Atsekwe amabereka Linda

Lero, kuchuluka kwa nyama m'masitolo kumapatsa anthu mwayi wosaganizira za nkhumba, nkhuku, nkhono ndi atsekwe.

M'midzi osati osamalira wamaluwa komanso ziweto zomwe amasunga mundawo, osati chifukwa chopeza mazira kapena mkaka, komanso nyama.

Ndipotu, ndi bwino kutsimikiza kuti nyamayo idadyedwe ndi ma antibayotiki olemera, koma ndi tirigu, udzu watsopano ndi masamba.

Ndicho chifukwa chake anthu amagula nkhuku zambiri.

Makina otchuka kwambiri amamera Linda. Chifukwa chiyani? Zonse zomwe mungapeze m'nkhaniyi.

Mazira a mtundu wa Linda ndi a gulu lodabwitsa kwambiri ndipo ndilo mtundu wotchuka kwambiri muzungulizana la gusevovods.

Zosiyanazi ndizoyenera kuzindikiritsidwa kuti ndizo zabwino padziko lapansi chifukwa cha kusiyana ndi zofunikira.

Madzi oterewa anabadwira mumzinda wa Nizhny Novgorod, ndipo anavomerezedwa mu 1994. Poyambirira, oimira mtundu umenewu ankatchedwa gogi Gorky.

Mbewu imeneyi inapezeka podutsa mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya atsekwe, omwe ndi Chinese, Adler, Solnechnogorsk ndi anthu wamba.

Kuwonjezera apo, mtundu wa Linda, kuti ukhale ndi makhalidwe abwino, ndiko kuti, kuonjezera kuchuluka kwa kulemera kwalemera, kulemera kwake, komanso kukonzanso ubwino wa nthenga ndi pansi, unadutsa ndi atsekwe a Arzamas ndi mitundu ya Landsky. Pambuyo pake atsekwe a Lindov ankakondana.

Atsekwe amabereka Linda anasudzulidwa kuti aphedwe, chifukwa ndi mtundu wa nyama.

Kulemera kwake kwa mbalame kumadalira mwachindunji pa zakudya zake - misala ya munthu wamkulu akhoza kufika kufika pa makilogalamu 9, omwe ndi chisonyezero chabwino kwambiri pa kuchuluka kwa kulemera kwa kulemera.

Chikhalidwe cha atsekwewa ndi bata, siziuluka, sizilimbana ndi zinyama zina, zimakhala mwamdima mumdima.

Chokhachokha ndicho mbalame zimapanga phokoso lambirimakamaka pa nkhani ya gulu lalikulu. Koma ngati ziri zakutchire, izi zikutanthauza kuti atsekwe ali wathanzi komanso amamva bwino.

Atsekwewa ndi ocheperapo poyerekeza ndi nyengo. Ngakhale kutentha kumsewu kumadumpha kufika pamtunda wa -30 C, ndiye kumalo okhetsedwa, kumene kulibe kukonza, mbalame zidzakhala zabwino kwambiri.

Ndizosangalatsa kuwerenganso za zomwe zimayambitsa matenda a atsekwe.

Atsekwe a Linda amaonedwa kuti ndiwo nyama zakutchire ku Russia, Poland, Ukraine ndi Moldova ndi mayiko ena a ku Ulaya. Chifukwa Chifukwa mbalamezi zili ndi ubwino wambiri. Mwachitsanzo:

  • Maphunziro apamwamba

    Atsekwe omwe amatha pa miyezi iwiri kapena itatu akhoza kupindula kuchokera pa 2 kg mpaka 4 kg, ndipo m'miyezi isanu kulemera kwa mbalame kumatha kufika pa 4 - 5.5 kg. Atsekwe a Linda akhoza kupeza maulendo 2 mofulumira kuposa mitundu ina.

    Ngati boma likudyetsa, mbalame yomwe ili ndi zaka 2-3 imatha kulemera makilogalamu 3.5-4, ndipo pakadutsa miyezi isanu, atsekwe akhoza kulemera makilogalamu asanu ndi awiri.

    Ndizodabwitsa kuti pakatha chaka chimodzi atsekwe akhoza kupeza 9-11 makilogalamu wolemera. Ndicho chifukwa chake kuswana mabotolo awa ndipindulitsa kwambiri bizinesi. Kawirikawiri, akatswiri ochita masewera olimbitsa thupi omwe amachititsa mbalame kuti agulitse malonda amapereka 30% kapena kuposa pa mtundu uwu wokha.

  • Kulawa kwakukulu

    Zakudya za atsekwe za Linda zimakonda kwambiri pamsika chifukwa chapamwamba kwambiri komanso kukoma kwake.

    Wogula amayamikira nyama iyi chifukwa cha kapangidwe kake kofewa ndi kofewa, fungo labwino. Ngakhale tikamaganizira kuti nyamayi ndi yosaoneka bwino, imakhalabe yokoma komanso yamtengo wapatali. Ichi ndi chifukwa china chomwe kubereka kwa atsekweko kuli ndi phindu lalikulu.

  • Kutentha Kwachangu

    Atsekwe a mitundu ina yomwe idakhazikitsidwa ku Ulaya satha kupirira kutentha kwakukulu, motero nthawi yomweyo amadwala.

    Zoweta za Lindov zinadulidwa kuchokera ku mitundu, zomwe, mwanjira ina, zizoloŵera chisanu. Chifukwa cha izi, mbalamezi zimatha kuphulika ngakhale kumpoto, ndipo m'nyengo yozizira, kutentha kwakukulu kumatha nthawi yaitali kwambiri.

    Chinthu chofunika kwambiri ndi kusunga mbalame bwino, kuteteza zitsulo mu chipinda chomwe atsekwe amakhala. Ngati mutentha kwambiri nyumbayi, amphaka a Linda sangathenso kulemera kwambiri m'nyengo yozizira.

  • Mazira akuluakulu opanga mazira

    Nsomba za mtundu wa Linda si zachibadwa, zigawo, koma zimatulutsa mazira ambiri kuposa mitundu yambiri ya atsekwe. M'chaka mutha kupeza mazira 55 mpaka 65 ndi mazira ena.

    Pokhala ndi zakudya zabwino, kupezeka kwa masamba mu zakudya, komanso mavitamini omwe ali ndi calcium ndi zinthu zina zofunikira, mkazi akhoza kupereka dzira limodzi tsiku lililonse m'chaka.

    Kuchuluka kwa dzira limodzi kumatha kufika 200 g, kukoma kwawo kuli bwino, komwe kumapangitsa mazira a tsekwe kukhala otchuka kwambiri ndi mimba.

  • Makhalidwe abwino

    Mbalame za mtundu uwu sizimayambitsa vuto lalikulu kwa eni ake. Amayenda pang'onopang'ono, sagwedezeka mokweza kwambiri, samenyana mkati mwa gululo ndi mbalame zina zomwe zili mu bwalo la zachuma.

    Amakhala pafupi pamalo amdima komanso pafupi ndi madzi, kapena akuyang'ana chakudya pafupi ndi malo omwe akuyenda.

  • Kusintha kwapamwamba kwa achinyamata

    Pa kuswana kosasunthira kwa goslings mu makina opangira mazira, mazira ambiri amayenera kutengedwa kuchokera ku mtundu wa Lindovsky. Mazira oposa 95% omwe atsekedwa ndi atsekwe adzatengedwera, kotero nkhuku zikhoza kuchotsedwa kwa iwo.

    Pa mazira onse a Linda, pafupifupi 90% adzakhala atsekwe ang'onoang'ono, omwe 85-90% adzakhala okalamba.

    Nkhono zimagonjetsedwa ndi matenda, pafupifupi musadwale. Kuyambira masabata awiri, iwo akhoza kudyetsedwa kale ndi chakudya chambiri, chomwe chimaperekedwa kwa atsekwe akuluakulu.

  • Kupindula

    Kulima malonda a mtundu wa Linda potsata phindu kungathe kufika pafupifupi 200% pa nyengo imodzi ndikusamalira ndi kusamalira mbalame. Kusungirako ndiko kuchepetsa mtengo wa chakudya, monga atsekwe akhoza kudya pafupifupi chirichonse chimene mumupatsa.

    Zokhudzana ndi zofooka, panthawi yomwe mbalamezi zimabereka komanso zimagwiritsidwa ntchito, zambiri zimachotsedwa. Koma sizinali zotheka "kuwononga" makhalidwe ena oipa.

  • Kutetezeka kochepa kwa hymenolepiasis

    Matendawa amakhudza mbalame zomwe zimakhala m'madzi kwa nthawi yaitali. Atsekwe angathe kutenga kachilombo koyambitsa matendawa, pomwe chitetezo cha chizolowezi chokhazikika cha nyama zam'madzi sichinakwanire mokwanira.

    Nsomba, nkhono, komanso algae zingayambitse mbalame kukhala yowopsya, imayamba kuphulika, ndipo matumbo amatsika. Pofuna kuteteza atsekwe poyamba, amafunika kuphunzitsidwa pang'onopang'ono ku kuyenda kwa madzi.

    Mu chakudya chomwe mukufuna kuwonjezera algae pang'ono, ndipo pokhapokha perekani nsomba pang'ono. Zakudyazi sayenera kutenga nkhuku zoposa 10%.

  • Kufooka thupi kofooka

    Poyamba kasupe, atsekwe a mtundu wa Linda amavutika ndi beriberi ndipo amasiya kugwira ntchito. Chithunzichi nthawi zambiri chimawonetsedwa mu March, chifukwa mbalameyi sizinayambe kuyenda mu mpweya wabwino m'nyengo yozizira ndipo idya chakudya chomwecho.

    Koma vuto ili ndi losasinthika. Pankhani ya zizindikiro zoterezi, atsekwe amafunika kudyetsedwa ndi masamba, komanso mumtsuko wa madzi kuti asakanikize mavitamini owonjezera omwe amawagwiritsira ntchito. Ndibwino kupereka mbalame zamasamba zomwe zakolola kuyambira autumn. Izi zidzakulitsa kuleza mtima kwa mbalame.

  • Kufunika kofikira madzi ndi kuyenda bwino

    Pankhani ya kuswana kwa atsekwe a mtundu uwu, iwo ayenera kuperekedwa madzi, ndiko kuti, kapena kuti apange kanyumba kakang'ono paokha, kapena kuti ayende nawo ku nyanja kapena mtsinje.

    Ngati izi sizinachitike, pansi sizingakhale zofunika kwambiri, ndipo chitetezo cha chitetezo cha atsekwe chidzavutika.

Izi zimakhala zosaoneka ngati atsekwe amadyetsedwa komanso akutsatiridwa ndi kusintha kwa chikhalidwe chawo. Pambuyo pa nyengo yozizira, ndi bwino kutchula veterinarian yemwe adzayang'anitsitsa mbalame ndikuganiza kuti akufunika mavitamini.

Pankhani ya chisamaliro, atsekwe a Linda sali ovuta. Ndikofunika kuti mukhale nawo komanso ena omwe akuyimira mbalameyi.

Chifukwa cha kusowa kwa dzuwa, kutanthauza kuti, m'nyengo yozizira, mbalamezi ziyenera kusungidwa pang'onopang'ono.

Nthawi yonse ya kuwala "nthawi" iyenera kukhala maola 12 - 13 patsiku. Mukhoza kudyetsa mbalamezi monga tirigu, ndikumaza, ndi zakudya zokometsera zokhazokha, ndiko kuti, zonyansa zakudya kuchokera ku zamasamba.

Mbewu ndi udzu ziyenera kukhalapo pakudya mbalame nthawi zonse pamene pali mwayi wotero. M'nyengo yozizira, mukuyenera kupereka atsekwe Linda zowonjezerapo zowonjezera zomwe ziri ndi mavitamini ndi kufufuza zinthu.

Mazira a mtundu wa Linda adzakhala kwa inu "wopulumutsa" ngati mutasankha kubzala mbalamezi.

Inde, kwa zaka zambiri, mtundu umenewu wapambana mitima ya wogula ndipo akupitirizabe kugwira chizindikiro mpaka lero.