Kodi rutabaga ndi chiyani?

Rutabaga - Chomera ndi chosakanizidwa cha kabichi ndi mpiru, dziko lakwawo limatengedwa ku Sweden.

Mbewu imeneyi imakhala ndi mchere wonyezimira wonyezimira, ndipo ndi wachibale wa radish, radish ndi mitundu yonse ya kabichi.

Malamulo okwera swede

Chomwe swede, chowonekera bwino, tipeze mfundo zazikulu zobzala izi. Musanabzala, ming'oma ikukuta madzi, mzuwo umalowetsedwa mu dothi losakaniza. Ikani kuti khosi likhale pamwamba. Atatsirira zitsime kachiwiri ndikuphwanya nthaka.

Nthawi zabwino zokhalapo

Kubzala mbande kamatha miyezi isanu ndi theka mutabzala mbewu, pamene mbande zakhala ndi masamba angapo. Malinga ndi kutsogoleredwa ndi nyengo m'dera lanu, nthawi yoyenera - pakati pa May. Rutabagum ingabzalidwe kumapeto kwa autumn. Ndi kubzala kotere kumayambiriro kasupe ngakhale mphukira zimakula. Amawonekera masabata angapo m'mbuyomo kuposa mwezi wa May.

Kusankha malo obzala

Mukamabzala swede, sankhani nokha, koma pali malamulo ofunika kusankha malo. Madzi a pansi pa nthaka ayenera kukhala akuya, ndipo nthaka iyenera kukhala yachonde, loamy kapena mchenga, mwinamwake peaty. Malo oti ikamatere ndi okonzedweratu - mu kugwa.

Nthaka imamera ndi kompositi kapena humus ndi kuwonjezera kwa superphosphate ndi potaziyamu mchere, pafupifupi mamita 30 pa mita iliyonse. Mukhoza kuwaza nthaka ndi ufa wa dolomite pamaso pa feteleza.

Kukonzekera kubzala mbewu za swede

Musanayambe kumera, mbeu imayenera kusamalidwa ndi matendawa. Dulani 25 g wa adyo, kuwonjezera 100 g madzi. Gwirani nyembazo mumsakanizo uwu, ndiye tsambani ndi madzi oyera ndi owuma. Kuti amere mbewu, amangiriridwa mu nsalu yonyowa pokonza mpaka kumera.

Ndondomeko ndi kuya kwake

Kodi kubzala swede pa lotseguka pansi: Zitsime zinakumbidwa pamtunda wa masentimita 20 mzere, pakati pa mizere - theka la mita. Mchenga umatsanulidwira mu dzenje, ndiye mbande zimayikidwa mosamala ndi mchenga ndi kompositi.

Pa nthawi ya kubzala, kuya kwa nthaka kumakhala 3 masentimita pamtunda womwewo monga njira yobzala. Mu dzenje iyika 2-3 mbewu. Kuwaza ndi mchenga ndi wosanjikiza wa kompositi.

Kulima ndi kusamalira za turnips

Kukula kwa swede kumapindulitsa kwambiri pansi pa nyengo yofunda. Mphukira yoyamba imatha kutentha kwa + 3 ° C, ndipo kukula ndi kupanga mapangidwe a mizu yabwino kutentha ndi + 16-18 ° C.

Chenjerani! Rutabagum amadutsa kutentha kwambiri. Pamene kutentha kwa mpweya kuli pamwamba + 21 ° C, zipatso zimataya juiciness ndi kukoma.

Kutsegula ndi kusalima nthaka

Chisamaliro cha turnips chimaphatikizapo kupalira, kumasula ndi kukwera. Kuperetsa kumachitika pakati pa mizere ndi mizere yokha, kuchotsa namsongole akuyamwitsa zakudya m'nthaka.

Nthawi yoyamba yomwe amasula nthaka mwamsanga mutatha kuziika, ndi yabwino kwambiri kumasula mvula kapena kuthirira. Panthawiyi amapanga pafupifupi 5 masentimita asanu kuchokera pansi pa nthaka. Spud turnips pa nthawi ya osetta ya rosettes yomwe imaphimba masamba.

Kuthirira ndi fetereza

M'nyengo yozizira, kuthirira kumachitika kawirikawiri, koma n'zosatheka kubwezeretsanso nthaka: zitsulo zidzakula madzi ndi zatsopano. Ndikoyenera kugwiritsa ntchito madzi ofunda ndi olekanitsa ulimi wothirira.

Kwa kasupe ndi chilimwe, mukhoza kuthera 2-3 kudyetsa, kusinthasintha zinthu zakuthupi ndi mchere wamchere. Kumayambiriro kwa chilimwe, mukhoza kudyetsa yankho la phulusa ndi kuwonjezera kwa superphosphate. Kudyetsa uku kumachitika pambuyo kuthirira ndi kumasula.

Mukudziwa? Zotsatira zotsatirazi ndi zothandiza pa chitukuko chabwino cha zipatso ndi kusintha kwa kukoma: potaziyamu, phosphorous, mkuwa, manganese, boron. Phosphorus imapatsa chisangalalo kwa kukoma, ndipo boron imapatsa juiciness ndi mthunzi woonda thupi.

Kulamulira tizilombo

Swede imakhala yowonongeka kwambiri kuposa matenda. Nthawi zambiri zimayambitsidwa ndi ntchentche, ntchhaka ndi ntchentche. Wotsirizira akhoza kumenyedwa ndi phulusa, kufalikira pakati pa mizere.

Mchere wouma wa naphthalene ndi mchenga wa mtsinje, umodzi mpaka khumi, umakonzedwa motsutsana ndi ntchentche ya kabichi. Kusakaniza kukufalikira pamabedi. Ndondomekoyi imabwerezedwa masiku khumi kenako. Kabichi nsabwe za m'masamba zimaphatikizidwa ndi njira yothetsera sopo ndi madzi, nthawizina phulusa limaphatikizidwa.

Ndikofunikira! Pofuna kuteteza chomera kuchokera kumtambo wotchedwa cruciferous, mutabzala mbande ndi phulusa ndi phulusa.
Kuchepetsa matenda a swede, kukumba kwakukulu kwa dothi, kupopera mankhwala ndi kutulutsa fumbi ndi zowonongeka zouma nthawi zonse zimachitika, ndipo mbewu ziyenera kutetezedwa kuti zisamalidwe.

Kusonkhanitsa ndi kusungira rutabaga mizu masamba

Ngati munabzala swede kuti mugwiritse ntchito chirimwe, mbewu imakololedwa pamene mizu yokolola imera. Ganizirani kuti zipatso zazikulu sizowonongeka komanso zokoma, musathamangitse kukula. Kusungirako nyengo yozizira, kuyeretsa kumayamba kumayambiriro kwa September, muyenera kumaliza kusanayambe kwa chisanu choyamba chisanu.

Mbewu yozulidwa imakololedwa nyengo yowuma ndi yotentha, kotero ikusungidwa bwinoko. Swede amachotsedwa pansi ndi dzanja ndi kuimitsidwa kuti aziume m'malo opuma mpweya. Idyani zipatso zowonongeka kapena zosweka: sizili zoyenera kusungirako nthawi yaitali.

Ndi mizu yabwino imadula nsonga, ndikusiya masentimita awiri, kuikidwa mabokosi, kutsanulira mchenga. Kusungidwa kwa swede m'nyengo yozizira kumachitika kutentha kuchokera ku zero mpaka madigiri anayi a Celsius.

Zothandiza katundu wa swede

Swede ili ndi mankhwala olemera kwambiri. Izi zimaphatikizapo: mapuloteni, mafuta, zakudya zamchere, zitsulo. Mavitamini amapezeka mu malembawa: ascorbic acid, vitamini A, vitamini B, carotene, rutin ndi mafuta ofunikira. Zambiri mwazochitika: potaziyamu, calcium, mkuwa, phosphorous, chitsulo, sodium ndi sulufule.

Pambuyo pa mafunso onsewa omwe ali pamwambapa: kodi ndi chithandizo chotani, chomwe chingaganizidwe kukhala chatsekedwa.

Kulowetsedwa kwa mbewu za swede zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito mu stomatitis. Zomera za maluwa zimagwiritsidwa ntchito monga diuretic ndi anti-inflammatory agent. Kutaya kwa mbewu kumachiza mabala ndi kuyaka.

Dziko la Swede limakhala ndi zotsatira zowonongeka, limagwiritsidwa ntchito popopera chifuwa, matenda a mapapo ndi bronchi.

M'nyengo yozizira, ali ndi vitamini wambiri, swede - gwero la mavitamini ndi mchere. Kuyambira nthawi yaitali, swede anapatsa okalamba kukhalabe olimba. Chifukwa cha kuchuluka kwa vitamini C, swede amamenyana kwambiri ndi chimfine ndipo amathandiza chitetezo.

Ndani ayenera kupewa kugwiritsa ntchito swede

Swede alibe zotsutsana zambiri. Sitikulimbikitsidwa kuti mudye ndi gastritis, zilonda zam'mimba, monga muzu uli ndi mkulu wa ascorbic acid.

Muzovuta zina za m'mimba, masamba obiriwira a rutabaga angakwiyitse mazira. Pa chifukwa chomwechi, sikuli bwino kupereka swede kwa ana ang'onoang'ono.

Chochititsa chidwi! Ku Switzerland, mumzinda wa Richterswil, chaka chilichonse mu November, chikondwerero chimaperekedwa kwa amwano. Pulogalamuyi inakondwerera zaka zana zapitazo mu 2004.
Odwala matenda okhudzidwa ndi matendawa ayenera kudziwa momwe swede amachitira: kusagwirizana pakati pa zinthu zilizonse zomwe zimapezeka muzu ndizotheka.