White Wide Anawotcha Turkey

Mbalame zotere monga turkeys zimakonda kwambiri masiku ano, osati m'minda ya nkhuku komanso m'mabanja. Nyama za mbalamezi zimakhala ndi zakudya zam'madzi, zapamwamba kwambiri.

Nyama izi ndizoyera, osati zofunikira. Mbalame yotchuka kwambiri ya mbalameyi ndi yoyera kwambiri yoyera. Mtundu uwu unabzalidwa osati kale kwambiri, kumayambiriro a 60s ku United States. "Makolo" a mtundu uwu ndi oyera a Dutch ndi a bronze ambiri omwe ali ndi chifuwa chachikulu.

Ngakhale kuti anachokera kudziko lina, ziphuphu zimenezi zinangowonekera pang'onopang'ono ku Soviet Union, ndipo zimakhalabe m'madera otseguka mpaka lero. Mbalamezi zimakhala zamoyo zonse, chifukwa mbalamezi zimakhala zolemera kwambiri, zimapatsa mazira okwanira, komanso zimachita bwino kusintha nyengo.

Mtundu uwu wa turkeys uli ndi kusiyana kwakukulu.

Mbalamezi Pali mitundu itatu - kuwala, sing'anga ndi katundu.

Poyamba, turkeys amapeza 8-10 makilogalamu wolemera, ndi turkeys - 4.5-6 makilogalamu.

Nkhukuzi zimakula mu minda ya nkhuku muzitseke. Mbalame ikafika msinkhu wa masabata 8 mpaka 10, ndipo imakhala yolemera 2-2.5 makilogalamu, ndiye imatumizidwa kukaphedwa.

Pachifukwa chachiwiri, turkeys amakula mpaka 13-18 makilogalamu, ndipo turkeys kukula mpaka 6-8 makilogalamu.

Kachitatu, tizilombo timadya makilogalamu 20 mpaka 25, ndi turkeys - 9 - 12 makilogalamu. Kulemera kwa mbalamezi kumapindula mu miyezi isanu ndi umodzi, ndipo kulemera kwafika pa 12 - 14 makilogalamu.

Mbali yapadera ya mtundu uwu wa turkeys ndi chakuti pamene mukufikira miyezi 5-6 miyezi mbalame zatsala pang'ono kukula. Pofuna kuthandizira kukula kwa turkeys, muyenera kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zambiri ndi zipangizo. Choncho, panthawiyi mbalame zikuphedwa.

Kuwonjezera apo, mitembo ikuwoneka bwino kwambiri, ndipo nyama yawo ili ndi kukoma kwake. Choncho, malonda a turkeys awa ndi opindulitsa kwambiri.

Kuphatikiza pa njira iyi ya kukhazikitsidwa, izi Nkhumba zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kuwoloka ndi mitundu ina. Kotero pali mitundu yatsopano ya turkeys yomwe ili ndi makhalidwe abwino.

Mitundu ya nkhuku imamera makamaka kuti iphedwe, koma nkhumba zimatha kuika mazira. Azimayi amalowa nthawiyi pamene atha msinkhu wa miyezi 8-9.

Mazira akugona satenga miyezi isanu ndi umodzi. Zonsezi, kuchokera ku Turkey imodzi mukhoza kutenga mazira 100 - 130, momwe dzira limodzi limalemera pakati pa 75 ndi 90 magalamu.

Ndimasangalatsanso kuwerenga za mtundu wotchuka wa bakha.

Mu maonekedwe, zofukiza zoyera zoyera zimasiyana ndi mitundu ina ya mbalameyi. Oimira mitundu imeneyi ali ndi miyendo yofanana ndi mazira, amawonekera, ndipo sali yaikulu, miyendo imakhala yofiirira, yaying'ono kwambiri, yopenta pinki. Ntchentche ya Turkey imakhala yoyera.

Kusamalira mbalamezi kumafuna khama. Choyamba, muyenera Konzani malo oti musunge mbalame. Ziyenera kukhala ofunda kwambiri kuti zinyama zisapangidwe.

Ngati muli ndi nkhuku, muyenera kumanga malo oteteza turkeys ngati chipinda cha nkhuku.

Ponena za kudyetsa, nkhuku ziyenera kupatsidwa mitundu iwiri ya chakudya - youma ndi yonyowa. Chakudya chouma chimaphatikizapo tirigu ndi chakudya, ndi chonyowa - kuchokera ku mbewu zotupa. Madzi ayenera kutumizidwa mu zidebe kuti mbalame zazikulu zisasinthe chidebecho.

Nthawi zambiri kudyetsa ndi 4 - 5 pa tsiku. M'chaka ndi chilimwe, udzu ukhoza kuwonjezeredwa ku chiwerengero cha misa, ndipo m'nyengo yozizira - udzu wodulidwa.

Malo apadera mu zakudya za turkeys ayenera kutenga karotimonga ziriri chakudya chabwino kwambiri cha nkhuku.

Mitundu ya turkeys imakhala ndi ufulu woyenda, chotero ndege yapamwamba imayenera kupangidwa kumene mbalame zimatha kuyenda. Ndikofunika kuti malowa anali kwinakwake pa udzu.

Kuti mbalameyo isafe, ziyenera chiteteze motsutsana ndi matenda osiyanasiyana.

Chisamaliro chiyenera kutengedwa kuti zitsimikize kuti malo omwe mbalame zimasungidwa ndi zoyera.

Mbalame zimafunika kutetezedwa ku makoswe, omwe ndi othandiza mitundu yambiri ya mavairasi ndi matenda. Choncho, chipinda chomwe amakhala ndi tizirombo toyambitsa matenda ayenera kukhala ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.

Disinfection iyenera kuchitidwa ndi chlorophos yankho. Muyenera kuthana ndi mitsempha yonse ndi matenda omwe matenda angathe kukhalamo. Mbalamezi zitaphedwa, choyamba chimatulutsa ma disinfection. Pambuyo maola 24, muyenera kusamba zonse zomwe zimakhala ndi chipinda ndi madzi otentha. Pambuyo pake muyenera kuyiranso mankhwala osokoneza bongo.

Tsopano muli ndi mwayi wosankha mtundu wina wa turkeys, zomwe zimakupatsani mwayi wokhala ndi mwayi watsopano, komanso kupeza ndalama zokwanira kuchokera ku kugulitsa mbalameyi.