Momwe mungabzalitsire strawberries pansi pa kuphimba zinthu

M'nkhani ino, tikambirana za kubzala strawberries pansi pa zofunda, kutchula mbali zabwino ndi zolakwika za njirayi, ndikuuzeni momwe mungachitire komanso momwe mudzachitira. Timaphunzira momwe tingawonjezere zokolola tikamagwiritsa ntchito zofunda.

Mukudziwa? Strawberry ndi dzina lotchuka la zomera ndi zobiriwira za strawberries. Dzina lakuti "sitiroberi" linayambira chifukwa cha zipatso zakuda za zomera (kuchokera ku liwu lakale lachi Slavic "gulu" - lozungulira, lozungulira).

Momwe mungasankhire zinthu, mitundu yake

Pali njira ziwiri zogwirira ntchito zomwe zingagwiritsidwe ntchito:

  1. Zinthu;
  2. Zachilengedwe.
Kusankha kwa organic kapena chilengedwe kumadalira zofuna zanu ndi zokhoza. Choncho, timapitiriza kufotokozera mwatsatanetsatane zofunikira zopezeka.

Organic

Zida zamagulu zimagwiritsidwa ntchito nthawi zambiri chifukwa cha mtengo wotsika kapena kupezeka kwa nkhaniyi. Nthano zapaini, udzu ndi utuchi zimagwiritsidwa ntchito monga mulch organic. Zida izi sizowoneka bwino zokhazokha zokha za strawberries, komanso zimakhala ndi makhalidwe abwino.

  1. Zingwe zapaini. Zapangidwa ndi zopanga zokha, zomwe zimapatsa strawberries zinthu zambiri zothandiza. Pogwiritsira ntchito mulch uyu, kukoma ndi fungo la zipatso zidzawoneka bwino.
  2. Udzu. Pokhapokha, palibe phindu kwa zipatso sizimanyamula, koma imachulukitsa hay wand, yomwe imapulumutsa strawberries kuchokera muzu zowola.
  3. Chiwombankhanga. Ili ndilo mtengo wotsika mtengo, umene ulibe katundu weniweni.

Ndikofunikira! Zida zowonongeka zimatha mofulumira, kotero zimatha kusandutsa gawo lomwe liri ndi mabakiteriya ndi bowa.

Zachilengedwe

Ganizirani zofunikira zogwiritsa ntchito zipangizo. Ntchito yawo imayambitsidwa kuti zinyamazi sizimasokoneza, tizilombo toyambitsa matenda siyambira pomwepo ndipo zimakhala zosavuta kuzichotsa m'munda kapena m'munda wa ndiwo zamasamba.

Kusankhidwa kwa mayendedwe ndi kwakukulu:

  1. Ruberoid Osakhala ndi poizoni, zotsika mtengo zokwanira zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pokweza mabedi a strawberries. Ndilo "lolemera", komanso filimu yowonjezereka.
  2. Agrofibre. Njira yamakono komanso yamtengo wapatali ya mulch. Makhalidwe ake abwino: amalola kuti chinyezi ndi mpweya uzidutsa, zimateteza namsongole ndi kutaya thupi. Chophimba ichi ndibwino kwambiri, chifukwa chokhachokha posankha mulch iyi ndi mtengo. Agrofibre amagwira ntchito pafupifupi zaka zisanu, sagwidwa ndi chinyezi ndi ultraviolet, ali ndi mphamvu zamphamvu.
  3. Filimu yakuda. Mulch wotchuka kwambiri. Kulimbikitsana kungatanthauzidwe kuti ndi zotsika mtengo, kupepuka kwa zinthu komanso kusowa kwa poizoni. Firimuyi imasunga chinyezi m'nthaka, sichipatsa kuwala kwa namsongole, zomwe zingawoneke ngati palibe. Zotsatirazi zikhoza kukhala ndi zinthu zoipa: sizilola mu chinyezi ndi mpweya, ziri ndi mphamvu zochepa, ndipo zimatha kuwonongeka ndi Kutentha kwakukulu.
  4. Mpira, pulasitiki, slate. Ndizosafunika kuzigwiritsa ntchito monga chophimba cha strawberries, popeza zipangizozi sizowonjezera kuti zisalowe mu chinyezi ndi mpweya, zimakhala zolemetsa komanso zowonjezera, zimatha kumasula zinthu zoopsa m'nthaka nthawi yotentha.

Mukudziwa? Lingaliro latsopano la bizinesi lakukula strawberries ndikubzala iwo mu matumba. Njira iyi imakulolani kuti mupeze pafupifupi makilogalamu 2-3 a strawberries mu thumba limodzi. Ndipo thumba limodzi likhoza kuikidwa popanda mavuto ngakhale ngakhale mu khonde.

Mutaganizira zonsezi, mungathe kutenga mulch wa strawberries, pogwiritsa ntchito zomwe mumakonda komanso ndalama zanu.

Kodi mungakonzekere bwanji bedi kuti mubzalidwe strawberries pansi pa kuphimba zinthu

Kusankha zophimba, pita kukonzekera mabedi. Pa gawo loyamba inu Muyenera kukumba pansi ndi kuchotsa namsongole (mizu ndi ndondomeko ya mizu iyenera kuchotsedwanso), ikani mabere akuluakulu pansi ndikuyesa nthaka.

Ntchitoyi ikuchitika Masabata awiri asanatumize kuphimba nkhani. Izi zimachitika kuti mupange pang'ono "kukhazikika" mutatha kukumba. Mu mawonekedwe a mulch, timagwiritsa ntchito nsalu zakuda (agrofibre), zomwe timapanga pansi pa strawberries.

Musanayambe kugona agrofibre, muyenera kuthirira manyowa ndi kusungunula nthaka. Kuwonjezera pa humus, monga "kudyetsa" nthaka, mungagwiritse ntchito udzu ndi mankhwala. feteleza muchuluka. Mabedi amapangidwa pamwamba (pafupifupi 20-25 masentimita), mzere umodzi, monga momwe asonyezedwera pa chithunzi chili m'munsiyi.

Mutha kuona kuti patatha mabedi awiri pali dzenje lakuya. Ndikofunika kuti muteteze mulch.

Ndikofunikira! Ngati mumagwiritsa ntchito filimu yakuda, muyenera kutambasula payipi la ulimi wothirira pakati pa mabedi, chifukwa filimuyo sichilola madzi kupitilira ndipo simungathe kuthirira.

Momwe mungayikire zofunda pa strawberries

M'chigawo chino, tidzakuphunzitsani momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito mulch pamunda wanu. Kuphimba zinthu zowonjezera strawberries kumagwiritsidwa ntchito makamaka kuchotsa namsongole.

Ndikofunikira! Froberries amatha kubweretsa zonse zopindulitsa komanso zovulaza, chifukwa zili ndi zinthu zomwe zingawonjezere mavuto. Ndicho chifukwa chake tizilombo tcheru tiyenera kusamala ndi anthu omwe akudwala matenda a mtima.

Iyenera kukumbukiridwa mbali ina yoyika zakuda zakuphimba. Mukamagwiritsa ntchito agrofibre wakuda muyenera kuganizira kuti ili ndi magawo awiri. Mbali imodzi imadutsa madzi, ina imalepheretsa kuti iwonongeke kuchokera pansi. Nkhaniyi iyenera kuikidwa motero kuti mbali yodutsa madzi ili pansi ndipo salola kuti nthaka iume.

Sakani mabedi. Miyeso iyenera kukhala yoposa 10 mita mamita. m, chifukwa kugwira ntchito ndi dera lalikulu kudzakhala kovuta kwambiri.

Kotero kuti nkhaniyo sizimawombedwa, akuyenera kuliyika pa dera lonselo. Pachifukwa ichi, matabwa wamba, omwe zipangizozo zimakankhidwira pansi, ndizoyenera. Nthaŵi zina mulch umangosakaniza ndi dziko lapansi, popanda kugwiritsa ntchito zina zowonjezereka. Izi zimachepetsa kukula kwa udzu, kuonjezera chidwi cha tsamba lanu.

Ndikofunikira! Agrofibre imateteza strawberries kuti asagwirizane ndi nthaka mu mvula yamkuntho, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti izo zidzateteza kuvunda ndi kuphulika kwa chipatsocho.

Strawberry chodzala malamulo ophimba zinthu

Odziŵa zambiri anali kufunafuna njira zodyera pa strawberries, pochepetsa nthawi yosamalira. Kuphimba mulingo ndi zokutira nthaka kuti muteteze dothi ndikukonzekera zake.

Ndipo apa funso libuka: momwe kuphimba strawberries ndi kuphimba zakuthupi?

Taganizirani za filimuyi.

  1. Dulani mzera uliwonse ndi filimu. Timagwiritsa ntchito filimu yakuda ya pulasitiki, chifukwa siyilola kuwala kwa dzuwa kudutsa. M'nyengo yozizira, mulch uyu sudzaziziritsa pansi ndi kuteteza nyengo. Izi zidzakupatsani inu kukolola kwakukulu.
  2. Kudula kumapangidwa pa filimuyi chifukwa chodzala strawberries okha. Mtunda woyenda pakati pa landing ndi 15-20 cm.
  3. Mutabzala, mosakanikirana mwatsatanetsatane filimuyo ndi matabwa kapena mukanikize ndi primer.
Tsopano kuti strawberries abzalidwa, ife tikuyembekezera kasupe.

Kodi kusamalira strawberries

Spring inabwera, ndipo izi zikutanthauza kuti tipitiliza ku funso lotsatira: momwe mungasamalire strawberries?

Kawiri pa nyengo kutsanulira tchire ndi madzi a zitsamba zazitowe. Nthawi yoyamba m'chaka, ndi yachiwiri - mu August. M'malo mwa zinyalala, mungagwiritse ntchito "zovala zina" zomwe zimagwirizana ndi mabulosi awa. Ngati mwachita zonse molondola, ndiye kuti kuthamanga kumathamangitsa kuyamba kwa zipatso masiku asanu ndi atatu poyerekeza ndi kutseguka.

Kodi ayenera kuthirira strawberries pansi filimu yakuda? Pa maluwa zipatso muyenera 10-12 masiku kuthirira strawberries. Izi zidzafuna pafupifupi 11 malita pa mita imodzi iliyonse. m

Ndi bwino kugwiritsa ntchito ulimi wothirira. Mukhoza kugwiritsa ntchito sprayers apadera, koma mukhoza kuchita nokha ngati mabedi si ambiri. Kuthirira ndibwino madzulo. Ngati imakhala yozizira kunja, lekani kuthirira.

M'chaka, masamba owuma ndi sitiroberi ayenera kuchotsedwa, monga mabulosi akugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zake pa iwo.

Ubwino wogwiritsira ntchito kuphimba zakuthupi mutabzala strawberries

Kodi ubwino wa sitiroberi kubzala pansi wakuda kuphimba zakuthupi?

Ubwino wophimba zinthu ndi awa:

  1. Amasunga chinyezi pansi ndikuletsa nyengo;
  2. Amachotsa namsongole;
  3. Palibe chofunika kuti udzuke padziko lapansi (pansi pa zofundazo pali zinthu zabwino kuti chitukuko cha mphutsi chimasulire dziko lapansi);
  4. Kuwonjezera njira zamagetsi.
  5. Amathetsa matenda ambiri a strawberries, omwe amachiza chifukwa chokhudzana ndi masamba / zipatso ndi nthaka.
  6. Amaletsa kuvunda ndi kuphulika kwa zipatso;
  7. Zimapatsa munda kukhala mawonekedwe abwino;
  8. Kuteteza nthaka kutentha ndi kuledzera.

Mutatha kuwerenga nkhaniyi, mwaphunzira kuti ndi chophimba chomwe chili choyenera kumunda wanu, momwe mungakonzekeretse nthaka musanayambe kuyamwa. Tinaphunzira kuphimba strawberries ndi zofunda za namsongole, mulch ali ndi chiyani komanso chifukwa chake ayenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito kwa strawberries.

Tinaganizira malamulo odzala strawberries pansi pa chophimba komanso mmene tingasamalire bwino. Kuphimba zinthu monga agrofibre kumagwiritsidwa ntchito padziko lonse lapansi, chifukwa kumathandiza kuchema ndi kusungunuka kwa dothi, kumapulumutsa minda kuchokera ku udzu wokhumudwitsa, kumayambitsa nthaka ndi kuonjezera zokolola.