Zomwe zimatulutsa ziphuphu m'mimba

Kuteteza nkhuku ndi kopindulitsa komanso kosavuta.

Koma nkhuku, atsekwe kapena abakha sangathe kupereka nyama zochuluka chotero kuti azidyetsa banja lalikulu.

Pankhaniyi, njira yabwino ndi turkeys, yomwe kulemera kwake kungafike 20-30 kilogalamu.

Mbalamezi zili ndi ubwino wambiri, ndipo zofunika kwambiri ndizo zakudya zawo zabwino kwambiri.

Lero, osati oweta nkhuku zokha, komanso alimi ayamba kulumikiza turkeys.

Ngati muli ndi chidwi ndi nkhuku, tiyesa kufotokozera momwe zingathere ndi ubwino ndi zovuta zobereka.

Ndipo komabe: ndi zophweka bwanji kuti abereke turkeys kunyumba?

Ndipotu, kutulutsa tizilomboti sikophweka, chifukwa mbalamezi zimakhala zowawa kwambiri komanso sizinasinthika ali wamng'ono, monga mbalame zina zonse. Chifukwa chake, kunama zabodza ndikutamanda mbalamezi kwa inu sizingatheke, koma tiyeni tiyandikire bwinobwino nkhaniyi ndikufotokozera zonse zoyenera pakakula pakhomo ndi phindu.

Zopindulitsa ndi zopindula kuchokera ku kubereka kwa Turkey

Phindu loweta mbalameyi ndi lalikulu kwambiri, ndipo choyamba muyenera kumvetsera nyama zabwino zomwe amapereka. Ilo limatanthawuza zakudya zosiyanasiyana, ndipo zimabweretsa madalitso ochuluka panthawi yomwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito:

  • Dziko la Turkey lili ndi zotsika kwambiri za mafuta m'thupi.
  • Nyamayi imaphatikizapo mavitamini ambiri, amino acid osiyanasiyana ndi ma microelements oyenerera thupi la munthu.
  • Nyama ya Turkey ikuwoneka mosavuta ndi thupi, zimalimbikitsa kumwa ndi zovuta zosiyanasiyana ndi zovuta pakagwiritsidwe ntchito kwa m'mimba, sizimayambitsa matenda.

Musaiwale za ubwino wa chiwindi cha Turkey, chomwe chingabweretse thupi lanu ndi folic acid ndi mavitamini, omwe ali a gulu K.

Turkey ikulimbikitsidwa kuti igwiritsidwe ntchito kwa amayi apakati, ana ang'onoang'ono. Amakhulupirira kuti amatha kukhalanso amphamvu pambuyo pa ntchito yayitali yaitali komanso yapamwamba kwambiri, yomwe imakhudza dongosolo la manjenje la anthu, limachepetsa kugona.

Komanso musaiwale kuti nkhuku zimayika mazira akuluakulu kuposa nkhuku. Iwo ali patsogolo pa nkhuku ndi kulawa ndi zakudya, kutsogolo kwa mazira a Turkey amangozizira ndi mbalame zokha. Komabe, mbalameyi imalongosola kuti alibe nkhuku yotereyi monga nkhuku.

Ngati mukufuna kupereka banja lanu ndi nkhuku zokha, ndiye kuti sizingakhale zovuta kuti mugule nyamayi nthawi ndi nthawi.

Komabe, nyama yogulidwa sikuti nthawi zonse imakhala ndi khalidwe, ndipo simungathe kupeza chomwe chinadyetsedwa ndi kudula mbalame pa famu. Komanso, kukhazikitsa famu yanu panyumba ndiyodalirika.

Alimi omwe ali ndi zidziŵitso za nkhuku amanena kuti kubereka kwa turkeys kumangowonongeka mwamsanga, komanso kumayamba kubweretsa phindu lalikulu. Pambuyo pake, ngati mutagulitsa nkhuku yokhala ndi nyama yamtengo wapatali, idzakhala yamtengo wapatali kwambiri, osati chifukwa cha ubwino wake, komanso chifukwa cha katundu wotsika kwambiri pamsika.

Musaiwale kuti turkeys aliponso kukula mofulumirapamene mwakhama mukupeza kulemera kwake. Zoonadi, mu thupi la Turkey pafupi 60% ya misala yonse ndi minofu yaikulu, ndiyo - chakudya chofunika kwambiri chamtundu woyera, phindu lothandizira lomwe tanena kale.

Ngati mukupanga phindu lopangira phindu, ndiye kuti palinso phindu kuti, kuphatikizapo nyama, mazira, achinyamata ndi ang'onoang'ono, nkhuku, ndi nthenga zimagulitsidwa.

Koma kusamalira mbalamezi sizinthu zoopsa. Chakudya choyenera, madzi atsopano ndi malo okwanira m'nyumba ndizofunikira kwambiri ndi zofunikira zokhazokha zomwe zimayenera kuperekedwa kwa mbalame.

Mavuto ndi zovuta zomwe zimayambitsidwa ndikukula ndi kubereketsa

Ngakhale kuti anthu akuluakulu a nkhukuzi safuna kudzidalira kwambiri, izi sizikutanthauza za nkhuku za nkhuku zomwe zimabadwa kokha. Panthawi imeneyi ali ofatsa ndipo amatha kukhala ndi mphamvu zosiyanasiyana.

Zakudya zosayenera, zochepa kwambiri kapena kutentha kwapamwamba, malo osalimba a nyumba nthawi zambiri amachititsa imfa ya gawo lochititsa chidwi la achinyamata.

Choncho, pofuna kupewa imfa, ndi bwino kulingalira izi:

  • Mwamsanga atangoyamba kubadwa kwa turkeys ayenera kusungidwa m'chipinda ndi kutentha kwa 33 º C, ndi zina zotero masiku asanu. Pambuyo pake, mpaka tsiku la 10, liyenera kuchepetsedwa kufika 27 ºС, ndi kuyambira tsiku la 11 - mpaka 23 ºС.
  • Zimakhulupirira kuti nkhuku zowala zimafuna kutentha kwambiri kuposa anthu omwe ali ndi mdima wandiweyani.
  • Simungathe achinyamata kutentha.
  • Ngati nkhuku za Turkey zikukhazikika, nkhuku imakhala yokwanira kutentha kutentha kwa 23 ºС, ina yonse idzaperekanso yokha.
  • Mpaka nkhuku zitha kufika msinkhu wa masabata asanu ndipo kukula kwa khungu sikumapanga pamphuno, musalole kuti ayanjane ndi dampness, mame ndi zina.
  • Ndikofunika kupewa kutayika kwa anapiye a anapiye, chifukwa izi ndizomwe zimayambitsa imfa. Lembani makatoni pansi pa chakudya, ndipo palibe chomwe chiri cholimba chitsulo.

Pakubereka mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya mbalame, nkosavuta kuti anapiye azikhala pamodzi, zomwe nkhukuzo zimachita molakwika - zimatha kudwala ndi enterohepatitis. Ziphuphu zimakula pang'onopang'ono ndipo zimakhala zosiyana ndi chilengedwe koma nkhuku zimatha kudwala mofulumira.

Komanso, amafunikira madzi otentha, oyera komanso atsopano. Mulimonsemo musalole anapiye kuti alowe m'madzi mwathunthu, osanyowa.

Vuto lalikulu lomwe limapezeka pakusamalira tizilombo akuluakulu ndiko kunenepa kwambiri. Pachifukwa ichi, muyenera kumvetsera zakudya za mbalame, kuti zikhale zowonjezera zakudya chifukwa cha zomera, ufa wa zitsamba. Mbewu zimayenera kupatsidwa zochepa, zimapangitsa mbalame kusuntha kwambiri.

Malo oyamba a chipinda cha turkeys

Mwinamwake chimodzi mwa zinthu zofunika kwambiri zomwe ziyenera kukwaniritsidwa musanayambe kukweza tizilombo ndiko kupanga nyumba yoyenera nkhuku. Pali zofunikira zowonjezera, choncho tidzatha kulemba zonse mwachindunji ngakhale kwa alimi a nkhuku.

Kodi ndi nyengo yanji yomwe iyenera kuperekedwa kwa turkeys: mbali zofunika

  • Kutentha kwa nyengo ndi kusamalira mbalame m'nyengo yozizira.

    Pafupi ndi kutentha kotani kwa nkhuku zazing'ono, tanena kale. Tiyenera kukumbukira kuti ndizosatheka kulola kuti anthu akuluakulu azizizira. Choncho, m'nyengo yozizira nthawi imayenera kuperekedwa m'nyumba ngakhale kutentha kwakukulu, kupewa kutentha pang'ono kuposa 10ºС.

    Ngati izi sizingatheke, ndiye kuti ndizofunika kuti nyumbayi ikhale yotentha kwambiri, ikani pansi ndi udzu wouma wouma. Koma m'chilimwe, nkofunikanso kuti mbalame zisatenthe kwambiri. Kutentha sikungowononga bwino zamoyo zonse, komanso kumayambitsa matenda osiyanasiyana.

  • Chinyezi mu chipinda ndi mbalame ziyenera kukhala pa msinkhu wa 65-70%.

    Mphepo yowuma kwambiri komanso yowuma kwambiri imakhudza momwe ntchito yamagetsi imayendera, zomwe zimayambitsa matenda osiyanasiyana. Ndiponso, ngati chinyezi chofunikira cha mlengalenga sichisamala, mbalame zingayambe kutaya mafunde.

  • Mpweya wabwino.

    Icho ndi chinthu chofunika kwambiri, makamaka pamene chiwerengero chachikulu cha anthu chimasungidwa m'chipinda chimodzi ndi nyengo yotentha.

    Mthunzi sumafika m'madera abwino. Choncho, pomanga nyumba ya turkeys musaiwale za "hoods" yapaderadera ndi mawindo, zomwe ziyenera kuikidwa kuti zisawononge zochitikazo.

  • Phimbani chipinda cha turkeys.

    Kuunikira kwapangidwe ndi kofunikira ngati mukufuna kuwonjezera nkhuku zanu. Ndikofunika kuti maola a masana azikhala pafupifupi maola 14 pa tsiku. Choncho, m'nyengo yozizira, mababu a kuwala amayendetsedwa kuyambira 6 koloko mpaka nthawi yomwe dzuwa limatuluka.

    Zomwezo zimachitika madzulo. Chifukwa cha izi, nkhuku zimafalikira mofulumira, ndipo achinyamata amakula mofulumira kuti akwaniritse zogonana.

Timapanga malo abwino kwa akazi m'nyumba

Chinthu chofunika kwambiri chimene akazi amafunikira ndi zisa zomwe angathe kuika mazira awo.

Ndikofunika kwambiri kuti aziwoneka mosavuta kwa turkeys ndi inu, ndiko kuti, kuti mutenge mazira kuchokera kwa iwo ndi kuyeretsa.

Ndi bwino kuyika zisa m'malo ochepa, izi zimathandiza kuti nkhuku zikhale zotetezeka popanda kudandaula.

Komanso, akulimbikitsidwa kuikidwa pamtunda wa masentimita 25-30 pamwamba pa pansi, kumbuyo kumbuyo. Zisamba zimaloledwa kuikidwa m'magulu angapo. Pa 4-5 turkeys adzakhala chisa chokwanira.

Kodi amuna amafunikira malo angati?

Ambiri, amuna ndi akazi akusowa malo ambiri, mizere yozungulira, manholes ndi phulusa lapadera ndi osambira mchenga. Izi zikutanthauza kuti mbalamezo zimayenera kukonza chipinda chomwe sichitha kugona ndi kudya, komanso zimakhala ndi moyo wokhazikika.

Makamaka, ngakhale mapafupi ayenera kukhala ndi kutalika kwa mita imodzi, kuwapaka iwo kumbuyo kwa nyumbayo.

Chofunika kwambiri ndi kusamba ndi mchenga ndi phulusa. "Zosakaniza" izi ziyenera kukhala zouma. Amathiridwa m'magalasi omwe amafunika kuikidwa m'nyumba ndi turkeys. Mothandizidwa ndi mbalame zimenezi zimachotsa mitundu yambiri ya tizilombo.

Mitundu ya nkhuku imakhala yofunikira paddocks: yokonza bwino malo a bwalo lawo

Kuyenda kwa mbalamezi n'kofunika kwambiri., chifukwa zimathandiza kuti mbalame zikhale ndi thanzi labwino, komanso zimathandiza kuti zisamalire.

Mitundu yamakono imakonda kwambiri kuyenda, komanso kutalika. Ndi bwino kudziwa kuti amatha kuthamanga mofulumira, nthawi zambiri amawulukira m'mitengo akawona ngozi iliyonse. Pa chifukwa ichi, nkhuku iyi imayenera kutenga bwalo lonse paulendo.

Koma, pakali pano pali ngozi yoti iwo achoka pabwalo, atayenderera pa mpanda wotsika, ndipo akhoza kugwedezeka ndi agalu. Pachifukwa ichi, ndi bwino kumanga zitseko zazikulu ndi galasi.

Kuyenda n'kofunika osati kwa akulu okha, komanso kwa achinyamata. Phindu loyenda ndilolola kuti mbalame zidzipezere chakudya, ndikudyetsa zakudya zawo mosiyana. Nkofunika kuti m'madera oyendayenda munali zomera zambiri, tchire ndi mitengo, mumthunzi wa zomwe turkeys zimakhoza kuzibisa kutentha.

Pamaso pa kusamba kwachilengedwe ndi mchenga, sipadzakhala kufunikira kuziyika mu nkhuku zinyumba.

Kudya zakudya zokwanira komanso zazing'ono za turkeys

Kawirikawiri chofunika kwambiri mu zakudya zamtendere ndi zakudya zosakaniza, zomwe zingaperekedwe kwa mbalame pafupi ndi kubadwa.

Komanso nkhuku zing'onozing'ono zimapereka mazira owiritsa ndi mkaka. Komanso, Turkey zovuta kwambiri mavitamini ndi microelementskuti akufunika kukula ndi kusunga chitetezo chokwanira. Pa chifukwa ichi, pamodzi ndi chakudya chomwe ayenera kupatsidwa:

  • Mbewu yambewu ndi tirigu.
  • Chakudya cha mpendadzuwa.
  • Dyetsani yisiti.
  • Matenda, nsomba ndi udzu.
  • Chalk, zipolopolo ndi miyala yamchere.
  • Kuphika mchere

Komanso, tisayiwale kuti mbalame zoterezi zimafuna madzi ambiri. Chofunika kwambiri, chiyenera kukhalanso chatsopano komanso chatsopano. Kwa nkhuku zazing'ono, madzi amafunikanso kutentha pang'ono.

Ndikofunika kwambiri kuti ziweto zonse ndi nkhokwe zizikhala zoyera nthawi zonse, popeza zikhoza kuyambitsa matenda.

Komanso, zotsatirazi zikuperekedwa kwa odyetsa ndi oledzera:

  • Zomwe mbalamezi zimakhala ndi nkhuku zimakhala zofanana ndi zomwe zimadya nkhuku. Zikhoza kukhala chikhomo chomwecho kapena chokhazikika, ndikofunikira kuti iwo ali kutalika kwa mbalame. Kugona mokwanira chakudya chodyera - chakudya chonse mbalame ziyenera kudya nthawi imodzi.
  • Kumwera mbale kumathenso kuika kukula kwa turkeys, pamtunda wa khosi lawo. Nkofunika kuti mbalame zisathe kuzitembenuza ndi kuthira madzi okha.

Zosankha za turkeys yachinyamata: kugwiritsa ntchito mafakitale ndi nkhuku

Zosankha zonsezi za mbalamezi ndizopambana, koma poyambirira komanso m'chigawo chachiwiri pali zovuta ndi ubwino.

Mukamagwiritsa ntchito makina osungirako mankhwala, n'zotheka kuti panthawi imodzi ikhale ndi ana ambiri. Ndicho, hatchability amaperekedwa pafupifupi 100%. Komabe, pakadali pano, tizilombo tating'ono sizingakhale ndi anapiye omwe amawayang'anitsitsa, ndipo kuti mbadwo wachinyamata sudzafa, mudzasowa thukuta kwambiri.

Turkey yokha ndi nkhuku zabwino kwambiri komanso amayi, ngakhale kuti mtundu wawo umakhala ndi mbali yaikulu. Pafupipafupi, mayi mmodzi amatha kukhala mazira 16, ngakhale kuti nthawi zambiri zimachitika kuti sizingathenso kuchoka.

Kotero, kusamalira achinyamata aang'ono kudzakhala ndi zocheperapo. Komabe, ndikofunika kuti nkhuku zambiri zikhale ndi nkhuku zambiri. Zingatheke kugwiritsidwa ntchito kuti makina opangira mavitamini amagwiritsidwa ntchito bwino popanga mafakitale a turkeys, koma paokha 2-3 nkhuku zidzakhala zokwanira.

Kusamalira mbalame: mbali zofunika

Kawirikawiri, pamwambapa tafotokoza kale zinthu zofunika kwambiri zomwe turkeys zimafuna kukula bwino ndi kulemera. Ndi kukhazikitsa kwathunthu kwa mavuto ena omwe ali nawo mu chisamaliro chidzabwera pafupifupi sadzatero. Komabe, palibe vuto lililonse kuti musaiwale kuti:

  • Mitundu ya nkhuku ndizofunika kwambiri kuti zitsimikizire kuti ukhondo ukhale wabwino, pamodzi ndi nkhuku, komanso pansi. Onetsetsani kuti musamaliritse malo osungirako mbalamezi, ngati munali nkhuku kapena mitundu ina ya mbalame.
  • Ganizirani zikhalidwe zonse za microclimate za mnyumba kuteteza chitukuko cha matenda. Onetsetsani mosamala mkhalidwe wa munthu aliyense, chifukwa pali matenda ambiri ochiritsira omwe angawononge imfa ya ziweto zanu zonse.
  • Kudyetsa nkhuku ndizofunika panthawi yomweyo. Makhalidwewa amathandiza kupulumutsa gulu la mbalame, komanso kuonjezera liwiro la kusonkhanitsa kwawo. Komanso, kamodzi pa sabata muyenera kusamala mosamala odyetsa ndi omwa.