Ng'ombe Ya Ng'ombe

Pomwe tibereka ziweto, nthawi zonse timaganizira momwe tingagwiritsire ntchito ndalama ndi nthawi kuti tipeze zotsatira zabwino m'tsogolomu.

Koma nthawi zambiri zotsatira zabwino ndi zotsatira za banja lolemera kwambiri, pamene njira zosiyanasiyana zodyetsera, chisamaliro chapadera ndi kusamalira zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kwa chinyama.

Zimakhala zovuta kulingalira momwe ng'ombe, monga ng'ombe, zingasungidwe popanda kuyang'anitsitsa, kudyetsa ndi zina?

Ndipotu, n'zotheka, kokha chifukwa cha izi, muyenera kusankha wapadera, wotchedwa Highland. Tidzakuuzani za zinyama zodzichepetsa komanso zotsalira.

TimadziƔa zambiri za zikhalidwe za mtunduwu.

Musanayambe kulongosola ng'ombe zakutchire, mwinamwake mukufunikira kufotokozera chomwe chomwe chiri chofunika kwambiri cha kukula kwa ziweto ndi zinyama.

Mosiyana ndi zovuta, pamene cholinga chachikulu ndikupeza zokolola zambiri kuchokera ku zinyama kapena zomera zomwe zimakula, zomwe zimakhudzidwa ndi ndalama ndi chuma, kupanga kwakukulu sikukutanthauza mtengo uliwonse.

Pachifukwa ichi, kuti uwonjezere zokolola za famu, zikhoza kuonjezera malo ofesa, kapena, m'malo odyetserako ziweto.

Njira ina yowonjezeramo zinyama, zomwe zimaphatikizapo kuonjezera phindu popanda ndalama - ndikogwiritsa ntchito mitundu yapadera ya nyama zomwe zili ndi malo ambiri osungira ndi kuswana.

Kuthamanga kwa maonekedwe a chibadwa cha chiyambi cha mtunduwu

Ng'ombe za ng'ombe zazikulu ndi imodzi mwa akale kwambiri. Dziko lakwawo ndi Scotland, komwe abusa oyambirira amatha kubereka nyama yosadzichepetsa kwambiri, yosinthidwa bwino ndi nyengo yovuta ya kumpoto.

Mafupa a zinyama zimenezi ndi ng'ombe za abambo a Celtic, makhalidwe ndi makhalidwe omwe sanawonepo nthawi yayitali.

Ngakhale kuti abusa a m'mapiri a Highlands anali nyama zazikulu, mtundu umenewo umakhala woimira nkhumba zazikulu.

Kwa zaka zambiri, mtundu uwu wakhala chizindikiro cha dziko lakwawo ndi zosangalatsa kwenikweni kwa mayiko ena.

Chowonadi ndi chakuti nyama za mtundu wofotokozedwa amasiyana kwambiri ndi tsitsi lalitali komanso lalitali ndi kutalika kwakukulu kwazing'ono, komanso kukula kwake kwa thupi.

Ndi zonsezi, chilengedwe chadalitsa mtundu uwu ndi zazikulu kwambiri ndi nyanga zazikulu, zomwe iwo amadziwonetsera okha kuti adziteteze okha kwa zinyama zakutchire. Anthu ambiri amabzala ng'ombe za Highland ngakhale kuti sizinapangidwe ka nyama, koma kuti azisangalala ndi zakunja zawo zachilendo.

Kodi ndi zinthu ziti zomwe zimapangidwa ndi ng'ombe za Highland mini?

Monga tanena kale, mtundu uwu sudziwa ife, ngakhale kuti zochitika za pakati pa nyengo za nyengo zili bwino kuti zisamalidwe ndi kusamalira.

Chinthu chofunika kwambiri komanso chosiyana ndi ng'ombe za Highland mini mtundu waukulu wa zoweta ng'ombe.

Mwa njira, kudyetsa kwakukulu sikukugwirizana nawo konse, alimi ogwira ntchito samalimbikitsa kugwiritsa ntchito. Pa nthawi yomweyi, molimbika kwambiri kuchokera ku ziwetozi, mukhoza kupeza chakudya chenicheni cha nyama yapamwamba kwambiri.

Mtundu uwu ukhoza kudya msipu. Komanso, ngakhale nyama zakutchire sizipeza chakudya, ng'ombe zakutchire zidzatha kulemera, ngakhale ngakhale zitsamba ndi udzu wouma zingakhale chakudya chawo.

Zoona zake n'zakuti nyama zimenezi zimakhala m'mapiri, kumene kuli chakudya chochepa, mphepo yamkuntho, kutentha kwakukulu komanso mvula yambiri.

Choncho, kumakhala pafupi ndi famu yamnyumba, komwe nyama zikhoza kubisala pansi pa malo ogona omwe amamangidwa mvula kapena chisanu, zikanakhala zabwino kwa iwo. Ndipo kuchuluka kwa chakudya chomwe amadya ndi nyama n'chimodzimodzi kuposa cha nkhosa yamba.

Momwemo, ngakhale ziweto zazikulu za ng'ombe zakutchire zingathe kusungidwa mu khola limodzi lalikulu, chifukwa iwo sadzasowa chakudya komanso malo omwe sangakhale nawo.

Zomwe zili mu malo otseguka ziyenera kuperekedwa kwa iwo chaka chonse, ndipo izi sizikudetsa nkhawa anthu obadwa okha, komanso ma hybrids. Inde, nyengo yozizira idzakhala amafunika kudyetsa ng'ombe zazikaziKomabe, ngati malo odyetserako ziweto ndi aakulu kwambiri ndipo amaphatikizapo mitengo yamitengo, ndiye izi zingayiwalike.

Nthawi yozizira, chidwi chingakhale chofunikira kwa nyama zinyama, makamaka pochepetsa zizindikiro za thermometer kuti zikhale zotentha kwambiri. Ngakhale, njira yokhala ndi ng ombe ndi yosavuta, sizikusowa zina zowonjezera ndipo nthawi zambiri zimayambitsa zovuta zinyama.

Kukula msinkhu wachinyama ndiyenso ng'ombe zowona bwino, zomwe palibe yemwe angasamalire ana a ng'ombe.

Ndi ubwino wotani wa mtunduwu ayenera kumvetsera

Choyamba chofunika kwambiri cha mtundu umenewu ndi chakuti sichifuna malo apadera kuti azisamalira. Pamaso mwa zigawo zazikulu za ulimi kapena kusaka, muyenera kuyika pazomwe zimayendera padera komanso, ngati kuli kotheka, akumwa ndi zikho.

Motero, ndalama zowonongolera ndi kusamalira zimachepetsedwa msanga. Njira yachilendo yoperekera Mitengoyi imathandizidwa ndi zizindikiro zotsatirazi:

  • Kulimbitsa mtima kosatha komanso kuthekera kupirira nyengo yovuta kwambiri.

    Chitetezo cha mthupi cha m'mapiri sichimakhudzidwa ndi mavairasi ndi matenda omwe ali ndi ng'ombe wamba.

    Zoonadi, izi zimakhala chifukwa chosowa kukhudzana ndi ziweto zina zomwe matendawa angaperekedwe, ndipo kachiwiri, chibadwa ndi zikhalidwe za mtunduwu: tsitsi lalitali ndi lakuda, komanso kukula kwa thupi kumathandiza kuthana ndi mvula ndi mphepo, zimathandizira ku thermoregulation.

  • Ngakhale kuti mapiriwa ndi ofanana kwambiri ndi nyengo yoziziritsa ya kumpoto, kusintha kwawo kunathandiza kuti mtunduwu ulalikire kumtunda waukulu.

    Masiku ano, ng'ombe zazikuluzikulu zatha kale kukhala zodabwitsa ngakhale ku Russia, komanso makamaka m'madera ake akumpoto.

  • Mtunduwu umakhala ndi moyo wautali.

    Kuwonjezera pakuti ng'ombe zazikulu za ng'ombe za Highland zimaswana molimbika komanso mosagwedera, mkazi mmodzi akhoza kubereka ana atsopano kwa zaka 25 za moyo wake.

    Motero, kuphatikizapo kusamaliridwa kwa ng'ombe, idzakhalanso ndi ufulu wobala, pokhapokha ngati pokhapokha padzakhala zofunikira kwambiri.

  • Ulemu wamtunduwu umakhalanso wokhotakhota kwambiri, zomwe zimakhala zovuta kuziwona kuyambira nthawi yoyamba chifukwa cha malingaliro awo okhwima ndi nyanga zazikulu.

    Iwo akhoza kukhala pamodzi popanda mavuto pa malo omwewo ndi ziweto zina, komanso ndi zakutchire. Kukhwima kwawo kumawonekera pokhapokha pangozi yowopsa komanso yoopsya kumoyo.

  • Ng'ombe zimakhalanso ndi chibadwa chabwino cha amayi. Ndi chifukwa cha ichi kuti zokolola za mbeu mu mtundu ndizosalekeza, popeza kuti ana a ng'ombe samwalira.

Zovuta kubereka: zovuta kusunga

Zowopsya za mtundu uwu ndi zovuta kwambiri kuyankhula, chifukwa palibe pafupifupi ayi. Inde, izi siziri ng'ombe zomwe timakonda kulalikira mkaka, koma vutoli ndiloperedwa ndi nyama zambiri komanso kusowa kwa chisamaliro ndi chakudya.

Mwachidziwikire aliyense ali ndi mwayi woweta ng'ombe zazikulu zazing'ono, kupatulapo anthu okhala m'madera otentha. Ndipotu, mosasamala kanthu za kupirira kwake kwina kulikonse, chifukwa cha ubweya wambiri, ng'ombe zikutha kutentha kwambiri ndi kutentha kwambiri.

Choncho, ngakhale mutagwirizana ndi ng'ombezi chifukwa cha kukongola kwawo, kuziika nyengo yotentha kumakhala kuzunzika kwenikweni kwa iwo, ndipo palibe chakudya ndi zowonjezereka zomwe zingathandize nyamayo kukhalira.

Zovuta zokhudzana ndi zomwe zilipo zikugwiranso ntchito kuti mtunduwo uyenera akusowa malo ambiri a malo zofufuzira ndi chakudya.

Izi zikutanthauza kuti, muzochitika zonse za nkhokwe ndi msipu omwe sangathe kusungidwa.

Ndiponso ndiletsedwa kuti asunge mapiri a Highlandschifukwa izo zidzangowonjezera kuwonongeka kwa misa, osati kwa kugula kwake. Ndikofunika kuti mbeu izi zikhale bwino, ndiye kuti zidzasinthika kuti zikhalepo, zidzakula bwino.

Zimakhalanso zosangalatsa kuwerenga za kudyetsa ng ombe za mkaka.

Zina zapadera za Mapiri

Makamaka ng'ombe zinyama za Highland ziyenera kulipira kwambiri. Mwachikhalidwe, ubweya wawo uli ndi mtundu wofiirira wa phiri. Komabe, palinso anthu a mtundu wa siliva, wakuda, wofiira, kapena wachikasu.

Nthawi zambiri, suti zachilendozi zimagwera pakati pa zokolola za mtunduwu. Ubweya wawo ndi wautali kwambiri. Bongoli liri ndi kutalika, komwe kumatetezera tizilombo.

Matupi awo ndi achilendo pang'ono, osati chifukwa chachabechabe. Makamaka, ndi kukula kwake kwa thupi, miyendo ya ng'ombe ndi yaing'ono kwambiringakhale wolimba kwambiri.

Pansi pa chikhalidwe cha chilengedwe, izi zimathandiza kuti zitha kukhalapo m'mapiri ndi m'mapiri. Mlomo wawo ndi waufupi, nsagwada zawo ndizamphamvu kwambiri.

Popeza kuti Mapiri ndi oimira nyama, minofu yawo imapangidwa mosavuta. Izi sizinapangidwe kwambiri chifukwa cha majini, monga njira yamagulu ya moyo.

Nkhumba za mtundu wofotokozedwa zingapereke chithandizo chotani?

Ngakhale kuti ng'ombe zakutchire zimakhala zazing'ono, ndi kusunga kwaulere komanso chakudya chokwanira, akuluakulu amatha kulemera.

Choncho, pafupifupi misa ya ng'ombe imodzi yaikulu imatha kusiyana ndi 450 mpaka 550 kilogalamu, pomwe ng'ombezo zimatha kufika ma kilogalamu 750. Choncho, ntchito ya nyama ya mtundu uwu ndi yaikulu kwambiri.

Ng'ombe zimenezi zimatha kupereka mbeu yoyamba ali ndi zaka 38-39, ndiko kuti, kale chaka chachitatu cha moyo. Pa nthawi yomweyo, Ng'ombe zimaberekanso mokwaniraNdili wolemera wolemera wa 20 mpaka 25 kilogalamu.

Zomwe zimachititsa kuti thupi likhale ndi moyo wautali limathandiza kuti ng'ombe ikhalebe yokhoza kubala ngakhale pambuyo pa zaka 18. Koma, kawirikawiri cholingachi chimagwiritsidwa ntchito kwa zaka khumi zokha, popeza ng'ombe yakale siidzakhala yoperekera nyama.

M'badwo wabwino kwambiri wophera ng'ombe ndi zaka 2-2.5.

Choyamba, panthawiyi ali ndi nthawi yowonjezera zizindikiro za misala yawo, ndipo kachiwiri - nyama zawo pa msinkhu uwu ndizomwe zimakhala zabwino komanso zowonjezera.

Mwa njira, nyama yapamwamba imakhalanso ndi ubwino wambiri:

  • Kukoma kwakukulu, komwe kumakhala ngati kukoma kwa masewera.
  • Ngakhale kuti nyama ya Highland ili ndi thanzi labwino, imakhalabe yothandiza kwa thupi la munthu.
  • Ng'ombe yomwe imapezeka kuchokera ku ng'ombe zakutchire imatanthawuza magulu a nyama omwe ali ndi kuchuluka kwa mafuta. Izi zimapangitsa kukhala ndi ubweya wambiri womwe umateteza zinyama kuzizira. M'madera ena, mafuta omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito pang'onopang'ono amakhala ndi ubweya wa nkhosa.
  • Nyama iyi imathandiza anthu omwe akudwala matenda a mtima, chifukwa ali ndi mlingo wotsika kwambiri wa kolesterolini.
  • Ng'ombe yamphongo nthawi zonse patsogolo pa mapuloteni ndi zitsulo.

Motero, tingathe kuona kuti kusamalira ndi kubereketsa ng'ombe zazing'ono zamtunda ndizopindulitsa kwambiri.

Mutagulitsa ndalama zoyamba pa kugula kwa amuna ndi akazi, osagwiritsa ntchito ndalama pa chakudya ndi kumanga, mumatha zaka zingapo mutha kubweza ndalama zanu pogulitsa nyama. Ndalama zabwino zimabwera pogulitsa ng'ombe zazing'ono.