Okumwa ndi kudzipangira okha nkhuku

Pa masamulo a masitolo onse mu nthawi zosiyanasiyana pachaka mungagule zinthu zatsopano.

Sipadzakhala vuto kuti tigule nkhuku nyama.

Komabe, alimi okha amalima zomera zosiyanasiyana ndi zinyama paziwembu zawo.

Onse a iwo adzakuwuzani inu kuti mankhwala opangidwa kunyumba ali operewera kwambiri ndipo opindulitsa kwambiri kusiyana ndi kuchokera ku sitolo.

Anthu okhala mumzinda wa chilimwe amatha kukhala ndi munda waung'ono, koma tsopano nkhuku sizili kwa aliyense.

Koma chifukwa cha manja athu okhwima kuti tipeze oledzera kapena odyetsa nkhuku sikovuta.

Zida zopangidwa bwino ndi chimodzi mwa ntchito zofunikira pakuza nkhuku.

Malinga ndi zizindikiro ziti zomwe zingathe kusankhidwa kuti zikhale ndi nkhuku

M'masitolo akuluakulu mukhoza kuona nambala yosiyanasiyana ya nkhuku zowakomera nkhuku, zomwe zimabwera mosiyanasiyana ndi kukula kwake. Koma pa nthawi imodzimodziyo mbalame ikhoza kudya kuchokera kuzipanga zokha.

Zakudya zopangidwa ndi manja wotsika mtengo kwambirikuposa kugula m'sitolo, komanso nthawi imene amagwiritsa ntchito popanga zinthu zoterezo ndizochepa.

Pa intaneti mungapeze njira zambiri zopangira odyetsa ndi omwera. Njira zina ndi zipangizo zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga, mudzawerenga m'nkhani yathu.

Chigawo cha feeders kwa zinthu zomwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito:

  • Chodyera choyamba ndi matabwa. Kudyetsa koteroko kungagwiritsidwe ntchito popatsa nkhuku ndi chakudya chouma, mwachitsanzo: tirigu, zakudya zosakanikirana, zosiyanasiyana zigawo zikuluzikulu: choko, zipolopolo kapena miyala.
  • Chikho chachiwiri ndi chitsulo kapena pulasitiki. M'magetsi oterewa mukhoza kuika chakudya choda. Pambuyo pake zidzakhala zosavuta kuchapa.
  • Chikho chachitatu ndi chidebe chopangidwa ndi matope kapena ndodo zitsulo. Mtundu uwu wodyetsa ndi woyenera kudyetsa masamba atsopano.

Chizindikiro cha feeders ndi mtundu wa chakudya:

  • Kudyetsa nkhola ngati sitayi.

    Odyetsa otere amawoneka ngati kachidutswa kakang'ono ka phukusi, kamene kali ndi mbali mbali zake, zomwe zimateteza kuti zisamafalitse chakudya m'nyumba ya nkhuku. Mtundu wodyetsa uwu ndi wabwino kwambiri popatsa nkhuku zing'onozing'ono.

  • Wodyetserako ngati mawonekedwe a ngalande yomwe pinwheel kapena grill yowonongeka imayikidwa pa tray.

    Pakhoza kukhala zipinda zingapo mkati mwa thanki kotero kuti mitundu yambiri ya chakudya ikhoza kuthiridwa. Odyetsawa amaikidwa kumbuyo kwa khola, zomwe zimathandiza kuti azisamalira.

  • Wodyetsa monga mawonekedwe a bunker, wodyetsa chotero amapangidwa pofuna kudyetsa chakudya chouma kwa mbalame.

    Odyetsawa amachititsa kuti mukhale osavuta kuti mugwire ntchito, popeza m'mawa zakudya zoterezi zimatsanulidwa kumeneko kuti zikhalepo tsiku lonse. Kenaka chakudya chimachokera ku bwalo lakale kupita ku thireyi, ngati pakufunika. Ndipo pogwiritsidwa ntchito kotsekedwa kogwirira ntchito, chakudya chimatetezedwa ku zonyansa zosiyanasiyana.

Momwe mungasankhire othandizira malingana ndi malo awo mu chipinda:

  • Oyamba ndiwo opatsa omwe amaikidwa pansi. Odyetsa oterewa amagwiritsidwa ntchito nthawi zambiri, chifukwa angathe kusamukira ku gawo lililonse la nyumba.
  • YachiĆ”iri - chikho ichi, chomwe chili ndi kulemera. Odyetsa oterewa amaikidwa kumbali iliyonse ya nyumba, iwo amamangiriridwa ku mabakiteriya kapena kuzinthu zina zosunga.

Zofunikira zomwe ziyenera kutsatidwa pakupanga pakhomo

  • Chofunikira choyamba chomwe chiyenera kuganiziridwa ndikuonetsetsa kuti ntchito yoyenera ikugwiritsidwa ntchito moyenera.

    Wodyetsa ayenera kupangidwa mwakuti mbalame sizikanakhoza kukwera pa iyo, kubalalitsa chakudya, ndi kuwononga zambiri. Pofuna kupewa izi, m'pofunika kupanga bumpers pa wodyetsa kapena zowonjezera zina za chakudya mkati mwa wodyetsa.

  • Chinthu chachiwiri choyenera kulingalira ndichokhazikika chokonzekera.

    Chipangizo ichi chiyenera kukhala chodzazidwa nthawi zonse ndi chakudya, ndipo nthawi ndi nthawi kusamba ndi kuyeretsa. Ndi zonsezi, mawonekedwe, kukula ndi zakuthupi siziyenera kukhazikitsa mikhalidwe yovuta kwa zochitika izi.

    Choncho, popanga feeders, muyenera kulingalira pa mfundo zazikuluzikulu: miyeso yaing'ono, kuthandizira, kutsuka ndi kuteteza thupi.

  • Chofunika chachitatu chimene chiyenera kulingalira ndi kukula kwake.

    Muyenera kupanga chakudya chomwe mbalame zonse zimadya kuchokera mmenemo. Pafupifupi mamita khumi ndi asanu a kutalika amafunikira nkhuku wamkulu, ndipo nkhuku zimakhala zochepera kawiri.

    Ndiyeneranso kulingalira kuti mbalame zofooka zingathe kukhala ndi mwayi wopeza.

Kufotokozera za ndondomeko ya opanga opangira

Ogulitsa pulasitiki

Mabaibulo ochepetsedwa a odyetsa oimitsidwa angapangidwe kuchokera ku botolo la pulasitiki wamba ndi chogwirizanitsa mbali iliyonse ya nyumbayo.

Mfundo yaikulu pakupanga nkhokweyi imakhala ndi botolo lolimba lomwe silingathe kumbali.

Pafupifupi masentimita asanu ndi atatu mmwamba kuchokera pansi pa botolo ndikofunika kuti dzenje kuti mbalame ziziyandikira chakudya. Mothandizidwa ndi katchi pamasamba, chikho ichi chimangowonjezera mosavuta pa ukonde.

Mabakiteriya a Bunker nthawi zina amadziwika kuti otere. Mpaka ndithu ndizovuta zimakupangitsani kukhala kosavuta kuti mugwire ntchito ndipo zimapangitsa kuti kudyetsa chakudya kudye mosavuta, chifukwa chakudya chouma chimachokera ku bunker kupita ku trays pamene idya.

Kuti muchite izi, tengani chidebe chachikulu cha pulasitiki ndi chogwiritsira ntchito, mosasamala zomwe zasungidwa mmenemo mpaka pano.

Pansi pa chidebe chotere, muyenera kupanga mabowo angapo, omwe adzalandidwanso patsogolo pa magawo a mbalewo. Ukulu, womwe uyenera kukhala masentimita khumi kupambana kuposa kukula kwa chidebe chomwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito.

Ngati palibe makadi ogawa, mungagwiritse ntchito chidebe chachikulu. Mbali zonse za wodyetsa ziyenera kugwirizanitsa zoperekera. Pamwamba pa chidebe muyenera kutseka chivindikirocho. Wowonjezera wokhoza akhoza kuikidwa pansi m'nyumba, ndipo iwe ukhoza kupachika pafupi masentimita makumi awiri kuchokera pansi.

Odyetsa amapangidwa kuchokera ku mapaipi osambira

Odyetsa a mtundu umenewu ali ndi chidwi kwambiri ndi nyumba za nkhuku.

Zipangizo zotsatirazi zimagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga chakudya chotere: PVC chitoliro kapena PVC yomwe ili ndi mamita 150, mamita awiri, tee imodzi, magawo onse ayenera kukhala ofanana.

Kutalika kwa chitoliro, aliyense amatenga zomwe akufuna. Inde, njere zambiri zidzakwanira mu chitoliro chotalikira, koma chitoliro chotalika sichidzakhala chokhazikika.

Pambuyo pozindikira kutalika kwa chitoliro kuchokera pamenepo, m'pofunika kudula zidutswa ziwiri zolemera masentimita makumi awiri ndi khumi. Ndiye chidutswa chotalikira chikuphatikizidwa pa chitoliro ndi tee ndi kukonza mabowo ndi mapulagi.

Ku nthambi ya tee ikulumikiza chidutswa chaching'ono chachitsulo chomwe chidzagwiritsidwe ntchito mmalo mwa thireyi. Ndipo odyetsa onse ali okonzeka, amangokhala kutsanulira chakudya mmenemo ndikusungira ku khoma lililonse la nyumba, ndi kutha kwa nthawi yaitali. Pofuna kuti mbalame zisalowe usiku, dzenje likhoza kutsekedwa ndi pulagi.

Ngati muli ndi nkhuku zambiri, mungathe kupanga odyetsa angapo, kapena kupanga chakudya chovuta kwambiri. Kuti muchite izi, m'pofunikira kudula zidutswa ziwiri kuchokera pa chitoliro, chimodzi mwa izo chiyenera kukhala masentimita makumi atatu kukula.

Tsopano muyenera kulumikizana mbali ziwiri ndi bondo lanu. Mu chigawo chaching'ono cha bomba muyenera kupanga mabowo angapo kukula kwa pafupifupi masentimita anai. Kudzera m'mabowo, mbalamezi zimadya pa chakudya. Pamapeto pake ndikofunikira kutsegula mapaipi onse ndi mapulagi, ndipo zomangamanga zovuta zowonjezera zimapangidwa.

Ndizosangalatsa kuwerenga za ventilation mu nyumba ya nkhuku.

Kupangidwa ndi matabwa

Odyetsa opangidwa ndi nkhuni ndi okwera mtengo kuposa omwe atchulidwa pamwambapa.

Pakuti kupanga mapulani a matabwa amafunikira zotsatirazi zipangizo:

  • Kuwombera ndi zowonjezera khoma makulidwe
  • Zojambula
  • Makina 90 digiri
  • Khungu
  • Kuwoneka kapena jigsaw
  • Tape measure
  • Pensulo
  • Wolamulira
  • Band saw
  • Screwdriver
  • Dulani
  • Kokani mabedi
  • Akuwombera

Tikulemba mfundo zazikulu pakupanga opaka matabwa:

  • Choyamba muyenera kusankha pa kukula kwa wodyetsa
  • Pa plywood wokhoma-mipanda ndi kofunika kuti mudziwe zambiri za wodyetsa.
  • Pambuyo pojambula, mumayenera kutenga macheka kapena jigsaw ndikudula ziwalozo.
  • Kenaka, mu magawo odulidwa ndi kubowola, muyenera kupanga mabowo obisika kuti akukwera ndi zokopa.
  • Pambuyo pake, muyenera kuthana ndi mphalapala, kuti mbalame zisadzipweteke.
  • Kenaka, muyenera kugwirizanitsa zikuluzikulu, ziphuphu, kutsogolo, kumbuyo ndi mbali ya wodyetsa.
  • Kumbuyo ndi kutsogolo kwa gululi, muyenera kudula mpweya wa madigiri 15 pamwamba ndi pansipa. Kenaka muyenera kuyika zigawo pamlingo wofanana ndi pamphepete mwa pamwamba ndikugwiritsa ntchito zikuluzikulu kuti muziziika kumbali. Mukhoza kupanga khoma lakumbuyo la pulasitiki, lomwe limakuthandizani kuti muyambe kuyendetsa chakudya, osatsegula chivundikirocho.
  • Kenaka mukufunika kutenga chidutswa cha matabwa ndikupanga gawo ndi mawonekedwe a digirii makumi atatu ndikuyikankhira kumalo.
  • Kenaka gwiritsani ntchito zingwezo kuti zigwirizane ndi chivundikirocho kumbali. Pambuyo pake, wopangidwirayo ayenera kuperekedwa ndi antitoptic agent.

Wowonjezera wopangidwa ndi matabwa angapangidwe ngati mawonekedwe a bokosi lalitali kapena bokosi, lomwe limayikidwa kunja kwa malire a bwalo la kuyenda, izi kuteteza chakudya kuwonongeka. Mukamagwiritsira ntchito feeders, mapazi anu adzakhala oyera, chifukwa simukuyenera kupita ku mbalame.

Mitengo imatengedwa kuchokera ku chimango chomwe chimapangidwa ndi bokosi pafupifupi masentimita 25 pamwamba ndi pafupifupi masentimita 20 m'lifupi mwake, kenaka imawombedwa ndi plywood kapena bolodi. Khoma limodzi liyenera kupangidwa pambali.

Maonekedwe a maselo a grid ayenera kukhala otere kuti nkhuku ikhoza kumamatira mutu wake kuti adye chakudyacho. Kuchokera pamwamba pa chidyetsero chodyetsa chiri ndi chivindikiro chopangidwa ndi plywood imodzi kapena bolodi.

Kupanga mbale zodyera mbalame ndi manja awo

Mukamanga oledzera, muyenera kuganizira mavuto omwe mukufunikira kuchotsa:

  • Zakudya ndi madzi omwe amaima pansi, nthawi zonse atayipitsidwa.
  • Matanki akulu sayenera kuikidwa m'nyumba, momwe madzi omwe amapezeka mwa iwo mwamsanga amalephera.
  • Mbalame zodyera pansi zimalumphira ndikuyipitsa madzi.
  • Mabakiteriya ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda mwamsanga zimapezeka pamadzi otseguka.
  • Madzi m'mabotolo oterewa ayenera kusinthidwa kangapo patsiku.
  • Madzi omwe amamwa mowa pansi amatha kuzizira m'nyengo yozizira.

Momwe mungapangire mbalame kudyetsa ndi botolo la manja anu

Masiku ano, anthu omwe amamwa mowa mwauchidakwa omwe amakwaniritsa zofunikira zonse ndi otchuka kwambiri. Koma alimi a nkhuku amatha kugwiritsa ntchito omwe amamwa mowa. M'dziko lathu, mabotolo a pulasitiki akusinthidwa ndi vuto lalikulu. Koma nyumba zokhudzana ndi nkhuku zakhala zikugwiritsidwa ntchito.

Inde, mungathe kumangotenga madzi otsekemera m'nyumba, koma nkhuku sizidzamwa madzi okha, komanso zimawombera mmenemo, ndipo zowonjezereka, zimatsutsa pamenepo. Ndipo alimi aulesi amatsuka nthawi zonse. Ndipo ena amapanga zakumwa zotere zomwe zidzangokhala zakumwa.

Chofunika kwambiri ndicho Madzi a m'zikhomo nthawi zonse anali oyera. Popeza omwe akumwa m'mabotolo apulasitiki ali omwera mowa, amatha kugwirizana pakati pa mbalame kudzera mwa iwo, zomwe zimatanthauza kuti mbalame yodwalayo ikhoza kupha munthu wathanzi.

Pali njira zambiri zopangira oledzera m'mabotolo a pulasitiki, tidzakambirana za chimodzi mwa izo m'nkhaniyi.

Malo abwino kwambiri kwa wosamwa adzakhala pamtambo, osati pansi, chifukwa Miphika imayipitsidwa mofulumira.

Mukhoza kupanga chimango chokwezera botolo ku khoma, kumene botolo lidzakhala losavuta kufika. Chojambulacho chingapangidwe ndi waya kapena mbiri ya drywall, komwe botolo lidzakhala. Gawo lakuya la khosi liyenera kukhala pansi pa chidebe, chifukwa cha madzi omwe sangathe kusefukira. Ndizo zonse zomwe zimadyetsa mbalame zakonzeka.

Kodi mungagwiritse ntchito bwanji womwa mowa? Kuti muchite izi, tengani botolo, mudzaze ndi madzi, kutseka chivindikiro, kutembenuzira ndi kuliyika mu chimango. Pambuyo pake, muyenera kutsegula chivundikirocho.

Madzi adzayamba kutsanulira mu thanki, koma pamene madzi akufika pa khosi, madzi sadzathamanganso, chifukwa chisokonezo cha mlengalenga chidzakhudza madzi mumtsuko ndipo motero sungani mu botolo. Ndiye pamene madziwo ali pansi pa khosi, madzi ochuluka amafunika kutuluka.

Pofuna kukonza nkhuku ndi oledzera, m'pofunika kulingalira kuchuluka kwa madzi omwe amadyedwa ndi mbalame. Mitengoyi imadalira zaka za nkhuku, chakudya ndi mpweya wabwino ndi zina.

Makamaka mbalame zazikulu zimawononga theka la lita imodzi ya madzi patsiku. Ndiyeneranso kukumbukira kuti mbalame sizikuphatikizana kuzungulira zikhomo. Choncho, m'pofunikira kupanga oledzera kuti mbalame zizikhoza kuzifikira kuchokera kumbali zonse.

Okumwa opangidwa ndi manja awo ndi othandiza kwambiri poyambitsa alimi a nkhuku. Pambuyo pake mukhoza kugula omwa mowa kwambiri.

Osati njira yovuta yomwe anthu akumwa mowa amadzichita nokha

Kupanga mowa wotere sikudzakhala kovuta komanso ndalama zakuthupi.

Ndikofunika kutengera botolo la pulasitiki mu chivindikiro chomwe chimapanga dzenje ndi mamitala asanu ndi anai. Nkhumba ziyenera kupsezedwa mu dzenje, kenaka kapu ndi ndowe yoyenera iyenera kupota mu botolo.

Pansi pa botolo ayenera kudulidwa. Womaliza kumwa ayenera kupachikidwa mnyumba ndikudzaza madzi. Kenaka mu kapu kuti mulowetse poto ndi madzi a microcell.

Komanso mmalo mwa botolo mungagwiritse ntchito chidebe chomwe mungapange mabowo angapo. Kenaka chitani zonse komanso botolo.