Mmene mungachiritse ficus, mitundu yambiri ya matenda ndi tizilombo towononga zomera

Ficus benjamina - Ichi ndi chomera chobiriwira cha banja la mabulosi. Mu chilengedwe, chomeracho chifikira mamita 25 mu msinkhu. Ficus amazoloƔera nyengo yofunda ndi yotentha - India, China, Southeast Asia, Philippines ndi kumpoto kwa Australia. Chomeracho chinatchedwa dzina la Benjamin Botanist.

Chochititsa chidwi! Ku Bangkok, Ficus Benjamin amalemekezedwa ngati chizindikiro cha mzindawo.

Tizilombo toyambitsa matenda a ficus Benjamin

Ficus benjamina amagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi tizirombo ndi matenda ngati amenewa.

Shchitovka. Nyongolotsi yosasangalatsa imeneyi imayipitsa mbewu osati mwakumwa madzi a ficus, komanso ndi mankhwala a ntchito yake yofunikira. Pazitsulo zomwe zimasiyidwa ndi bowa wochuluka. Pochotsani tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, tithani masamba ndi nthambi za zomera ndi njira yapadera - Aktellik. Bowa akhoza kuchotsedwa ndi sopo yankho.

Nkhumba. Amasiya mabala ndi mabala pamasamba, kenako masamba amauma ndi kugwa. Nkhupakupa zikulimbana ndi njira zotetezera - Fitoverm, Aktellik ndi Sunmite.

Kupuma. Ponena za maonekedwe a tizilombo timeneti timapanga chikwangwani choyera pa masamba a ficus. Pambali mwa masamba, tizilombo timayika mazira, choncho chomeracho chiyenera kuchotsedwa kwa nthawi ina kuzipinda zina. Zambiri zimaphedwa ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, monga Aktara ndi Mospilan.

Aphid Tizilombo toyambitsa matendawa timapanganso masamba ndipo timakhala pansi pambali mwa dzira. Tizilombo toyambitsa matenda tidzathandizanso kuchotsa nsabwe za m'masamba pa ficus ya Benjamin.

Mealybug Pa ficus tizilombo toyambitsa matenda timakhala pa zomera zonse. Zimayenera kusunthidwa pamtunda ndi burashi, kenako imatsuka mbewu. Onetsetsani kuti muyang'ane miphika yoyandikana nayo. Atatha "kusamba" ndondomeko ficus Aktellik. Ndibwino kubwereza ndondomeko pambuyo pa masiku atatu.

Zizindikiro za matenda a ficus

Zizindikiro zazikulu za matenda a ficus nthawi yomweyo zimadziyang'ana okha. Popeza chomeracho chiri chofewa, mphamvu iliyonse yopweteketsa kapena kusasamala mokwanira kumakhudza nthawi yomweyo maonekedwe ake ndi kumayambitsa matenda.

Mukudziwa? Kuti mupange ficus kuyang'ana kokongoletsera, panizani mphukira zingapo palimodzi, kuwamanga mu chifuwa. Pamene zikukula, mitengo ikuluikulu imakula ndikusintha ndikukula.

Zojambulajambula, kusintha kwadzidzidzi kwa kutentha, kuthirira ndi madzi ozizira kwambiri komanso kusowa kwa kuwala kudzawatsogolera ndikugwa masamba. Kutentha kochepa ndi mphepo yotentha kumayambitsa mapeto a masamba. Mbali imeneyi ingasonyezenso kuti fetereza imachotsa magazi.

Ponena za kusowa kwa feteleza, zomera zimafooka, masamba omwe akukula pang'onopang'ono. Zidzathandiza feteleza ndi mavitamini. Chomwe chimatchedwa dropsy chimapangidwa chifukwa cha kutentha kwambiri kwa ficus. Mafuta ofooka ndi masamba oonongeka amasonyeza kuti feteleza ndi feteleza kwambiri.

Zowola zowonongeka, ndi momwe zingachotsedwe

Matenda osasangalatsa kwambiri akhoza kuonedwa kuti mizu yowola. Matendawa amachiritsidwa nthawi zonse. Mukawona kutsetsereka kogwira pa nthaka ya ficus, muyenera kukumba mmera ndikuyang'ana mizu. Ngati iwo ali mdima kwambiri ndi ofewa, kubwezeretsanso chomeracho sichidzapambana. Ngati mizu ikukhazikika mpaka kukhudza ndi kuwala, pulumutsani wodwalayo. Ndikofunika:

  • Chotsani mizu yonse yakuda, komanso masamba onse ndi nthambi zomwe zili ndi matendawa.
  • Ngati korona wa ficus ndi yaing'ono, m'pofunikira kuipitsa kuti mbewuyo iwononge mphamvu kuti ichotse matendawo.
  • Bwezerani ficus mu nthaka yatsopano ndikuyipeza ndi yankho la carbendazim fungicide.
  • Ikani chomeracho pamalo okongola, koma osati dzuwa.
  • Popeza kuti matenda amachititsa kuti chinyezi chikhale chokwanira nthawi zonse, mankhwala awo amayamba ndi kutsatiridwa ndi zizolowezi zothira madzi. Kuti mudziwe kuti chomeracho chikufuna chinyezi, sungani nthaka ndi ndodo ndikuwone kuti ndiuma bwanji. Ngati chonyowa chonyowa chakuya masentimita 4, mungathe kumwa madzi.

Ndikofunikira! Benjamin Ficus sakonda kusinthasintha kawirikawiri, choncho njirayi iyenera kuchitidwa pokhapokha mizu yake ikuyamba kutuluka mumphika.

Tsamba la leaf, kuchotsa madontho

Mawanga a masamba a ficus amawoneka chifukwa cha kusamalidwa bwino, koma amathanso chifukwa cha matenda monga anthracycnosis ndi cercosporosis.

Mawanga a Brown

Maonekedwe a bulauni angayambitse matenda aakulu komanso ngakhale imfa ya korona. Tiyeni tiwone chifukwa chake mawanga a bulauni amaonekera pa masamba a ficus. Izi zikhoza kukhala chifukwa cha kutentha kwakukulu mu chipinda, mpweya wouma ndi kuthirira mochedwa. Mankhwalawa ndi osavuta - kusamalira ndi kukonza bwino ficus. Komanso kudyetsa, koma atalandira chithandizo.

Chenjerani! Onetsetsani kutentha kotentha pamalo pomwe pali ficus. Iye sakonda kutentha kapena kuzizira.

Kuwonongeka kwa tsamba lakuda

Grey kuvunda wotchedwa bortritis. Chikhochichi chikuwonekera chifukwa cha kuthirira kawirikawiri zomera. Malo amtundu wa mtengo amachotsedwa ndipo nthawi zambiri kuthirira kuchepa. Poto ndi mphika ayenera kukhala osiyana ndi zomera zina nthawi yayitali.

Maluwa akuda pamasamba

Chimake chamadontho chimayambitsanso chinyezi chokwanira. Spores ya bowa ndi dzina la sayansi Lachitatu likuyambitsa matendawa. Komanso zimapangitsa fungusyi kuteteza ficus. Mankhwalawa ndi kuchotsa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ndikuchepetsa ulimi wothirira. Pambuyo pake, m'pofunikira kuthandizira ficus ndi yankho lomwe limawononga bowa.

Brown kuvunda

Brown zovunda zimayamba ndi mawonekedwe aang'ono ofiira mawanga. Pang'onopang'ono, amakula, amapanga zilonda. Masamba akugwa ndipo chomera chikhoza kufa. Tizilombo toyambitsa matendawa amatchedwa anthracnose. Ficus anthracnose imathandizidwa ndi njira zomwe zili ndi mkuwa. Pa nthawi yothandizira, sungani chomera kuchokera ku miphika ina. Athandizeni ndi ficus, mutachotsa masamba okhudzidwa. Malingana ndi mankhwala omwe mumasankha, kubwereza chithandizo, ndi kuchuluka kwa njirazo, fufuzani mu malangizo kuti mupeze yankho.

Zosangalatsa Ku Sri Lanka, m'munda wamaluwa "Peradeniya" umakula ficus wazaka 150. Malo a korona wake ndi pafupifupi 2.5 mita mamita, ndipo mawonekedwe ake amafanana ndi kamba yaikulu.
Kupewa matenda a ficus ndi kukula kukula kwakukulu kudzala kukonza bwino ndi kusamalira izo kudzakuthandizani. Umoyo wake umadalira chidwi chanu.