Timakulitsa munda wa hibiscus

Hibiscus ndi chomera cha banja la Malvaceae. Zimakondedwa kwambiri ndi alimi, chifukwa pafupifupi mitundu yonse ya chomerachi imamera bwino kwambiri. Hibiscus maluwa, ngakhale mkati mwa mitundu yofanana, ndi yosiyana kwambiri. Mitundu yoposa 200 ndi zomera pafupifupi 500 zimadziwika.

Mukudziwa? Chosiyana cha hibiscus - moyo waufupi wa maluwa. Maluwa onse amakhala ndi tsiku limodzi lokha - limatsegula m'mawa ndikumatha madzulo.

M'kupita kwathu, mitundu itatu ya hibiscus ndi yamba. Mmodzi wa iwo akukula m'nyumba ndipo amadziwika bwino kuti China chinawuka. Hibiscus wa ku China ukhoza kuchitika m'chilimwe m'munda, komabe amaonedwa kuti ndikumera. Mitundu iwiri ya hibiscus ndi munda.

Garden Hibiscus

M'minda yam'mwera kwa Russia, Ukraine ndi ku Crimea munthu amatha kupeza hibiscus ya Syria, yomwe imatchedwanso mtengo. Ndi shrub yamaluwa yomwe imatha kufika mamita atatu mu msinkhu. Kawirikawiri, timapanga timadzi timene timayambira, ndipo timakhala ndi mtengo wokongola kwambiri. Ndi chodzala kwambiri cha mitundu ingapo, mukhoza kupanga mtengo wa shtamb ndi mitundu yosiyana kuchokera ku munda wa hibiscus.

Mtengo wa hibiscus ndi wosatha. Kumalo amodzi amatha kukula kufikira zaka khumi. Amamera kuyambira June mpaka September. Maluwa a hibiscus a Siriya akhoza kukhala ophweka komanso a terry, osiyana siyana, koma osati aakulu. Koma m'dera lachiwiri la hibiscus, udzu wambiri wa hibiscus, waukulu wa maluwa ukufikira 26 masentimita. Mbalame yotchedwa hibiscus imatchedwanso dambo.

Ndikofunikira! Hibiscus imathetsedwa mu theka lachiwiri la mwezi wa May, musamafulumire kuganiza kuti ndizizira, ndipo nthawi yomweyo muzitha kuponya mbewu. Grassy hibiscus ndi yopanda chisanu, imatha kukula osati kum'mwera, komanso m'madera otentha. Amathamanganso m'nyengo yozizira ndi masamba owuma kapena manyowa owuma.

Mitundu ya zomera izi ndizosiyana kwambiri. Kutalika kumasiyanasiyana ndi masentimita 80 mpaka 2 mamita, ndipo maluwa amakhala ndi mithunzi yambiri. Chomera chikukula bwino pamalo amodzi, koma patadutsa zaka zisanu amafunika hipiscus kuika pamalo ena m'munda. Zimapezeka mu theka lachiwiri la mwezi wa May. Amamera kuyambira kumapeto kwa June mpaka kumayambiriro kwa September. Dziko la Sudan, rosilla, kapena hibiscus, limachokera ku India, kulima kwake kumachitika m'madera onse otentha. Kuchokera ku mtundu uwu wa hibiscus wapangidwa kumwa karkade, komwe kumakhala mdima wofiira, mchere ndi maluwa amagwiritsidwa ntchito, amatchedwa maluwa. Mbali zonse za zomerazi, kupatula mizu, zimadya. Mmerawo ukhoza kukula pakhomo pa chikhalidwe cha mphika, ndipo mbewu zimapezeka mosavuta m'thumba la tiyi ya karkade.

Garden Hibiscus Care

Garden hibiscus - zomera zosadzichepetsa, koma maluwa ochuluka amafunika dzuwa ndi madzi okwanira. Iwo akhoza kupanga mthunzi wotseguka, pamene maluwa adzakhala amitundu odzaza kwambiri. Pamene chilala hibiscus maluwa chikugwa, ndipo nthaka ikamanyowa, chomeracho chikhoza kuvunda. Ndi kofunikanso kudyetsa hibiscus ndi feteleza phosphorous feteleza m'chaka ndi chilimwe. Mbalame ya hibiscus ingakhudzidwe ndi nthata zamagulu kapena mitundu ina ya tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, kotero muyenera kuyang'anira mkhalidwe wa chomera ndikuchikonzekera nthawi yokonzekera.

Hibiscus kubereka

Hibiscus imabereka m'njira zosiyanasiyana:

• Kugawidwa kwachitsamba;

• kusonkhanitsa;

• kuika;

• mbewu.

Hibiscus ya Syria ikufalitsidwa bwino ndi cuttings, pamene mungagwiritse ntchito mankhwalawa omwe adatsalira pakudulira chitsamba. Cuttings 15-20 masentimita yaitali kuikidwa m'madzi. Mizu imawoneka patapita masabata awiri. Ndiye cuttings ndi kuziika mu miphika ndi nthaka yowala.

Anabzala pansi chaka chamawa. Grassy hibiscus amafalitsidwa bwino ndi kugawa chitsamba mu kasupe, pamene mphukira imakula 10-15 masentimita. Kubalana ndi cuttings, kugawa ndi kugawa chitsamba chimatsimikizira kusungunuka kwa mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya mbewu. Mitundu iwiri ya hibiscus ikhoza kufalikira ndi mbewu. Kukula kwa hibiscus ku mbewu kumakhala kosavuta. Mbewu ingagulidwe mu sitolo kapena kusonkhanitsa mabokosi a mbewu ku tchire kumudzi wanu pamene akukula.

Koma ndi kudzikolola mbewu, munthu sangathe kuyembekezera chomera, monga kholo. Alimi ambiri amalimitsa maluwa osiyanasiyana a hibiscus kuti apeze mitundu yatsopano. Kuti muzuke bwino, mukhoza kuyika mbewu mu furiji kwa milungu iwiri pamwamba pazitali. Zofesedwa miphika ya mbewu imodzi. Anabzala pansi chaka chamawa. Kuchuluka kwa mtengo wa hibiscus ukhoza kufalikira mu chaka chachinai, ndipo udzu udzaphuka m'chiwiri.

Hibiscus amachepetsa malamulo

Anadulira mtengo wa hibiscus kumayambiriro kwa masika. Izi zimachitidwa kuchotsa nthambi zouma ndi zowonongeka, kuti apange chomera chokhala chokongola kwambiri kapena kupereka maluwa ambiri. Hibiscus maluwa kuonekera pa mphukira ya chaka chomwecho, kotero kuti kuonjezera chiwerengero cha maluwa, Syriac hibiscus ikhoza kudula isanayambike chilimwe. Chomeracho chimayankha bwino kudulira ndi kukula mofulumira. N'zoona kuti kudulira kumathandiza kwambiri ku hibiscus ya Chisuriya, koma hibiscus yobiriwira imatha kukonzedwanso. Ngati mitundu ikuluikulu ya hibiscus ili yaikulu, ndiye kuti ikhoza kudula pamtunda womwe ukufunikira. Pankhaniyi, hibiscus mphukira mbali amawombera, kupanga thicker shrub. Koma maluwa kumbaliyi amawombera udzu wa hibiscus ndi ocheperapo kusiyana ndi omwe amakhala pa tsinde.

Kodi mungatani kuti muzitha kuphika hibiscus m'munda wachisanu?

Mtengo wa hibiscus sungagonjetsedwe ndi chisanu. Kukula kwa hibiscus pamalo otseguka ndi kotheka kumene kutentha kwa mphepo m'nyengo yozizira sikupitirira -20 ° C. Chitsamba cha hibiscus choterechi chimawombera m'nyengo yozizira ndi masamba owuma, thunthu limatenthedwa ndi nthambi za spruce kapena chimango chili ndi agrotex kapena lutrasil. Koma ndi kutenthetsa kotereko pali ngozi ya maonekedwe a makoswe pansi pa zinyalala kapena kuphulika kwa makungwa. Ngati mtengo uli waung'ono, ukhoza kuikidwa mu kabati ndikuikidwa pansi kapena chipinda china chozizira kufikira masika.

Ndikofunikira! M'nyengo yozizira, dulani msipu wa hibiscus mpaka utali wa masentimita 10-15, ndiye kuti mudziwe kumene mumzu wake uli. Momwe imayambira kumapeto kwa kasupe, mukhoza kuwononga mizu yake pa ntchito yoyamba yamunda. Chomera hibiscus ndi inu mutenga chikondwerero m'munda chilimwe.