Ng'ombe zikukula: kudyetsa

Ndikoyenera kuyandikira kukweza mwana wathanzi moyenera komanso moyenera, chifukwa ndi chakudya chomwe chimatsimikizira kuchuluka kwa kukula kwa nyama, momwe chinyama chidzakhalira komanso kuti chidzafika patali bwanji.

Ndili ndi msinkhu, zakudya za ng'ombe ndi ng'ombe zamphongo ziyenera kusintha, popeza zosowa za nyama zowonongeka zimasiyana nthawi zonse.

Pofuna kuteteza zolakwika kapena kuchedwa kwachitukuko, ndikofunika kuti muyambe kudya zakudya zoyenera komanso kusintha zakudya mu zakudya malinga ndi zosowa.

Pankhani yodyetsa ana a ng'ombe, ndi zovuta kudziwa ngati chinyama chimafika bwino ndipo sichipeza mafuta ochulukirapo.

Ngati chakudyacho ndi madontho oopsa kwambiri, ndiko kuti, choyamba chakudya chidzakhala chochulukirapo, ndipo kenako - sichikwanira, ndiye kuti nyamayo idzafooka, ndipo chitukuko sichingatheke "kugwira."

Chakudya chopatsa thanzi chingagawidwe Nthawi 3:

  1. Colostrum (amatha masiku 10 mpaka 15 atabadwa)
  2. Mkaka (miyezi 4 - 5 pambuyo pa kubadwa)
  3. Postmilk (mpaka ng'ombe ikufika miyezi 16-18)

Poyamba, ziwalo za m'mimba za mwana wa ng'ombe sizigwira ntchito nthawi zonse, ndiko kuti, nthawi zina kudzakhala zovuta, zomwe zimayambitsa kulephera mu boma la kudya.

Colostrum - Ichi ndi chakudya choyamba cha ng'ombe. Katunduyu ndi wosiyana kwambiri ndi mkaka wathanzi.

Chomera chimakhala ndi mapuloteni oposa 6 mpaka 7 omwe amayerekeza ndi mkaka.

Katunduyu amaperekanso thupi la mwanayo ndi matupi otetezera ngati mawonekedwe a antibodies omwe amagwira globulins. Mankhwalawa "amamanga" chitetezo cha m'thupi ndipo amachititsa kuti asatenge matenda osiyanasiyana.

Komanso, mtundu wa mafuta ndi obiriwira kuposa mkaka wokwanira 2 mpaka 3 kapena kuposerapo kambirimbiri chifukwa cha kukhalapo kwa mchere. Mbalame ya mwana wa ng'ombe imakhala yodzaza ndi magnesium, yomwe ili ndi colostrum amaletsa kumatenda kwa m'mimba, popeza mankhwala onse opweteka adzachotsedwa mwathupi chifukwa cha mankhwalawa.

Colostrum imakhala ndi mavitamini ambiri kuposa mkaka, koma masiku asanu ndi asanu ndi atatu atatha kubadwa kwa ng'ombe, ng'ombeyo imapereka colostrum, yomwe imakhala yofanana ndi mkaka wa chilengedwe.

Poyamba, ng'ombe yaikulu idzafuna 1.5 mpaka 2 malita a colostrum, ndipo ngati thupi la mwanayo lifooka, siliyenera kuperekedwa kupitirira 0.75 mpaka 1 lita imodzi, ndipo liyenera kukhala lochokera kwa ng'ombe yomwe inabereka mwana wa ng'ombe. Kugwiritsa ntchito mowa mopitirira muyeso kumabweretsa mavuto osokoneza bongo.

Masabata awiri oyamba atabadwa, ana a ng'ombe ayenera kukhala okha, aliyense mu khola lake. Sabata loyamba la ng'ombe iliyonse liyenera kudyetsedwa kasanu ndi kamodzi pa tsiku, ndipo pa sabata lachiwiri lidzakhale 3 mpaka 4. Choyamba, ndi bwino kuti ng'ombe zizipatsidwa chotupa mukumwa mowa, ndipo patapita nthawi ndizotheka kudyetsa mankhwalawo mu chidebe.

Khola limene amapezeka m'masabata oyambirira a moyo ayenera kukhala loyera kwambiri. Ndikusowa Sambani mbale nthawi zonsem'magazi omwe amadyetsedwa, komanso omwera.

Iyenso iyenera kukhala yoyera ndi mayi wa ng'ombe. Pambuyo pa mwana aliyense wamphongo wodyetsa, zitsulo zokhala ndi madzi ndi colostrum ziyenera kutsukidwa m'madzi ofunda.

Patangotha ​​masabata awiri atabadwa, pamene nthawi ya kudya imatha, ana amatha kubzalidwa m'siteremo osati m'modzi, koma ndi mitu yambiri. Ma makilogalamu ayenera kupitirira mpaka kumapeto kwa nthawi ya mkaka. Mkaka wosonkhanitsa umagwiritsidwa ntchito monga chakudya panthawi ino.

Mpaka mwana wa ng'ombe atakwanitsa zaka zitatu, ndi bwino kuti apereke mkaka wonse kapena mkaka wonse m'malo mwake. Miyezi iwiri yotsatira kudya nyama zinyama kumafunika mkaka ndi mafuta%.

Simungathe kusintha msanga mkaka wokhazikika kuti muthe kusintha.

Kuchuluka kwa mkaka woperekedwa kumadalira cholinga cha chiwetocho.

Kawirikawiri pamene akuweta ng'ombe, mmalo mwa mkaka wonse, amagwiritsira ntchito m'malo mwake. Chomera ichi ndi chabwino chifukwa ntchito yake ingachepetse kwambiri mtengo wa kudyetsa nyama.

Ngakhale kuyambira masiku oyambirira, mwana wang'ombe akhoza kupatsidwa malo enaake, makamaka acidophilic mkaka wowawasa peresenti ya 50 - 100 g nthawi iliyonse yomwe mukudyetsa chinyama.

Ngati palibe yogurt yotereyi, ana a ng'ombe angathe perekani yogurt yokhazikika, zomwe muyenera kuyaka mkaka. Koma pakadali pano, n'zotheka kudyetsa nyama zoterezi ndi nyama zing'onozing'ono pambuyo pa masabata awiri mpaka 4 atabadwa.

Poyamba, muyenera kupereka 100 g patsiku, ndipo kawirikawiri kuchuluka kwa yogurt kupatsidwa kuyenera kufika 1.5 makilogalamu. Ng'ombe zikafika msinkhu wa milungu iwiri, zimapatsidwa oatmeal kissel.

Ngati pali zinyama pakati pa ana a mkaka, ndiye kuti zikanakhala zabwino kuyambira ali aang'ono Kuwaphunzitsa kudyetsa zomerazomwe zidzathandizira kuti chitukuko cha nyama chizikula mwamsanga.

Ng'ombe ikangotha ​​masiku khumi, muyenera kumupatsa udzu, koma osati wamba, koma wapadera, opangidwa ndi mavitamini.

Ng'ombe za mlungu umodzi ziyenera kupatsidwa udzu, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti chilakolako chikhale chokwanira, komanso kuteteza chitukuko cha matenda a m'mimba ndi m'mimba. Ndikofunika kukonzekera kulowetsedwa kwa udzu wabwino, udzu.

Madzi ayenera kutembenuka wakuda ndi bulauni, ndipo ayenera kununkhiza ngati udzu. Akufunika kupereka njira yothetsera. Idzapereka madzi okwanira kwa thupi, koma sichidzalowetsa mkaka. Pakadutsa miyezi itatu iliyonse ya ng'ombe iyenera kuperekedwa tsiku lililonse 1.4 - 1.5 makilogalamu a udzu, ndipo pakadutsa miyezi isanu ndi umodzi kuchuluka kwa chakudya chimenechi kuwonjezeke kufika pa makilogalamu atatu.

Zakudya za mchere ziyenera kuyambika kuyambira zaka khumi ndi ziwiri, ndipo zikhoza kuperekedwa kwa ana a ng'ombe khumi ndi awiri mphambu makumi asanu ndi awiri (20).

Choyamba, sabata yoyamba, 100-150 g amachotsedwa oatmeal ayenera kuperekedwa, ndipo pokhapokha mutha kuwonjezera zina zomwe zimayang'ana kudya.

Muzu wa masamba ayenera kupezeka pa zakudyakuti mungayambe kupereka nyama mwezi umodzi mutabadwa. Mizu ya masamba imayenera kusambitsidwa bwino bwino komanso kusungunuka bwino asanawapatse nyama.

Poyamba m'nyengo ya chilimwe kudyetsa ng'ombe ndi ng'ombe zamphongo zowonongeka pofuna kufalitsa udzu wobiriwira. Nyama zothandiza kwambiri zimadya masamba. Kumunda, zinyama zingatengeke mkati mwa masabata atatu atabadwa, koma nyengo yabwino.

Ng'ombe ziyamba kudya udzu pakangotha ​​miyezi iwiri yokha, koma ndi bwino kuphunzitsa anawo kale kuti adye masamba ndi kudyetsa udzu wouma kwa nyama. Pa nthawi yomweyi, ng'ombe zimayenera kupatsidwa ndi udzu. M'chilimwe, zakudya zowonjezera mchere ziyenera kuwonjezeredwa ku chakudya.

Ngati mukudyetsa ana a ng'ombe molondola, mungathe kukhala ndi zinyama zokwanira zomwe zingakhale zothandiza komanso zathanzi ngati amayi awo.