Vietnamese visrubry nkhumba

Nkhumba lero ndizozipatso zodziwika kwambiri komanso zotchuka.

Bwanji? Ngati mutabala nkhumba, ndiye kuti muli ndi mafuta, nyama, zomwe sizinali zachilendo kwa anthu ambiri.

Ndi zonsezi mu nkhumba, mungapezenso ndalama.

Koma, musanapange chisankho pa nkhumba zobereketsa, nthawi zonse mumakhala funso losavuta: kodi ndi mtundu wanji umene mungasankhe?

Mosiyana ndi posachedwa, mtundu wa Vietnamese nsomba zazing'ono za nkhumba zinaonekera ku CIS.

Mwamsanga mtundu uwu unapeza malo olemekezeka m'minda ndi minda.

Komanso tidzatsegula zinsinsi zonse za nkhumba zotchuka.

Timagula nkhumba zabwino ndi zokongola za Vietnamese, komanso nkhumba zoyenera kusankha

Ngati mwatsimikiza kale kukhala mwini wa nkhumba za mtundu uwu, ndiye kuti mumangodziwa malamulo oyendetsera ndi ogula. Chifukwa, waukulu peresenti ya ubwino wokula Vietnamese nsomba ku nkhumba zimatengera kusankha kolondola anthu wathanzi.

Ngati mukukonzekera kulera iwo kwa fuko, ndiye kuti zonse zowonjezereka zidzakhala zothandiza:

  • Kugula nkhumba kwa fuko, musagulire kuchokera kwa wofalitsa wina, ndipo makamaka nkhumbazo zomwe zinkaoneka mu liti imodzi.
  • Pogula nkhumba, funsani wofalitsa kuti ndi angati akufesa. Ngati ali ndi boar imodzi, ndiye kuti mbadwazo zidzakhala achibale. Ndipo kuchokera kwa ana awo, monga mukudziwira, kukhala okhutira, odzaza, ana sakhala osatheka.
  • Funsani za msinkhu ndi kulemera kwake kwa nkhumba, za kulemera kwa nkhumba. Mukhozanso kufunsa wofalitsa kuti afotokoze kukula kwa nkhumba, ndi masiku khumi.
  • Mukhoza kutsimikizira zoona zake zomwe zimaperekedwa ndi wogulitsa poona nkhumba. Ngati nkhumbazo zili mwezi umodzi, ndiye kuti zofesazo zikhale ndi lobes. Ayenera kukhala woonda kwambiri.

    Ngati nthanga kutsogolo kwa iwe ikuwoneka mafuta, ndiye kuti nkhumbayi imakhala yoposa mwezi umodzi, kapena si nkhumba yomwe inabala nkhumba zomwe zimaperekedwa kwa iwe.

  • Yang'anani mosamala mawonekedwe a chinyama. Ngati nkhumbayi ndi yathanzi, ndiye kuti minofu yake imakula bwino, ndipo miyendo yake imakhala yolimba kwambiri. Chizindikiro chodziwikiratu cha kukhala mtundu wa Vietnamese vislobrew ndi manyazi ndi ochuluka akugunda pamphupa wamphongo.

    Kwa munthu wathanzi, lamuloli ndi lolimba, lopangidwa, maso ali owala, ngakhale malaya. Njala yabwino ndi chizindikiro cha thanzi la munthu aliyense. Dziwani kuti mtundu wa nkhumba zamagazi zikhoza kukhala zosiyana, kuyambira zoyera mpaka zakuda.

  • Musagule nkhumba ngati thupi lake liri ndi mawonekedwe a nsonga, mutu wautali, ndi miyendo imayikidwa mu mawonekedwe a kalata "X". Maonekedwe awa amasonyeza kuti munthu uyu akudwala, kapena ngati pali njira yowonongeka yomwe inachitika chifukwa cha kudutsa kwa makolo a achibale.
  • Nkhumba za nkhumba zochokera ku nyama zopitirira khumi ndi ziwiri zikhoza kukhala zofooka.
  • Ngati mwasankha kale, musaiwale kufunsa wogulitsa mtundu wa chakudya chimene anagwiritsira ntchito. Popeza kusintha kwakukulu ku chakudya china kungayambitse kupweteka kwa nyama.

Kufotokozera mwatsatanetsatane za mtundu, zinsinsi zonse za kutchuka

Dzina lawo limagwirizanitsidwa ndi lalikulu kupachika mimbazomwe zimakhala zovuta kwambiri. Miyendo ndi yochepa kwambiri moti mimba ingakhudze pansi. Kunyada kumakhala ngati accordion yamapanga ambiri, osati mphuno ya nkhumba.

Chinachake cha nkhumba chikhoza kufanana ndi pug muzzle. Vietnamese nkhumba nkhumba zingakhale zoyera ndi zakuda. Pali anthu omwe amagwirizanitsa mitundu yonse iwiri mu mtundu wawo ndikukhala ndi marble.

Nkhumba za Vietnamese zowonongeka zakhala zitangokhala zinyama chabe. Owonjezereka, alimi amaluso, amalonda, amaimiranso zosankha zawo pa mtundu umenewu.

Nkhumba zabwinozi zimatha kulemera ndi kukula m'zaka zisanu zoyambirira, ndiye kuti ndondomekoyi ikucheperachepera kwambiri, pang'onopang'ono kuima. Kulemera kwa nkhumba ya Vietnamese ya vislobrew ya chaka chimodzi kumafika pa kilogalamu 80. Misika ya ziweto imatha kuyimira nkhumba zomwe zimapitirira makilogalamu 100.

Ubwino wosunga nyama za nkhumba zovunduka ku Vietnamese, poyerekeza ndi mitundu yachikale

  • Nyama yomwe ili ndi kuchuluka kwa mafuta ndi kusowa kwathunthu kwa streaks. Nyama imeneyi ikhoza kugwiritsidwa ntchito ndi anthu omwe ali ndi matenda a mtima, popeza kuti mlingo wa cholesterol umakhala wochepa. Zopindulitsa zake zimasungidwa mu mitundu yonse ya mankhwala otentha.
  • Wokhala wodekha, wamakhalidwe abwino. Ubwenzi ndi nkhumbazi ndizofanana ndi ubale ndi agalu kusiyana ndi nkhumba zoyera. Iwo samafuula tsiku lonse, musatseke chitseko.
  • Bzalani sizimasonyeza kuti muli ndi nkhanza kwa mwiniwake kapena nkhumba. Pafupifupi nkhumba zosadziwika zimadya ana ake. Kukula nkhumba pamodzi ndizochepera zosangalatsa komanso zosangalatsa.
  • Kudyetsa kulipira kumangokhala kosangalala. Pafupifupi magulu atatu odyetsa pa kilogalamu ya kulemera. Pa nthawi yomweyo, pafupifupi 80 peresenti ya chakudya chonse, pamene fattening, ikhoza kukhala yowutsa mudyo, chakudya chobiriwira. Ndipo gawo limodzi lachisanu la mbewu za nthaka.
  • Ukhondo wodabwitsa. Nkhumba za mtundu uwu zimakhala zosiyana kusiyanitsa "chimbudzi" kuchokera "kuchipinda". Izi, poyamba, zimathandiza kwambiri kuyeretsa, ndipo kachiwiri - zimapanga pigsty popanda nkhumba zonyansa "nkhumba" zonyansa.
  • Nkhumba zokhudzana ndi kugonana kwa Vietnam zimayamba kale kuchokera miyezi itatu kapena inayi.
  • Zambiri: muyezo wa nkhumbazi ndi 2 farrowing pachaka. Pa nthawi yomweyo, chiwerengero cha nkhumba m'matoto ndi 11-13. Nkhumba imatha kutalika mu moyo wake wonse.
  • Nyama izi sizimayenera kuti katemera, ali ndi chitetezo champhamvu, sakhala odwala.
  • Chabwino kulekerera kutentha kwambiri. N'zotheka kuyenda pafupifupi chaka chonse (ndithudi, malingana ndi malo oswana).
  • Kukula kwake kwa nyama zamtundu uwu kumakupatsani kusunga m'deralo ndipo muli ndi zolinga zingapo mu makina amodzi.

Kodi pali zovuta zina kwa vislobrew ya Vietnamese? Kodi iwo ndi chiyani?

Mulibe zolakwika mu mtundu uwu wa nkhumba. Kodi ndi koyenera kufotokoza ochepa maonekedwe oyenera:

  • Ndikofunika kufufuza njira yoyenera yogwiritsira ntchito mphamvu. Sikoyenera kupereka chakudya chokwanira, kapena chakudya chokwanira, sichimafota bwino, kapena sichimawongolera mosamalitsa. Choncho, ndi zofunika kuphika wandiweyani phala kuchokera pansi.
  • Simungathe kukonza nkhumbazi ndi nkhumba zomwe zingatheke. Ngati simusamala nkhaniyi, zinyama zingakhale zopweteka kwambiri.
  • Ofesa a Vietnamese omwe amaonongeka ndi nkhumba amawasamalira kwambiri ana awo, ngakhale kunyalanyaza kwambiri. Amadyetsa nkhumbazo mpaka zitasiya. Izi zimabweretsa kutopa. Malingana ndi khalidwe ili la nkhumba, nkhumba ziyenera kuchotsedwa kuyambira zaka miyezi iwiri.

Kodi zikhalidwe za mtundu uwu wa nkhumba ndi ziti?

Zizindikiro zina zimasiyanitsa mtundu wa Vietnamese vislobrew kuchokera ku mitundu yachikale. Kawirikawiri chifukwa cha ubwino uwu, mtundu uwu wapatsidwa kufalitsa kotere:

  • Kuthamanga msanga kwa nyama. Maboti ali okonzekera kubereka kuchokera kwa miyezi isanu ndi umodzi, ndipo nkhumba - kuyambira miyezi inayi kale.
  • Kusamalira nkhumba zowonongeka ndizochepa, chifukwa nkhumba ndi amayi omwe ali ndi udindo kwambiri. Mwachiwonekere sichidzasokoneza, ndipo makamaka pali mwana wake. Pogwirizana ndi mwiniwake, amakhalanso wochezeka.
  • Vietnamese nkhumba za nkhumba zimakhala ndi chitetezo champhamvu kwambiri. Pafupifupi samadwala masoka achilengedwe alionse. Amalekerera nyengo yotentha ndi nyengo yotentha. Ma drafts okha ndiwo owotcha iwo, makamaka nkhumba zing'onozing'ono.

Kodi anthu ochita masewera olimbitsa thupi a ku Vietnam ndi otchuka?

Masiku ano, kuswana Vietnamese maonekedwe a nkhumba akuvunda kwambiri. Nkhumbazi musafunike chisamaliro chapadera, chakudya chamtengo wapatali, osati chakudya chamtengo wapatali. Ngati mwasankha nkhumba yoyenera, ndiye kuti kusamalira ndi kusamalira kwina sikungayambitse vuto lililonse.

Ngati mutagula nkhumba yathanzi, ndiye kuti mutatha kale miyezi 9-10, mukasamalidwa bwino, nkhumba 100-110 zidzakula. Pambuyo pa nthawiyi, kuchuluka kwa misa sikudzawonjezeka kwambiri. Panthawi imeneyi, pokhapokha ngati pali zikwi mazana atatu za tirigu.

Nyama ya nkhumba zaku Vietnamese zomwe zimawonetsedwa ndizokoma, zokoma kwambiri. Makamaka bwino kukoma kwa nyama ya anthu olemera makilogalamu 45. Misika nthawi zambiri imatenga mitembo 100. Chifukwa cha izi zonse, nyama ya nkhumba zomwe zafotokozedwa zakhala zikudalira ogula.

Timapeza phindu lalikulu powasamalira bwino

Kukonzekera kwa Vietnamese vislobrew nkhumba kumabweretsa mavuto osachepera pachisangalalo chosangalatsa (poyerekeza ndi mitundu yambiri yachikale). Ngati poyamba mutha kusamalira bwino pigsty, ndiye kuti chisamaliro chidzachepetsedwa.

Kukula kwake kwa nyama kumatha kusunga malo a pigsty. Ndibwino kuti mupange njerwa, kuti mukhale konkire pansi.

Ndikofunika kuti gawo la pansi lomwe limagwira ntchito ya "chipinda chogona" (ili pafupi 2/3). Chigawo ichi cha pigsty chidzakhala chofunikira kwambiri nyengo yozizira.

Malo ena onse adzakhala chimbudzi ndi malo odyetsera.

Vietnamese visrubry nkhumba nyama yoyera kwambiri. Sadzalola kuti azibalalitsa manyowa m'midzi yonse.

Nkhumba za mtundu uwu sizikumba za kugonana, zomwe zimachepetsa moyo wa mwiniwake. Cholembera chimodzi chozungulira 5m2 chikhoza kuika nkhumba ziwiri kapena nkhumba imodzi, kapena imafesa ndi nkhumba.

Kupanga dongosolo la mawonekedwe a mkati, ndikofunikira kusiya mipata pakati pawo. Iwo amafunikira kuti athe kupititsa mosamala ndalama, kusonkhanitsa zinyama.

Ndi bwino kusamalira mpweya wabwino wa nkhumba, popanda nkhumba nthawi zambiri amadwala. Muyeneranso kumanga kanyumba kakang'ono pa malo oyenda. Idzateteza ku dzuwa lotentha ndi mvula.

Chikhalidwe chovomerezeka chokonzekera mtundu uwu wa nkhumba chikuyenda. Mphepo yatsopano, makamaka m'nyengo yotentha, imayambitsa chitetezo chokwanira komanso chisokonezo.

Zimalangizanso kuti aike nkhumba zochepa paulendo woyendayenda, zomwe nkhumba ikhoza kuziwombera, ndi kukumba "dziwe" laling'ono la dothi. Ndi kuyenda nthawi zonse, nkhumba zimakhala zolemetsa komanso zochepa.

Zakudya zopangidwa bwino - chinsinsi cha kukula kwa nyama yathanzi

Ngati zakudyazo zikugwiritsidwa ntchito moyenera, ndiye kuti izi zimalonjeza kuti zamoyo zabwino, thanzi labwino, komanso nyama zabwino kwambiri. Mu mtundu uwu wa nkhumba, mimba imakhala ndi dongosolo lapadera.

Chakudya chimayendetsa m'mimba mwachangu mofulumira, chifukwa chinyama chimakhala chaching'ono ndipo m'mimba mwake muli ochepa. Choncho, coarse akupera chakudya zosayenera.

Standard amachita kwa Vietnamese vislobrews ndi udzu udzu wa legume banja (clover, nyemba). Koma chakudya chomwe chimakhala ndi nkhumba wamba (chakudya cha beets, udzu) sizingagwiritsidwe ntchito kwa vislobryuhim ya Vietnamese. Ndibwino kuti nthawi zonse muziwotcha nkhuku zakuda ndi zakudya zosakaniza kapena zapansi.

Zakudya zowonjezera ziyenera kusankhidwa ndi maziko a tirigu ndi balere. Mukhoza kuwonjezera nandolo, oats, chimanga. Mbewu, mwa njira, sayenera kuchitiridwa nkhanza.

Chowonadi ndi chakuti chomera ichi chimapangitsa kuti kunenepa kwambiri, komanso kumapangitsa nyama kukhala yovuta. Mavitamini owonjezera amathandizanso kuti nkhumba zikhale ndi thanzi labwino. Bzalani mu chakudya, mukhoza kuwonjezera mkaka, mazira, kaloti, dzungu. Nkhumba - mafuta a nsomba. Ngati mukufuna kupereka zophika, ndiye kuti muziphika nthawi yomweyo musanadyetse.

Kodi kutalika kwa nkhumba za ku Vietnamese kumapita bwanji?

Chifukwa chakuti kutha msinkhu pachibadwidwe ndi Vietnamese vislobryushie, imabwera mofulumira kwambiri, njira yokhota ingaloledwe mwamsanga. Musawope kuti kutenga mimba kumayambiriro kungasokoneze thanzi la ana kapena kukula kwa nkhumba.

Chinthu chachikulu ndi chofunika kwambiri pa maonekedwe a ana abwino ndi kusowa kwa ubale pa zofesa ndi nkhumba. Apo ayi, maonekedwe a odwala, ofooka ndi ofooka nkhumba n'zotheka.

N'zotheka kudziwa kuti nkhumba imafuna kusaka ndi zizindikiro zotsatirazi: ikhoza kudya, imakhala yopanda phokoso, imatuluka, imatuluka.

Potsirizira pake, kukutsutsani kuti simukulakwitsa, mutha kudalira manja anu pa croup, ngati imawombera ndipo sasiya malo, ndiye kuti n'zotheka kale. Ngati icho chikachoka, kusaka sikunabwere.

Mimba ikhoza kukhala miyezi itatu, masabata atatu ndi masiku atatu (masiku 114-118).

Masiku angapo asanafike, nkhumba imayamba kuphwanya udzu, kuti ikhale chisa.

Tsiku lina asanatuluke, nkhumba imapezeka m'mabowo. Corral iyenera kuchotsedwa bwino, chiwongoladzanja chikhale ndi udzu kapena udzu. Ngati chipinda chimakhala chozizira - perekani kutentha kwina.

Ndikofunika kukhalapo panthawi yafukufukuwo. Pambuyo pa nkhumbayi, yeretsani mpweya wofiira ndikuyiyika mu udzu wouma.

Ndikofunikira! Mu ola loyambirira la moyo, nkhumba iyenera kutenga gawo lofunikira la colostrum. Lili ndi zinthu zonse zamtengo wapatali zowonjezera zofunika kuti pitirize kukula kwathunthu.

Poyamba, nkhumba zimadya mkaka wa amayi okha, kotero zimakhala zolemera. Patsiku la 10 la moyo, nkhumba yathanzi imalemera, pafupifupi 1 kilogalamu, ndipo pa tsiku la 20 - 1.5-2 kilogalamu, pamwezi - 2.5-3 kilogalamu.

Pa tsiku la khumi, tiyenera kuyamba apatseni nkhumbazo madzi abwino. Mu sabata lachiwiri la moyo, pang'onopang'ono mungapereke makala, choko, zinthu zodzaza ndi calcium ndi phosphorous.

Komanso, mukhoza kukopa phala wambiri. Kwa mwezi umodzi, nkhumba ziyenera kuphunzira kusaka chakudya, chifukwa mwezi uli wonse kuti mkaka wochokera kwa mayi udzayamba kuchepa. Iyenera kuchotsedwa mwapang'onopang'ono kuchokera kwa mayiyo.

Pa farrowing yoyamba, nyembayi imatha kupanga pafupifupi nkhumba zisanu, ndipo patapita nthawi chiwerengerochi chikhoza kufika kwa anthu 20. Nkhumba zofesa ziri zoyera, komabe, ngati mayi. Amatsutsana nthawi zonse pamalo amodzi, musamang'ambe pansi, musati mufufuze.

Chikhalidwe chawo chimakhala chokhazikika komanso chokhazikika. Ndikoyenera katemera ana aang'ono pa tsiku la 1-2 (vitamini ndi chitsulo). Katemerawa adzateteza kuchepa kwa magazi m'thupi. Popeza nyama zomwe zimafotokozedwa zimadziwika ndi thanzi labwino, m'tsogolo, katemera sudzafunika.