Kupuma mpweya mu nyumba ya nkhuku, ndi chiyani? Kodi ndi mpweya wotani umene ulipo?

Aliyense amaganiza kuti pomanga nyumba yokhayokha, koma si choncho, ndi kofunikira kuti muzisamalire bwino ndi zipangizo zofunika. Mwinamwake mukuganiza kuti palibe chovuta mu izi, koma kumanga zitsulo, zisa, kupanga kuwala ndi mpweya wabwino.

Ngati mutachita chilichonse cholakwika kapena muphonye chinachake, ndiye kuti mbalame zanu zikhoza kuyimitsa kuthamanga, zomwe si zabwino kwambiri.

Nyumba ya mbalameyo iyenera kukhala yokonzedwa, kuganizira zinthu zambiri: kuyatsa bwino, mpweya wabwino ndi mpweya wozungulira mu chipinda, malo oyenera a feeders, mbale zamadzi, zisa, ndi zina zotero. Kuti muchite izi, mungaphunzire kukonzekera minda ya nkhuku, kuchita zonse molondola mu nkhuku zanu, ndikuthandizani kuti mbalamezi zikhale zotonthoza kwambiri.

Kodi mpweya wotani mu nyumba ya nkhuku?

Kwenikweni, eni onse omwe ali ndi nkhuku m'deralo amadziwa kuti payenera kukhala mpweya wokwanira, koma si onse omwe amadziwa momwe angayendetsere. Pali mitundu yambiri ya mpweya wabwino umene ungagwiritsidwe ntchito pokonza nyumba.

Pali njira zingapo zopangira mpweya wabwino m'nyumba ya nkhuku:

  • Njira yosavuta yoyimira mpweya wabwino ndiyo kukonzekera pazenera mu nyumba ya nkhuku, koma musalole kuti mkati mwazitsulo.

    Malo abwino kwambiri a zenera adzakhala pamwamba pa chitseko, ndiko kuti, mpweya wozizira udzabwera kudzera pakhomo, ndikutenthetsa kudzera pazenera.

  • Njira yachiwiri ndi yovuta kwambiri. Zimapanga mapenje awiri pamwamba pa denga la nkhuku, zomwe zimayikidwa m'mipope iwiri, imodzi yaying'ono ndi ina yaikulu.

    Njira imeneyi ndi yabwino kwambiri kwa mpweya wabwino.

  • Njira yachitatu ndiyo kukhazikitsa machitidwe a mpweya wabwino. Koma ndi yabwino kwambiri kwa zipangizo za nkhuku ndi nkhuku zazikulu.

Ambiri a nkhuku coops samvetsa chifukwa chake mpweya wabwino ukufunikira m'nyumba. Kuti tichite izi, tipereka zitsanzo zingapo kuti tiyankhe mafunso anu ponena za cholinga cha mpweya wabwino mu nkhuku nkhu.

Pamene amapereka mpweya wabwino m'nyumba, amachotsa mpweya woipa wa ammonia m'chipinda.

Mabokosi awiriwa amapezeka mu nkhuku iliyonse, ndipo amakhala ndi fungo losasangalatsa okha, choncho ndi owopsa kwa nkhuku (mbalame ikhoza kupha). Chimene chingakhudze imfa ya dzira, matenda a nkhuku, ndi nthawi zina necrosis.

Pamaso pa mpweya wabwino m'chipinda, zimapereka Kukhala ndi kutentha kwa mpweya wabwino mu nyumba ya nkhuku.

Aliyense amadziwa kuti kutentha kwakukulu kumakhudzanso thanzi la mbalame, makamaka m'nyengo ya chilimwe, mpweya wabwino ndi wofunikira kwambiri kuti zitsimikizidwe kuti mlengalenga zimayenda.

Komanso, mothandizidwa ndi mpweya wabwino mu nkhuku coop amapereka chinyezi chabwino. Ngati nkhukuyi imakhala yonyowa kwambiri kapena yowuma, nkhuku sizidzamveka bwino. Zizindikiro zabwino kwambiri za chinyezi zidzasinthasintha mu nambala 59-79%.

M'nyengo ya chilimwe, nkhuku nkhu ndizovuta kwambiri, kotero mpweya wabwino ukhoza kulamuliridwa pogwiritsa ntchito mpweya wabwino.

Zomwe zimafunikira kuti mpweya uzikhala mkati mwa nyumba ya nkhuku

Tikulemba zofunikira zofunika pa mpweya wabwino nkhuku coop:

  • Choyamba chofunika ndicho kuonetsetsa kuti mpweya watsopano ndi woyera ukhale m'malo mwa nkhuku nkhuku. Nkhalango zambiri zimakhala ndi mpweya wambiri, ndipo zimatenga malo ambiri, mbalamezo ndi zochepa.

    Pazigawo zambiri, mbalame zisanu ziyenera kupatsidwa malo amtunda umodzi.

  • Chikhalidwe chachiwiri chomwe chiyenera kuganiziridwa ndikuti mpweya umene umalowa mkati mwa nkhuku, umalowa mumsewu. Ngati kutuluka kwa mpweya kumachitika m'nyengo yozizira, ndiye kuti kutentha kwa mpweya m'chipinda kumachepa, zomwe zingakhudze kwambiri thanzi la nkhuku.

    Kuwonjezera pamenepo, mbalameyi ndi yovuta kwambiri. Choncho, muyenera kuganizira mozama za mpweya wabwino mu nyumba ya nkhuku.

    Akatswiri m'munda uno amalimbikitsa kukhazikitsa chakudya chokhala ndi mpweya wokhala ndi mpweya wotsekemera ndi nkhuku zing'onozing'ono mu nkhuku nkhu, zomwe zingachepetse kutaya kwa kutentha komwe mpweya wabwino udzadutsa.

  • Chikhalidwe chachitatu cha kukhalapo kwa mpweya watsopano mu nyumba ya nkhuku ndizoyeretsa nthawi zonse za zinyalala.

    Ndiponso, chakudya cha madzi kapena chowonongeka chingapangitse fungo losasangalatsa m'chipinda. Choncho, nkofunikira kutsatira izi.

  • Mkhalidwe wachinayi ndi wofunikira. Nkhuku ya nkhuku iyenera kukhala yoyera komanso yodetsedwa. Kuyeretsa makamaka kumayenera kupatsidwa chidwi kwambiri, popeza makoswe ang'onoang'ono angathe kusudzulana, zomwe zimabweretsa mavuto kwa mbalame ndi kukhalapo kwawo ndi kuipitsa mpweya.
  • Ndipo chisanu chachisanu kuti mudziwe ngati munachita chilichonse mu mpweya wabwino, muyenera kukhala mu chipinda cha nkhuku kwa nthawi inayake. Ndipo ngati mukumva kupweteka mutu kapena kusowa mpweya, ndiye kuti pali chinachake cholakwika ndipo dongosolo la mpweya wabwino liyenera kukhazikitsidwa.

Kodi ndi mpweya wotani umene ulipo pa dongosolo la nyumba ya nkhuku

Takuuzani za kufunikira kwa mpweya wabwino mu nkhuku nkhu ndi zofunikira zake, ndi nthawi yolankhula za mtundu wa mpweya wabwino.

Pali mitundu itatu ya mpweya wabwino: kutulutsa mpweya wabwino, kuthamangitsidwa-mpweya wabwino komanso mpweya wabwino. Tidzakambirana za aliyense payekha.

Makhalidwe apamwamba a mpweya wabwino

Chipangizo cha pulogalamu ya mpweya mu chipinda chimagwiritsidwa ntchito kwa nkhuku zazing'ono, momwe padzakhala mbalame zingapo. Njira yotsegula mpweya imaperekedwa kudzera m'mazitse otseguka kapena mawindo otseguka, ngati alipo. Koma mu dongosolo limenelo kuti panalibe ndondomeko mu chipinda.

Kuti pasakhale kuyenda kwa mphepo m'chipinda, ndikofunikira kupanga mawindo bwino. Makonzedwe abwino a mawindo ndi pamwamba pa khomo la nkhuku, koma mukhoza kukonza zenera ndi pansi pa denga. Chofunika kwa mpweya wabwino m'chipinda ndi dzuwa.

Njira yachilengedwe ya mpweya wabwino imagwiritsidwa ntchito bwino m'nyengo ya chilimwe, pamene zitseko ndi mawindo a nkhuku nkhu akhoza kutsegulidwa nthawi zonse. Komanso, njira imeneyi imafuna kuyang'aniridwa ndi munthuyo nthawi zonse.

Kutentha kotereku kumachitika chifukwa cha kutentha kwa mpweya mkati mwa nkhuku nkhu ndi kunja, mphepo ya mphepo, kuthamanga kwa mpweya, komanso mpweya wina.

Kuyika mpweya wotere mu nyumba ya nkhuku sikudzakhala malo ogwira ntchito, chinthu chachikulu ndi chakuti chimagwira ntchito, chimapereka mpweya wabwino ndi kutulutsa kunja, koma sizimapanga mphepo yamphamvu.

Kuti ukhale wabwino kwambiri wa mpweya woterewu zenera zingathe kukhazikitsidwa kapena kutsekedwakotero kuti nthawi ndi nthawi mungatseke kapena kutsegula zenera.

Mwina poyerekeza ndi mitundu ina ya mpweya wabwino, dongosololi silili langwiro ndipo mwachidziwikire limafuna kuyang'anitsitsa nthawi zonse. Koma ndi bwino kukhala ndi mpweya woterewu kuposa wina aliyense. Ndipo makamaka mbalame zimakonda kuwala komwe kudzabwera kudzera pawindo.

Ndi zotani makhalidwe abwino ndi oipa kusindikizidwa kwachilengedwe kwa mpweya mu nyumba ya nkhuku, ife timalembera pansipa:

  • Komanso, mpweya wabwino umagwiritsa ntchito komanso zipangizo zake.

    Kuyika njira iyi yotulutsa mpweya wabwino, simusowa kugwiritsa ntchito zipangizo zamtundu uliwonse, ndipo njira yowonjezera yawindo la mpweya wabwino sikutanthauza kutsatira malangizo okhwima.

  • Palinso chinthu cholakwika cha mpweya woterewu.

    Choipa chachikulu ndi zotsatira za nyengo pa mpweya wabwino, mwachitsanzo, m'nyengo ya chilimwe kutentha kwa mpweya mu nkhuku nkhu ndi pamsewu kudzakhala chimodzimodzi, kapena pamsewu padzakhala zambiri. Ngakhale mpweya wabwino woterewu umakhudzidwa kwambiri ndi nyengo monga mphepo yothamanga, mphepo ndi zina.

Ndizosangalatsa kuwerenga za kumanga nyumba ndi manja anu.

Kodi ndikutani ndi kutulutsa mpweya wabwino. Ndipo momwe mungachitire izo nokha

Mpweya wothamanga mpweya ndi njira yabwino kwambiri yoyendetsa mpweya mu nyumba ya nkhuku kuposa njira yachirengedwe. Ngakhale zizindikiro zina zikufanana.

Njira imeneyi ya mlengalenga ya nkhuku ndi yabwino kwambiri yogwiritsidwa ntchito nthawi yachisanu-yozizira. Kuwonjezera ndi kutulutsa mpweya wabwino ndizovuta komanso zothandiza mukugwiritsidwa ntchito.

Kuti mutenge mpweya woterewu, mufunikira mapaipi awiri mamita kutalika ndi mamita awiri mmitala. Kuyika nkhuku yaing'ono ingakhale yokwanira kugwiritsa ntchito mapaipi awiri. Mmodzi, yemwe, adzachita ntchito yopereka mpweya wabwino kunyumba, ndipo yachiwiri adzaonetsetsa kutuluka kwa mpweya wozizira.

Tsopano tiwongolera magawo onse a zomangamanga ndi kutulutsa mpweya wa mpweya mu nkhuku nkhu, ndi manja athu:

  • Chinthu choyamba chimene chiyenera kuchitika ndi mabowo awiri pamwamba pa denga la nkhuku; timapanga mabowo molingana ndi kukula kwa mapaipi.

    Njira yabwino ikanakhala ngati muika chitoliro chomwe mpweya wogwiritsira ntchito udzatuluka, pamwamba pa nsanja, ndi chitoliro chomwe mpweya wabwino udzabwera mosiyana, ndiko kuti, kutali kwambiri ndi nsonga, ndi bwino.

  • Timapitirizabe kukonza chitoliro chotulutsa mpweya.

    Ndikofunika kupanga kotero kuti mapeto a chitoliro ichi cha kuuluka kwa mpweya mu chipinda chinali mamita limodzi ndi theka apamwamba. Kuchokera pamenepo, mu nyumba ya nkhuku iyenera kukhala gawo laling'ono la chitoliro, kwinakwake 20-25 centimita.

  • Pambuyo pokonza chitoliro chotulutsa mpweya, pitirizani kulumikizana ndi chitoliro chothandizira. Payenera kukhala chosiyana. Pamwamba pa denga la nkhuni ayenera kukhala pafupifupi masentimita 30, koma mu chipinda chachikulu.

    Koma m'pofunika kukumbukira kuti pafupifupi masentimita 25 opanda pake ayenera kukhala pansi.

  • Kuti mvula isagwe mu chitoliro, ndiyeno nkulowa nkhuku nkhuku, m'pofunika kugoba mapaipi mofanana ndi kalata "G". Koma simungapangidwe ngati mapulotechete, komabe muike maambulera pa chitoliro chilichonse.
  • Pomwe mpweya wotere umagwiritsidwa ntchito mu mapaipi angapangitse mabowo ang'onoang'ono, choncho mapaipi ayenera kuwongolera. Koma pofuna kupewa izi, m'pofunika kupanga mapaipi. Poyamba kuika, kenako kupenta.
  • Panthawi yomwe mutha kukhazikitsa mapaipi padenga, padenga kapena makoma a nkhuku, ming'alu ingapangidwe mwangozi. Akatswiri amalangiza kupanga mapangidwe oterewa, kuwabaya ndi bolodi, chifukwa ntchito yoyenera mpweya wabwino mu chipinda ikhoza kuwonongeka kwambiri.
  • Kumapeto kwa mapaipi a chipangizo, muyenera kuyang'anitsitsa kudalirika kwawo. Ngati sizinayende bwino, ndiye kuti zikhoza kumangirizidwa kumadambo.

Choponderezeka cha mpweya wabwino wa mpweya ndi kukhalapo kwa mapaipi mu chipinda cha nkhuni.

Ndizo zonse zomwe zimatulutsa mpweya wabwino. Koma ngati mumakhala nyengo yovuta, ndiye kuti mungathe kukonza mapaipi, kapena kungowaphimba ndi nsalu ngati kuli kofunikira.

Kodi mpweya wotani wa mpweya mu nyumba ya nkhuku

Mpweya wotsegula mpweya sungagwiritsidwe ntchito mobwerezabwereza nkhuku zoweta.

Mfundo yayikulu yopanda kuzindikira, mpweya woterewu ndi magetsi ambiri.

Choncho, ngati mukukula mbalame zanu zokha, ndalama zanu sizingathe kulipira. Koma izi sizili zofunika kwambiri, ngati mutha kupanga mpweya wabwino wamba ndi manja anu, ndiye kuti zidzathetseratu kuchotsa mpweya woipa ndi mpweya watsopano, komanso kuchotsa mpweya woipa ndi chinyezi chokwanira.

Mtundu uwu wa mpweya wabwino amagwiritsidwa ntchito m'madera akuluakuluKumene kumamera mbalame zambiri.

Njira yotsekemera yotereyi ikuimira minda ya nkhuku, mabungwe akuluakulu, ndi zina zotero. Njira yotsekemera ikufanana ndi njira yoperekera ndi kutaya, koma ndi kugwiritsa ntchito zipangizo zamakono.

Zipangizo zamakonozi zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pogwiritsa ntchito mafani kuti apulumuke. Iwo amatsegulidwa ndi kutuluka mothandizidwa ndi mapulogalamu oyendetsa kapena angathe kugwira ntchito moyenera.

Koma ngati mukufuna kupanga mbalame, kuika mtundu uliwonse wa mpweya wabwino ndi gawo lofunika kwambiri. Ndipo njira yothetsera mpweya wabwino sikutenga nthawi yambiri ndikugwira ntchito.

Mpweya wabwino umaphatikizapo kukhazikitsa mapaipi awiri ndi firimu, koma kumene zidzakhalapo zimadalira mtundu wa kusindikizidwa:

  • Kusindikizidwa kolowera. Ngati fosholoyo idzaikidwa mu chitoliro cha inlet.
  • Kufalitsa kwa mpweya. Ngati faniyo idzaikidwa mu chitoliro chotulutsa mpweya.

Makhalidwe abwino komanso oipa kufalitsa mpweya:

  • Inde, njira iyi ya mpweya wabwino idzakhala yopindulitsa kwambiri kuposa yapamwambayi. Koma mumayenera kulipira.

    Mukamagwiritsa ntchito mpweya woterewu, muyenera kugula mapaipi okha, komanso mawotchi, mawaya opangira magetsi, mawotchi ndi zinthu zina zing'onozing'ono.

    Koma nkofunikanso kukumbukira kuti ngati magetsi sangabweretse nkhuku nkhu, izi zidzaphatikizapo zina zowonjezera.

  • Koma, ngakhale zovuta zoterezi, pali mbali yabwino ya mpweya wabwino. Mpweya uwu sungadalire nyengo, nyengo, ndi zina.

Kodi ndi njira yotani yokhazikitsira zipangizo za mawonekedwe a mpweya wabwino

Izi zimayamba ndi kukhazikitsa mapaipi awiri. Izi zimachitidwa chimodzimodzi ndi njira yopezera ndi kutulutsa. Koma pansi pa chitoliro kumapeto ndikofunikira kubowola mabowo angapo kudzera mwa condensate. Mwanjira imeneyi, dera lingapewe.

Gawo lotsatira la kukhazikitsa ndikutengera magetsi pamalo omwe fanowo udzakhala. Panthawi imeneyi, muyenera kusankha komwe mungapezeko.

Anagwiritsa ntchito kwambiri njira ziwiri:

  • Kusintha kwina kumachita ntchito yotembenuza kuwala ndi kutulutsa mpweya.
  • Kapena gwiritsani ntchito osinthani ma batani awiri. Yoyamba ya kuwala, yachiwiri kwa hood.

Ndipo chinthu chomaliza chimene muyenera kuchita ndicho kuyika fanaki yokha, mu chitoliro chofunidwa. Ndipo pa izi zonse ndondomeko ya kukhazikitsa mawotchi mpweya wabwino idzatha.