Kodi n'zotheka kudzala kakombo kunyumba?

Chifukwa cha mawonekedwe ake osadziwika bwino, kukongola kwake kosaoneka bwino, maluwa amaonedwa ngati chizindikiro cha chiyero ndi choyera. Pakalipano, maluwa awa amakongoletsa mwambo wapadera ndi miyambo ya zipembedzo zambiri.

Kodi n'zotheka kudzala kakombo kunyumba?

Maluwa okongola akukongoletsera nyumba osati kukongola kwa maluwa komanso masamba owala, komanso ndi fungo lokhazika mtima pansi. Kumtchire, mitundu yoposa 300 ya maluwa amenewa imadziwika. Chifukwa cha kusankha kakombo kungabzalidwe ndi kuchepetsedwa pakhomo, mu maluwa. Lily sali okhudzana ndi mikhalidwe ndipo akhoza kukula mu mphika umodzi kwa zaka zingapo.

Mukasankha nthawi yoyenera kubzala ndi kupereka nthawi yoyenera komanso yosamalidwa bwino pamunda, ndiye kuti mumatha kufanana ndi maluwawo ndi chikondwerero chilichonse. Malinga ndi zosiyanasiyana, maluwa amatha kukula kufika mamita limodzi ndi hafu.

Mukudziwa? Zikhulupiriro zakale zachigiriki zimati: "Mayi wamkazi wachiwawa Hera, atapeza Hercule wamng'ono atabisala kwa iye, adaganiza kuti am'yamwitse. Mwanayo, akumva mdani mwa iye, amamuwotcha mkaka umatuluka kumwamba ndipo Milky Way inawoneka, dziko lapansi linakhala maluwa okongola. "

Momwe mungabzalitsire kakombo mu mphika, zovuta za kukula

Nthawi yabwino yopanga mababu a kakombo m'nyumba mwako ndi March-April. Ngati mumabzala mababu a mitundu yosiyana mu chidebe chimodzi, mudzalandira maluwa okongola kwambiri panthawi ya maluwa.

Mukagula zokolola, yang'anani mababu. Ayenera kukhala olimba, ali ndi mizu, osasokonezeka kapena malo amdima. Mulimonsemo simukuchotsa mizu, ndipo kukula kwa anyezi sikuyenera kukhala osachepera 4 masentimita. Ayikeni mu friji musanabzala milungu itatu.

Ndikofunikira! Ngati mababu a kakombo auma, onetsetsani m'madzi oyera kwa maola awiri.

Kusankha kwa pot

Kukula kwa mphika kumadalira kukula kwake kwa mbewu. Ngati muli ndi malingaliro omwe amafika theka la mamitamphamvu ziyenera kukhala pafupi 40 cm chakuyakotero kuti kakombo akhoza kukhala ndi rhizome yomwe ikukula mmenemo mosamala.

Mukamabzala babu, sankhani poto ndi bwalo laling'ono - 20 cm.

Apo ayi, zomera zidzayamba kudzaza malo opanda ufulu ndi "ana" awo. Pa chifukwa ichi, simudzaphuka pachimake msanga.

Mmene mungabzalitse duwa

Musanadzale duwa, sankhani nthaka yabwino. Njira yabwino ikakhala yosakaniza malo a sod mu theka ndi humus. Ngati mwagula nthaka yokonzedwa bwino, iyenera kukhala yotetezedwa mwachitsulo. Imwani nthaka mwachindunji mumphika ndi madzi otentha otentha ndi fungicides ndi potaziyamu permanganate.

Mukhoza kubzala nthawi iliyonse ya chaka, koma ngati mukufuna kuika kukongola kwa khonde m'mwezi wa May, imbani mababu mu yachiwiri chachitatu cha March. Lily ndi wosasamala, koma malamulo ena oyenera ndi kusamalira kunyumba ndi ofunika kusunga.

Musanadzalemo, ikani madzi pansi pa mphika: miyala, njerwa yoswa masentimita 5. Kenaka tsanulira nthaka masentimita 10 m'litali, chotsani pansi mababu, ndikugwedeza pansi. Pambuyo pake, onjezerani dothi linalake kawiri kuposa kale ndi kutsanulira, mogawanika kufalitsa chinyezi.

Malamulo a chisamaliro cha maluwa m'chipinda

Anakupatsani kakombo m'phika, ndipo simukudziwa momwe mungasamalirire - mu nkhaniyi tiwona nthawi zonse za chitukukocho. Mutabzala, chomera chikusowa bwino. Maluwawo amadyetsedwa koyamba ndi zinthu zakuthupi pambuyo pa kuphuka kwa mbeu, panthawi ya kukula, mukhoza kuyambitsa kakombo mwa kupopera "Kornevina" kawiri pa sabata.

Pakatha mlungu umodzi, feteleza yoyamba, yambani njira yachiwiriyi ndi njira yothetsera potassium-phosphorous. Pakufika mbande 10 cm, mudzaze mphika mu mphika pamwamba. Madzi okwanira ayenera kukhala tsiku lililonse.

Chomera cha mwezi umodzi chikhoza kuwonetsedwa ku mpweya wabwino, pang'onopang'ono kuwonjezera nthawi "kuyenda" kuyambira maminiti 30 mpaka maola khumi. Musalole kuti chomera chikhalebe kutentha pansi pa 10 ° C. Pamene maluwawo sali maluwa, onetsetsani kakombo masamba tsiku lililonse.

Kusamalira mbewu pa nthawi yogwira maluwa

Kuti musamalire bwino zomera, muyenera kudziwa momwe mungamwetse kakombo mu mphika nthawi zosiyanasiyana. Pakukolola kwa masamba, mbola yaikulu imatha.

Pofuna kuonetsetsa kuti maluwawo ndi okongola kwambiri, m'pofunikira kumasula mbali zakumtunda nthawi zambiri, kutsimikizira kuti mpweya umakhala wotani. Mbewu yamaluwa imathiriridwa masabata awiri, masamba amatha kupopedwa kawirikawiri.

Ngati kakombo wapereka masamba ochulukirapo, tanizani tsinde lothandizira kuti lisaswe pansi pa kulemera kwa maluwa. Sizingakhale zokongola kuti azikongoletsa nthaka ndi phulusa, izi zidzawonjezera ku chomera ndi chitonthozo cha maluwa.

Kodi mungasamalire bwanji kakombo pambuyo pa maluwa?

Pambuyo pa kakombo, maluwa onse agwa, muyenera kuyembekezera kuyanika ndi chikasu cha zimayambira. Panthawi imeneyi, madzi kamodzi pa sabata, ndi kuvomerezedwa feteleza ndi mchere feteleza ndi mankhwala.

Sikulakanso kupopera masamba, chifukwa panthawiyi zakudya zonse zimachokera ku mababu ndikupanga masamba oti abereke nthawi yobzala.

Pamene nthambi za zomera zouma kwathunthu, kuthirira zimasiya. Tsopano muyenera kudziwa momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito kakombo kanyumba.

Mafrirescences owuma amachotsedwa mosamala, ndipo mabokosi a mbewu amachotsedwanso kuti duwa likhale lopuma.

Chenjerani! Ndizovuta kwambiri kudula nthambi - kwa iwo, ngakhale zowuma, anapeza zakudya zowonjezera.
Ngati mutasankha kuchoka maluwa anu a maluwa mukakhala ndi mphika ndi dothi, kakombo amafunikanso kusamalira. Onjezani phulusa kunthaka ndikudyetsa nthawi zonse. Kuthirira nthawi zambiri sikofunikira. Sungani chomera pamalo ozizira.

Kuwombera kakombo: pamene pakufunika ndi momwe mungachitire

Lily amafunikanso kubzalidwa chaka chilichonse, kusintha nthaka yolema. Pakati pa maluwa, chomeracho chinachotsa zinthu zonse ndi zinthu zofunika pakukula ndi kukula, nthaka inakhala yopanda kanthu.

Ndikofunika kudziwa momwe mungasamalire bwino kakombo kunyumba nthawiyi.

Mfundo yaikulu ndikukonzekera chomera bwino ndikusawonongeka pamene mukuwombera babu. Lily amasungidwa mosamala m'phika, anyezi amasiyanitsa, kutsukidwa ndi kuchapa. Mitengo yaying'ono imabzalidwa mabokosi ndi kumera m'nyengo yozizira.

Zosangalatsa Amitundu ambiri ankaona kakombo ngati chizindikiro chawo: Aroma monga chizindikiro cha chiyembekezo, Akhristu monga chiyeretso, Agiriki monga chikondi, ndi French monga chifundo ndi chilungamo.

Kufalitsa kakombo kunyumba

Lily ndi wosavuta onse mu chisamaliro komanso akale pakhomo. Zingawonjezedwe kuchokera ku mbewu, koma zimaonedwa kuti ndizosavuta komanso zovomerezeka njira ya bulbous.

Mababu ayang'ane: kaya pali mabala ovunda kapena mabala. Malo oonongeka amadulidwa ndikusamalidwa ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, kusunga theka la ora mu njira ya manganese, zouma. Mababu amawasungira kuzizira mpaka February - March.

Mukhoza kuchulukitsa kakombo njira yamagulu. Mbewu imabzalidwa kumapeto kwa March mu mabokosi ndi ngalande yokonzedwa ndi nthaka. Ikani mbewu pamtunda wa masentimita imodzi ndi theka.

Ikani mchenga pamwamba ndikuphimba ndi pulasitiki. Kuthirira kumakhala koyenera, kutentha kwa firiji, ndi malo osungirako mbeu.

Ndi zikhalidwe zonse za kulima, kunyumba kakombo kumakhala nthawi yaitali chonde chonde ndi maluwa okongola.