Zotsatira za nkhuku Orpington

Pogula nkhuku zatsopano, makamaka nkhuku za famu yawo, akatswiri oweta ziweto samakonda chidwi ndi dzira limodzi kapena lina, komanso nyama.

Pankhani ya kulima kwa nkhuku zowonongeka, ndi bwino kusankha mitundu yomwe inali yolondola.

Mmodzi mwa mitundu iyi ndi mitundu ya Orpington.

Mbalame zamtundu uwu ndi zodula kwambiri, koma ndalama zomwe zimagulidwa pa kugula nkhukuzi zimalipira mazira ndi nyama zapamwamba kwambiri. Choncho, palibe chifukwa choganizirira ngati kuli koyenera kugula nkhuku kapena anthu akuluakulu omwe ali achikulire awa.

Inu simudzakhumudwa.

Malo a nkhuku awa ndi England, ndipo "kholo" ndi mlimi wa nkhuku William Cook, yemwe adadutsa Black Langshan, Minorca, Sumatra ndi Plymouthrock amabwerera kumbuyo mu 1886.

Mtundu uwu unachokera ku malo omwe anabadwira - Orpington House.

Iwo amadziwika ndi Orpington nkhuku mtanda ndi chifuwa chachikulu, mutu uli wochepa kwambiri, kaphalapo pamakhala ndi mawonekedwe a tsamba lopangidwa ndi duwa.

Kawirikawiri, mbalamezi zimakhala zochititsa chidwi kwambiri chifukwa cha maonekedwe a chiwalo cha thupi. Mphuno ya nyama izi zimakhudza kwambiri. Poyambirira, kunali wakuda, koma kenaka kansa ya kanayi inaikidwa mu jini la nkhukuzi.

Ndi chifukwa chake mtundu wa Orpington wasintha ndikukhala wowala kwambiri. Nkhuku za nkhukuzi zimakhala zofiira kwambiri, choncho zimakhala zovuta kuzipenya chifukwa cha maonekedwe a thupi.

Mbali yapadera ya mtundu uwu ndi bata lapadera. mbalamezi. Zili zovuta kuwawopsya, iwo amawonekeratu kuti ndi ovuta, chifukwa sangayese kuthawa atakhala pansi.

Chibadwa cha amayi ku Orpington nkhuku zakula bwino kwambiri, zimawachititsa kuti aziwoneka ngati nkhuku zabwino kwambiri.

Pankhani ya kupanga dzira, zizindikiro ndizochepa. Kuchokera ku nkhuku imodzi mu chaka choyamba cha moyo simuyenera kuyembekezera mazira opitirira 160, ndipo m'chaka chachiwiri komanso mochepera - mazira 130.

Kuno kulemera kwake, nkhukuzi zimatha kupikisana ndi mitundu yolemekezeka kwambiri yomwe imapangidwa pa mafakitale.

Zabwino jala limalemera pafupifupi 4 - 4.5 makilogalamundi nkhuku - 3 - 3.5 makilogalamu.

Nkhuku za nkhukuzi ndi zakudya, ndipo zikaphika zimawoneka zokongola kwambiri. Koma pamodzi ndi mfundo iyi, mbalame zimakhala zolemera kwambiri, kutanthauza kuti kunenepa kwambiri, chifukwa cha kuchuluka kwa chakudya chomwe chimadya.

Chimodzi mwa zovuta za nkhuku za mtundu uwu zimalingaliridwa nkhuku zochepa, zomwe zimachepetsa njira yobereketsera mbalame za mtundu umenewu.

Pankhani za kusamalira, kudyetsa ndi chitetezo, zonse ziri zophweka. Mipata ya nkhuku za mtundu uwu sizikusowa zambiri, choncho zidzakhala zosavuta kuzisamalira.

Chifukwa cha chizoloĊµezi cha kunenepa kwambiri, chakudya cha mbalamezi chiyenera kulamuliridwa mosamala.

Ndipotu, ndondomeko yodyetsera nkhuku za mtundu wa Orpington ndi yosiyana ndi zofanana ndi nkhuku zambiri. Nkhuku ziyenera kudyetsedwa tirigu, zitsamba ndi udzu.

Ngati nkhuku kapena tambala akukula, ndiye kuti mutha kuwapititsa ku zakudya zambiri, zomwe zili ndi kashiamu ndi mapuloteni ambiri. Nkhuku ikayamba kuyamwa, ndiye kuti chakudyacho sichitha kusinthidwa kufikira mutangomaliza.

Nkhuku za Orpington zikhoza kudyetsedwa zonse zowuma ndi zowonongeka. Chinthu chachikulu ndicho kupereka chakudya nthawi yomweyo.

Zomwe zimapanga chakudya chouma zimaphatikizapo tirigu, soya, keke, mchere, calcium carbonate ndi mavitamini.

Chakudya chakuda chimapangidwa pamaziko a madzi kapena msuzi, momwe zigawo zikuluzikulu za zakudya zowuma zimadzipulidwa. Mulimonsemo, mu zakudya zomwe mukufunikira kuwonjezera zosafunika za mchere, zomwe mbalamezi zidzalandira zofunikira zonse zofunikira kuti chitukuko chitheke.

Chiwerengero cha zakudya sayenera kupitirira 4 pa tsiku.

Nkhuku zisanayambe, zimayenera kupatsidwa mbewu zonse, zomwe zimawathandiza kuti asazizizire usiku, makamaka m'nyengo yozizira.

Ndiponso amafunikira kupereka mbalame madzi ambirimonga kuchuluka kwa mowa wothira ndi nkhuku ndi 1.8 kuchuluka kuposa kuchuluka kwa chakudya chodyedwa ndi nkhuku.

Choncho, madzi ayenera kutsanulira nthawi zonse kuti asathe, makamaka m'chilimwe.

Komanso mu chidebe chosiyana muyenera kutsanulira zinthu zomwe zili ndi calcium, zomwe ndi zipolopolo, miyala yamchere kapena choko.

Pafupifupi miyezi iwiri isanayambe nkhuku kuyamba kuika mazira, mbalamezo ziyenera kuikidwa pa zakudya. N'zotheka kuchepetsa kuchuluka kwa chakudya chomwe amapatsidwa, koma bwino kuzindikira mbewu zosiyanasiyana zomwe zimaperekedwa kuti zikhale zochepa kwambiri.

Nkhuku zoteteza nkhuku za mtundu uwu ndizofanana ndi zomwe ziyenera kuchitidwa ndi nkhuku zowonongeka. Choyamba, muyenera kuyang'anira ukhondo wa henhouse, kumene mbalame zimasungidwa.

Ndikofunika kuti musinthe nthawi zonse ndikuyeretsa zinyalala zomwe nyama zimayenda, chifukwa mabakiteriya osiyanasiyana akhoza kukula mu udzu chifukwa cha kukhalapo kwa zinyalala zowonongeka. Ndikofunika kusamba osati nkhumba ndi odyetsa okha, komanso mitengo yomwe mbalame zimakhala usiku.

Mukawona kuti nkhuku za mtundu uwu zafooketsedwa, ndipo izi ndizosiyana ndi nkhuku zambiri, zimakhala zosiyana ndi mbalame zina kuti zisatulukidwe ndi matenda kapena kachilombo ka HIV.

Maliseche omwe amakhala ndi nthenga za nkhuku, amagwira ntchito bwino phulusa ndi mchenga wa mchenga. Mitsukoyi, nkhuku "zidzasamba," motero kudziteteza kukula kwa tizilombo.

Mazenera a Orpington angakhale amadzimadzi, ngati mpweya wabwino sungapangidwe mu nyumba ya nkhuku, ndiko kuti pali kusowa kwa mpweya. Nthawi zonse ndi kofunikira kuti uzimitse nkhuni, ngakhale m'nyengo yozizira.

Ngati mumagula nkhuku za mtundu wa Orpington, simungadandaule nazo. Nyama ya zakudya, imene mwadzidzimutsa, idzakhala yothandiza kwambiri chifukwa cha kusowa kwa maantibayotiki kapena mankhwala ena mmenemo. Ndi chifukwa chake muyenera kugula mbalame zingapo ndikuzikhazikitsa m'nyumba yanu ya nkhuku.