Nkhosa-Ana amasiye: momwe angakulire achinyamata

Nthawi zina zimapezeka kuti ana a nkhosa amasiye amatha kutaya amayi awo.

Izi zimachitika pazifukwa zambiri, mwachitsanzo, nkhosa imakana kapena sichikhoza kudyetsa mwanayo.

Kapena mphutsi idafa panthawi ya kubala.

Kodi muyenera kuchita chiyani? Chophweka kwambiri.

Pali njira zambiri zochokeramo.

Nkhaniyi inaperekedwa kwa iwo.

Ngati nkhosa yabereka ana angapo, ndiye kuti chiberekero sichitha kudyetsa ana onse. Pankhaniyi, mukufunikira kankhira mwana kupita kumimba ina.

Izi ziyenera kuchitidwa kuti mwanawankhosa alandire cholowa chamtengo wapatali kwa thupi lake. Chogwirira ntchitochi chimathandiza kwambiri thupi la mwana wakhanda, popeza kuti maziko ake ndi othandizira kuti pakhale chitetezo cha mtsogolo.

Chiberekero, chomwe chinabereka ana a nkhosa, nthawi yomweyo chimanyenga ana amakhanda, pambuyo pake chikhoza kudziwa nthawi yake ndi fungo lake.

Mukabwezeretsanso mwana wa nkhosa, muyenera kuyaka mkaka kapena amniotic fluid, kenako mayi wobereka ayenera kunyoza mwanawankhosa, zomwe zidzakhala chizindikiro chakuti walandira "mlendo".

Kawirikawiri, pali njira zambiri zomwe mungadziŵire mwanawankhosa kwa mayi watsopano.

Njira yoyamba ndi imeneyo Tsitsi la nkhosa limaphatikizidwa ndi pulasitiki kapena amniotic madzi. Nkhaniyi ikufotokozedwa pamwambapa.

Njira yachiwiri imatchedwa kuti "yonyowa" kusukulu. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito pamene nthawi yokwanira isanayambe.

Pansi pa njirayi, muyenera kutenga chiberekero cha mwana wa nkhosa ndi mlendo ndikugula zonse mumchere wa madzi. Pambuyo kusamba, ana a nkhosa onse amafunika kuzungulira mwamphamvu, ndipo mukhozabe chovala chamkatingati n'kotheka.

Zotsatirazi zingakhale zosakwanira, kotero kukula kwachinyamata kumaikidwa bwino m'chipinda kumene chiberekero chakhalapo. Pambuyo pake, amayi amavomereza wachibale watsopanoyo motsimikiza.

Njira yachitatu ndi maphunziro a "khungu". Njirayi imagwiritsidwa ntchito panthawi yomwe mwana wamwamuna wakufa amabadwa m'chiberekero, ndipo mwana wakhanda ayenera kumamatiridwa.

Pakuti mwanawankhosa wafa wosauka, ndipo mlendoyo atakulungidwa mu khungu loyera. Ng'ombe iyenera kukhala yotsekedwa pamodzi ndi khanda kwa kanthawi. Chiberekero chikalowa, khungu limatha kuchotsedwa pang'onopang'ono.

Njira yachinayi ndiyo kugwiritsa ntchito makapu ochepetsa mafuta. Njira imeneyi imagwiritsidwa ntchito kwa nkhosa zomwe zimakhala ndi mkaka wokwanira osati kudyetsa mwanawankhosa wawo.

Muzitsambazi, zomwe ziri zofanana kwambiri ndi zipinda zowonetsera, pali thumba lapadera la ewe. Ndikofunika kukonza nkhosa molimba, koma panthawi imodzimodziyo iyenera kudzuka ndikugona.

Chofunika cha njira iyi ndi kukonza mutu kotero kuti sawona kapena kununkhira ana a nkhosa omwe amamwa kuyamwa kwake.

Mwanawankhosa akuyenda mwaufulu. Chifukwa chakuti anawo nthawi zonse amakhala pamodzi, amadyetsa mkaka kuchokera ku nkhosa imodzi, chiberekero chimasiya kukana mwanayo ndipo amachizoloŵera.

Izi zingatenge masiku 4-5. Kamwana kakang'ono, mofulumira chiberekero chimalandira mlendoyo.

Ngati chiberekero sichinatenge mwana wa mwana wina, ndiye kuti adzadyetsedwa bwino. Ndikofunika kudziwa kuti mwana watsopano akufunikira pafupifupi 90 g ya colostrum pa 0,5 kg wolemetsa pa nthawi yoyamba ya maola 18.

Pambuyo pa siteji yamtunduwu, ana a nkhosa amafunika kudyetsedwa mkaka. Makamaka, ng'ombe. Muyenera kukhala osamala kwambiri za njira iyi yodyetsera, chifukwa mkaka wa ng'ombe ndi wosiyana kwambiri ndi nkhosa ndi zolemba, komanso ngakhale mosagwirizana.

Pambuyo pa maola 4 mpaka 5 mwanawankhosa atalawa, amatha kuledzera kwathunthu, mkaka wamtchentche komanso wofewa. Muyenera kuthirira mu botolo ndi nkhono, yomwe idzakhala mtundu wa udzu wa amayi.

Pambuyo pake mudzafunika kuphunzitsa mwana wanu kumwa zakumwa. Pali miyezo ya mkaka malinga ndi msinkhu.

Ili ndilo, sabata yoyamba mwanawankhosa ayenera kupatsidwa 200 g mkaka patsiku, sabata lachiwiri - 300-400 g, pa sabata lachitatu mwana ayenera kulandira mkaka wa 400 - 700 g, ndipo pa sabata lachinayi - 700-900 g.

Zimakhalanso zokondweretsa kuwerengera za mbali za chisamaliro cha nkhosa za pakati.

Pakatha mwezi umodzi atabadwa, mwanawankhosa adzakhala wolimba kwambiri, choncho ukhoza kutembenuzidwa ku mafuta ophika kapena oat. Kuonjezerapo, kuyambira pano, ana a nkhosa amatha kupatsidwa zakudya zowonjezera.

M'malo mwa mkaka wonse wamphongo, ana a nkhosa amasiye amawathiriridwa ndi odzola mkaka wa nkhosa kapena Zom.

ZOM makamaka kudyetsa ana a nkhosa amasiye. Cholowa mmalochi chimaphatikizapo ana kuposa mkaka wa ng'ombe.

Pali mitundu iwiri ya maphikidwe, zomwe zimalowetsa mkaka wa nkhosa.

Kusakaniza komwe kumakonzedwa molingana ndi njira yoyamba, muyenera kudyetsa ana a nkhosa omwe ali ndi zaka 1-15. Zosanganiza za izi zimakhudza mafuta ambiri, omwe ndi ofunika kwambiri kwa achinyamata m'masabata awiri oyambirira a moyo. Pali chiwerengero cha ZOM ichi: 69% amapatsidwa kuti abwerere, 28% mpaka mafuta ndi 3% mpaka phosphatides.

Patatha masabata awiri atabadwa, ana a nkhosa amafunika mapuloteni, osati mafuta. Choncho, mu malemba a ZOMa ayenera kuchepetsa kuchuluka kwa mafuta mpaka 17%, ndi kubwezeretsa. Nthawi yodyera woloweza mmaloyi imatenga masiku 45 a moyo. Zomwe zimapangidwa ndi ZOMA pali vitamini osiyanasiyana, mavitamini a ayodini, mkuwa ndi sodium, mchere.

Kunja, ZOM ndi ufa womwe umayenera kuchepetsedwa m'madzi ofunda (38-40 ̊C), kumene malita 9 a madzi ayenera kuperekedwa kwa 1 makilogalamu a ufa.

Miyambo izi ndizo: tsiku loyamba, mwanawankhosa ayenera kulandira ZOM kasanu ndi kawiri, ndipo chizoloŵezi pa nthawi ndi 125-150 g. Pakati pa masiku 16 mpaka 40, mlingoyo uyenera kubweretsedwa ku 500 g, ndipo nthawi zambiri kudya kumakhala katatu patsiku.

Kuwonjezera pa wolowa mmalo, mwanawankhosa ayenera kudyetsedwa ndi zinthu zina. Mwachitsanzo, masiku khumi mutabadwa, muyenera kudyetsa fodya ndi chakudya chamagulu, makilogalamu 1 omwe ali ndi 120-150 g ya mapuloteni, omwe amangowonongeka mosavuta ndi mimba. Patatha mwezi umodzi, mukhoza kupereka ana akudya kusakaniza mu granules.

Pa nthawiyi muyenera kupereka madzi a nkhosa, kuti adzizolowere. Pambuyo poyamwitsa ana ndi ZOM, amatha kupereka bata, udzu wobiriwira, zakudya zosakaniza.

Kukula mwana wopanda nkhosa kuli kovuta, koma n'kotheka. Chinthu chachikulu ndicho chikhumbo chopulumutsa moyo waung'ono. Pambuyo pake, chifukwa chake, mumapeza zokongola, ndipo chofunika kwambiri - nyama yathanzi.