Zimene muyenera kuyang'ana mukasankha chivwende

Mavwende ndi mabulosi okondedwa kwambiri a chilimwe. Zipatso zokongola za pinki, zomwe zimachititsa kuti munthu azivutika kwambiri m'mimba, ndi chizindikiro chenicheni cha chilimwe, kutentha ndi nthawi ya tchuthi. Komabe, sitingathe kugula mankhwala okoma komanso abwino, makamaka ngati nyengo ndi malo osamalidwa. Pankhaniyi, ndikofunika kudziwa momwe mungasankhire mavitamini abwino, ndi zomwe muyenera kumvetsera poyamba.

Mavwende ndi mankhwala.

Musaiwale kuti ndiwo zamasamba ndi zipatso ndizochitika nyengo. Mukhoza kupeza mbewu zabwino pa nthawi zina za chaka.

Mitundu, yomwe imakhala ndi mavwende, ndi zomera zokonda kutentha, ndipo ngakhale m'mayiko akumwera chaku Central Asia sichikuphuka kale kuposa theka lachiwiri la chilimwe. Padakali pano, zidzakulira mu nyengo yathu (mwa njira, osati yotentha kwambiri), pamene idzaperekedwa ku malo ogulitsira, mavwende okoma amatha kuwona m'masitolo osati m'mbuyomo pakati pa August.

Zoonadi, ogulitsa angakulimbikitseni zamtengo wapatali wa katundu wawo, kukangana ndi mtundu wina wa "kalasi yapamwamba", koma kwenikweni mavwendewa amakhala otentha kwambiri opangidwa ndi feteleza.

N'zotheka kuti katundu wotere ndi choonadi adzakhala okoma ndi kucha, koma kuchuluka kwa nitrates kudzakhala kosangalatsa. Tsamba lavwendeli latulukira kale osati kumapeto kwa August ndipo lingakusangalatse ndi kukoma kwake lonse la September.

Mukudziwa? Zakafukufuku zakale zimatsimikizira kuti anthu adakula ndi kudya mavwende zaka 2,000 zapitazo. Berry, ndithudi, anabwera ku Ulaya pambuyo pa nkhondo ya Poitiers m'zaka za zana la 1 AD, ndi kuukiridwa kwa mafumu a Umayyad ku Spain.

Kupezeka kwa malemba, kusankha malo ogula

Mosakayikira inu munapezako zithunzi zochokera ku Turkmenistan, zomwe mavwende otsekemera akugona pansi pa mulu. Anthu omwe amakhulupirira kuti izi ndi momwe akuyenera kugulitsira, akulakwitsa.

Pano pali nsonga ina kwa inu: Musagule kanthu kuchokera pansi. Kuyeretsa kwa misewu yathu ndi fumbi la pamsewu kumakhala kochepa kwambiri ndi zizindikiro zomwezo za a Turkmen omwe ali kutali, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti ndi bwino kugula mavwende kuchokera m'masalefu a masitolo.

Zomwe zimachokera m'misika, komanso katundu wochokera m'masitolo a masitolo, zimachokera kumalo omwewo, malo okha osungiramo malo osungiramo katundu ndi sitolo zimakhala zazikulu kuposa m'misika. Mavwende onse ndi magoloti ayenera kugulitsidwa m'masitolo kapena m'masitolo okhala ndi awning, omwe amaikidwa pansi pa malonda pamtunda wokwana masentimita 15 kuchokera pansi.

Ndikofunikira! Palibe chifukwa choganiza kuti rind wandiweyani imateteza chivwende chonse. Inde, fumbi silidzafika ku zamkati, koma tizilombo toyambitsa matenda tikhoza kulowa mkati mwa microcracks.
Ndibwino kuti musamamvetsetse vwende lotayira phulusa la msewu, ndikuliyika kwa ogulitsa.

Ngati mwapeza kale malo abwino kwambiri ndipo mutasankha mavwende abwino, ndiye musanagule, mutha kumufunsa wogulitsa kalata yoyenera. Chidziwitso chimenechi chiyenera kusonyeza malo omwe chivwende chimakula, nthawi yokolola, zomwe zimakhala ndi nitrates ndi zizindikiro zina, zomwe zimagwiritsa ntchito omwe angaweruze zomwe zasankhidwa.

Ngati wogulitsa akuwonetsani chithunzi cha kalatayi, yang'anani chisindikizo - chiyenera kukhala mtundu, osati wakuda ndi woyera. Ngati muli ndi kukayikira ponena za vumbulutsoli, ndibwino kugula chivwende kumalo ena, chifukwa thanzi ndi loposa.

Samalani kukula kwa vwende

Pali lingaliro lomwe makamaka chivwende ndi chokoma, ndipo izi ndi zoona zedi. Makilogalamu oposa 10 amafikira oimira mitundu ya anthu okha, koma adzalemera kwambiri pokhapokha ngati ali okhwima.

Choncho, ngati mukuganiza momwe mungasankhire chivwende chokoma, tikukulangizani kuti muzisankha zitsanzo zazikuru, popeza kuti mwakukhoza kukhala wokhwima bwino adzakhala apamwamba.

Ndikofunikira! Pokumbukira zenizeni za nyengo yathu, munthu ayenera kusamala ndi mavwende akuluakulu, chifukwa ngakhale zazikuluzikulu sizingathe kuphulika pa munda wa vwende, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti pali zotheka kuti zipatsozo zimadyetsedwa bwino.

Zomwe mungachite ngati mavwende ang'onoang'ono sakhala okoma, ndipo ubwino wa zazikuluzo ndizokayikira? Yankho lolondola ndi kusankha kukula kwa masekeli 5-7.

Momwe mungadziwire kuphulika kwa vwende ndi mchira

Mchira "mchira" ukhoza kuyerekezedwa ndi umbilical chingwe cha mwanayo, chifukwa kudzera mwa iye kuti chinyezi ndi zakudya zimapita kumwana. Koma mabulosi atangomva, sichifunikanso ndipo imayamba kuuma.

Ngati chivwende ndi "mchira" wobiriwira chiri patsogolo panu, ndiye kuti, mwinamwake, chinang'ambika kuti chikhale chokwanira, ngakhale chikhoza kukhala chikasu kuyambira nthawi yayitali kwambiri. Kuti muwone ngati mavwende ayamba kale musanayambe kapena ayi, yesani kuswa "mchira" wake. Mu mabulosi otsekemera, zidzakhala zosalimba kwambiri, pomwe zimakhala zochepa kwambiri.

N'kutheka kuti wogulitsa anaganiza zobisa zokolola zabwino ndikungodula mizu ya mankhwala, ndiye kuti izi ziyenera kukulimbikitsani kuti mupitirize kufufuza.

Mukudziwa? Zimatuluka kuti nyerere ya vwende ndi yokwanira. Sizongowonongeka kokha, koma kupanikizana kumapangidwa, ndipo mbewu za mabulosi zimawotcha.

Kusankhidwa kwa mavwende pamtunda

Ogulitsa ena akhoza kuthamangitsidwa ndi malo achikasu osasangalatsa omwe ali pambali mwa mavwende, koma kukhalapo kwake kuli kovuta. Kuwonjezera apo, ndi kwa iye kuti ubwino wa mabulosiwo ukhoza kutsimikiziridwa.

Yellow (kapena, monga amatchedwanso, "tsinde" ladongo) - Apa ndi pamene malo otsekemera adakhudza nthaka ikagwa. Mu mabulosi okoma bwino, ayenera kukhala wofiira-wachikasu kapena ngakhale lalanje-wachikasu, koma osati woyera.

Ngati mbali ya chivwende ndi yotumbululuka kwambiri, zikutanthauza kuti inang'ambika mofulumira kwambiri, ndipo analibe nthawi yokwanira kuti adziwe kutentha ndi kuwala kochokera ku dzuwa kuti akonze.

Samalani "kangaude wa njuchi"

"Beeweb" Iwo amatcha mawanga okongola kwambiri a mavwende pa mavwende, omwe amasonyeza kuti njuchi zambiri zimakhudza mwana wa mimba pa nthawi yoyamitsa mungu. Kawirikawiri pollination imachitika, ndiyowonjezereka kachitidwe ka "kabwebu" ndipo chipatsocho chikhale chokoma. Choncho musamayang'ane mbaliyi ngati kusowa kwa zipatso.

Mnyamata kapena mtsikana yemwe ali wokoma

Sikuti aliyense amadziwa kuti mavwende angagawidwe kukhala zamoyo ndi amuna. Choncho, pakati pa mavwende amtunduwo amachoka "atsikana" ndi pansi pansi ndi bwalo lalikulu la bulaunikomanso "anyamata", omwe pansi pake ndi okhudzidwa, ndipo bwalolo ndiloling'ono. Zimatsimikiziridwa kuti zokoma ndi "atsikana", ndipo ali ndi mbewu zocheperapo za mpendadzuwa.

Kuyang'anitsitsa maso ndi kufufuza

Mukhoza kusankha mabulosi mwa kungoswedzera dzanja lanu, koma pazimenezi muyenera kudziwa chomwe chimveka chivwende chapsa. Kotero Zipatso zokoma "zidzamveka" momveka bwino ndi mokweza, pamene mwanayo adzayankha mosamva.

Mungathe ngakhale kugwirizanitsa khutu ku vwende kuti ikuthandizeni kumvetsa bwino chikhalidwe. Phokoso la sonorous lidzasonyezeranso kuti phokoso ndi zofewa, ndiko kuti, kupsa kwa mabulosi, ndipo ngati mutagunda, ziyenera kumera pang'ono.

Kuphatikiza apo, kachitidwe kawonekedwe kawonedwe ka mbali zonse ndi kofunikira. Sitiyenera kukhala ming'onoting'ono (makamaka yaikulu) ming'alu, mabala, zofewa, zokopa kapena kuwonongeka kwina komwe mabakiteriya angalowe mkatimo.

Chabwino, ngati mavwende ali ndi mawonekedwe ochepa kapena ozungulira, amathandizidwa ndi mtundu wunifolomu. Mikwingwirima yowala ndi yosiyana ndi chizindikiro chotsimikizika cha kucha kwa mtedza wosankhidwa, umene ukuwonetsedwa ndi kutumphuka kwa mtengo.

Ponena za khalidwe lomaliza, "zovala" za chivwende ziyenera kukhala zolimba: mungathe kuziwombera, koma simungathe kuziphwanya ndi chovala chanu. Yesetsani kusakaniza kutsetsereka ndi chala chanu - zipatso zowonjezereka zimamva fungo.

Yang'anani vwende pachimake, mtundu wa chivwende uyenera kukhala wotani

Ena ogulitsa amakulolani kudula mavwende, kotero mutha kuyang'ana maonekedwe a chipatso chosankhidwa. Mavwende apamwamba ali ndi zofiira, koma mtundu wofiirira uyenera kukuchenjezani, monga ukuwonetsera kuchuluka kwa nitrates.

Ngati simukudziwa momwe mungasankhire vwende popanda nitrates, ndiye kuti njirayi ndiyomwe mukufunikira.

Nthanga za chivwende chokoma ndi zofiira kapena zakuda, pamene azungu ndi chizindikiro cha mabulosi osapsa. Mafinya omwe alowa muvuni ayenera kukhala oyera, ndipo ngati ali achikasu, ndiye kuti ndi bwino kukumbukiranso za nitrates.

Ndikofunikira! Pamene kudula mazira a vwende yosankhidwa bwino kudzawoneka ndi mbewu, koma ngati muli ndi "nitrate" nyemba kutsogolo kwa iwe, pamwamba pa mdulidwe padzakhala bwino.
Tsoka ilo, ogulitsa ambiri samadula katundu wawo, akutsutsa kuti kuwonongeka kwake kosayembekezereka.

Njira ya Agogo

Pali njira yodziwira nthawi yakale. Ngakhale kuti kugwiritsa ntchito kwake n'kotheka kwa amuna amphamvu, ndi amene amagwira bwino kwambiri.

Chofunika kwambiri cha njirayi ndi ichi: Mavwende ayenera kutengedwa pakati ndi manja awiri (mu ndege yomwe ili kutali kwambiri ndi msana), amavomeretsa kumutu. Zipatso zoyamba kuchayamba panthawi yomweyo, ndipo zipatso zosapsa zidzakhalabe "chete".

Tikukhumba kuti musankhe mankhwala abwino ndikusangalala ndi kukoma kwake kwake.