Matenda ndi tizirombo ta spathyphilum, momwe tingapezere "chisangalalo chachikazi"

Amayi amasiye amakonda kwambiri Spathiphyllums, popeza maluwawo sali osowa, amatha kumera pamalo amdima ndipo panthawi imodzimodziyo amasangalala ndi maluwa okongola komanso okongola. Koma zonsezi zidzapitirira mpaka chipika cha tizilombo toyambitsa matenda kapena chizindikiro china cha matendawa chikuwonekera pa masamba a spathiphyllum, omwe ayenera kuchiritsidwa mwamsanga.

Kokani kuchokera pansi pa tsinde, ndi momwe mungamenyere izo

Chinthu chodziwika bwino cha matendawa ndi chakuti pamene chomera chikuwonongeka, choyamba chizindikiro cha kuvunda chimangowoneka pansi. Pa chifukwa ichi, anthu ochepa amawazindikira. Koma m'kupita kwa nthawi, zowola zimayamba kufalikira kumtunda, kukantha masamba okhaokha, chifukwa amayamba kutembenukira chikasu ndikuwuma. Mbali ina ya matendawa - kugonjetsedwa kumatha kukhala ndi mbali imodzi yokha, pomwe yachiwiri idzapitiriza kukhala yobiriwira. Ngati simumvetsera nthawiyi, chomeracho chikhoza kuuma, chifukwa chovunda kuchokera kumunsi kwa mapesi chidzafika pang'onopang'ono ku mizu.

Mwatsoka, kuchotsa zowola sizingatheke, mungathe kulepheretsa kuchitika kwake. Izi zimafuna kusankha zomera zathanzi zokha, ndipo panthawi yobereka musayese kuwawononga, popeza kuvunda kungapangidwe pa malo owonongeka. Ndikofunika kwambiri kusunga "ukhondo" panthawi ya mdulidwe ndi chithandizo cha spathiphyllum: Zida zonse ndi miphika ziyenera kuti zisatetezedwe. Chifukwa cha zinthu zosavuta zomwe simukuyenera kuganizira chifukwa chake spathiphyllum ikuvunda.

Mukudziwa? Spathiphyllum ali ndi dzina lina - "chisangalalo chachikazi." Zimakhulupirira kuti ngati mtsikana akulima duwa pakhomo, posachedwa adzamupeza atakwatirana ndipo adzakwatirana chifukwa cha chikondi.

Zowola zowonongeka: choyenera kuchita pa nkhaniyi

Koma ngati masamba a Spathiphyllum amayamba kutaya kuwala, ndipo potsirizira pake amawoneka achikasu ndipo amafota, ndiye kuti maluwawo amakhala ndi matenda monga mizu yovunda. Pakapita nthawi, mizu ya maluwa imakhala yofewa, gawo lawo lakumwamba limayamba kuchoka.

Kufalikira kwa mizu yovunda kumabweretsa kubzala duwa m'nthaka ndi kuchepa kwa madzi, komanso kuthirira kwambiri, komwe nthaka ilibe nthawi yakuuma.

Tsoka ilo, koma matendawa a spathiphyllum ndi mankhwala awo sangatheke, maluwa nthawi zonse amayenera kutayidwa kutali. Koma pofuna kupewa zowola Ndikofunika kugwiritsa ntchito zotsatirazi:

  • Pakuika chomera, onetsetsani kuti muwone mizu yake mothandizidwa ndi kupanga "Glyocladin".
  • Pofuna kulima spathiphyllum, gulani nthaka yapadera, popeza gawo lopangidwa ndi coarse-grained liyenera.
  • Imwani maluwa ambiri, koma mochepa ngati n'kotheka. Musanamwe madzi, fufuzani chinyezi dothi nthawi zonse - ngati akadakali mvula, khalani pambali kwa kuthirira kwa masiku angapo.
  • Pofuna kupuma, gwiritsani ntchito mankhwala monga Fitosporin-M ndi Alirin-B, yomwe ingathe kuchepetsedwa m'madzi molingana ndi malangizo ndikuwonjezera duwa.

Kupweteka kochedwa ndi mankhwala ake

Pakati pa matenda a Spathiphyllum, kuchepa kwachedwa kumakhalansopo, komwe kumawonetseredwa mofanana ndi kuvunda kuchokera kumunsi kwa zimayambira. Mitundu yowonongeka yochedwa yomwe imakhala pamutu wa duwa ndipo, patapita nthawi, imatha kufalitsa kwathunthu kwa mbeu yonse, pang'onopang'ono kuipha. Wothandizira mankhwalawa ndi bowa omwe amatha kuchuluka mofulumira kumalo ozizira ndi spores. Pa chifukwa ichi chomera cholandira ndi mphamvu iliyonse ya chiwonongeko chiyenera kuwonongedwa (Ndi bwino kuwotchera kuti asiye kukula kwa bowa).

Ngati pakati pa zipinda zanu zowoneka mochedwa, pangakhale zovuta zina zonse, ziyenera kuchitidwa ndi mankhwala osokoneza bongo. Pachifukwa ichi, mungagwiritse ntchito "Ridomil Gold" kapena "Alet". Miphika ndi spathiphyllum mu nkhani iyi iyenera kugwira ntchito pamtunda, kuyesera kuwasunga iwo pang'ono ngati n'kotheka.

Monga njira yothetsera matenda a Spathiphyllum, mungagwiritsenso ntchito mankhwalawa "Fitosporin-M", "Alirin-B", "Gamain-B" ndi "Planriz". Chinthu chachikulu sichiyenera kugwiritsira ntchito mankhwalawa.

Kodi mungachotse bwanji kangaude?

Ngati simungathe kumvetsetsa chifukwa chake pali mawanga pa masamba a spathiphyllum, ndiye kuti mwinamwake, kangaude yayambirapo. Poyamba, tizilombo toyambitsa matendawa tidzasiya masamba ang'onoang'ono achikasu pamasamba a spathiphyllum, omwe potsirizira pake adzatuluka ndi kuwuma. N'zachidziwikire kuti ntchito ya nthata za kangaude idzachititsa kuti zomera zisakondweretse, choncho muyenera kuthana nazo mwamsanga.

Nkhumba zimakhala ndi zazikulu kwambiri - pafupifupi 0,2-0.5 mm, ndipo mumangoziwona pamunsi mwa masamba, pomwe zimayendera ma webs. Zikuwonekera pamtambo wochokera kutentha kwambiri mu chipinda, chomwe chimapangitsanso mpweya kutuluka.

Ngati pangakhale maluwa ochepa a chikasu, amafunika kuthandizidwa ndi yankho la sopo kapena mafuta. Pazigawo zochepa za matenda, nkofunika kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala osokoneza bongo - Fitoverma, Akarina kapena Vertimek.

Ndikofunikira! Spathiphyllum iyenera kukhala yochuluka m'malo othunzi omwe saloĊµetsedwa ndi kuwala kwachindunji.

Njira zothetsera nsabwe za m'masamba

Mofanana ndi kangaude ya kangaude, aphid imakhala makamaka m'munsi mwa spathiphyllum. Izi zimabweretsa zowawa, chifukwa zimadyetsa zokhazokha za zomera, zomwe zimayambitsa kutaya kwa masamba ake ndi kuyanika kwathunthu. Pali mitundu yambiri ya nsabwe za m'masamba zomwe zimatha kukhazikika pa duwa, ndipo zonsezi zimatha kuchulukana mofulumira ndikupita ku zomera zina, chifukwa chake muyenera kuyambitsa kulimbana ndi tizilombo mwamsanga.

Aphid imakhudzidwa kwambiri ndi yankho la nicotine sulfate, 1 g yomwe iyenera kuwonjezeredwa ku madzi okwanira 1 litre. Pachifukwa chomwechi, mungagwiritse ntchito sopo yankho, koma ikagwiritsidwa ntchito, nthaka mu mphika iyenera kukhala yokutidwa ndi polyethylene kotero kuti sopo sagwera mizu ya zomera. Chiwerengero cha mankhwala akhoza kufika ngakhale zisanu ndi zisanu ndi zisanu ndi zisanu ndi ziwiri, chifukwa kupopera nthawi imodzi kumangotsala pang'ono kupereka zotsatira za zana.

Mukudziwa? Zimayambira pa spathiphyllum ndi masamba ake, omwe amakula kuchokera muzu wokha.

Momwe mungawononge chitetezo pa masamba

Shchitovka spatiphyllum ikuwonekera mobwerezabwereza, koma imadziwonetsera yokha kwambiri ndipo ikuchulukira mofulumira kwambiri. Malingana ngati chishango chidali wamng'ono, zimakhala zovuta kuziwona pa chomera. Malo amdima okha omwe amayamba kuwoneka pamasamba a spathiphyllum ndipo pamitengo yake adzatha kusonyeza kukhalapo kwake.

Mankhwala a anthu, omwe ndi njira yothetsera sopo ndi fodya, amathandiza kuchotsa shitovki. Kupititsa patsogolo zotsatira pa nkhondo ndi chishango mungathe kuwonjezera njira iyi yopopera mbewu ndi mafuta ochepa. Ngati anthu a tizilombo ting'onoting'ono tafika pa msinkhu wokalamba, ndipo akhoza kuyang'anitsitsa mosamala, ndiye mutha kuwachotsa ku chomeracho ndi tampon yonyowa, pambuyo pake mudzafunikanso kuwaza madzi soapy.

Ndikofunikira! Spathiphyllum transplantation iyenera kuchitika masika onse. Ngati chomera chikukula kwambiri - onetsetsani kuti muwonjezere kukula kwa mphika. Pansi pa mphikawo amafunikanso kuika madzi okwanira, omwe angapereke chitetezo chomera ku zowola.

Mealybug: Bwanji kuti musalole kuti chomera chikule

Pakati pa matenda onse ndi tizirombo ta spathiphyllum, chodziwika kwambiri ndi mealybug. Zimakhudza chomeracho kawirikawiri, koma kawirikawiri zimakhala chifukwa cha maluwa ambiri. Ngati spathiphyllum ikudumpha, pakati pa masamba ake akhoza kupeza mphutsi, zomwe patapita nthawi zingathe kuwononga maluwa.

Ndi kuchuluka kwa mphutsi, amangochotsedwa ndi nsalu yothira mowa. Komanso, mungagwiritse ntchito tincture wa zikopa ku zipatso za zipatso. Njira yothandizira kwambiri tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, tizilombo toyambitsa matenda. Chomeracho chifunikanso kuti chichiritsidwe ndi actellic.

Kupewa: momwe mungatetezere chomera ku matenda ndi tizirombo

Tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ndi matenda a spathiphyllum amangooneka ngati mbande zosagwiritsidwa ntchito, komanso kusamalidwa bwino kwa mbeu. Pofuna kupewa zochitika zawo, mukasamalira spathiphyllum, muyenera kutsatira malamulo awa:

  • Patsiku lililonse la chomera ndi kubzala, gwiritsani ntchito nthaka yatsopano, makamaka kugula, kuti isatenge kachilomboka. Miphika ndi zipangizo ziyeneranso kuti zisatetezedwe.
  • Kupopera mbewu kumathandiza kwambiri kwa spathiphyllum, koma pa izi muyenera kugwiritsa ntchito sprayer ndi mabowo ang'onoang'ono. Izi zikutanthauza kuti pakapopera maluwa ayenera kupanga mtambo wambiri, osati madzi pamasamba ake. Onetsetsani kuti ngati madzi atenga pakati pa zimayambira ndi masamba, zingayambitse chitukuko.
  • Mukawona zowola mizu pa nthawi yopatsa, ayenera kuchotsedwa, ndi sinamoni ufa ayenera kuchotsedwa.
  • Kuti mankhwalawa asagwiritsire ntchito mankhwalawa "Fitoverma", ndi yankho limene mungathe kutsanulira spathiphyllum ndikulipopera.

Pafupi pafupi ndi mphika momwe spathiphyllum imakula, khala ndi chidebe cha madzi. Chifukwa cha ichi, chinyezi cha mlengalenga chidzasungidwa ngakhale m'nyengo yozizira, ndi heaters ikugwira ntchito. Komanso musaike chophika chomera m'malo omwe muli zolemba. Zidzakhala bwino kuyika chithovu pansi pa mphika kuti mizu ya spathiphyllum isapitirire kuchoka ku ozizira zenera.

Koma Lamulo lofunika kwambiri pa kupewa matenda a spathiphyllum ndi kufufuza kwa zomera nthawi zonse ku matenda ndi maonekedwe a tizirombo. Ngati muwona zizindikiro zochepa za matendawa - yambani kuyamba mankhwala ndipo musalole kuti zifalikire kwa maluwa ena amkati.