Kodi kuchotsa nyerere pa sitetiyi?

Ambiri, poona nyerere m'nkhalango, musamamvetsere mpaka ataluma. Nyerere m'munda zimayambitsa kuwonongeka kosalekeza. Tizilomboti ndi alendo omwe sali ovomerezeka padziko lonse lapansi, amasinthasintha bwino nyengo ndi kubereka bwino. Nyerere zingakhale mitundu yosiyana, yoopsa kapena ayi, ikuuluka ndi yachibadwa.

Biology imatanthawuza nyerere ku ficicides (Formicidae), ku dongosolo la Hymenoptera, pamodzi ndi zilulu, njuchi ndi mabulu.

Mukudziwa? Nyerere zimakhala "mabanja" ndipo zimagawidwa mu castes: "antchito" ndi "mimba", kotero, chiberekero chimakhala chamtali kuposa antchito 2 nthawi.

Mitundu ya nyerere yomwe imakhala m'munda

Poyamba kutentha kwa wamaluwa ambiri, wamaluwa ndi amalima a maluwa amakhudzidwa ndi funso: "Momwe mungatulutse nyerere." M'munda nthawi zambiri amapezeka nyerere yakuda yamaluwa (Lasius niger) - Mmodzi mwa oimira ang'onoang'ono a zinyama, kawirikawiri padziko lapansi. Kutalika kwa tizilombo ting'onoting'onoku kumachokera ku 5 mm mpaka 1 masentimita. Kawirikawiri chiberekero chimakula mpaka 1 masentimita, pamene nyerere ndizochepa. Mitundu ya nsabwe za m'masamba imadyetsa ziweto, nthawi zina gulu la nyerere likhoza kupha nyama yamoyo.

Imodzi mwa mitundu yofala kwambiri yomwe ili pafupi ndi mwamuna ndiyo zofiira mirimika. Nyererezi ndi zofiira zofiira, zowoneka pafupifupi 4-6 mm. Tizilombo toyambitsa matendawa sitingakhale ndi kanyumba kokha, minda ya khitchini kapena m'nkhalango, koma ngakhale kumalo okwera kwambiri. Amasonkhana pamodzi m'mabanja omwe amatsogoleredwa ndi chiberekero. Amadyetsa tizilombo (amoyo ndi akufa).

Mukudziwa? Mayi wofiira wotchedwa "dzino labwino", dzina lakutchulidwa, nyererezi zalandira mankhwala oledzeretsa nsabwe za m'masamba.

Mitundu ina ya nyerere yomwe nthawi zambiri imakumana pa gawo lathu ndi nyerere yamtambo wofiira. Ichi ndicho mtundu umene tonse timawaopa kuyambira tili mwana. Nyererezi ndizokulu kwambiri pa mitundu yomwe imayimilidwa m'dera lathu, kutalika kwake kufika 15 mm. Mitundu iyi ndi yomwe imapindula kwambiri: imadzimangira zisa za udzu ndi nthambi. Tizilombo toyambitsa matendawa timadula kwambiri, koma kuluma sikunyozetsa, ndipo ngati balalo likusambitsidwa, sipadzakhalanso ndondomeko yotsalira pambuyo pa tsiku. Nyerere yamapiri yofiira imatchulidwa mu Mndandanda Wofiira wa Mitundu Yopsezedwa ya Buku Lopatulika Lachiwiri la World Conservation Union.

Ndipo za njira zothana ndi nyerere, tikambirana m'nkhaniyi.

Nyerere - ubwino kapena kuvulaza

Pamaso a nyerere pa tsambali, muyenera kumvetsetsa: nyerere zimabweretsa zotani, komanso momwe zingapweteke. Njira yaikulu ya tizilombo "amoyo" m'dera lanu ndi kuti amadyetsa tizilombo towononga (mbozi, slugs, mphutsi, ntchentche). Nkofunikanso kuti nyerere zikhale ndi mazira a pamwamba pa nthaka. Tizilombo toyambitsa matendawa ndi asidi amatha kupasuka potaziyamu ndi phosphorous, zomwe zidzakulitsa mphamvu yawo nthawi ziwiri ndi 10, motero. Mwina izi zimathetsa ubwino wa nyerere. Tiye tikambirane zowonjezera. Nyerere zimakonda zokoma, kotero zimakopeka ndi peonies, maluwa, zipatso.

Ndikofunikira! Kwa kufalikira maluwa, kukanika kwa nyerere sikuli tsoka, koma ndibwino kuti musalole kuti apite ku masamba, chifukwa amayamba kuphulika, ndipo mphukira "imamwalira" isanaphuke.
Kawirikawiri, pamene tilandira strawberries, timapeza nyerere zambiri pakati pa tchire - ndipo izi ndi zoipa, chifukwa zimamanga zisa ndipo izi zimaletsa kukula kwa zipatso. Nyerere zamatabwa zingapangitse mtengo wamtundu wanu wokondedwa kukhala fumbi kwa chaka, kotero Mukawona nyerere pa mitengo ikuluikulu ya mitengo, zichotseni nthawi yomweyo. Nyerere zimabweretsa nsabwe za m'masamba, zomwe zimayambitsa zomera. Choncho, chitetezo cha mitengo motsutsana ndi nyerere chiyenera kuphatikizapo chitetezo cha nsabwe za m'masamba.

Mmene mungachotsere mankhwala a nyerere

Njira zamagulu zogonana ndi nyerere m'munda zimaperekedwa ku mibadwomibadwo ndipo izi sizimapangitsa kuti zisagwire ntchito. Njira yoyamba ndi yosavuta ndiyo kukumba malo omwe munawona tizilombo. Kuti mukhale ndi zotsatira zabwino, kukumba pansi, mukhoza kuwonjezera laimu, phulusa kapena phulusa. Ngati zisa za nyerere zawonongeka, ndiye kuti simudzaonanso tizilombo. Njira yachiwiri ya agogo aakazi ndi kuchepetsa adyo, anyezi, ndi parsley kumalo kumene nyerere zimakonzera - tizilombo timakonda fungo loipa.

Funso lofunsidwa kawirikawiri: "Momwe mungayambitsire chiwonongeko m'dzikolo"? Pali njira zambiri zosiyana. Imodzi mwa zotsika mtengo kwambiri - kutsanulira madzi otentha pamwamba pa mafuta kapena palafini. Mukhozanso kuwawaza ndi phulusa kapena kutsanulira ndi sulfuric acid.

Ndikofunikira! Mukamagwira ntchito ndi asidi ndi bwino kugwiritsa ntchito mpweya ndi magolovesi.

Njira yabwino ndi "nyambo yokoma": gawo limodzi la yisiti yotsitsimuka ndi madzi ozizira mpaka kusakaniza kwa kirimu wandiweyani, kuwonjezera kupanikizana pang'ono ku chisakanizo ndikufalikira m'malo a tizilombo.

Kawirikawiri nyerere zimayambitsa ndi mitengo ya zipatso. Kuti muwachotsere pankhaniyi, mukhoza kutsuka njira yothetsera pamtengo: gawo limodzi la madzi ndi gawo limodzi la madzi ammonia. Ngati muli ndi chikopa cha nkhosa - icho chingakhalenso chotchinga mu njira ya tizilombo. Zidzakhala zidutswa ndi kuzungulira mitengo ndi tchire pamtunda wa masentimita 15-20. Zotsatira zake zidzakhala bwino ngati ubweya umachitidwa ndi carbolic asidi.

Njira zamagetsi zothana ndi nyerere

Ngati mwayesayesa kale zitsamba zonse komanso simudziwa kuchotsa nyerere zakuda m'munda, ndiye kuti muyenera kutembenukira ku njira zamagetsi. Musaiwale kuti ndalamazi sizikhala ndi "zamuyaya," ndipo nyerere zidzabwerera posachedwa.

Ndikofunikira! Mukamagwiritsa ntchito mankhwala oteteza mankhwala, muyenera kutsatira malangizo mosamala kuti mupewe zotsatira zolakwika za mankhwala pamtengowo.

Njira zogwira mtima kwambiri zinkazindikiridwa: "Bingu-2", "Muracid", "Delocia" ndi "Anteater".

Bingu-2 Ndi imodzi mwa njira zambiri, ngakhale ndizoopsa kwa anthu ndi zinyama. Ngati mankhwalawa alowa m'sungiramo, nsomba imayamba kufa. Kawirikawiri chidachi chimayikidwa pamalo omwe nyerere zimasonkhanitsa, kuziwaza ndi nthaka yatsopano.

"Chipinda" - kukonzekera madzi. Amagwidwa mu chiƔerengero cha 1:10 ndi kuthirira malo omwe nyerere zinawonekera.

"Muracid" - Komanso mankhwala amadzimadzi a nyerere, koma nthawi zambiri amathiridwa kapena kuwonjezera nyambo. Kukonza nyambo ndi "Muracid" mukufunikira 100 g madzi kuti muwonjezere 100 g shuga ndi 20 g uchi. Gawani chisakanizo ichi m'malo omwe tizilombo timakhala.

"Delicia" - mankhwala a German powder. Ikhoza kugwiritsidwa ntchito mu mitundu iwiri: monga ufa, kupasula, zisa ndi njira "zosuntha", ndi njira yothetsera: 10 g wa ufa pa madzi asanu. Njirayi ikhoza kuthana ndi mitengo ikuluikulu komanso nthaka.

Mukudziwa?Yankho lotetezeka kwambiri ndi "Anteater", chifukwa silinakhudze tizilombo toyambitsa matenda omwe amakhala m'nthaka.

Kuti nyerere zisagwidwe ndi munda wanu, nyumba yachinyumba kapena maluwa mosayembekezereka, muyenera kuteteza maonekedwe awo pochiza mitengo ikuluikulu ndi madzi ndi madzi ammonia ndi dzuwa loyamba ndi kuyika mitengo ikuluikulu ndi phulusa.