Myrtle wamba - wobiriwira shrub pawindo lanu

Myrtle ndi woimira chidwi kwambiri wa zomera. Ponena za iye pali nthano ndi nthano zambiri, zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pa perfumery, pofuna mankhwala, zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati zokometsera. Myrtle imakhalanso ndi phytoncidal properties, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti zimabweretsa osati kukongola kokha mnyumbamo, komanso imachiritsa mpweya. Ngati mukufuna kulandira chozizwitsa ichi, ndiye kuti tikukupatsani zambiri zokhudza izo.

Mukudziwa? Mirth anatenga malo amodzi muzipembedzo zakale. Anamangidwa pafupi ndi akachisi a Aphrodite, ndipo Hymen ndi Erato ankasindikizidwa ndi zingwe za mchisu. Nkhokwe zoterozo zinkavekanso paukwati wa okwatirana kumene.

Momwemonso wa myrtle: kufotokoza

Kuchokera ku mitundu yoposa zana ya mchisiti, kulima kunyumba, kawirikawiri amasankha mchisanu wamba, womwe unabwera kwa ife kuchokera ku Mediterranean. Ndi shrub yobiriwira, yomwe imakhala pafupifupi mamita awiri pamwamba. Masamba ndi ang'onoang'ono (~ 5 × 2 cm), okwanira, owala, obiriwira, a mthunzi wakuda, ndi nsonga yachitsulo, ndi kukula, pambali yochepa. Poyang'ana pa lumen ndi mfundo zooneka ndi mafuta ofunikira.

Maluwa ndi aakulu (~ 2 cm mu mtanda), woyera, wachikasu, pinki wotumbululuka ndi mtundu wambiri wa golide. Khalani ndi mazati asanu, osakwatira, osakwatirana. Chomeracho chili ndi pfungo lokoma la pine-citrus. Zipatso ndizomera, zozungulira kapena zovunda, zakuda kapena zoyera, ndi mbeu 10-15 iliyonse.

Mkhalidwe wa chilengedwe cha mbewu

Popeza kuti pansi pa chilengedwe, mchisu amakula pakati pa tchire kapena m'nkhalango zamtengo wapatali komanso zamtengo wapatali. M'zaka za m'nyengo ya chilimwe ndi chilimwe, kutentha kwakukulu kufika mpaka + 24 ° C kumagwirizana ndi mbewu. Panthawiyi, iyeneranso kupereka kuwala kopanda dzuwa.

Ndikofunikira! Kusiyanasiyana usana ndi usiku kutentha kumapindulitsa mchisanu, akatswiri ambiri amalangiza kuti kumapeto kwa nyengo ndi chilimwe kubweretsa myrtle kunja ndikuponyera mphika pansi.
M'nyengo yozizira, zomera zimamva bwino kutentha kwa +7 - + 10 ° С, kupitirira + 12 ° С, zomwe zimaphatikizapo kulima mchisu m'nyumba. Kutuluka kungakhale kanyumba, koma kosasintha. Kuunikira kumakhalabe kowala.

Mbali yamaluwa a mchisiti, chifukwa chiyani maluwa samawonekera pa chomeracho

Nthawi yamaluwa a mchisu imagwa m'chilimwe, nthawi zambiri mu June. Koma ngati chomera chanu sichinasinthe - musataye mtima, chifukwa maluwa oyambirira pa izo sadzawonekapo kale kuposa zaka 4-5. Mitengo yachangu imatha pachimake kuchokera ku cuttings. Zina zomwe zimayambitsa kusowa kwa maluwa nthawi zambiri zimadula, kusowa mpweya wabwino, kusowa kwa dzuwa kapena kutentha kwazizira.

Mukudziwa? Akazi a ku Igupto Wakale,pa maholide,maluwa am'aluwa amakongoletsa tsitsi lawo. Nthawi zosiyana, m'mitundu yosiyanasiyana, duwa ili likuyimira achinyamata, kukongola, kusalakwa, kukhulupirika m'banja komanso chikondi chosatha.

Kuthirira ndi kudyetsa mchisiti

Pakati pa masika mpaka autumn, chomeracho chiyenera nthawi zonse kupopedwa; kuthirira kumakhala koyenera nthawi zonse. Sitikulimbikitsidwa kuti tisawononge nthaka, komanso kuti tizimwa madzi a myrtle nthawi zambiri, chifukwa izi zimabweretsa masamba akugwa, ndipo nthawi zambiri zomera sizingakhoze kupulumutsidwa. Onetsetsani kuti madzi otsekemera sakuwongolera. Pa nthawi yomweyi, chomera chiyenera kudyetsedwa masabata awiri.

Tengani feteleza ndi phosphorous, makamaka ngati cholinga chanu chiri maluwa a maluwa, ndipo ngati zokongoletsera zili zofunika kwambiri kwa inu, ndiye kuti feteleza ndi nayitrogeni ndi yoyenera. Pambuyo kokasambira, musamameretse mbeu kwa milungu pafupifupi 6.

M'nyengo yozizira, chomeracho sichitha, kuthirira kuchepa, ndipo pamadzi otentha ayenera kuthiriridwa kamodzi pamwezi. Madzi amatengedwa osankhidwa kapena olekanitsidwa, ofewa. Musadye.

Momwe mungakonzere bwino ndi kupanga mawotchi

Mothandizidwa ndi kudulira, mutha kusintha mosavuta maonekedwe a mchisitara, ndikupatsani mitundu yosiyanasiyana, komanso kumathandiza kutuluka kwa mbali. Chimake chimakhala chokhazikika, koma musachichite kawirikawiri, kuti musasokoneze maluwa. Kudulira kumayenera kukhala kumayambiriro kwa masika kapena autumn, pambuyo pa chomeracho.

Kuti mupange mtengo wachitsulo, chengitsani mbaliyo kuti ipitirire mpaka myrtle ikukula msinkhu womwe ukufunikako, ndiye kuti mukhoza kudula pamwamba ndi kupereka korona wozungulira. Kenaka, pitirizani kudula mbali kumachokera pansi.

Nthawi yobzala mbewu, ndi momwe mungachitire

Kusamalira mtengo wa mchisitere kumaperekanso nthawi yowonjezera. Zomera zazing'ono zomwe sizinakwanitse zaka zisanu ziyenera kubzalidwa kasupe uliwonse pakapepala katsopano. Kuti muchite izi, tengani mphikawo masentimita angapo akuluakulu kuposa oyambirirawo ndikukonzekera nthaka kuchokera ku mchenga, peat, turf, tsamba la masamba ndi humus mofanana. Mankhwala aakulu a myrtle amakaikidwa zaka 2-4 zilizonse, koma pakati ((masika ndi autumn), chapamwamba chapamwamba cha gawo lapansi amasinthidwa. Kuti chisakanizo chikhale chimodzimodzi, zida zokhazokha zimakhala zofunikira kawiri.

Ndikofunikira! Mukasamukira, sungani ngalande ndi kusamala, onetsetsani kuti khosi lazu silikuphimbidwa ndi dothi.

Kuberekanso mchisitara

Myrtle ikhoza kufalikira m'njira ziwiri:

  • mbewu
  • vegetatively (cuttings)

Momwe mungamere mchisanu ku mbewu

Mukhoza kufesa kuchokera kumapeto kwa nyengo yozizira mpaka pakati pa mwezi wa May, ndipo mutha kugwiritsa ntchito nyali za fulorosenti - chaka chonse. Tengani nyemba zatsopano, muzimutsuka mu njira yochepa ya potaziyamu permanganate ndi youma. Sankhani kufesa kwa 7-10 masentimita.

Tengani zofanana zofanana za peat ndi mchenga / vermiculite ndi kukonzekera gawo lapansi. Sungani ndi madzi kapena fungicide. Dzalani mbeu ku hafu ya sentimita imodzi ndikuphimba ndi galasi kapena filimuyi, yikani pamalo osawala popanda dzuwa. Sungani kutentha pafupifupi 20 ° C.

Ndikofunikira! Mbande ziyenera kukhala nthawi zonse mpweya wabwino, kuchotsa galasi kapena filimu, ndi kuthirira. Samalani kuti nthaka si madzi ndipo siuma.
Mbande zidzamera masiku asanu ndi awiri ndi asanu ndi awiri (7-14), ndipo zitatha kukhala ndi masamba awiri, zimatha kusankhidwa miphika yosiyana.

Kubalana myrtle cuttings

Njira yoperekerayi ndi yosavuta kuposa yoyamba. Icho chikuchitidwa kuyambira January mpaka February kapena kumayambiriro kwa chilimwe. Ndi maluwa osadulidwa a myrtle 5-8 cm. Aliyense ayenera kukhala ndi awiri awiri awiri a masamba. Chotsani theka lamasamba la masamba, ndikufupikitseni. Ikani mchere mu cutter stimulator kwa masentimita 1 kwa maola awiri, ndiyeno tsambani ndi madzi.

Gwiritsani ntchito gawo lomwelo monga kufesa, komani zokha zokha 2-3 masentimita. Kenaka zonse ziyenera kuchitidwa, monga njira yoyamba yoberekera. Pamene zidutswazo zizika mizu (masabata awiri mpaka 4), kuziika m'magawo osiyana pafupi ndi masentimita 7.

Kotero, inu munaperekedwa ndi zambiri zokhudza momwe mungasamalire ming'oma wamba. Ichi ndi chomera chothandiza ndi chokongola, ngakhale chiri ndi mbali zina za kulima.