Kodi kudyetsa strawberries mu autumn

Froberberries, kapena strawberries - oyambirira mabulosi amodzi ndi onunkhira - okondedwa ndi ana ndi akuluakulu.

Kufika kwa chilimwe kumayembekezeredwa, makamaka, chifukwa cha kuchuluka kwa chakudya chodyera.

Kuwonjezera pa kukoma kwabwino, sitiroberi imabweretsanso phindu lalikulu kwa thupi la munthu - ndi gwero la mavitamini ambiri, kufufuza zinthu ndi mitsempha.

Mukudziwa? Froberries ali ndi zinthu zambiri zopindulitsa, makamaka thukuta ndi diuretic, immunomodulating, antibacterial. Zimathandiza kudya chakudya komanso zimathandiza kuthetsa impso miyala. Chifukwa cha ma folic acid ndi othandiza kwa amayi apakati, vitamini C ndi yofunikira kwa ana. Komanso, mabulosiwa ndi antioxidant ndi aphrodisiac.

Pofuna kupeza mowolowa manja, chokolola chokoma ndi chopatsa thanzi, chomeracho chikusowa chonde. Komabe, si mwini aliyense wa dacha akhoza kudzitama ndi dziko lapansi lolemera kwambiri. Pankhaniyi, iyenera kukhala umuna. Komanso, izi ziyenera kuchitidwa molondola, popeza feteleza mopitirira muyeso komanso mosaphatikizapo feteleza zingathe kuwononga zipatso - zimapangitsa kuti chilephereke kukula, kuchepetsa kukula kwa mbewu, ndipo nthawi zina zimapangitsa kufa kwake. M'nkhani ino tikambirana za mfundo zofunika za kudyetsa sitiroberi mu kugwa.

Top dressing strawberries mu autumn: nthawi yoyamba

Ngakhale kuti mabulosiwa akuwoneka ngati osakayika, kukula ndi kusamalira sikungakhale kovuta ngakhale kwa wamaluwa wamaluwa. Ndikofunika kudziwa kuti izi zikuchitika pa "zipilala zinayi":

  1. kusamalira nthaka (kumasula ndi kuwononga namsongole);
  2. kuthirira;
  3. chovala;
  4. kupewa ndi kuchiza matenda ndi tizirombo.
Choncho, feteleza ndi chinthu chofunikira kwambiri kuti kulima strawberries ndi kupeza zokolola zambiri. Kunyalanyaza ndondomekoyi sikuli koyenera. Inde, strawberries amatha kukula, motero, okha, osasowa thandizo lopadera. Komabe, izi zidzapitiliza kwa kanthawi, osapitirira zaka ziwiri. M'tsogolomu, nthaka idzatha, ndipo zokolola zidzachepetsedwa. Choncho, popanda kubwezeretsanso nthawi zonse zochitikazo ndizofunikira.

Strawberries akulimbikitsidwa kuti azidyetsedwa katatu pa nyengo: kumapeto kwa nyengo ndi chilimwe. Kuvala kumapeto kwa autumn kumabweretsa kuti tchire la mabulosi lichotsedwe ndi fruiting ndi nthawi yowonongeka isanayambe nyengo yozizira ndipo zimatha kukhala mosavuta ndi mosavuta m'nyengo yozizira.

Pambuyo pa zokolola, maluwa amapangidwa pa mabulosi, mchaka cha chaka cha fruiting chimadalira ngati feteleza imagwiritsidwa ntchito pansi pa strawberries mu kugwa. Kuonjezerapo, ngati mabulosiwa adabzalidwa chaka chino okha, kudyetsa mvula kumakhala koyamba. Choncho, ndikofunikira kuti uchite popanda kuphwanya, kuti usawononge tsogolo la fruiting.

Mukudziwa? Feteleza zingapangitse kuwonjezeka kwa sitiroberi zokolola mwa 20-30%.
Feteleza strawberries ndibwino mu September. Ngakhale kuti mawuwo adzadalira mitundu ya zipatso. Zina mwa izo zimafuna zowonjezera mu October-November. Komabe, mulimonsemo, fetereza ikhoza kugwiritsidwa ntchito kumapeto kwa fruiting.

Kuti muwone mtundu wa feteleza wofunika kuti mukhale ndi strawberries, tikukulangizani kuti mugwiritse ntchito mfundo zomwe zili m'magulu otsatirawa.

Njira yabwino kuti manyowa strawberries

Olima amadzidzidzi, pogwiritsa ntchito mayesero ndi zolakwika, amagwiritsira ntchito zinthu zosiyanasiyana ndikusakaniza pamwamba pazovala mpaka atakwanitse kukwaniritsa zotsatirazo ndikusankha feteleza yabwino komanso ogwira ntchito pazitsamba zawo. Mavitamini, mchere ndi mankhwala osakaniza amagwiritsidwa ntchito. M'munsimu mungapeze malangizo othandizira kukonzekera izi kapena feteleza komanso momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito ku bedi la munda ndi mbewu za mabulosi.

Kodi kuphika organic feteleza

Kawirikawiri kudyetsa m'dzinja strawberries amakonda organic feteleza, zomwe, kuphatikizapo kudyetsa chomera chokha, kuthandiza nthaka pansi kuti bwino kupitilira mpweya ndi kusunga chinyezi chofunikira. Izi zikhoza kudyetsa ndi mullein, manyowa nkhuku, slurry, feteleza wobiriwira, phulusa la nkhuni.

Kugwiritsa ntchito mullein, ndikofunikira kukonzekera kulowetsedwa. Kuti tichite izi, zimachepetsedwa ndi kuchuluka kwa lita imodzi ndi 10 malita a madzi ndikuphatikizapo masiku angapo. Asanagwiritse ntchito, theka la galasi la phulusa limasakaniza.

Kulowetsedwa slurry okonzedwa pamtunda wa 1 l pa 8 l madzi. Kusagwirizana kwa kulowetsedwa kuyenera kufanana ndi chobiriwira kirimu wowawasa.

Zojambula za nkhuku Kugwiritsidwa ntchito mwatsopano sikungathe kutero - kumapha zomera. Zili bwino kwambiri, kapena chimbudzi. Kenako amathira madzi pakati pa mizere.

Wood phulusa dulani ndikuwazaza pakati pa mabedi ndi mizere. Kugwiritsa ntchito: 150 g / 1 sq. M. m

Komanso monga fetereza kwa strawberries mu kugwa, mungagwiritse ntchito manyowa atsopano. Komabe, m'pofunika kuzidzaza pakati pa mizere kuti zisatenthe mizu ya zomera. M'nyengo yozizira, iye amapereka perepret ndipo adzatha kudyetsa dziko lapansi ndi nayitrogeni, kupatulapo kuwonjezera kokwanira sikufunika.

Kuyambira feteleza wobiriwira Masamba omwe amamera ndi odulidwa a lupine, omwe amadulidwa pakati pa mizera, atangotha ​​maluwa, asonyeza zotsatira zabwino. Gwiritsani ntchito manyowa wobiriwira ndi udzu uliwonse. Manyowa obiriwira apamwamba owazidwa ndi dothi laling'ono kapena mchenga.

Palinso njira yowonjezeramo feteleza, yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito kawiri pa nyengo - panthawi yopanga chitsamba komanso pambuyo pa fruiting. Pofuna kudya, mugwiritsireni ntchito ndowa (1 bucket), mutadzaza ndi madzi otentha ndikupangirani masiku angapo.

Kupaka zovala zapamwamba ndi miyala

Nthaŵi zina feteleza za feteleza sizingakhale zosavuta kugwira pa nyumba yawo yachilimwe. Kenaka gwiritsani ntchito mankhwala a mchere. Amaloledwa monga kukonkha granules ndi ufa wa potashi ndi feteleza wa phosphate pakati pa tchire, ndi kuswana iwo m'madzi.

Pachifukwa chotsatirachi, muyenera kumamatira kukula kwake:

  • kwa mchere wa potaziyamu: 20 g / 10 l madzi;
  • kwa superphosphate: 10 g / 10 l madzi.
Ndikofunikira! Kuthirira ndi mchere feteleza ziyenera kuchitika pakati pa mizere yokha. Mankhwala a masamba osaloledwa saloledwa.
Pakuti mizu yovala mchere feteleza kwa strawberries mu kugwa kukonzekera chisakanizo cha nitrophoska (supuni 2), potaziyamu mchere (20 g), madzi (10 l). Kugwiritsa ntchito: 1 l pa chitsamba chimodzi.

Patangopita masiku awiri feteleza, nthaka pansi pa tchire imakhala ndi utuchi, masamba, singano kapena peat.

N'zotheka kugwiritsa ntchito feteleza. "Kemira Autumn". Komabe, nkofunika kudziwa kuti ndizoopsa kuti chomeracho chipeze mankhwala mkati mwake. Kugwiritsa ntchito: 50 g / 1 sq. M. Mawu ogwiritsira ntchito ndi kuyamba kwa mwezi wa September.

Zosakaniza feteleza

Manyowa osakaniza adzawathandizanso ku munda wa strawberries. Choncho, yesani chisakanizo cha njira ya mullein (1 l / 10 l madzi), superphosphate (supuni 2), phulusa (1 chikho).

Njira inanso yochitira: mu madzi okwanira 10 l sungunulani nitroamplate (supuni 2), potaziyamu sulfate (30 g), phulusa (1 chikho). Njira yothetsera vutoli ikulimbikitsidwa kuti ikhale ndi mkhalidwe wofanana. Kugwiritsa ntchito: 250-500 ml / 1 chitsamba.

Mugwiritsenso ntchito feteleza zovuta kupanga zopangidwa ndi strawberries, zomwe zingagulidwe m'masitolo apadera.

Zomwe zimadyetsa m'dzinja: momwe manyowa angapangidwire

Ngati mutabzala m'dzinja sitiroberi kubzala, ndiye kuti mumayenera kubweretsa mabowo obzala. mchere wosakaniza (3 kg / 1 sq. m), potassium chloride (10 g), superphosphate (30 g).

Pambuyo pa njirayi, nthaka pansi pa tchire iyenera kukhala ndi udzu wouma kapena kompositi mulch. Mukamabzala motero, strawberries safuna fetereza mpaka fruiting nthawi.

Mukamagwiritsira ntchito mchere wambiri wa feteleza omwe amabala kale strawberries, mukhoza kudyetsa zipatso kawiri musanafike m'nyengo yozizira. Nthawi yoyamba ili kumayambiriro kwa mwezi wa September, mwachitsanzo, "Kemira Autumn", nthawi yachiwiri - kumapeto kwa October, atatha kudula masamba. Ikani potaziyamu humate kapena superphosphate.

Mukatha kuvala sitiroberi tchire ayenera kukhala madzi ambiri.

Ndikofunikira! Kudyetsa mkaka sikuyenera kupangidwa patatha sabata yatha ya September. Apo ayi, mizu ya chomera silingalekerere chisanu.

Kodi kukonzekera sitiroberi baka m'nyengo yozizira

Kuwonjezera pa kuvomereza kwa autumn, ndikofunikira kuchita zina kuti zisamalire strawberries, kuti zikonzekerere kuti zikhale bwino nyengo yozizira. Izi zikuphatikizapo kudulira masamba ndi nthaka mulching. Kuwonjezera apo, m'dzinja, musayime kuthirira zomera, chifukwa mu September nthawi zambiri zimakhala zotentha komanso zouma. Ndipo, ndithudi, m'pofunika kuchotsa tizirombo zonse ndi kuchiza matenda, ngati zikuwonekera pammera, komanso kuchotsa ziwalo zowola ndi zowola za mbewu.

Pali zokambirana zokhudzana ndi kukonzekera masamba a sitiroberi. Otsutsa za mdulidwe kuti mwanjira imeneyi munthu amalepheretsa kusintha kwa chilengedwe cha mbewu za mabulosi, zomwe zimangopweteka. Chimodzi mwa zifukwa zawo ndi chakuti strawberries omwe ali ndi masamba abwino angapulumutse m'nyengo yozizira popanda malo okhala, chifukwa ndiwo omwe amateteza impso ku chisanu. Otsatira ndondomekoyi amanena kuti kudulira kungawonjezere zokolola chaka chatha.

Ngati mutasankha pa sitepe iyi, muyenera kudziwa momwe mungakonzerere, kuti musamavulaze mbewu. Pambuyo pa fruiting, masamba a sitiroberi amadulidwa ndi lumo kapena mitsetse. Ndibwino kuti muzichita izo mu August. Dulani kokha tsamba la masamba. Ndikofunika kuchoka zimayambira bwino kuti zisamawonongeke pazomwe zikukula. Zitsulo zonsezi zimachotsedwanso.

Ena ali ndi mabedi a sitiroberi panthawi imodzimodzimodzi ndi kudulira mitengo yotsekemera ndi kukwera mapiri.

Kenaka, mabedi amathirira madzi ambiri ndipo amadula nthaka. Peat, phulusa singano, masamba owuma, ndi udzu amagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati mulch.

Ndikofunikira! Musamachotsere namsongole m'chigwa, ndi bwino kusiya njirayi mpaka masika. Panthawi imeneyi, sakhalanso owopsa kwa strawberries, koma akachotsedwa, mukhoza kuwononga mizu ya zomera zomwe ziribe nthawi yobwezeretsa m'nyengo yozizira.
Kaya mungagwiritse ntchito sitiroberi pogona nyengo yozizira isadalire ndi nyengo yomwe mukukhalamo. Ngati nthawi zambiri mumakhala ndi chisanu chodzaza matalala, ndiye kuti chivundikiro cha chisanu cha zipatsocho chidzakhala chokwanira kupulumuka kuzizira.

Ndi chipale chofewa ndi nyengo ya chisanu, timadontho tambiri timayenera kuphimbidwa. Kuti muchite izi, gwiritsani ntchito nthambi za mitengo ya coniferous, udzu, masamba owuma, nsonga, kapena zipangizo zamakono (agrotex, spandbod, etc.). Kuphimba zipangizo ndi zofunika kusankha chisinkhu cha 60 g / sq. m ndipo mugwiritse ntchito pokakamiza awo. Posankha malo okhalamo, chisankho chiyenera kuperekedwa kwa apereni, omwe ali bwino kwambiri ndipo salola kuti sitiroberi asambe.

Ndikofunika kukumbukira kuti malo ogona ayenera kuchitika kokha pambuyo pa chisanu choyamba. Izi zidzalola kuti chomera chiumitse.

Kudziwa chomwe feteleza kudyetsa strawberries ndi momwe angamuthandizire kuti akhalebe m'nyengo yozizira, mungathe kuyembekezera kuti ngati mutatsatira zotsatirazi, mabulosi adzakuthokozani chifukwa chokolola, chokoma ndi chokoma nyengo yotsatira.