Nthawi komanso momwe mungamere mitengo, malamulo a maluwa amasamalira

M'nkhani ino tidzakuuzani za mbewu ngati Badan. Mudzaphunzira zomwe maluwa a Badan amaimira, komanso kuti mudziwe zambiri za kubzala ndikuzisamalira panja. Komanso, sitidzanyalanyaza zenizeni za kubalana kwa mbeu iyi, malamulo owetsera madzi ndi kuwasamalira.

Mukudziwa? Mankhwala amapangidwa chifukwa cha bergenia, ali ndi hemostatic, antimicrobial ndi anti-inflammatory properties.

NthaƔi yabwino ndi malo oti mubzala bergenia

Mu gawo lino, tiona malo abwino oti mubzala bergenia, komanso yesetsani kupeza nthawi yobzala.

Tiyi ya Badan (kapena Mongolia) - Ichi ndi chosatha cha herbaceous mankhwala chomera. Ku Ulaya, amagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga zokongoletsera, komanso ku Altai - monga tiyi (banyan amatchedwa "Chigir tea" pamenepo). Mu chilengedwe, chomerachi chikufala ku Central Asia, choncho chikhalidwe cha kukula kwake chiyenera kukhala choyenera.

Maluwa a badan ayenera kufesedwa kumayambiriro a masika kuti ikhale yolimba kwambiri m'chilimwe ndikutha kusamutsa bwinobwino nyengo zonse za nyengo ndi matenda.

Mukamabzala osatha muyenera kusankha malo abwino. Badan samamva bwino kwambiri dzuwa, choncho, njira yabwino yobzala idzakhala malo omwe dzuwa limagunda kuthengo m'mawa ndi madzulo.

Choncho, dzuwa lidzakhala lopanda penumbra. Mukamabzala mumthunzi wonse, Badan amatha kuphuka!

Ndikofunikira! Mukamabzala dzuwa, muyenera kuyang'anitsitsa bwino chinyezi ndipo nthawi zambiri mumere madzi.

Njira zitatu zobzala bergenia

Malo ndi nthawi yobzala zasankhidwa, tsopano ziyenera kudziwa kuti mbeu ya bergenia yabzalidwa yotseguka.

Bergenia chomera Angabzalidwe m'njira zitatu:

  • chodzala rosettes wa masamba;
  • kuchoka ku chidebe;
  • chodzala rhizome.
Pachiyambi choyamba, rhizome imakumbidwa mosamala (palibe chifukwa choyesera kusiyanitsa mizu kuchokera pansi) ndipo imaikidwa pamalo atsopano. Mukhoza kuchita ndondomeko ngakhale pamene chomeracho chili ndi masamba.

Njirayi ndi yabwino koposa, chifukwa imatha kubwezeretsanso mbeu nthawi yonse yolima. Komabe, kuziika bwino kuli kugwa.

Ndikofunikira! Kubzala rosettes sikungakhoze kuchitika pa maluwa.
M'chigawo chachiwiri, amagwiritsidwa ntchito mbande zomwe zimamera m'dekha. Kufika kumachitika m'chaka, kutulutsa mizu ndi phula la nthaka ndi kubzala pansi. Ngati chomera chikukula kwambiri, mungathe kudula mizu pang'ono.

Njira yachitatu ndiyo kubzala mizu ndi masamba osalala. Kuti muchite izi, chekeni gawo la muzu ndi 5-6 zakuya masamba. Musanabzala pansi, mumayenera kugwiritsira ntchito mankhwalawa kwa maola 2-3. Ndiponso, mu mawonekedwe awa mizu ingasungidwe ndi kutumizidwa. Pochita izi, iwo amadzazidwa ndi udzu komanso pang'ono.

Ndikofunikira! Mukasunga ma rhizomes sayenera kuloledwa kutentha kwambiri, mwinamwake mizu ikhoza kuvunda.

Mmene mungasamalire maluwa

Badan, ngati chomera chirichonse, amafunikira kusamala. Choncho, tidzakuuzani momwe mungatsatirire kuti zikhale zokondweretsa inu ndi maonekedwe ake abwino ndi maluwa.

Badan - chomera chodzichepetsa Choncho, zinthu zambiri ziyenera kukumbukiridwa zomwe ziri zofunika kwambiri:

  • dothi sayenera kuloledwa kuti liume;
  • pansi pa chomera sichiyenera kukhala chinyezi;
  • Simungathe kuchita zambiri.

Kusamba malamulo

Ngati pali madzi pansi pa zomera, idzavunda mwamsanga. Pofuna kupewa izi, muyenera kuyimitsa pang'onopang'ono, koma kawirikawiri imwani madziwo, kapena mubzalidwe pansi ndi malo abwino.

Choyenera kukhala nthaka, kaya kudyetsa chomeracho

Nthaka ndi gawo limene zomera zimasunga ndi zomwe zimapezeka. Choncho, zimadalira kwambiri nthaka.

Mitundu yonse ya Badana imakonda nthaka yamchere, acidity yomwe yachepetsedwa kukhala zero. Mtundu wosiyanasiyana wa nthaka yomwe imakhala ndi madzi abwino ndi awa: Magawo awiri a mchenga, gawo limodzi la nthaka ya sod ndi miyala yaing'ono yabwino.

Ngati muli ndi nthaka loamy, yikani kompositi, mchenga ndi humus. Njirayi ndi yolandiridwa ndi zomera.

Ngati mukufuna, kuposa kudya kasupe wa badan, yankho lidzakhala lotsatira - palibe. Zovala zapamwamba za bergenia zimayambitsidwa kokha pambuyo pa maluwa ngati mawonekedwe osungunulira feteleza.

Ndipotu, chomeracho chikhoza kuchita popanda kudyetsa, ndithudi, ngati dothi lili ndi thanzi lokwanira. Ndikoyenera kudziwa kuti kugwiritsa ntchito kudyetsa kwina nthawi ina ndi yankho lina la funso lakuti "Chifukwa chiyani badan samasamba?".

Leaf kudulira

Kudulira masamba kumapangidwira pokhapokha ngati chomera chanu chikubzalidwa pamalo otchuka komanso masamba ovunda omwe amavunda amawononga mawonekedwe abwino.

Koma! Pankhaniyi, muyenera kupanga mulching.

Ndibwino kukumbukira kuti masamba ogwa amakhala ngati chomera kuti atetezedwe ku chisanu, choncho ndibwino kuti musachotse pansi pa chitsamba.

Tsopano mukudziwa kuti kusamalira abambo sikolemetsa, koma malamulo oyambirira, komabe, ayenera kutsatira.

Kutaya kubereka

Taphunzira kale za njira zomwe timabzala bergenia, ndikukula ndikuzisamalira, tsopano tikuyenera kubzala mbeu. Pali njira ziwiri zoberekera:

  • kupanga;
  • vegetative.
Ndani mwa iwo ndi abwino komanso ophweka - mumasankha, ndipo pakalipano tidzakambirana zomwe tingasankhe.

Kufalitsa mbewu

Kufalitsa mbewu kumatchedwa kubereka, koma tizilombo tating'ono ting'onoting'ono Sitingabzalidwe nthawi yomweyo. Pambuyo pa mbewu zazing'ono (pafupifupi 2 mm) zinaonekera pa chomera, ziyenera kusonkhanitsidwa ndikubzala mu chidebe chaching'ono.

Kuti mbeu ikhale yabwino, njere zimayikidwa mu njira yothetsera fungicide, yomwe imagwira ntchito ziwiri kamodzi: imataya komanso imafulumira kumera. Mutabzala njere, m'pofunika kuti mukhale ndi chinyezi chochepa, ndipo ngati tsamba lachitsamba kapena zowonjezera zikuoneka, nthaka iyenera kumasulidwa.

Mukasamalidwa bwino, mutha kupeza mbande zing'onozing'ono za mbeu. Pamene kutalika kwa mphukira kufika pa 12-15 masentimita, iyo imakaikidwa mu lotseguka pansi. Chosavuta cha kukula kwa bergenia kuchokera kumbewu kumapeto kwa maluwa (kambewu kakang'ono kamayamba kuphuka patatha zaka ziwiri).

Komanso, ndi bwino kukumbukira kuti bergen yomwe imabzalidwa pamtunda kwambiri sakonda kusintha. Choncho, ndizothandiza kuti musachite izi nthawi imodzi pachaka.

Cuttings

Kufalitsa ndi cuttings amatchedwa vegetative. Imeneyi ndi njira yosavuta komanso yofulumira kubzala badan.

Ndi njira iyi, amagwiritsa ntchito rhizomes, yomwe imagawaniza mofulumira, imabwezeretsedwa, imakhalanso mizu yabwino. Mukasakaniza, mbali ya muzu imasiyanitsidwa, kusiya masamba 2-3 (kapena 5-6 masamba). Kuzama kwa kubzala ndi masentimita 4-5, zomwe siziyenera kudutsa.

Mukamabzala mbeu zingapo kamodzi, m'pofunikira kuganizira mtunda wa masentimita 40 mpaka 50 pakati pawo, kuti musamavulaze mizu ya "mnansi" panthawi yomwe mwapatukana. Madzu a Bergenia amagawikana kamodzi pakatha zaka zisanu.

Mukudziwa? Mankhwala am'madera amagwiritsira ntchito beranne pofuna kuchiza chifuwa chachikulu, matenda a chifuwa chachikulu komanso matenda a mitsempha. Mu Chimongoli mankhwala amagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati mankhwala odzudzulidwa ndi kusanza.

Matenda ndi zirombo zoipa

Badan samakhudzidwa ndi tizirombo, chifukwa ali ndi mankhwala omwe amadziwika kwambiri omwe amawawopsya.

Waukulu tizirombo ndi pennica slobbering (mwa kulankhula kwina, cicada slobbering) ndi nematode.

Pennica slobbering.

Nthawi zambiri tizilombo toyambitsa matenda timabzala mumthunzi, mumtunda wambiri wambiri.

Mbali yaikulu ya cicada ndi yosungidwa madzi, omwe amawoneka ngati phula. Mmenemo, mphutsi za pennitsa zimakula, zomwe zimapangidwanso mowirikiza. Pamene mukupanga mankhwala mankhwalawa amateteza mphutsi kuti zisamavulaze.

Pofuna kuchotsa pennits m'munda wanu, muyenera kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala apadera (mwachitsanzo, Tsvetofos ndi Intavir), ndipo kugwiritsa ntchito njira zakale sikugwira ntchito.

Ndikofunikira! Mankhwalawa ayenera kuchitika pambuyo pa maluwa.
Nematode.

Nematodes ndi zinyama zam'madzi zomwe zimakhala pansi pafupi ndi mizu. Ngati nematode ikukula mochulukitsa, mbewuyo ndi yosatheka kupulumutsa.

Chidziwikiritso cha nematodes ndi mphutsi za mawonekedwe osazolowereka. Nkhumba zimapatsa ana mwa mawonekedwe a mipira yomwe imamatirira mizu ya chomera.

Mukasintha bergenia, malo odzala moyenera ayenera kuchitidwa ndi mankhwala osadzalidwa kwa zaka zoposa chimodzi.

Badan akhoza "kudwala" ndi tsamba la masamba. Pachifukwa ichi, masamba a chomerawo ali ndi mdima wandiweyani, omwe, patapita nthawi, amakhala ofiira.

Mbali ya kumbuyo kwa masamba imadzala ndi maluwa oyera. Bowa ili ndi chisanu chopanda. Kuthetsa matendawa kungakhale ndi chidutswa cha mbali zomwe zakhudzidwa. Komanso, mungagwiritse ntchito Bordeaux madzi.

Badan imagonjetsedwa ndi matenda ena onse, choncho safuna chithandizo china.

Kutsiliza

Ife tinakuuzani inu za zomera zomwe zimatchedwa "Badan". Tsopano mukhoza kulima m'munda wanu, ndipo mosamala, zimakondwera ndi chaka ndi maluwa okongola a pinki.

Kuwonjezera apo, podziwa za mankhwala a zomera, mukhoza kugwiritsa ntchito maluwa awa mwa njira zochiritsira.