Kuyika nkhuku: momwe mungasankhire ndi kusunga mbalame

Pamene nthawi ya kasupe ifika, dzuŵa limawombera mumsewu mwachikondi, ambiri okhala m'nyengo ya chilimwe omwe akhala akudikira kuyamba kwa nyengo yatsopano m'nyengo yozizira amapita ku nyumba zawo zapafupi pafupi ndi chilengedwe.

Kupita kwa dacha kawirikawiri kumachedwa kwa milungu ingapo, ndipo nthawi zina kwa miyezi ingapo, anthu ambiri omwe ali ndi mwayi wokhala ndi nyumba ngati imeneyi, ayambitsa nkhuku.

Mbalamezi sizitentha kwambiri, sizikusowa zambiri.

Chosankha chabwino kwambiri chidzakhala ngati nkhuku, zomwe zimakupatsani mazira kwa nthawi yayitali.

Koma pali mafunso omwe nkhuku zogula ndi momwe mungazisunge. Njira yothetsera mavuto onse idzakhala nkhaniyi.

Funso loyamba limene mungapemphe musanatenge nkhuku ndi nkhani yabwino. Izi ndizo, zomwe ziyenera kukhala mbali ya famu yanu.

Chinthu choyamba chomwe mungaganize pogula nkhuku, koma zimafuna chisamaliro, komanso chachikulu. Ndi bwino kusankha nkhuku zoterezi zomwe zili m'katikati mwa kukula.

Chomwe chimatchedwa kuswana m'chilimwe, chisankho chabwino chikanakhala mbalame zomwe ziri ndi zaka pafupifupi 5. Mukhozanso kugula nkhuku yochuluka kwambiri, chifukwa simungapeze nkhuku zazing'ono za miyezi isanu m'nyumba.

Mu nkhuku mutu uli wawukulu mokwanira, umayikidwa bwino. Maso ayenera kukhala akuwombera ndi kuwonekera, ndipo kumbuyo kuli kutalika ndi kozama.

Zabwino kwambiri posankha wosanjikiza amafunika kuyesa mmimba. Ziyenera kukhala zofewa, ndipo pakati pa mapeto ochedwa sternum ndi ma pubic ayenera kukhala mtunda wofanana ndi kukula kwa zala 4 mpaka zisanu.

Zodziwika ndizoti nkhuku zimatha. Pachifukwa ichi, mutha kupeza nkhuku. Nkhuku yomwe inalowa mu molting mochedwa idzapatsa mazira ambiri, ndi yaitali kwambiri kuposa mbalame yomwe yasiya kuyimitsa.

Zigawo zimangofuna kuteroChoncho, musanagule mbalame muyenera kukonzekera chipinda chawo.

Dera lamatauni liyenera kuwerengedwa kotero kuti mbalame zinayi zikhale ndi mita imodzi imodzi iliyonse. Msuzi wa utuchi wouma, udzu, kapena zinthu zapadera ziyenera kutsanulira pansi. Kutalika kwa wosanjikiza kuyenera kukhala pafupi masentimita asanu ndi asanu ndi asanu ndi asanu (7 cm). Kenaka, muyenera kutsanulira zinthuzo kachiwiri kumalo omwe akukhala odetsedwa.

Zizindikiro zofunika kwambiri za nkhuku nkhu ndizo zakumwa ndi odyetsa, zomwe kutalika kwake ziyenera kufika kumbuyo kwa mbalame. Ikani iwo pansi. Muyeneranso kukhazikitsa mitengo yomwe nkhuku zigona usiku. Ayenera kuikidwa pa khoma pamtunda wa masentimita 60 kuchokera pansi.

Pangakhale zowonjezera zambiri kotero kuti mbalame zonse zikhoza kukhala pazinthu zabwino. Zisamba ziyenera kukhazikitsidwa mumdima wa nkhuni. Malo amodzi otero adzakhala okwanira nkhuku zitatu kapena 4. Chigawo cha chisa chilichonse chiyenera kukhala masentimita 30, kuya kwake kufike pa masentimita 35.

Pambuyo pa chisa chopangidwa, Zophimba ziyenera kuikidwa pansi. Udzu umagwiritsidwa ntchito makamaka, koma makapu a mphira angathenso kuteteza mazira kuwonongeka kwa makina.

Nkhuku zidzakhudza nkhuku, ndiko kuti, kuchokera ku nkhuku ya nkhuku mudzafunika kukwera kudera lina lotsekedwa, kumene mbalame zikhoza "kuyenda" masana.

Kuwonjezera pa zomwe zili mu nkhuku zophika, mungathe kusunga mbalame muzitseke. Njira iyi ili ndi ubwino wake - mbalame zomwe zili muzitsulo zimafuna chakudya chochepa, koma zimathamanga komanso kuthengo. Pa 1 sq.m. Ngwewe yamatabwa ikhoza kukhala ndi mbalame zopitirira 10.

Ndi njira iyi ya kukula mbalame selo liyenera kupirira dzuwa, ndipo odyetsa ndi oledzera ayenera kuyatsa, pafupi ndi momwe mbalame zikugwirira.

Kutentha ndi kofunika kwambiri poika nkhuku, chifukwa kukula kwa dzira nkhuku kumadalira molingana ndi msinkhu wake. Mtengo woyenera ndi 12 - 18 C. Muyeneranso kupereka mpweya watsopano nthawi zonse, ngakhale m'nyengo yozizira.

Mbalamezi zimakhala zovuta kwambiri pa kuchuluka kwa kuwala, choncho m'nyumba ya nkhuku mumapanga kuyatsa kokonza kuti nkhuku zikhale ndi kuwala kwa maola 17 pa tsiku.

Pankhani yodyetsa nkhuku, zimadalira zaka za mbalamezi. Ngati nkhukuzo ndizing'ono ndipo sizikufulumira, muyenera kuzidyetsa ngati nkhuku zazing'ono - ndi tirigu ndi masamba.

Nkhuku ikafika msinkhu wa masabata makumi asanu ndi atatu (19), ndibwino kuti pang'onopang'ono iziperekedwe kwa anthu akuluakulu odyetsa olemera mu calcium ndi mapuloteni. Ndiyomwe nthawi yothandiza kukula kwa ziwalo zoberekera (ovary ndi oviduct) imayamba.

Masewera omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri adzatengedwa kwa masabata 28-29. Nkhuku ikakhala ndi chaka chimodzi, ndiye chakudya sichingakhale chopatsa thanzi, chifukwa zidzakhala zoipa kwambiri kupereka mazira.

Zomwe zikugwiritsidwa ntchito, kuyambira tsopano mpaka pano, ziyenera kukhala zofanana kufikira mutangotsala pang'ono kupha mbalameyo. Mpaka lero, pali mitundu yambiri ya chakudya cha zigawo, koma ndi inu kusankha komwe.

Chifukwa cha kukhalapo pa zakudya za masamba ndi masamba, yolk ya dzira imatulutsa mtundu wake.

Zakudya zouma zimapangidwa ndi tirigu, chakudya, soya, mafuta ocheka, calcium carbonate, mchere, ndi mavitamini.

Zakudyazi zimaperekedwa ngati mawonekedwe a pellets a mawonekedwe ozungulira kapena ngati malo. Izi zimadyetsa zofunikira zowonjezera mchere, zomwe zidzakuthandizani kuti azidya bwino. Izi zimapangidwa ndi mavitamini ndi mchere, koma apange kuti adye chakudya chawo malinga ndi malangizo.

Mukhozanso kudyetsa nkhuku ndi zakudya zonyowa zomwe mungathe kuziphika. Koma pakadali pano, nthawi zambiri kudyetsa ayenera kufika 3 mpaka 4 pa tsiku.

Kawirikawiri chakudya chakuda chimapangidwa pamadzi, kumene muyenera kuwonjezera mbewu, udzu, masamba odulidwa, mafuta ophika. Pamene zamasamba zikuwonekera, zimakhala zokongola kuwonjezera udzu, kabichi akanadulidwa, ndi dzungu laling'ono kwa odyetsa.

Pomwe amapanga zakudya zoterozo ndizofunikira kuti muyambe kuchuluka, ndiye kuti 60-70% ya chakudya ndi chakudya, ndipo 30-40% ndi mapuloteni. Kapangidwe kake ka chonyowa chiyenera kukhala chophwanyika, kuti mbalameyo isatseke mlomo wake.

Zimathenso kugwirizanitsa ndi kuwonjezera kwa minerals premixes. Chakudya chophatikizana chimakhala ndi chakudya chouma komanso chonyowa, chomwe chimasakanizidwa ndi tirigu.

Yachiwiri Chofunika kwambiri pa chakudya cha nkhuku ndi madzi. Patsikulo mbalame iyenera kudya pafupifupi 0,5 malita a madzi.

Kuyeretsa nkhuku nkhuku imayenera kukhala bwino, makamaka m'nyengo yozizira, mbalame sizichoka mu chipinda chino. Nkofunika nthawi ndi nthawi kutsuka odyetsa ndi oledzera mbalame, komanso kuchotsa udzu kuchokera pansi, momwe mafinya osiyanasiyana angayambe.

Zowonongeka, kumene nkhuku zimathera nthawi yambiri m'nyengo yam'masika ndi chilimwe, zimafunikanso kusungidwa bwino, ndiko kuyeretsa zinyalala. Muyeneranso kufufuza mitengo yomwe mbalame zikugona.

Mbalame zazing'ono sizinapangitse kuti chitetezo chitetezeke, choncho, ayenera kukhala osiyana ndi nkhuku zina mpaka mphindi ina.

Kuonetsetsa kuti palibe tizilombo toyambitsa matenda omwe amapezeka mu nthenga za nkhuku zazing'ono ndi zazikulu, mbalame ziyenera kupereka phulusa, momwe iwo adzasambira, ndipo, motero, azitsuka mafunde awo.

Chinthu chachiwiri chofunika choteteza ndicho mpweya wabwino. Njira yoyenera kupuma mpweya iyenera kukhala yoyenera, makamaka makamaka yomwe imayenera kugwira bwino nyengo yotentha, chifukwa kutentha kumakhudza nkhuku. Ngati mwayang'anitsitsa mosamala nyama zanu, ndiye kuti sadzaopa matenda alionse.

Ngati mwasankha kusunga nkhuku zanu m'nyengo yozizira, palinso zinthu zina zokhudzana ndi moyo wa zigawo m'nyengo yozizira.

Chinthu chofunika kwambiri ndi kusunga kutentha m'nyumba ya nkhuku kuti mbalame zisamaundane. Kwa ichi chipinda chiyenera kutenthedwa, yatsala pafupi ndi zida zonse zomwe zingathe kupyolera mu mphepo yozizira.

Muyenera kuyika udzu wambiri kapena utuchi pansi, zomwe zimapangitsa pansi kutentha. Pamene mukuyeretsa, muyenera kuyeretsa zinthu zowonongeka, ndipo m'malo mwake mudzaze ndi zatsopano.

Mlingo wa dzira kupanga nkhuku kumadalira kutalika kwa masana, ndipo m'nyengo yozizira, monga mukudziwira, dzuŵa siliwala ngati chilimwe. Choncho, m'mawa ndi madzulo muyenera kuyatsa nyali mkati mwa nkhuni kwa maola atatu. Ndiye kusowa kwa nkhuku padziko lapansi kudzakhutira.

Nthawi yozizira itagona nkhuku, mbewu zambiri ziyenera kuwonjezeredwa ku chakudya, chomwe chingathandize mbalame kuti zizitha kutentha. Nkhuku zisanayambe kugona, amafunika kutsanulira tirigu mu feeders, zomwe zidzakumbidwa kwa nthawi yaitali m'mimba mwa zigawozo ndipo zidzawathandiza kuti asamafe usiku.

Kumbukirani kuti nthawi zambiri mazira amatha kugwa m'nyengo yozizira. Choncho, zidzakhala zomveka ngati m'nyengo yozizira mumapeza mazira ocheperapo kusiyana ndi masika.

Kusunga nkhuku pa famu sikovuta monga momwe kungawonekere poyamba. Choncho, ngati mumakhala m'nyumba, mutha kugula zinthu zisanu ndi ziwiri zomwe zingakupatseni inu ndi banja lanu mazira kwa nthawi yaitali.