Kuphunzira kupanga khola kwa zinziri

Kukolola ndi zimbalangondo zomwe zimakhala pakhomo ndi bizinesi yopindulitsa kwambiri.

Ndipotu mbalamezi zimadya chakudya chochepa kwambiri, koma nthawi yomweyo zimadyetsa bwino komanso zimapatsa nyama pang'ono, koma zimakhala ndi phindu lalikulu kwambiri.

Kusunga zinziri sizingakhale zovuta konse, chifukwa akhoza kukhala m'nyumba, ngati mumamanga khola lapadera kwa iwo.

Momwe mungachitire izi ndi nkhaniyi pansipa.

Tidzayesera kugawana nanu magulu akuluakulu a maselo, komanso kuti tilimbikitse zokhazokha, ndikudziwitseni zofunika kwambiri zomanga.

Kodi selo liyenera kuwoneka bwanji: kudziwa zoyenera ndi zoyenera

Zingamveke kuti mbalame zili m'nyumba - ndizozizira, mpweya ndi mpweya wambiri. Koma, zenizeni, zinthu zonse zosasangalatsa ndizosavuta kuti mupewe ngati mutasankha zolinga zam'tsogolo.

Ndicho, sichiyenera ngakhale kugula, koma ndizomveka kuti mudzipangire nokha ndi zipangizo zotsika mtengo.

Kawirikawiri, ngati mutagwira bwino ntchito zomwe zimaperekedwa kwa maselo, ndiye kuti n'zotheka popanda kumvekanso kuti mumange bwino. Pansipa tidzakudziwitsani zinthu zoterezi.

  • Ndikofunika kwambiri kuti zinziri zomwe zili mu khola zili ndi malo okwanira. Choncho, kukula kwake kuyenera kukhazikitsidwa pa chiwerengero cha munthu mmodzi pa 100 cm2.

    Mutha kusiya malo ena, koma ganizirani ngati zingakhale zopindulitsa kwa inu nokha?

  • Kuika anthu ambiri mu khola limodzi sikoyenera.

    Choyamba, kudzakhala kofunika kumanga khola lalikulu, ndipo kachiwiri, mbalame zambiri zomwe zimakhala m'dothi zingathe kuwononga thanzi lawo ndi dzira.

  • Musaiwale za zomwe zimatchedwa "dzira la" dzira - ndiko kuti, malo otsika, omwe mazira adzatuluka kuti apeze zovuta.

    Pankhaniyi, kutalika kwa khoma lakumbuyo kudzafika masentimita 20, pomwe kutsogolo kudzakhala masentimita asanu kwambiri. Koma panthawi yomweyi kwa onse, maonekedwe a mazira sayenera kukhala oposa 8-10ºС, mwinamwake mbalamezi zidzatulukanso.

  • Odzizira dzira adziwonekera kutsogolo kwa khola, ndipo masentimita 7-10 adzakhala okwanira pa izi, ndiyeneranso kulumikiza bumpers kwa iwo, mwinamwake mazira adzagwa pansi ndi kugwa pansi.
  • Njira yodziwika kwambiri yopanga maselo ndiyo kugwiritsa ntchito ma thomba. Komabe, m'pofunika kuganizira kuchuluka kwa maselo ake, chifukwa zinziri ndi mbalame yazing'ono, ndipo popanda mavuto idzatha kutulukira pamatsegulidwe akuluakulu. Choncho, kupeza galasi ndi maselo oposa 1.2 mpaka 1.2 centimita sikuyenera.

    Dera la waya, lomwe lidzadalira mphamvu ya selo, likhoza kusiyana ndi mamitamita 0.9 mpaka 2.

  • Ndizovuta kugwirizanitsa pakhoma lakunja la khola ndi ntchito ya chitseko. Pachifukwachi, chimagwirizanitsidwa ndi chimango chachikulu ndi matope apadera, kapena ndi zingwe zapande. Izi zidzapulumutsa kwambiri malo.

Kuyamba Kumanga Cell: Njira Zoyamba

Mapindu ndi chisokonezo pakusankha zipangizo zomwe zimakonda kwambiri popanga maselo

Musanayambe kupanga selo, ndikofunika kusankha zinthu. Ndikofunika kupitiliza nkhaniyi kuchokera ku mfundo yakuti zidzakhala zofikira komanso zotsika mtengo kwa inu nokha, popeza nkhani iliyonse ili ndi ubwino wake ndi ubwino wake.

Ngati mwasankha kupatsa chingwe chachitsulo chosungidwa ndi ndodo zopangidwa ndizitsulo (ngakhale kugwiritsa ntchito aluminiyamu yeniyeni kapena mimba yabwino ndi zotsatira zabwino), ndiye choyamba mungapambane ndikukhalitsa kojambula.

Komanso, khola lachitsulo limaonedwa kuti ndi laukhondo kwambiri, chifukwa likhoza kusokonezeka mosavuta ndi moto, blowtorch, kapena madzi otentha. Kuphatikiza apo, selo lidzapezekanso ku ma lattic olimba, zomwe zidzalola kuti dzuwa lidzaze m'kati mwa selo.

Komabe, zimakhalanso ndithu N'kovomerezeka kupanga mapulusa a nkhuni kapena kuphatikiza nkhuni ndi chitsulo. Ndibwino kuti mugwiritse ntchito beech, birch, maple kapena mtengo wamtengo ngati chinthu.

Pogwiritsa ntchito njirayi, aesthetics ya maselo, kusungunuka kwa zinthuzo kudzakhala kopindulitsa, kumakhala bwino kwambiri, komwe sikungathe kunenedwa za maselo achitsulo. Komabe, matabwa ndi ophatikizana ali nazo zambiri zofooka:

  • Mtengo sungakhoze kupatsidwa kuchokera ku tizirombo pogwiritsa ntchito moto, ndipo kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala ena ophera tizilombo toyambitsa matenda sikungakhalenso kosatheka.
  • Kawirikawiri dampine imapezeka muzitsulo zamatabwa (pambuyo pake, siziuma mofulumira ngati zitsulo), chifukwa cha tizilombo toyambitsa matenda omwe amatha kumanga m'makona.
  • Pamalo osungirako pamodzi, sikutheka kukhala ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya mbalame zomwe zimakhala ndi zipilala zovuta, chifukwa zingathe kuwononga.

Kodi ndondomeko ya khola iyenera kukhala yotani, yomwe si yabwino yokha mbalame, komanso nyumba?

Mukayamba kuchita ndikupanga kupanga selo, simungathe kuzilemba "mzere".

Ndipotu, sikungatheke kugwetsa grid pamalo omwewo, kapena kupeza kukula kwa bolodi.

Komabe, malingana ndi malingaliro a ambuye omwe anali nawo mu bizinesi ili, khola lalikulu la mbalamezi (ndiko kuti, kwa anthu 30) liyenera kukhala lalikulu masentimita 40, ndi mita imodzi yaitali. Pa nthawi yomweyo, ngati mitundu ya zinziri zakula, kapena kubereka nyama, ndiye kuti masentimita asanu ayenera kuwonjezeredwa m'lifupi ndi kutalika.

Pa nthawi yomweyi, musaiwale za jekeseni la dzira, lomwe lidzatenganso malo ena (tawafotokozera kale miyeso yake pamwambapa).

Komabe, chifukwa chokhala ndi khola palokha, liyenera kupangidwa osati lalikulu, mwachilengedwe osati anthu 30, 20-25 a zinziri m'tsogolomu.

Pachifukwa ichi, seloyo imapezeka muyezo wa 72 ndi 52 masentimita, chabwino, kapena 28 ndi magalasi 20 a grid, ngati wapereka mwayi wopanga zitsulo.

Koma ndizosavuta kupanga maselo ena okhaokha, koma mitsempha yonse, kumene selo iliyonse imayikidwa pamwamba pa mzake ndi kuthandizidwa ndi makonzedwe apadera.

Choncho, n'zotheka kupanga phokoso losavuta ndi mamita 1,95 mamita, kutalika kwa mamita 1 ndi kuya kwa masentimita 60 (limodzi ndi kutalika kwa dzira lovomerezeka), lomwe lingakhale ndi mbalame pakati pa 150 ndi 200 ndipo sizitenga malo ambiri. Ndizigawo zonse zomwe zagwiritsidwa ntchito, zikhala ndi maselo asanu.

Zigawo zazikulu ndi zochitika za kumangidwe kwa maselo pogwiritsa ntchito matope

Kukonzekera kwa zipangizo zofunika kuti khungu yomanga

Tidzakhala ndi khola lothandiza kwambiri kwa anthu 25 a zinziri, zomwe njira yosavuta ndiyo kusankha zipangizo zofunikira. Choncho, timagula zipangizo zotsatirazi:

  • Meshiti yachitsulo ndi mamita a hafu ndi theka ndi mawonekedwe a selo osapitirira 2.5 mpaka 2.5 centimita. Ndizothandiza kwambiri kusankha chingwe cha mamita 1.8 millimeter.
  • Gridiyi imapangidwa ndi zinthu zomwezo, koma kale mamita 1 lonse ndi maselo ang'onoang'ono - 1.2 ndi 2.4 masentimita. Popanda mavuto, gululi lingapezeke ndi mamita 1.4 mm nthambi. Zidzakhala ngati selo, lomwe limafotokoza maselo ang'onoang'ono.
  • Pachilumbacho, mukufunikira chidutswa chazithunzi, chomwe chingatengedwe pambuyo pomanga mazikowo. Potero, kudzatha kutenga chidutswa cha kukula kwake, popanda kuwononga ndalama kapena zipangizo.
  • Kuti mukonze bwinobwino pansi mukufunika mapiritsi 6 apulasitiki.
  • Mbiri yachitsulo, yopangidwa mwachindunji kuti igwire ntchito ndi drywall. Adzakhala ngati chakudya cha mbalame zathu. Ndipo monga mowa njira yosungirako ndalama kwambiri ikanakhala botolo la pulasitiki wokhazikika.

Kufika pakupanga maselo: ndondomeko ya sitepe ndi sitepe

  1. Timatenga galasi lathu la mita imodzi ndi theka ndikudula chidutswa cha maselo 20 okha kutalika kwake. Timawerengera kuchokera kumapeto onse a maselo 16 ndikukongoletsa gululi kuti kalata P. ikhale yabwino kwambiri. Ndi yabwino kwambiri kuigwiritsa ntchito pa maselo okha, osati pamagulu awo.
  2. Ndikofunika kuzindikira kuti chidutswacho sichidulidwa mwangwiro pamaselo, koma mapeto a ndodo amasiyidwa pa cholinga. Iwo ali okonzeka kwambiri kukonza khoma lakumbuyo ndi pansi pa selo la m'tsogolo.
  3. Timagwirizira pansi pa chimango cholandirira, chomwe timayenera kudula chidutswa cha mamita masentimita 72 kuchokera ku gridi mita (mwachibadwa, ndi bwino kuyesa pang'ono kuti musasokoneze). Kaŵirikaŵiri zimatuluka maselo 60 mbali. Musaiwale kuti achoke kumapeto kwa nthambi, atagwedezekera kuti kamangidwe kadzakhala kotalika komanso kodalirika.
  4. Kuchokera ku chidutswa chomwecho chiyenera kugwadira khoma lakumbuyo. Zidzakhala kwinakwake masentimita 16 (masekeli 6.5).
  5. Pogwiritsa ntchito zotsalira za nthambi zomwe zimachoka mu ukonde, khoma lakumbuyo limaphatikizidwa ku chimango chachikulu, ndi kumbuyo kwa nyumba kumbali. Pakukonzekera pansi musaiwale kuti pakuzira mazira ziyenera kukhala zochepa. Izi zikutanthauza kuti ngati khoma lakumbuyo linali lalikulu masentimita 16, koma khoma lakunja liyenera kukhala pafupifupi 19 (= 7.5 maselo).
  6. Kuchokera pa galasi lonselo, lomwe limayambira kutsogolo, timapanga osonkhanitsa dzira malinga ndi magawo omwe tawatchula pamwambapa. Chinthu chachikulu - musaiwale za mbali, zomwe zidzapulumutse mazira kuti agwe pansi.
  7. Konzani pansi pamakoma ndi zomangira pulasitiki.
  8. Kuti tipange khoma lakumbuyo, lomwe lidzakhala ngati chitseko, tifunika chidutswa cha ma seti 6 mpaka 28. Timalichotsa pa gridi imodzi ya mita ndi theka, kumene maselo ali aakulu.

    Mothandizidwa ndi zidutswa zingapo za waya kapena mothandizidwa ndi ndodo zomwe timakonza kuti tizipange chidutswa cholandirira kutsogolo. Timapanganso pansi pakhomo pakhoma pakhomo pakhomo, ndipo pamapeto pake palibe mavuto omwe angathe kutseguka kuti atsegule khola.

  9. Khomo likhoza kupangidwa pamwamba pa khola, kudula chidutswa cha maselo 68 kuchokera "padenga" ndikuchipeza mosavuta. Komabe, mu kapangidwe kameneka, selo sali woyenera kusungirako.
  10. Timapanga chipindacho, pokhala chija chimadula mbali za kumadzulo kwa 45º. Kenaka, tenga tepi yotalika masentimita 80 ndi 60, kugulira mbali zonse kukula kwake: mbali zitatu zimakwera ndipo imodzi (kutsogolo) pansi.
  11. Timapanga botolo ndi chiweto kuchokera mu botolo ndi mbiri, kumangiriza ku khola mothandizidwa ndi waya.
  12. Selo lotere lingagwiritsidwe ntchito nthawi yomweyo, ngakhale kuli koyenera kuchiza ndi mankhwala ophera tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.

Timamanga khola kwa zinziri kuchokera plywood

Dothi kapena plywood (yomwe ili yotsika mtengo) selo lamangidwa mwamtheradi molingana ndi ndondomeko ndi mfundo, monga chithunzi chofotokozedwa pamwambapa.

Chinthu chokha chimene pansi pake chiri chonse chiyenera kukhala kuchokera ku gridi. Komabe, selo lotero liri ndi zofunikira zake zokha. Choyamba Zomwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito ziyenera kupangidwa ndi mankhwala oletsa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda kapena varnishyomwe ili madzi.

Zochita zoterezi zingalepheretse kuwonjezeka kwa dampness ndi mawonekedwe a mabakiteriya osiyanasiyana.

Odyetsa kawirikawiri amakwera pa khola kutsogolo, ndi kumbali - omwera. Zitha kukhazikitsanso mwachindunji, ngati simungadalire za aesthetics za kapangidwe ka mtsogolo.

Momwemo, maselo oterewa amalimbikitsidwanso kuti aphimbe nyuzipepala, chifukwa pamene poto imatulutsidwa, chirichonse chozungulira iwe chingakhale chodetsedwa ndi nyansi zakutchire.

Chotsatira chake, muyenera kukhala ndi khola labwino kwambiri, koma muyenera kuliika nthawi zonse patsogolo pa zenera kuti mbalame zikhale ndi dzuwa.

Chosavuta china chogwiritsa ntchito matabwa ndi plywood popanga maselo ndi kulemera kwake, zomwe zingakhale zovuta kutumiza, makamaka ndi mbalame mkati.

Ndizosangalatsanso kuwerenga za kumangidwe kwa nyumba pa malo anu.

Mmene mungachotsere zida za zinziri m'nyumba mwanu: malangizo othandiza

Kumbali imodzi, ndibwino kuti mbalamezi zisunge m'nyumba, chifukwa simukuyenera kukhala ndi zipangizo zamakono zowonetsera maselo, koma zina zimakhala zovuta kwambiri, chifukwa nyumba kapena nyumba ikhoza kununkhiza mbalame mosasangalatsa.

Koma ngakhale mavutowa angathe kuthandizidwa ngati akuwonetseratu pasadakhale.

Kodi mungatani kuti zinyumba zizikhala mwatsopano, ngati zikudya zinziri?

Choyamba, izo ziyenera nthawizonse yeretsani tray cellzomwe zonse zowonongeka zimasonkhanitsidwa. Ndibwino kuti tichite zimenezi nthawi ziwiri patsiku, kutsukidwa ndi mankhwala osokoneza bongo (kuti asawononge mbalame).

Chachiwiri, kuphatikizapo amphaka, mungagwiritse ntchito nthawi zonse kudzaza zinziri, zotsatira zomwe mudzaziwona mwamsanga.

Chachitatu, kugwiritsa ntchito pa pallets ziwiri ndi njira yabwino kwambiri yothetsera fungo la mbalame. Mwa kuyika imodzi pansi pa khola, mukhoza kusamba inayo ndikuyiyika pamsewu kuti muthamangitsidwe.

Ndikofunika kwambiri kuti tichite zimenezi pamene ntchito yamatabwa imagwiritsidwa ntchito, momwe fungo limakhudzidwa kwambiri.

Chophweka chothandizira kulimbana ndi chakudya chophwanyika

Vuto lina limene limabwera pamene kusunga zinziri ndi chakudya chomwe chimatambasulidwa kuzungulira khola. Ndipotu, mbalamezi zimakhudzidwa kwambiri, ndipo nthawi zonse zimayang'ana chakudya chabwino kwambiri.

Pa nthawi yomweyo, ngati muwapatsa chakudya chabwino - zotsatira zake zidzakhala zofanana. Choncho, pa odyetsa, mungathe kungoika galasi yomwe ingalepheretse mbalame kuti zisamangidwe.

Choncho, mudzaonetsetsa kuti ukhondo ndi woyeretsa komanso kudyetsa ndalama. Chosowa choterechi chingapangidwe ngati mawonekedwe a nyumba, zomwe zidzathetsa kuti asatulutse ngakhale pamene akugona.

Koma, ndithudi, kamodzi pa sabata wodyetsa adzafunikanso kutsukidwa ku nsomba yotsalayo.

Timalimbana ndi fumbi lomwe limakhala m'nyumba kuchokera ku chakudya chamagulu

Kumbali imodzi, njira yosavuta yothetsera vuto ili ndi kudyetsa mbalame ndi phala lonyowa, osati ndi chakudya chouma. Koma vuto si_sali nthawi yokwanira yokonzekera.

Pankhaniyi, chithandizo chokha kugwiritsa ntchito osonkhanitsa pfumbi. Zimatchulidwa ndi anthers, zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pamagalimoto ndipo zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pamphepete.

Ndi zonsezi, mutha kupanga chipangizo chomwecho nokha: tenga gridi ndi maselo wandiweyani kwambiri ndikuwongolera pa chimango chokonzekera bwino, zomwe ziyenera kukhala zazikulu kawiri ka selo. Ngati chithunzichi chikaikidwa pa khola, chidzatengera fumbi lonse.

Chinthu chokha - panthawiyi fumbi ili liyenera kugogoda pa chimango chomwecho.

Ubwino winanso wogwiritsira ntchito chimango chofotokozera ngati phulusa lafumbi ndi kuti ngati mupitiriza kusungunuka nthawi zonse, zidzakhudza kuwonjezeka kwa chinyezi. Izi ndi zofunika kwambiri kwa mbalame zokha, zomwe, zikauma, zimayamba kuswa ndi nthenga.