Pelargonium: chisamaliro, kuswana, kudulira

Dziko la pelargonium ndi India ndi South Africa.

Chomera chobiriwiracho ndi masamba owopsa a masamba obiriwira sichidziwika kokha chifukwa cha kukongola kwake ndi fungo, komanso mankhwala ake, ndi esotericists amakhulupirira kuti pelargonium m'nyumba imayendetsa nyengo yaumtima m'banja.

Mitundu ya Pelargonium

Pelargonium - chomera cha banja la geranium. Mitundu ya botanist imaphatikizapo mitundu 280, mitundu ndi hybrids ya maluwa amenewa. Mitundu yowonjezeka komanso yovomerezeka ya wamaluwa a geranium amalingalira mwatsatanetsatane.

Zone Pelargonium. Izi ndi maluwa omwe ali ndi ma- awiri, atatu kapena amitundu. Nthaŵi zina pamakhala pamakhala maonekedwe a mazira, zimakhala zakuda kwambiri kusiyana ndi mitundu yayikuru. Mitundu yotchuka kwambiri ya geranium zone: Alice, Angelica, Bolero, Flamenco, Diana-Louise, Connie, Tuscany ndi Fantasia. Maluwa awa ndi amamera (mpaka 10 cm wamtali) ndi wamtali (mpaka mamita kutalika).

Royal Pelargoniums. Amayi awa, mwachindunji, dzina lofunira komanso losadziwika. M'nyengo yozizira, pamene chomeracho chimapumula, m'pofunika kusunga kutentha kwa mpweya osachepera 10 ° C. Royal pelargoniums amasiyanitsidwa ndi maluwa akuluakulu okhala ndi wavy pamphepete. Mitundu Yabwino: Mfumukazi ya Wales, Turkey.

Angelo The inflorescences wa pelargoniums awa amafanana pansies. Chomerachi chimakula mpaka masentimita 30 m'litali ndipo chimamasula nthawi yonse ya chilimwe ndi kutentha kwakukulu. Mitundu yowakonda kwambiri wamaluwa: Black Night, Angelys Bicolor ndi Madame Layal.

Ivy Geranium. Chomeracho chimaoneka ngati masamba a masamba obiriwira, omwe amawoneka ngati maluwa omwe ali ndi maluwa omwe ali ndi maluwa. Mtundu wa pamakhala umayimilidwa ndi cholembera kuchokera ku makina mpaka mtundu wa inki. Mitundu yosiyanasiyana pakati pa alimi a maluwa: Crock-o-day, Ice la rose. Antique ndi Bernardo.

Pinkilaonioni. Pali mitundu pafupifupi 170 ya pinki ya Pelargonium. Kutalika kwa chomeracho kungakhale kuposa mamita, thunthu ndi minofu, ndi mbali yochepa.

Masambawa ndi aakulu, ouma, ngati amagawidwa m'magulu angapo. Maluwa amapanga ambulera ngati inflorescence, nthawi zina mpaka maluwa 12.

Mukudziwa? Kuti apeze mafuta a maluwa amenewa, mu 1847, minda inabzalidwa ku France kuti kulima kwa pinki geraniums. Kenaka ntchitoyo inasamutsira ku chilumba cha Bourbon, popeza mafuta a geranium nthaŵi zambiri amatchedwa mafuta a bourbon.

Zowonjezera pelargonium. Chomera ichi chokhala ndi maluwa otentha, akamakhudza, chimapanga fungo labwino kwambiri. Otsatsa okondweretsa amapanga mafuta a pelargonium: singano, kokonati, strawberries, maluwa, mchere, ndi zina zambiri. Mitundu yodziwika bwino ya pelargonium: Zapamwamba (kununkhira kwa chinanazi), Citronella, koti ya Chokoleti ndi Ginger (kukoma kwa ginger).

Malangizo Othandizira Pelargonium

Mukamagula zomera musachedwe kukazindikira malo ake pafupi ndi mphika womwe ulipo. Choyamba, yang'anani mosamala pelargonium: kaya pali tizilombo toyambitsa matenda (mungathe kulandira maluwa ena) kapena matenda. Ngati chomeracho chili bwino, dziwani malo ake, ndi momwe mungasamalire pelargonium, ganizirani mwatsatanetsatane.

Kutentha kwakukulu ndi kuunikira

Zomwe zimapangitsa kuti nyengo ya kutentha ikhale yotonthoza kwambiri pamaluwa: nthawi ya kukula - + 20 ... +25 ° C, m'nyengo yozizira - + 12 ... +15 ° C. Chomeracho chimakonda kutentha komanso kuwala kwambiri, ndibwino kutulutsa mpweya wabwino ndi chinyezi pamalo pomwe Pelargonium amasungidwa.

Ndikofunikira! M'nyengo yozizira, chomeracho chili mu mpumulo, sikoyenera kudyetsa.

Ngakhale kuti Pelargonium amakonda kuwala, m'chilimwe ayenera kutsukidwa mumthunzi wa dzuwakupewa kupewa. M'nyengo yozizira - kupereka chithunzi chodziwika. Kuchokera ku kusowa kwa kuwala kwakukulu, zomera zimatha, zimauma, ndipo mmalo mwa maluwa, zimapereka mphamvu pa kukula.

Kuthirira ndi kudyetsa

Pa nthawi zosiyana, machitidwe osiyana a ulimi wothirira a pelargonium amafunika. M'nyengo ya chilimwe, nthawi ya kukula ndi maluwa, madzi okwanira kawirikawiri amafunika: tsiku ndi tsiku kapena tsiku lina lililonse. Komabe, kuyang'ana mkhalidwe wa nthaka - chinyezi chokwanira chidzawononga mizu.

M'nyengo yozizira, pelargonium sichigwira ntchito, kotero muyenera kuthirira kawiri kapena katatu pa mwezi. Kupopera mbewu mankhwalawa maluwa ndi masamba ndi osafunika.

Kuyambira kasupe mpaka autumn, chomera chimadyetsedwa kawiri pamwezi. M'nthaka ya pelargonium ndi bwino kupanga madzi akuwongolera, musanayambe kudyetsa nthaka ayenera kuthira.

Manyowa omwe ali ndi nayitrogeni ambiri amakhala oyenera kukula kwa zomera; maluwa amachititsa kuti feteleza ikhale ndi phosphorous ndi potaziyamu.

Chiwerengero cha zomwe zili zofunikazi zikhoza kupezeka pa phukusi la mankhwala.

Kufalitsa kwa Geranium

Pelargonium ikhoza kufalitsidwa ndi njira ziwiri: mbewu ndi kumtumikizanitsa. Taganizirani, mbewu zimangoyamba zomera zokhazokha, mitundu yonse ya geranium imafalitsidwa ndi kudula.

Zosangalatsa M'nthano za Kum'maŵa kwa Kum'maŵa, akuti geranium anali udzu wa chiwonetsero choonekera, pamene mneneri Mahomet, akuyenda m'mapiri, akuwomba thukuta, anapachika mvula yake pachitsamba choyipa kuti chiume. Chitsamba chinayang'ana dzuŵa, ndipo nthawi yomweyo chinakhazika kape. Poyamikira, mneneriyu anapereka geranium maluwa okongola ndi fungo lokoma.

Kufalitsa mbewu

Pofuna kuswana mbeu, tengerani bokosi la mbande. Ndi bwino kugwiritsira ntchito nthaka yomwe ilipo m'masitolo: ili ndi zakudya zonse zofunika.

Mbewu imafesedwa pa hafu ya sentimita imodzi, patali kuchokera kwa mzake. Kenaka anathirira madzi ndikuyika malo otentha (+20 - +25 ˚C).

Pamene mukudikira mbande, konzani nthaka nthawi zonse. Mbeu zoyamba za mbewu za pelargonium zidzatuluka mu sabata kapena ziwiri, malingana ndi mitundu. Masamba akawonekera pazomerazo, sanizani mphukira kukhala miphika yosiyana. Mu miyezi ingapo mbewuyo idzaphuka.

Cuttings

Tiyeni tione momwe tingayambire geranium kunyumba podula. Pazinthu izi, sankhani "wothandizira" wathanzi. Njira yabwino - chomera chomwe chinalibe nthawi yakuphulika ndipo alibe nthambi yaikulu.

Mu March, cuttings omwe ali ndi magulu angapo ofunika akudulidwa. Amadulidwa kumbali yoyenera ndipo amauma kwa maola 10. Zomera zimabzalidwa mumthaka wothira pansi, womwe uli ndi botolo la pulasitiki.

Kuti mupewe cuttings zowola, muyenera kusunga pafupifupi +23 C. Pambuyo pa masabata atatu, zomera zozikika mizu zimabzalidwa miphika yosiyana 14-17 masentimita. Mu chaka chomwecho mukhoza kuyamikira maluwa a pelargonium.

Kukonza ndi kukulitsa duwa

Kuti ukhale wokongola komanso wobiriwira, kuti ukhalenso ndi chitsamba chokongola, tenga pelargonium. Ndondomekoyi imachitika asanawombere mphukira.

Wowonongeka kwambiri, wodwala matenda opatsirana pogwiritsidwa ntchito ndi mpeni kudula kagawo ka oblique pa node. Kupititsa patsogolo nthambiyi kuyenera kuyang'aniridwa nthawi yonse ya pelargonium. Kuwombera sikuyenera kusokonezana wina ndi mnzake, kukula mkati. Mwa kudulira nthambi zoterozo, mumayang'ana kutsogolo kwa nthambi kumbali.

Ngati mukufuna kuswana pelargonium kunyumba, muyenera kudziwa nthawi yobzala pelargonium, ndi malamulo omwe mungatsatire. Zaka ziwiri zilizonse, zomera zing'onozing'ono zimafuna kubzala: kukula, mizu imadzaza mphika wonse, chomeracho mozungulira, ndipo sichiphuka bwino. Chitani njirayi kumayambiriro kwa masika.

Konzani zonse zomwe mukusowa: mphika watsopano, nthaka, kuthirira komanso kukhetsa madzi. Kwa ngalande, mungagwiritse ntchito miyala yaing'ono yamtsinje. Kuti mbeuyo ikhale yosavuta komanso yopanda phindu kuchoka mu mphika, tsanulirani ndikugwiritsira pansi pa chidebecho. Onetsetsani kuti muwone ngati mbewuyo ili ndi thanzi labwino.

Geranium imayikidwa mu mphika kwa ngalande, timadzaza nthaka yothira pasadakhale mu malo omasuka pakati pa makoma a thanki ndi duwa. Dothi lophwima, ndiye tsanulirani ndikuyika malo amdima kwa sabata. Patapita sabata, tumizani pelargonium kumalo osatha. Mukhoza kuyamba kudyetsa pasanathe miyezi iwiri.

Malamulo angapo odzala geraniums ali otseguka

Polembetsa kuti dera lageranium lilembedwe, ayenera kuganizira zochepa chabe.

Choyamba, ndi malo otentha kwambiri, mthunzi waung'ono suvulaza, makamaka nyengo zotentha.

Chenjerani! Posankha malo a pelargonium, ganizirani kuchuluka kwa madzi apansi pa malo otsetsereka. Madzi a geranium ndi chinyezi kwambiri adzayamba kuvunda.

Mukamabzala pamalo otseguka muyenera kulingalira zomwe zimapangidwa. Nthaka yachonde yomwe ili ndi kuwala kwake komanso makhalidwe abwino ndi malo abwino kwambiri a kukula ndi maluwa a geranium.

Mu kugwa, pamene kumasula nthaka, onjezerani mchere feteleza kapena organic matter. Musalole kuti dothi liume, lizani madzi okwanira nthawi zonse, koma mosamala. Musatengeke kuti mutuluke m'nyengo yozizira, ndi bwino kukumba pelargonium ndikupita ku wintering kunyumba.

Ntchito zamankhwala

Geranium, chifukwa chakulemera kwake, ikuwathandiza kwambiri mankhwala ndi cosmetology. Lili ndi mavitamini ambiri, pectin ndi acids organic, chakudya, tannins, phytoncides, calcium, tannins ndi mafuta ofunikira. Zothandiza zopezeka mu nthambi, masamba, mizu ndi maluwa a geranium.

Dothi la geranium limene limapezeka m'mapesi ndi mafuta limatha kuoneka ngati mapiritsi. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri ndi mankhwala osokoneza bongo. Mankhwala ochiritsira ali ndi zochita zambiri: amathandizira ndi kusabereka, kuchepetsa kupanikizika, kuonetsetsa kuti magazi akuyendayenda komanso kuyamwa, kusiya magazi, kuchepetsa kutupa.

Kumbukirani! Pogwiritsira ntchito mafuta ofunikira pali kutsutsana - nthawi ya mimba ndi lactation.
Zotsatira za geranium zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pokonza seramu motsutsana ndi njoka ya njoka. Zothandiza zimathandiza kulimbana ndi kugona ndi zowawa zamtundu uliwonse.

Geranium amachiza mabala, amayaka, bedsores. Ngati matenda a catarrhal: otitis, rhinitis, pharyngitis, akupanga masamba amagwiritsidwa ntchito. Pamene matenda a khungu amachititsa lotions kuchoka ku decoction ya masamba a geranium.

Chomera chimathandiza kuthana ndi kuvutika maganizo ndi nkhawa. Kuwonjezera pa mankhwala, pelargonium imagwiritsidwa ntchito mu cosmetology. Kubwezeretsa khungu ndi kulimbikitsa tsitsi - Zozizira ndi mavitamini, mafuta ofunikira. Akazi adzalandira zotsatira zopindulitsa za mbeu pamtundu wa cellulite.

Mawu ochepa okhudza geraniums mu moyo wa tsiku ndi tsiku. Ngati muli ndi ziweto, masamba ofewa a pelargonium amathandiza kuchotsa nkhupakupa. Fungo la geranium lidzatulutsa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ndi ntchentche m'nyumba, kuyeretsa mpweya woipa.