Makutu ali ndi kuzungulira kolondola, kwa kukula kwapakati;
  • Khosi ndilosawonongeka kwambiri, ndi maneu yoyamba;
  • Mapikowa ndi osakanikirana, kukula kwa thupi;
  • Kumbuyo kuli kochepa, kochepa;
  • Miyendo yofanana ndi mzere wa m'mapazi;
  • Mafupa anu;
  • Khungu lofiira;
  • Chifuwacho ndi chachikulu, chodzaza;
  • Kuwongolera kolunjika mchira wawung'ono, kufalikira kumbali;
  • Miyendo yowakometsa kwambiri, yakuda;
  • Maluwa ambiri amapezeka;

Miyendo yamapiko imapatsa kulemera kwa kulemera ndi chilungamo kwa Brahma. Kujambula mtundu wa mtundu umenewu nthawi zambiri kumatchedwa Colombian, chifukwa ndi mtundu wa siliva woyera umene umakhalapo, komanso kuwala kwa Brahma.

Kuwonjezera pa zazikulu zoyera-imvi mu nkhukuzi, mapiko oyendetsa ndi kuthawa, komanso khosi, amajambulidwa wakuda ndi nsalu ya masamba obiriwira. Nthenga zowakomera ndi zoyera ndi mizere yakuda, pamene nkhuku ziri zoyera.

Chosavomerezeka ndi pachimake cha mtundu wachikasu pa nthenga, kapena kukhalapo kwa mikwingwirima yakuda mu ntchentche za lumbar.

Yambani kuthamangira mochedwa. Cherese yaiwisi. Mazira a nkhuku amakula m'nyengo yozizira. Kutulutsa mazira pafupifupi pa chaka pafupifupi mazira 100-120. kulemera kwa dzira limodzi ndi 50-60 magalamu.

Kulemera kwa mazira - mapaundi 4, nkhuku - mapaundi atatu.

Kuthamanga kotsika kapena kochepa mu nkhuku izi?

Alimi okwana nkhuku omwe adakonda kukula nkhukuzi, ndi yankho la funso lakuti: "Nchifukwa chiyani imabereka chibwibwi?" ndi yankho limodzi: "Pindula kawiri: mazira ndi nyama".

Nkhuku zoposa zaka ziwiri zimakhala ndi mlingo wokwanira kwambiri wa mazira - mazira 120-150 pafupi pachaka. Pambuyo pa msinkhu uwu, kupanga mazira kumachepetsedwa kwambiri. Brahma imayamba kusesa kale kuposa miyezi 7.5 - 9. Kulemera kwa dzira limodzi ndi 55-60 magalamu.

Nkhuku zowononga nkhuku zimakhala zakuda kwambiri mpaka 4 kilograms, kuwala pang'ono - mpaka 3-3.5 kilogalamu. Kulemera kwa mazira - mpaka mapaundi 4-6. Mfupa wochepa kwambiri amalankhula za makhalidwe abwino a nyama a Brahma.

Chitetezo cha achinyamata - 70%, ndi mbalame zazikulu - 90%

Malamulo ovuta komanso ovuta kubereka nkhuku Brama

Anthu ambiri, kugula nkhuku Brahma pofuna kukondweretsa zokondweretsa, nthawi zina samvetsa bwino kuti ndi "chithumwa chapamwamba" chomwe chimafuna kuwonjezera chidwi.

Sitinganene kuti kusamalira Brahma ndi kovuta kwambiri, koma pali malamulo omwe ali ofunikira kuti achotsedwe bwino. Ngati satsatira, mbalamezo zimadwala nthawi zambiri komanso sizibweretsa phindu.

Kuchotsa nkhuku: ndi mavuto otani omwe angakumane nawo

Iwo ali kukula pang'onopang'ono ndi chisamaliro chofunikira kwambiri ndi chakudya. Nkhono za nkhuku zimakhala pafupifupi zana limodzi. Chinthu chofunika kwambiri pa nthawi yopanga makina ndi kanyumba kamene kamatentha kwambiri kutentha kwambiri. Izi ndi zoona makamaka atayika mazira pa masiku 5-6 oyambirira.

Kutanganidwa kwa nkhuku kutuluka nawo pamsewu sikungatheke. Ndibwino kuti uwapititse ku bokosi la udzu, pansi pa nyali zowala, izi zidzawapatsa kuwala ndi kutentha.

Ndipo patangotha ​​sabata imodzi ya moyo wa boxed akhoza Brahma kutuluka kwa maola ochepa pa udzu wobiriwira, kuti ayende pansi pa kuwala kwa dzuwa.

Pambuyo pa masiku angapo, nkofunika kugwira ntchito yoteteza ndi anapiye. Matenda awo samasiyana ndi matenda onse omwe nkhuku zambiri zimadwala nazo. Choncho, nkofunikira katemera nkhuku, makamaka kuchokera ku chimfine cha mbalame.

Izi ndi zofunika kudziwa! Mu mtundu uwu wa nkhuku, zida zachilengedwe zimayamba kudziwonetsera okha kuchokera m'chaka chachiwiri cha moyo, choncho, mazira ayenera kusankhidwa kuti azisakaniza kuchokera ku mbalame zazing'ono kuposa zaka zino. Ndipo mazira m'chaka choyamba cha moyo amakhala ochepa kwambiri kuposa wachiwiri.

Ndi chakudya chiti chomwe chili bwino kugwiritsa ntchito?

Malingaliro a alimi a nkhuku momwe angadyetse nkhuku agawidwa:

  • Ena amanena kuti chakudya chabwino kwambiri cha nkhuku za Brama chidzakhala chakudya chapadera cha chakudya, ndipo kuchokera pa miyezi iwiri yokha kupita ku chakudya chodzipangira.
  • Ena amanena kuti poyamba ndibwino kupatsa dzira lophika losakaniza tirigu kapena chimanga, ndipo nthawi zina udzu ukhoza kusakanizidwa nawo.
  • Alimi atatu a nkhuku amakhulupirira kuti chakudya chabwino kwambiri chidzakhala tirigu. Pa chiŵerengero cha magawo awiri a tirigu ndi wachitatu-chimanga. Mbewu ndi zofunika kuti musagwirizane nazo, chifukwa zimayambitsa kunenepa kwa mbalame.

Mtundu uliwonse wa zakudya zomwe mumasankha, ziyenera kuphatikiza ndi zowonjezera zosiyanasiyana, mwachitsanzo: mbewu za mpendadzuwa, chakudya, mazira, etc.

Kudyetsa ndi kusamalira mbalame zazikulu kumatanthauza kutsatira malamulo omwe ali pansipa.

Timadya chakudya chabwino cha nkhuku Brama

Ndi zofunika kugaya tirigu kwa anapiye komanso akuluakulu, kotero zimathamanga mofulumira m'thupi.

Zothandiza pa mtundu uwu wa nkhuku ndi chakudya chobiriwira. M'nyengo yotentha, Brama nkhuku ndi yabwino kutulutsa msipu. M'nyengo yozizira, idyani msipu, ndipo imathandizanso kuwonjezera zouma fennel ndi nettle ku chakudya.

Kupereka mbalamezo zimasungidwa mu khola, ndikofunikira kuyang'anira zakudya zogwirizana kwambiri. Mutha kuwonjezera biolit muyeso pa kilogalamu ya supuni 1 chakudya.

Mukasunga nkhuku Brahma pali chakudya chomwe chiyenera kutayidwa, mwachitsanzo, kuchokera ku mbatata yophika. Iye sagwiritsidwa ntchito mopitirira muyeso, koma amayamba kuyendayenda mu mimba ya mbalame, chifukwa chake, anyamata amayamba kuwomba.

Ndi zofunika kudya nthawi zonse kusakaniza wovuta mchenga mchenga, zophika mazira, zipolopolo, nsomba za mafuta, choko. Ngati n'kotheka, ndi zofunika kuwonjezera chakudya cha soya, chili ndi mapuloteni okwana 50%.

Ngati odyetserako akuyikidwa pamwamba pa mtunda wautali, ndipo masitepe ang'onoang'ono amawabweretsera pazitsulo ziwiri kapena zitatu, onetsetsani kuti nkhuku zimachita masewero olimbitsa thupi komanso chakudya chaukhondo - kuziwombera kuti zisamangidwe pamagetsi ndi mapepala awo.

Zosungidwa zaukhondo

Choyamba, m'pofunika kuyang'anira ukhondo wa omwawo kuti asapangidwe ndi ntchentche ndi maluwa obiriwira. Ngati mbalamezo zili ndi mapaipi - zowonongeka nthawi zonse zosambira ziyenera kukhala phulusa. Motero, mbalamezi zidzatha kuchotsa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.

Miyezi ingapo iliyonse muyenera Pewani nkhuku ndi birch tar. Mungathe kuchita izi motere: Thirani gawo limodzi mwa magawo atatu pa teti kapena tani kapena mafuta odzola bwino.

Chisa cha Brahma chiyenera kukhala chapadera kuposa nkhuku zambiri. Ikani malowa musakhale pamwamba pamwamba, pamtunda wa masentimita 40-50. M'lifupi mwake liyenera kukhala pafupifupi masentimita 30. Ayenera kuikidwa pambali zitatu.

Malo omwe mbalamezi zimasungidwa ziyenera kuwonetsedwa nthawi zonse, ndipo pansi ayenera kukhala owuma ndi oyera. Kuonjezera mazira opanga mazira, samalani bwino kuunikira kwa nkhuku nkhu. Ngati mutakhala ndi tsiku lowala kwa maola 13-14, ndiye kuti zotsatira zabwino sizidzatenga nthawi yaitali.