Kalanchoe: kukula ndi kusamalira kunyumba

Kunyumba, mitundu yochepa chabe ya Kalanchoe imakula: Cirrus, Blosfeld, Single-flowered ndi Daygremonta. Koma mitundu yonse ya zomerazi ikukula m'nyumba mwako, chisamaliro cha mbeu chidzakhala chimodzimodzi.

Kalanchoe

Oimira a "nyumba" Kalanchoe ndi a banja la Crassulaceae, onse amabwera kuchokera ku madera otentha, motero amakhala odzichepetsa, angathe kuchita kwa nthawi yaitali onse opanda chinyezi komanso malo oundana. Kuti apulumuke m'madera otentha kwambiri, masamba a chomera amasonkhanitsa madzi m'nyengo yamvula, ndiyeno amagwiritsa ntchito ndalama. Kalanchoe safuna chisamaliro chachikulu panyumba, chomeracho sichitenga nthawi zonse kuziika ndi fetereza zambiri.

Ndikofunikira! Ngati simukudziwa choti muchite pamene Kalanchoe akutembenukira chikasu, choyamba yesani kuzindikira chomwe chikuyambitsa. Pakhoza kukhala njira zingapo: zolakwika pobzala, nthaka yosayenera, kusungika bwino kwa mbewu, kusagwirizana ndi boma la kutentha, kuthirira molakwika, kusowa kapena kuchepetsa mchere.

Kuunikira

Popeza chomera chotentha sichidzichepetsa, malo aliwonse omwe nyumbayi imagwera dzuwa ndi yoyenera, kuunika kwake sikofunika kwa Kalanchoe. Chomeracho chimakhala chabwino mu chipinda chowala komanso chakuda.

Mukudziwa? Ngati Kalanchoe ayima pamalo otentha kwambiri, ndiye kuti masambawo adzakhala ndi mthunzi wofiira pa nthawi.

Choyenera - kuyika duwa pawindo lakum'mawa kapena kumadzulo. Ndizothandiza kupereka mitundu ya maluwa ndi dzuwa lambiri m'nyengo yozizira. Ngati kalanchoe ilibe kuwala, imafooketsa. Masamba apansi amagwa, ndipo chapamwamba amatembenuka.

Mavuto otentha

Kuti ukhalepo bwino, zomera zotentha ndizopanda ufulu. Pamene uli pamsewu pamwamba pa 10 ° C, umatha kukhala mosamala pabwalo ndipo umachoka kumeneko mpaka nthawi ya autumn. Chomeracho chimakhala ndi kutentha ndi chilala nthawi zambiri, koma pa nthawi ino ndi bwino kuthirira izo mobwerezabwereza. Kutentha kwakukulu kwa Kalanchoe m'chilimwe ndi 23-25 ​​° C, ndipo nthawi yozizira ndi 12-16 ° C.

Kutentha kwa mpweya

Chinyezi mu chipinda chanu - chizindikiro chosafunika kwambiri cha kukhalapo kwa Kalanchoe, chifukwa chomeracho chimatha kusunga madzi m'mamasamba. Chifukwa cha izi, Kalanchoe amalekerera mosavuta chilala. Mmodzi amangoonetsetsa kuti madzi samagwera pamtunda, chifukwa izi zingayambitse matenda.

Care Kalanchoe kunyumba

Chomeracho sichita khama kwambiri kuchokera kwa inu, koma njira zosavuta zokhazikika komanso kumvetsetsa momwe mungasamalire Kalanchoe m'nyengo yozizira ndi chilimwe.

Kuthirira nthaka: nyengo yozizira-chilimwe

Landani mu mphika ayenera kuthiriridwa mochuluka kuti madziwo aziwaviika. Koma zotsalirazo zimafunika kuthiridwa, chifukwa nthaka iyenera kuuma bwino pakati pa ulimi wothirira. M'nyengo yotentha yotentha, njira zamadzi ziyenera kupangidwa mobwerezabwereza, ndipo m'nyengo yozizira, Kalanchoe yamadzi milungu iwiri iliyonse. Ngati chomeracho chidzadzaza, chikhoza kuchititsa kuti zisawonongeke ndi nkhungu, ndipo mizu yake idzawonongeka mwamsanga.

Sikofunika kupopera chipinda Kalanchoe. M'nyengo yozizira, njira imeneyi ingathe kuvulaza zomera. Koma pofuna kuchotsa fumbi kumapazi, duwa liyenera kuyeretsedwa nthawi ndi nsalu yofewa.

Ndikofunikira! Ngati masamba okhawo a Kalanchoe akuuma, ndipo zonse zili bwino ndi apamwamba, samverani mlingo wamaluwa amene zomerazo zimakhala. Ngati mphika uli waung'ono komanso wodzaza kwambiri, ukhoza kufa chifukwa chakusowa chakudya. Ngakhale masamba a Kalanchoe akhoza kuwuma ngati m'nyengo yozizira maluwa ali pafupi ndi batri yotentha.

Kukongoletsa pamwamba kwa duwa

Pafupipafupi pamwezi, Kalanchoe ayenera kumanga feteleza ndi mankhwala omwe ali oyenerera kwa okoma. Ngati muli ndi maluwa, limbitseni ndi feteleza zovuta, mwina Kalanchoe sidzaphuka. Tikukulangizani kuti muzigwiritsa ntchito theka la mlingo womwe umasonyezedwa pa phukusi, ndipo m'nyengo yozizira, simukuyenera kufota Kalanchoe nkomwe.

Ndikofunikira! Mukapeza masamba mu Kalanchoe, kuyatsa sikungakhoze kuchepetsedwa, ndipo chomeracho chingakhoze kuthiriridwa monga mwachizolowezi.

Kudulira Kalanchoe

Onetsetsani kuti mudula maluwa kalanchoe, chifukwa panthawi imeneyi chomera chikufooketsa. Mankhwala a peduncle ayenera kudulidwa pansi kuti gawo lomwe lisalole silidzavunda. Malo onse a zomera omwe amawoneka oipa, musawope ndipo musadandaule kuti mulole pansi pa lumo, ndi mphukira zachinyamata - kuti muzuke.

M'nyengo ya chilimwe, zingakhale bwino kusindikiza nsonga za Kalanchoe kotero kuti mphukira imapangidwa kumbali. Ngati izi sizichitika, chomeracho chidzakhala choipa komanso chidzakula.

Kukonzekera bwino ndikofunika kwa kukula bwino.

Tiyeni tsopano tione momwe tingamvekere Kalanchoe kunyumba. Sikovuta konse. Maluwa amafunika kuwaza kamodzi pachaka, kumapeto kwa March. Mu miphika kwa zomera zazikulu, mukhoza kutsanulira nthaka yatsopano, koma mizu sayenera kudutsa malire a maluwa.

Muyenera kubzala mbewu mumphika womwe uli pafupi ndi masentimita 2-3 kuposa oyambirirawo. Chotsani chomera mosamala kuchoka ku "nyumba" yakale, mukukumbukira kuti yayamba ndi masamba. Kupaka Kalanchoe mukufunikira nthaka yotsatidwa: mchenga, tsamba la masamba, malo osungira - mofanana ndi 1: 1. Mukhoza kuwonjezera pang'ono humus.

Kalanchoe yobereketsa

Kalanchoe yobereka kunyumba ikhoza kuchitidwa m'njira zosiyanasiyana, yotchuka kwambiri ndi yothandiza: a cuttings, ana ndi mbewu. Osati njira zonse ndizomwe zilili ndi mtundu uliwonse wa Kalanchoe.

Cuttings

Kalanchoe Blossfelda amakondweretsa diso ndi maluwa okongola. Mtengo uwu umalimbikitsidwa kuti usamafalitsidwe ndi cuttings, komanso kuti uzisinthidwa pambuyo pa maluwa. Kuchokera pamwamba pa mphukira ayenera kukula zomera zatsopano. Pambuyo pake, Kalanchoe iyi ikukula mwamsanga ndipo imatambasula, choncho imataya mawonekedwe ake okongola. Kuonjezerapo, pambuyo pa maluwa pa chomeracho amakhalabe mawanga.

Kuphatikizira bwino gulu lina la zomera ndi nthambi yoonda zimayambira. Mtsogoleri wake wotchuka ndi Kalanchoe Mangina. Kukula chomera chobiriwira chitsamba, nthawi zambiri chimadulidwa. Dulani ziwalo zikhale cuttings.

Kuoneka kwa chomera chachikulu kumadalira mawonekedwe a kudula, kotero kukhala kovuta kwambiri posankha mphukira zazing'ono. Ayenera kukhala pafupifupi 8 masentimita m'litali ndi masamba okongola kwambiri. Kudzala kusowa kwa phesi kuti masamba apansi azikhala pamwamba pa nthaka. Gawo la kuthawa likhoza kufupikitsidwa kukula. Pamene nyembazo zimayambira, zimayenera kupanikizidwa kuti zipeze chitsamba chobiriwira.

Mukudziwa? Kodi mungatani Ngati Kalanchoe yayima? Tangolani pamwamba, ponyani pansi, ndipo mudzakhala ndi duwa latsopano!

Ana

Njira yoperekera imeneyi imagwiritsidwa ntchito pa viviparous mitundu, monga Kalanchoe pinnate ndi Kalanchoe Degremona. Mitengoyi imapangidwa pa masamba - timagulu ting'onoting'ono timene timapanga timadzi timene timakhala tating'onoting'ono timene timakhala ndi masamba ochepa. Atakwanitsa kukula kwake, amatha kuchoka pa pepala la kholo ndikuzika mizu m'nthaka. Amenewa ndi ana omwe mumasowa makope atsopano. Komanso, akhoza kubzalidwa pansi nthawi yomweyo.

Mbewu

Kalanchoe anamva kapena Kalanchoee ndi nthenga za mitundu yosiyanasiyana. Mitengo yotereyi ndi yovuta kupeza potsatsa, kotero imafalitsidwa ndi mbewu. Nthawi yabwino kwambiri iyi ndi February kapena March. Mbewu imafalikira pamwamba pa nthaka, yomwe ili ndi peat ndi mchenga. Kenaka iyenera kuphimbidwa ndi galasi ndikuyikidwa, kutentha kwa mpweya sikuyenera kupitirira 20 ° C. Mbande zimafunika kuti zizikhala zowonongeka nthawi zonse komanso mpweya. Akamakula, amaikanso mu nthaka yapadera.

Matenda ndi tizirombo ta Kalanchoe, njira zolimbana nazo

Kalanchoe, monga zomera zonse zapanyumba, zimakhala zosavuta ndi matenda komanso zirombo. Ngati kalanchoe ifa, ndipo simukudziwa choti muchite, mudzapeza mndandanda wa matenda ndi njira zowonetsera zomera.

  1. Ziphuphu zimayambitsa matenda. Zimakhudza masamba. Mawanga a kuwala amayang'ana pa iwo. Limbani ndi matendawa kudzera padera komanso kuwononga zomera zomwe zakhudzidwa.

  2. Anomal kukula kachilombo. Masamba aang'ono amakhala owala, ndi okalamba - owopsya ndi oyipa. Chomera choyenera chiyenera kuwonongedwa.

  3. Mafuta okongola. Pakati pa maluwa maluwa akhale ochepa komanso obiriwira. Kugonjetsa kachilomboko ndizosatheka, choncho chomeracho chiyenera kukhala chokhalitsa ndi kuwonongeka.

  4. Mankhusu ambiri a claw. Masamba ndi cuttings amakhudza bulauni. Masamba oumitsa, opindika, musakule. Nthata zazing'ono zoyera zimawoneka pa iwo. Pofuna kupewa matenda, muyenera kufufuza nthawi zonse. Pa zizindikiro zoyamba za matenda - onetsetsani sopo la Kalanchoe. Ngati mankhwalawa ali pachikulire, mankhwala "Lightning", "Fitoverm", "Akarin", ndi "Vertimek" amathandiza.

  5. Mame a Mealy. Pa masamba amawonekera pachimake choyera, ngati ufa. Matendawa amakhudza maluwa, ndipo chomera chimatengera mtundu wofiirira. Kalanchoe amafunika kuchiritsidwa ndi fungicides, ndipo ikatha, mankhwala "Strobe", "Tiovit Jet", "Topaz" adzakuthandizira.

  6. Grey kuvunda. Malo okhudzidwa a chomera amakhala osafewa ndi owonetsera. Ngati chinyezi chiri chapamwamba, patina imvi imatha kuwonekera. Pofuna kuwononga zowola, m'pofunika kuchotsa ziwalo zakufazo. M'nyengo yozizira, yesani kuchepetsa chinyezi m'nyumba. Kalanchoe ayenera kukhala mu nthaka youma kuti mame asapangidwe. Musapange mbewu. Vutoli likuwonetsanso mankhwala "Chistotsvet" ndi "Scor."

  7. Zikiti. Mavupusi amtundu amaoneka pamasamba a zomera zomwe zakhudzidwa, kenako masamba amawotcha ndi owuma. Mphukira yaing'ono ndi yopunduka. Tizilombo ting'onoting'ono timakhala m'munsi mwa tsamba pa intaneti. Pofuna kupewa nthata, zomera siziyenera kukhala mu chipinda chokhala ndi kutentha ndi mpweya wouma. Ngati mukulephera kugonjetsedwa, chitani Kalanchoe ndi sopo, ndipo muzovuta kwambiri, Akarin, Lightning, Vertimek, Fitoverm idzakuthandizani.

  8. Tsinde lovunda. Pa mphukira ndi masamba amapanga zidutswa zakuda zakuda. Chomera choyenera chiyenera kukhala chodzipatula ndi kupopedwa ndi zokonzekera "Saprol" kapena "Rovral". Ngati iwo sanawathandize, Kalanchoe wodwala adzayenera kuwonongedwa.

  9. Kuwonongeka kochedwa. Mbali zomwe zimakhudzidwa ndi zomera zimafota ndi kufa. Zowola zimayambira kufalitsa tsinde ndipo zimadutsa masamba. Mitengo yakudwala imayenera kuwonongedwa, ndipo zotsalazo zili ndi malo ouma.

  10. Aphid Masamba amapotoka ndi kutembenukira chikasu. Pogwiritsa ntchito mawonekedwe a nsabwe za m'masamba. Malo ochepa omwe amakhudzidwa amatsukidwa ndi madzi asapu, ndipo pozunzika kwambiri amachizidwa ndi Iskra, Komandor, Detsis, Tanrek, Actellic kapena fumbi la fodya.

  11. Cheesebone. Pamphepete mwa masamba ndi petioles, kutayidwa koyera kumapangidwa, mofanana ndi sera. Pa mphutsi zawo zamoyo. Zodwala zimadula ndi kutsanulira masamba ndi mchere wamchere.

Mosasamala kanthu kochokera ku "Spartan" ndi kulera, Kalanchoe, monga zomera zonse zapanyumba, amafunikira chisamaliro choyenera ndi chosamalitsa. Ngati mutatsatira malingaliro athu, tidzakondwera ndi kukongola kwake ndi phokoso.