Chicken Leggorn

Ngakhale masiku ano n'zosavuta kupeza mitundu khumi ndi iwiri ya nkhuku, zomwe zimasiyanitsidwa ndi zokolola zabwino, komabe mitundu yodziwika bwino siimataya umoyo wawo.

Makamaka, imodzi mwa izi ndi nkhuku za Leggorn, zomwe kwazaka zambiri zadziwika padziko lonse chifukwa cha makhalidwe awo abwino.

Komanso, lero akugwiritsidwa ntchito mwakhama monga gwero la chibadwa cha chimodzi mwa zipangizo zabwino kwambiri popanga nkhuku zatsopano.

Mutu wa nkhaniyi wakukhudzani kale kuti mtundu uwu ndi wotchuka kwambiri chifukwa cha mazira ake.

Komabe, ichi sichiri chokha choyenera, chifukwa chake tidafuna kukudziwiritsani mwatsatanetsatane ndi Leghorn.

Zinthu zosiyana ndi zina za curia ya Leggorn

Chiyambi cha mtundu uwu ndi Chiitaliya, komabe, chimakhala chachilendo kunja kwa dzikoli kwa nthawi yaitali. Makhalidwe onse a Leghornam adatengedwa mwa kuswana mtundu, popeza poyamba unalibe mtengo wapadera.

Komanso, mtundu umenewu umasinthidwa ndi akatswiri mpaka lero, chifukwa cha nkhukuzo mitundu yambiri ya zamoyo ndi ma subspecies zagwedezeka, zomwe zikutchuka.

Kuwoneka ndi magawo a Leggornovskoy mtundu wa curia

Kwa zaka zambiri, kubereketsa ndi kuswana kwa nkhukuzi kunapezedwa mitundu yosiyana siyana. Komabe zovuta kwambiri m'mayiko athu ndi mbalame zoyera (ndipo kawirikawiri, mtundu uwu ndiwo khalidwe la mtunduwo).

Koma, ngati mukuyenera kukumana ndi nkhuku zakuda, zofiira, fawn, kapena bulauni, zikhoza kukhala Leghorn.

Makhalidwe onse a iwo adzakhala kukula kwake kwa thupi, zomwe zimapangitsa ngakhale akuluakulu kukhala ophatikizana kwambiri. Ndiponso, mawonekedwe awo ofanana ndi mawonekedwe awo amasiyana kwambiri.

Ndiponso, ku zosiyana Mbalamezi zikuphatikizapo izi:

  • Khungu la nkhuku ndi lamtundu kapena lachikasu.
  • Ukulu wa mutu ndi waung'ono, chisa ndichinthu chofiira kwambiri, chofiira.

    Chisa ndi chimodzi mwa kusiyana pakati pa nkhuku ndi zinyama, popeza poyamba zimangokhala pang'ono, ndipo pamapeto pake nthawi zambiri zimayima. Khosi ndilolitali komanso lopweteka kwa oimira azimayi awiriwa.

  • Poyerekeza ndi mitundu ina, Leggorn ali ndi mlomo wawfupi kwambiri ndi mtundu wachikasu. Chidwi chochititsa chidwi ndi chakuti pamapeto pake pamakhala pang'ono.
  • Ngakhale kuti kumbuyo kwa curia ya mtunduwu kumatanthauzira, ndiko kusiyanitsa ndi chifuwa chachikulu komanso mimba.
  • Ukafika msinkhu, miyendo ya mbalame imapanga zoyera ndi zoonda, kutalika kwake ndizochepa. Tiyenera kukumbukira kuti nkhuku ndi tizilombo toyambitsa khungu zimakhala zachikasu.
  • Mchira wa nkhuku ndi nkhuku za mtundu wa Leggorn ndizowonekera kwambiri, pokhudzana ndi thupi lomwe limafuna ndi 40º. Koma pano poika nkhuku nthawi zambiri zimachepetsedwa pang'ono, koma mumakoka zimatulutsidwa.

Zizindikiro zofunikira kwambiri za zokolola za leggornov mnyumba

Kuweta kwa nkhukuzi kumachitika ndi okhawo omwe akufuna kuti atenge mazira okha. Mu mbali iyi, iwo ndi akatswiri enieni, chifukwa Dzira lawo lopanga mazira ndi mazira 300 pachaka, pamene mazira ochulukirapo oterewa amapezeka kale chaka choyamba cha moyo wake.

Phindu lalikulu ndilokuti mazira a nkhuku amayamba kutenga miyezi isanu ndi iwiri ya moyo wawo, ndiko kuti, kuyambira pano, mbalame zamwamuna ndi akazi zimayamba msinkhu.

Ponena za mazira okha, amakhalanso aakulu mu mtunduwu, kuyambira 55 mpaka 70 magalamu. Eggshell ndi yoyera, ndi zakudya zabwino za nkhuku zolimba.

Makamaka mazira onse opangidwa ndi nkhuku Leggorn ali ndi feteleza, chifukwa momwe chiwerengero cha chonde chokhacho sichitha pansi pa 95%. Nkhuku za nkhuku zazing'ono zimakhala zocheperapo, ngakhale kuti ndizokulu - 92-93%.

Koma monga mtundu wa nyama, nkhukuzi sizinayamikiridwe, chifukwa chachikulu cha izi ndizochepa zolemera kulemera kwawo. Choncho, ngakhale ali wamkulu komanso ali ndi chakudya chambiri, nkhuku zazikulu zimatha kulemera makilogalamu 1.5-2 okha, ndipo kukula kwake kwa tambala kungathe kufika pa 2.6 kilogalamu.

Koma pokhapokha kuti mtundu uwu umatulutsa nyama yambiri, siyeneranso kudya. Makamaka, silingadzitamande chifundo chotero ndi chuma monga pa jubile ya Kuchinsky.

Ubwino wa mtundu wa Leggornovskaya, umene muyenera kumvetsera

Kuweta nkhukuzi ndi kopindulitsa osati kokha pokhudzana ndi kupeza chiwerengero chachikulu cha mankhwala apamwamba, komanso mosasamala. Makamaka, iwo amakhala amodzi mwa makhalidwe awo, amakhalitsa bata osati mokweza.

Pochita zinthu ndi anthu, iwo wochezeka kwambiri, mwamsanga muzidziwidwa ndi mwiniwake, musachite mantha ndipo mukhale ndi maganizo abwino pakati pa maonekedwe anu ndi maonekedwe a chakudya.

Komanso, mosasamala kanthu za chiyambi cha Italy, nkhuku zitha kumangika bwino kuzinthu zosiyanasiyana za ndende - kuyambira kutentha mpaka kuzizira kwambiri.

Mafunde a Frosty sangasokoneze thanzi lawo: mosiyana ndi mitundu ina, malo otseguka a thupi la Leggorn (makutu, scallop, ndevu, ndi miyendo) sakhala yozizira, ngakhale kuti sizingatheke kutentha nyumba m'nyengo yozizira.

Ndizosangalatsa kuwerenga za matenda a nkhuku.

Kodi mtunduwu uli ndi zolakwika ndipo ndi chiyani?

Ngakhale, pa zonse, mazira a Leggornov ndi okwera kwambiri, ndipo amakhalabe pamtunda wokondweretsa kwambiri m'moyo wonse wa nkhuku, m'chaka chachiwiri ukugwa kwambiri.

Inde, poyerekeza ndi mitundu ina, izi sizingaoneke ngati zoopsa, koma chifukwa cha mtundu uwu, kuchepa kwa dzira kuti chiwerengero cha mazira 150 pachaka chikhale chochepa kwambiri chimaonedwa ngati choopsa.

Pa chifukwa ichi, alimi ambiri alimi ndi alimi amakonda kusamalira nkhuku ndi anthu atsopano zaka 1.5, ndipo asiyeni akale akhale m'malo mwawo.

Komabe, vuto la kuberekanso kwa mibadwo yatsopano ya mtundu wa Leggornas ndizovuta komanso zovuta. Makamaka, ngakhale kubereka kwa mazira ndi zida zabwino za achinyamatawo, Amatha kuwongolera kokha mu chofungatira kapena poika mazira Nkhuku zoumba za mitundu ina ya curia.

Chowonadi chiri chakuti chibadwa cha makulitsidwe a mtundu uwu chiri pafupi kwathunthu kutayika. Ndipo ngati chiwerengero cha nkhuku 50 chimakhala ndi chikhumbo chokhazikitsa mbadwo watsopano, mwayi woti sungasokoneze mazira udzakhala wotsika kwambiri.

Mafotokozedwe a mitundu ina ya Leggorn: yotchuka kwambiri komanso yopindulitsa

White Leghorn sizodziwika. Pogwiritsira ntchito monga ma genetic, mitundu ina, yopanda phindu, nkhuku za nkhuku zinapangidwa.

Choncho, ngati mukwanitsa kukumana ndi "Leggorn" yosiyanasiyana, iyeneranso kuwamvetsera.

Nkhuku zobiriwira zakuda kapena Italy

Nkhuku iyi ndi ya dzira. Mbali yosiyana ya Leggorn yofiirira ndi kupotoka kwa kugonana kwa mtundu wa maula.

Mizere imakhala yowala kwambiri chifukwa khosi lawo ndi nsana zili ndi nthenga zofiira zagolide.

Ndipo chifuwa chawo, mimba ndi mchira zimakhala zakuda ndi mthunzi wobiriwira wambiri wobiriwira. Koma nkhuku zimapangidwa mtundu wochepetsetsa, osati wolemera kwambiri.

Nkhuku yotchedwa cuckoo-nkhuku

Mitundu ya nkhuku yomwe imatchulidwa m'nkhaniyi ndi ya mbalame zothamanga, zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kale pa tsiku loyamba atachoka ku dzira. Amuna omwe mungawazindikire ndi kuwala kwa mfuti.

Nkhukuzi n'zosavuta kusunga chifukwa wodzichepetsa komanso wogwira mtimamonga White Leghorny. Nyama imayenda mochuluka ndipo imakhala ndi munthu wokoma mtima kwambiri.

Ali wamkulu, tambala ndi nkhuku zimasiyana mosiyana ndi kukula kwake, koma komanso ndi mitundu. Nkhuku za mtundu uwu zimapindulitsa kwambiri pakuika mazira ndi chigoba chawo choyera.

Komabe mazira ndi osakanikirana. Makhalidwe awo amakhalanso bwino kwambiri. Akuluakulu amatha kufika kulemera kwa 3.5 kilograms.

Leghorn Golden - kuphatikiza kukongola ndi zokolola

Mtundu wa golide ndi kukula kwake kwa nyama zimapangitsa nkhukuzi kukhala zokongoletsa, koma zimakhalanso ndi zokolola kwambiri. Choncho, chaka chimodzi, nkhuku imodzi pamakhala mazira 260-265.

Kulemera kwa dzira limodzi kumatha kusiyana ndi magalamu 60 mpaka 61, chigoba chawo ndi choyera. Mazira amalemera pafupifupi 2.2 kilograms, ndipo nkhuku - 1.9.

Nkhalango ya Leghorn - nkhuku zoyera kwambiri

Kuyeretsa kwa mtundu umenewu kumatsimikiziridwa ndi kuti zakhala zosavuta, ndipo m'tsogolomu sizinasokonezedwe ndi mtundu wina uliwonse.

Pa nthawi imodzimodziyo, mtundu wosadziwika woterewu ndi wosiyana kwambiri ndi Ma Leggornas, chifukwa amauzidwa ndi zoyera mu kuphatikiza mitundu yakuda ndi yoyera.

Kawirikawiri mu nkhaniyi pali mdima wakuda kwambiri.

Pa nthawi imodzimodziyo, mitundu iwiri yoyamba pa mbalame zikuoneka kuti imayikidwa mwachangu, ngakhale mutayang'ana kwambiri, mumatha kuona mosavuta.

Kutulutsa mazira zigawo za mtundu uwu kwambiri, Mazira 200 mpaka 250 pachaka. Nthendayi ya mbalame imatha kuchoka pa 1.8 mpaka 2.7 kilogalamu, malingana ndi chikhalidwe cha munthu.

Tili kuswana ndi kuswana Leggornov kunyumba

Malangizo othandiza pa nkhuku

Ndipo kotero, ngati mutasunga Leggorn kunyumba kwanu kwa zaka zambiri mumzerewu, ndiye njira yokhayo yopezera mbadwo watsopano wa nkhukuzi ingakhale kugula nkhuku kapena kugwiritsira ntchito chophimba chowombera kapena nkhuku ya mtundu wina kuti imwe.

Komanso, mazirawa ndi oyenerera okha, osati ogulidwa okha, chifukwa mulimonsemo amapereka zotsatira zabwino kwambiri. Zili zovuta kugula nyama zonse zazing'ono ndi mazira a Leggorn, kuyambira pano mtundu umafala kwambiri ndipo amadziwika ndi alimi ambiri a nkhuku.

Kubereketsa nkhuku zimaswana Leggorn sizowoneka zovuta, komanso kusamalidwa kwa akuluakulu. Amapindula kwambiri mkulu viability ndi moyo ngakhale palibe "mayi".

Komabe, zinthu zina zofunika ziyenera kukumana, komanso musaiwale zakudya zabwino. Choncho, atangothamanga ku nkhumbayi, nkhuku zimapatsidwa nkhuku, zimapangidwira komanso zimakulungidwa mu semolina.

M'kupita kwa nthawi, n'zotheka kuyamba kuwonjezera masamba, tirigu (ndithudi osweka), fupa chakudya.

Popeza mtundu uwu ukukula mofulumira kwambiri, ndiye pakakhala mwezi umodzi nkhuku zitha kudya chakudya chomwecho ngati nkhuku zazing'ono, koma zimadya kwambiri.

Zomwe zimafunikira kuti zisamalire mbalame zazikulu

Ndi zophweka kuti tikulitse mtundu uwu muzochitika zilizonse, ngakhale popanda zodetsa nkhawa za kumanga nyumba yabwino. Mofananamo iwo adzatengedwera m'nyumba ya nkhuku pokhapokha pansi, komanso mu mabatire apadera kuchokera ku maselo.

Im ngakhale Sikofunika kupereka malo ambiri oyendayendachifukwa ngakhale atapatsidwa malo ochepa, samataya maonekedwe awo abwino komanso fecundity.

Komabe, kuchulukanso kwakukulu sikungakhale kosangalatsa, chifukwa pakadali pano mbalame zimayamba kudwala kwambiri.

Choncho, ngati kulima kwa mafakitale ndi kukonzanso kwa Leggorn, ndikofunikira kuyesa kuchoka malo ochuluka momwe zingathere kwa munthu aliyense ndikuchita wapadera kupewa matenda: Ndikofunika kuwonjezera ma antibayotiki ndi mavitamini kuti azidyetsa nkhuku.

Izi sizidzangowonjezera pangozi yofalitsa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ndi mabakiteriya osiyanasiyana, komanso kuchepetsa chitetezo cha mbalame. Ndiponso, pakupanga mafakitale, patatha chaka, kuyika nkhuku kudzakanidwa.

Chinthu chokha chovuta kusunga nkhuku za Leggorn ndizofunikira kukhala chete nthawi zonse panthawi ya mazira ovuta kwambiri. Popanda kutero, anthuwa amamva phokoso lamakono.

Ndipotu, mbalame zimayamba kufuula kwambiri, kuphulika mapiko awo kuziwononga pa khola kapena kuwapweteketsa. Zotsatira za izi zimakhala kuchepa kwa dzira kupanga ndi mphamvu zambiri.

Pakubereka ndikukula mtundu uwu panyumba, sichiyenera kukhazikitsa zinthu zina zapadera. Inde, m'nyumba iyenera kukhala chiwerengero chokwanira cha zinyama ndi zisa za mazira, odyetsa chakudya ndi oledzera.

Musaiwale za zochitika zowonongeka ndi zapadera za nkhuku nkhu, zomwe zingathandize kupewa matenda.

Mfundo yofunikira! Tanena mobwerezabwereza kuti zolemba za mazira pa nkhuku za Leggornov zacheperachedwa kale chaka chachiwiri. Pachifukwa ichi, sikuyenera kugula anthu akuluakulu pamsika, ngakhale alimi osakondweretsa alimi akhoza kuchita nawo bizinesi imeneyi. Ndi bwino kugula nkhuku za nkhukuzi ndi kuziika pa nkhuku, kapena kugula nkhuku zing'onozing'ono.

Kudyetsa nkhuku: Kodi mungapereke bwanji mbalamezo zofunika kwambiri?

Nkhuku ina yabwino kwambiri yotchedwa Leggornov nkhuku - idya pang'ono, yomwe idzapulumutsa kwambiri chakudya chawo. Choncho, nkhukuzi zimapindulitsa kwambiri kuposa ndalama. Malo okhawo: ngakhale kuti sipangakhale zakudya zambiri, ziyenera kukhala zapamwamba kwambiri.

Pofuna kukhala ndi thupi lachilombo la nkhuku ndikuwonetsetsa kuti dzira limapangidwa, ndikofunika kuti muyetsetsere chakudya chokhudzana ndi zomwe zili m'kati mwa mapuloteni ndi mchere.

Kuwonjezera apo, bettiyo siyenela kupangidwa kokha ndi phindu la chakudya, komanso pazinthu zosiyanasiyana. Makamaka, tirigu, fupa chakudya, slaked laimu, choko, ndi zina zowonjezera mchere ziyenera kutsanulidwa nthawi zonse mu feeders. Ndipo musamawope kuti ziweto zanu ziyamba kupeza mafuta ochuluka kwambiri - sizidya zambiri kuposa zomwe zimafunikira.

Kuwonjezera pa chakudya chozolowezi, musaiwale kupanga zakudya zosiyanasiyana pogwiritsa ntchito phala, komanso chakudya cha vitamini. Koma pakadali pano sikofunika kupereka chakudya chambiri, kotero kuti chimathamanga ndipo sichitha.

Gawo liyenera kukhala lokha kuti likhoza kudyetsa anthu onse panthawi. Musaiwale komanso Nthawi zonse mudzaze zikhomo ndi madzi oyera ndi madzi atsopano.

Pofuna kuteteza mbalame kuti zisawononge chinyezi m'nyumba yonse, tiyiyi ikhale pansi pa zikhomo. Ndi zakudya zoyenera, mudzazindikira mwamsanga kuti zigawozo zakhala zikugwira ntchito kwambiri pakuika mazira, ubwino ndi kukula kwake komwe kudzawonjezere.