Kodi mungadyetse mbuzi?

Nkhumba ndi nyama zomwe zimakhala zosasamala kwambiri.

Iwo, monga chamoyo chilichonse, amafunikira mavitamini, mchere, makompyuta a zinthu zomwe zingathandize thupi kuti liziyenda ndikukula bwino.

Popeza mtundu wina wa mbuzi umapatsa mkaka, ayenera kukhala ndi zakudya zoyenera.

Zomwezo ndi zofanana ndi nyama zomwe zimayimira nyama ndi madera ena.

Vuto ndi zakudya zomwe zimayenera kuperekedwa kwa mbuzi zimadalira msinkhu wake, kugonana, nthawi yowonjezera (kutenga mimba), mlingo wa zokolola ndi zina. Ngati chinyama chilibe chakudya, ndiye kuti ndizofunika kwambiri imaletsa kukula kwa ng'ombe, amachepetsa chitetezo chokwanira ndi zokolola.

Nkhumba zimadyetsa siziyenera kugulidwa, zikhoza kukulira pa chiwembu chanu. Pakuti izi zidzakhala malo okwanira mahekitala 1. Gawo la malo osankhidwa ayenera kutengedwa pa beet yafodya. Pafupifupi 550 baka angagwirizane nawo.

Mbewu za mbande zimayenera kuika kumayambiriro kwa mwezi wa March. Zosankha ziyenera kuchitidwa molingana ndi dongosolo. Ndipo pamene mbande zikukula, muyenera kukonzekera nthaka yobzala.

Ntchito yokonzekerayi ndi yomweyi mu 1 lalikulu. Mera mitala imayenera kubweretsedwa mu chidebe cha humus, ndipo pa malo onse osankhidwa, 1 makilogalamu a superphosphate mu granules ayenera kupatulidwa. Pulani ayenera kukumba bwino ndikugwirizanitsa. Kuwaza mbande kumafunika m'masiku otsiriza a April kapena kumayambiriro kwa May.

Kwa nyengo yonse ya chilimwe, m'pofunika kupanga 2 - 3 mizu yopangira pamwamba, ndiko kuti, zomera ziyenera kuthirira poyamba ndi nitrojeni fetereza, ndiyeno ndi fetereza ya phosphate. Pa chidebe cha madzi ayenera kupita 2-3 tbsp. supuni ya microonment. Kusamalira beet wamba wamba, ndiko kuti, zomera zimasowa madzi nthawi zonse, chotsani namsongole, ndiko kuti, mabedi ayenera kusungidwa.

Ndikofunika kukumba beets kumapeto kwa autumn. Mbewu iyenera kutenga 700-900 makilogalamu, kuphatikizapo nsonga.

Gawo lachiwiri la kusowa chakudya chofesa chakudya chobiriwira. Kukonzekera dothi ndi chimodzimodzi, pokhapokha mutangotha ​​feteleza muyenera kufesa oats kapena balere. Kale pakati pa May kuchokera kumeneko kudzakhala kotheka kutenga chakudya chatsopano cha mbuzi.

Tsiku lililonse muyenera kutchera wobiriwira ngati nyama ingadye. Sungani zofunikira zojambula. Ngati mzere wonse utachotsedwa kale, ndiye kuti feteleza iyenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito ku dothi, mbeu ndi nyemba zimayenera kufesedwa. Choncho, mbuzi ikadya oat ndi balere, manyuchi amakula. Mwa njira, mbuzi ngati mankhwalawa kuposa chimanga.

Kuwonjezera pa chakudya cha masamba. Nkhumba zikhoza kupatsidwa zakudya zowonongeka. Mwachitsanzo, munatulutsa mbatata musanafese ndikusiya chiwerengero cha tubers chomwe sichinapulumutse m'nyengo yozizira.

Choncho, 50 makilogalamu a mbatata oyipawa adzakhala okwanira kudyetsa mbuzi ziwiri. Musataye mapeyala a mbatata, ophika zukini, nkhaka ndi mbewu zina. Zomerazi zimathandiza kuti nyamayo idye.

Muyenera kuonetsetsa kuti chakudya, zinyalala zomwe mukupita kuti mupereke mbuzi, musapeze mapepa, mafupa ndi zinthu zina zomwe zingasokoneze nyama.

Nthawi yozizira, ndiko kuti, nthawi yachitsamba, mbuzi zimadyetsa makamaka chakudya chakuda, chomwe ndi udzu. Zingakhale zazing'ono, udzu kapena udzu. Kocham, yomwe imalemera makilogalamu 40-53, iyenera kuperekedwa 2 kg zabwino zabwino steppe udzu patsiku.

Ngati palibe udzu wokwanira, ndiye kuti m'malo mwawo udzulidwa ndi udzu.

Yabwino kwambiri chifukwa cha udzu wambiri wa balere kapena mapira. Choipa kwambiri, iwo adya udzu wa tirigu, ndipo rye sadzakana kudya konse.

Kuphatikiza pa zinthu ziwiri izi, mbuzi akhoza kupatsidwa zomwe zimatchedwa brooms, ndiko kuti, nthambi za masamba ndi masamba. Ngati mupereka ma brooms ku mbuzi, ndiye kuti mupereke hay mobwerezabwereza kuposa momwe zimafunira.

Kwa nyama izi, poplar, birch, laimu, rowan whisks ndizobwino. Masamba akhoza kukolola mosiyana, mwachitsanzo, masamba a mabulosi ndipo amaperekedwa ngati chakudya chowawa m'malo mwa theka la udzu.

Chofunika kwambiri pa kudya mbuzi ndi tirigu, ndiko kuti, chakudya cha tirigu. Mbuzi yaikulu imaperekedwa kwa 1 kg ya oat, balere ndi mbewu zina pa tsiku. Mbuziyo imasowa kawiri konse. Musanayambe kudyetsa njere kwa chinyama, ndi bwino kuti mumve tsatanetsatane kuti mugwiritse ntchito bwino.

Kwa ana a mbuzi ndi mbuzi, omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito monga opanga, Oats amafunikazomwe zimachulukitsa kukula kwa ziweto zazing'ono ndipo zimapangitsa kuchulukitsa kugonana.

Kuti nyama ikhale yolemera, imayenera kupatsidwa balere, koma pofuna kupeŵa kunenepa kwambiri, balere amapezeka pamadyedwe a mbuzi pokhapokha atakaniza zina.

Komanso, ng'ombe zimafuna chimanga chodulidwa. Ngati mupereka ana aang'ono chimanga, ndiye mu zakudya ayenera kukhalapo ndi mapuloteni mu mawonekedwe a nyemba za nyemba kapena mafuta ophika. Komanso, nyamazi zikhoza kudyetsedwa nandolo, mphodza ndi nyemba monga ufa wosweka kapena wouma.

Nthambi ndi chakudya cha puloteni chomwe chimapsa mosavuta, chimakhala ndi zakudya zabwino kwambiri. Kupereka ndikofunikira kwa nyama za mibadwo yonse, mosasamala, makamaka kwa ng'ombe ndi mbuzi zomwe zimadyetsa ana. Nthambi imafunika kuti ikhale yotsekemera kapena yosakaniza chakudya chopatsa thanzi.

Nkhumba zimakonda kwambiri zakudya zamadzimadzi monga ma kaloti, beets, mavwende ndi dzungu, komanso silage ya chimanga.

Kuwonjezera pa chakudya chachilengedwe, mbuzi Mchere uziyenera kuperekedwa kuwonjezera.

Ngati thupi la nyama likusowa kanthu, ntchito yofunikira ya mbuzi kapena mbuzi ikukulirakulira. Mwachitsanzo, ngati mbuzi ya pakati ilibe phosphorous ndi calcium, ndiye kuti ana adzabereka ofooka, ndipo mkaka udzakhala wotsika. Ngati mbuzi ilibe calcium ndi phosphorous, ubwino wa umuna umatsika mwamphamvu, kugonana kumachepa.

Zimakhalanso zosangalatsa kuphunzira za kumangidwa kwa nkhokwe yambuzi.

Ngati khalidwe la chakudya, ndiye kuti ndi zokwanira. Koma ndibwino kuti nthawi zonse musunge mchere wapadera mchere.

Zinthu ziwiri zofunikira kwambiri pa nyama iliyonse ndi calcium ndi phosphorous. Amachita nawo mapangidwe a mafupa, mano, amakhudza mtima, komanso kupanga mkaka.

Pakati pa calcium ndi phosphorus ndi 1.5: 1, koma nyama imatha kudya pafupifupi 1.2: 1 mpaka 3: 1.

Ngati chinthu chimodzi chiri chochuluka, ndiye kuti pangakhale zizindikiro za kusowa kwachiwiri. Ngati pali kusowa kwa onse awiri, ndiye kuti mkaka wa mbuzi udzachepetsedwa kufikira mutabwerera.

Kuchepetsa mlingo wa kashiamu mu thupi kungathe kuchitidwa ndi jekeseni yamkati.

Nyama yoteroyo imatha kuyamwa mchere wambiri kuchokera ku chilengedwe. Ng'ombe zomwe zili ndi calcium yochuluka siziyenera kupatsidwa udzu ndi udzu wochokera ku nyemba. Kulipira phosphorous chifukwa chodyetsa mbuzi fupa kapena choko.

Mbuzi amafunikanso kupatsidwa mchere, ndipo izi ziyenera kukhala zamchere-lizunets, kapena mankhwala wamba, owonjezera ndi mchere. Mukhoza kupereka mchere wa iodized kapena cobalt, umene umakhudza thupi. Nyama imayesa mlingo mosasamala.

Ngakhalenso mbuzi ndi mbuzi ziyenera kupatsidwa sulfure, zomwe zili mu ntchentche ndi ubweya wa nyama izi. Ndi kusowa kwa chigawo ichi, nyamayi siidya chakudya chochepa, pang'onopang'ono kulemera ndi ubweya.

Sulfure yambiri imapezeka mu udzu wochokera ku nyemba, nandolo, nyemba ndi zinthu zina zamapuloteni.

Ngati mupereka zowonjezera mavitamini, zimakhala magnesium sulfate kapena sodium.

Tsopano iwe ndithudi udzadyetsa mbuzi zako molondola.

Ndipo ngati mwadzidzidzi amapereka mkaka wochepa, chifukwa choyamba ndi chakudya cholakwika.