Matenda akuluakulu a ng'ombe: zizindikiro, chithandizo, kupewa

Paminda yayikulu ya mkaka, nthawi zambiri, pali veterinarian yemwe amayang'anitsitsa momwe nyama zimakhalira.

Ndipotu pali matenda omwe angathe kuchepetsa nambala ya ng'ombe.

Zimadziwika kuti matendawa ndi abwino kuteteza kuposa kuchiza, chifukwa ndalama zambiri zingagwiritsidwe ntchito pa mankhwala a ziweto.

Ndiko kuteteza matenda omwe masika aliwonse ndi abwino kuteteza nyama zonse.

Mndandanda womwe uli pansipa ndi matenda ambiri a ziweto.

Brucellosis

Nyama zimakhudzidwa ndi mabakiteriya a Brucella, omwe amayambitsa matendawa.

Brucellosis samakhudza thupi kapena zokhotakhota, koma thupi lonse la nyama, lomwe limapangitsa matendawa kukhala oopsa kwambiri. Kuphatikiza pa kugonjetsedwa kwa chinyama, brucellosis ikhoza kupatsidwanso kwa anthu kupyolera mu matenda a matenda, mucous nembanemba ndi mankhwala ochokera kwa ng'ombe.

Chifukwa chachikulu cha matendawa ndi zinthu zosasamala. Kunja, matendawa sangawonetsere, koma pakapita nthawi, kugonjetsedwa kumatha kufika pachiberekero, chomwe chimabweretsa kuchotsa mimba ndi kubadwa kwa mwana wang'ombe wakufa.

Kuwonjezera pa chizindikiro ichi, pali ena, mwachitsanzo, kupanga mapangidwe a bursitis pamapazi am'mbuyo, ndi kumapazi akumbuyo - hygroma ndi abscess.

Brucellosis imachitika mu magawo atatu: acute, subacute ndi aakulu. Mankhwalawa amagwiritsidwa ntchito makamaka ndi mankhwala opha tizilombo, koma chifukwa cha brucellosis yokha, nyama zambiri zimafa.

Chifuwa chachikulu

Matendawa ndi opatsirana.

Wothandizira chifuwa chachikulu cha TB ndi mycobacterium, ndi mtundu wosiyana (munthu, nkhumba ndi avian).

Matendawa amafalitsidwa kudzera ku zinyama zam'mlengalenga, komanso kumalumikizana ndi malo okhudzidwa. Kutumiza kumachitika kudzera mwa chakudya chambiri, ndowe, madzi, zinyalala, ndi zinthu zowonongeka.

Chifuwa cha TB sizimawoneka kunja, kuyambira Iye sapereka zizindikiro. Matendawa amakhudza kwambiri mapapo ndi matumbo.

Ngati chifuwa chachikulu cha TB chimawomba mapapo, ndiye kuti chiweto chimayamba kulira kwambiri, chomwe chimasonyeza kuwonongeka kwa pleura ndi mapapo. Ngati matumbowa akhudzidwa, ndiye kuti ali ndi matenda otsekula m'mimba.

Ndi nthendayi yochulukirapo, nyama zimataya thupi ndipo zimakhala zofooka, mitsempha yawo imakula, amadya pang'ono.

Pofuna kudziwa kuti pali ziweto za Koch, m'pofunika kupereka ntchentche, mkaka, mkodzo kapena nyansi zofufuzira. Ngati nyama ili ndi kachilomboka, iyenera kuwonongedwa kuti iteteze matenda a ng'ombe zathanzi. Monga njira yowonetsera, nthawi zonse intradermal tuberculinization ya anthu onse amagwiritsidwa ntchito.

Matenda a pakamwa ndi pakamwa

Izi ndi matenda a tizilombo, omwe amachititsa kuti tizilombo toyambitsa matenda tizilombo toyambitsa matenda tizilombo toyambitsa matenda timene timakhala ndi kachilombo koyambitsa matenda a RNA kuchokera ku banja la picornoviruses. Iyo imafalikira mofulumira kwambiri, nthawi yosakaniza imatenga nthawi yosachepera masabata awiri.

Ngati chinyama chili ndi matendawa, ndiye kuti mofulumira kutentha kumatulukandi ming'alu yoonekera poonekera ku lilime, milomo, udder ndi ntchentche.

Mankhwala osokoneza bongo amachokera nthawi zonse pakamwa. Pamene thovu zikuphulika, koma zilonda zazing'ono zikuwonekera pamalo awo.

Matenda a m'kamwa ndi pakamwa amatha kupatsirana pogwiritsa ntchito chakudya, kukhudzana ndi ziweto, komanso kukhudzana ndi zilonda. Ngati chinyama sichidziwike ndikuchiritsidwa m'kupita kwa nthawi, chimatha chifukwa cha kuchepa kwa msanga.

Chithandizo chiyenera kuchitidwa ndi veterinarian pogwiritsa ntchito mankhwala oletsa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda komanso kusakaniza mavitanidwe mu thupi la ng'ombe. chotsani chinyama kuchokera ku gulu lalikulukomanso kuwonetsa bwinobwino malo omwe odwala akukhala.

Pofuna kuteteza matenda, m'pofunika katemera gulu lonse ndikukonzekera bwino pakapita nthawi, ndikutsatiranso zikhalidwe zonse zaukhondo ndi zaukhondo.

Ndizosangalatsanso kuwerenga za ng'ombe zabwino kwambiri za ng'ombe.

Khansa ya m'magazi

Wothandizira matendawa ndi matenda a khansa ya m'magazi. Ng'ombe zathanzi zitha kukhala ndi matenda a khansa ya m'magazi.

Khansa ya m'magazi ikhoza kuyenda mu magawo awiri: enzootic ndi sporadic. Matendawa angakhudze zonse zikuluzikulu zinyama ndi ng'ombe, kusiyana kokha ndiko kawonekedwe ka khansa ya m'magazi.

Mwachitsanzo, ana amatha kupweteka ndi thymus komanso khansa ya m'magazi, ndipo ng'ombe zazikulu zimatha kuzungulira ana. Mulimonsemo, khansa ya m'magazi imakhudza ziwalo zonse za nyama, kupanga ziphuphu m'madera osiyanasiyana a thupi.

N'zotheka kudziwa matendawa kudzera m'mayesero a magazi. Nyama zodwala zosatheka kuchiza, amatumizidwa nthawi yomweyo kuti akaphedwe.

Pofuna kupewa ndi kuzindikira kuti matenda a khansa, nyama zonse za katemera ziyenera kulandira, ndipo kufufuza ndi kuyang'anitsitsa nyama pofuna kukhalapo kwa kachilombo koyenera kumachitika. Ngati nyama yodwala imazindikiritsidwa, iyenera kukhala yotalikirana mwamsanga ngati momwe zingathere kuchokera kwa anthu onse.

Gastroenteritis

Matendawa ndi osiyana ndi ana a ng'ombe omwe adasamutsidwa kuchokera ku mkaka kupita ku chakudya cha masamba kapena akadyetsedwa ndi zakudya zoperewera. Nthawi zambiri, nyama zimadwala ndi gastroenteritis mu masika ndi yophukira.

Mu kasupe, ng'ombe ndi ana amatha kudyetsa pamodzi ndi udzu pansi ndi kugwa, pamene kutentha kumathamanga, udzu umasintha.

Zizindikiro zazikulu za kukhalapo kwa matendawa ndi kutsekula m'mimba, kusowa ntchito komanso kutafuna chingamu. Kawirikawiri chinyama sichimakwera ngakhale kumapazi .

Ngati mwana wodwalayo ali ndi matenda a gastroenteritis, ndiye kuti sangathe kudyetsedwa 1 - 1.5 masiku atatha kupeza. Ng'ombe ziyenera kupatsidwa mafuta odzola kapena odzola polemera 50 - 80 ml kawiri pa tsiku.

Pa nthawi ya matenda a nyama ayenera kumwa msuzi flaxseed kapena oat msuzi. Mukhoza kudyetsa msipu wabwino kapena oatmeal.

Anthrax

Nthendayi yowopsa kwambiri ya matenda opatsiranawa ndi bacillus yokhazikika ngati ndodo. Kukhazikika m'thupi, mabakiteriya amatha kubisa spores ndi makapulisi, omwe amafalitsa mwamsanga thupi lonse.

Anthrax ikhoza kufalitsa mwachindunji ku thupi la nyama yodwala, popeza pali bacilli ambiri mu bala lotseguka. Komanso, tizilombo ta anthrax tingapezeke pazinthu zomwe wodwala amadwala nazo, choncho ayenera kusamalidwa mosamala pakatha matendawa.

Anthrax imadziwika ndi nyengo. Matendawa amabwera m'nyengo yozizira, pamene nyama zimadya nthawi zambiri patsiku. M'chaka chonse, matenda a anthrax ndi ochepa.

Poyamba, matendawa amachitira mobisa, ndipo amatha kudziwonetsera tsiku limodzi - maola atatu kapena ochepa kuchokera pamene bacillus imalowa m'thupi. Chizindikiro cha anthrax ndi akudumpha mu kutentha kwa thupi, m'mimba m'mimba (mawonekedwe a m'mimba), maonekedwe a kutupa thupi (carbunculosis mawonekedwe).

Zizindikiro zofala zimachepetsa mkaka, kutha kwa chingamu, mkaka wa mkaka, ndi mkaka umakhala wochepa kwambiri.

Mankhwalawa amagwiritsa ntchito seramu yapadera, yomwe imachititsa chitetezo cha mthupi. Njira zothetsera vutoli zimaphatikizapo kudzipatula nyama zodwala ngati matendawa atapezeka, komanso kusokoneza malo onse odyetserako ziweto.

Mastitis

Matenda a bakiteriyawa amachititsa kutupa kwa ziweto za mammary. Matenda a mastitis amapezeka kwambiri mbuzi zazing'ono zomwe zayamba kumwa mkaka.

Zomwe zimayambitsa mastitis ndizovuta, njira yolakwika. Kukhalapo kwa mastitis kungatsimikizidwe ndi mkaka.

Ngati muli ndi mapuloteni a nkhumba, ndiye ichi ndicho chizindikiro chachikulu cha matendawa. Komanso pa nthawi ya mastitis, udder swells, kutentha kwake kumatuluka, ndipo ng'ombe imakhala yofooka ndi lethargic.

Pofuna kuchiza mastitis mumakhala mankhwala opha tizilombo omwe angaphe mabakiteriya onse omwe amachititsa kuti mastitis ayambe kudwala. Pofuna kupewa kuoneka kwa matendawa, nthawi iliyonse musanayambe kugwedeza, udder ayenera kupukutidwa ndi nsalu yoviikidwa m'madzi ofunda.

Dyspepsia

Matendawa ndi ofanana ndi ana a ng'ombe. Pali dyspepsia chifukwa cha kudyetsa kosayenera kwa anyamata, ndipo amatha kulengezedwa kuchokera kwa mayi wa ng'ombe yemwe akudwala ndi mastitis.

Pali mitundu iwiri ya dyspepsia: zosavuta komanso zoopsa. Pachiyambi choyamba, nyamayo ikuwoneka yotaya mtima, idya bwino, imakhala yosayimilira, komanso imayeseratu kumimba.

Patatha masiku angapo zizindikiro zoyambirira za kutsegula m'mimba kumayamba.

Dyspepsia ya poizoni imapezeka kawirikawiri m'mang'ombe. Panthawi imodzimodziyo, nyamayo imasiya kudya, imakhala yofooka, ndipo kutentha kwa thupi kumatsika. Pakapita kanthawi chiweto chimayamba kutsekula m'mimba.

Ndikovuta kwambiri kuchiza mtundu uwu wa dyspepsia, ndipo matendawa ndi ovuta kwambiri kuposa momwe amachitira dyspepsia chabe. Pakati pa chithandizo, muyenera kudzaza zosowa zomwe zimayambitsa matenda otsegula m'mimba. Choncho, ng'ombe ziyenera Mchere wothetsera mchere, komanso kupereka vitamini zothetsera vutoli.

Tizilombo toyambitsa matenda tiyeneranso kupereka kwa nyama. Kupewa kumaphatikizapo kutsatira malamulo odyetsera ana a ng'ombe, komanso kusunga malo abwino.

Esophagus occlusion

Ng'ombe zimakhala ndi matendawa chifukwa chodya masamba. Pamene mimba imayikidwa mkati mwa nyama, nyamayi imawoneka ngati yoopsa, imatsitsa mutu, imatulutsa khosi, saliva imatuluka kwambiri.

Mutatha kuwona kuti chilonda chakumanzere chikukula, kutupa kumawonjezeka kwambiri. Mutha kuona kuti chinyama nthawi zambiri chimapuma, ndipo kugunda kwa mtima kumakhala kofala. Pali zizindikiro za kugwedeza. Choncho, ponyalanyaza kutsekedwa kwa nyama, chinyama chikhoza kufooka.

Muzu umatha kukwera pamwamba ndi pansi. Pachiyambi choyamba, muzuwo ukhoza kufika pamanja, ndipo m'chiwiri, muyenera kugwiritsa ntchito mphira ya mphira, yomwe imapangitsa kuti mizu ifike m'mimba.

Choyamba, muyenera kupereka ng'ombe kuti imwe mafuta a masamba kuti achepetse kukangana. Pofuna kupewa kutsekeka, musanayambe kudyetsa, mizu iyenera kukhala minced, komanso kuti isamabweretse nyama kumera komwe amamera mbatata, kabichi kapena beets.

Onetsetsani kuti mbuzi yanu ili bwanji kuti muwone ndikuchiritsa matenda omwe angakhalepo pakapita nthawi. Apo ayi, matenda ena sangangotenga moyo wa nyama yanu, koma amakugwirani.