Malangizo a kukula chipinda primrose

Malo osungirako zopindulitsa akhala atapambana kale ndi omvera okonda zomera za mkati. Zimasiyana ndi kudzichepetsa pochoka, kukongola ndi mithunzi ya maluwa. Payekha, kutalika kwa primrose kumatha kufika masentimita 25.

Mzuwu ndi masamba a fibrose, a rosette, pafupifupi masentimita 7 m'lifupi mwake. Primrose limamasula kawiri pachaka - mumasika ndi m'nyengo yozizira.

Zonsezi ndi zosatha komanso zapachaka. Zaka zapakale zapadera zimakhala zoyenera kuti zikule pansi pa zinthu zozungulira.

Kunyumba ndi bwino kukula obkoniku kapena Chinese primrose.

Mukudziwa? Kupembedza kumaphatikizidwa mu banja la primroses, zomwe zimaphatikizapo zomera zoposa 1000. Mu chilengedwe, primrose imakula m'madera otentha, makamaka ku Ulaya, China, North America ndi Asia.

Waukulu mitundu ya m'nyumba primroses

Malo primrose amasiyana ndi malo osamalira munda. Kulima ndikumana ndi kuzizira kusiyana ndi mkati.

Pofuna kuyankha funsoli: "Kodi n'zotheka kudzala chipinda chamanja pamsewu?" - muyenera kumvetsa mitundu ndi mitundu ya primroses. Pambuyo pake, pali mitundu yambiri yambiri yomwe imatha kukhala wamkulu m'munda komanso pawindo.

Chipinda chofewa choyamba - Ichi ndi chimodzi mwa mitundu yofala kwambiri ya zomera. The inflorescences amakhala ndi 10-20 maluwa, masamba ndi wobiriwira wobiriwira mtundu, limakula mpaka kutalika kwa masentimita 30. Zosiyanasiyana za zofewa primrose:

  • Mars - zofiira;
  • Peyala yoyera - maluwa oyera okhala ndi ngale;
  • Juliet wothira - mitundu iwiri yofiira ku nsalu zofiira kupita ku mitundu ya pastel. Wolemekezeka ndi maluwa awiri;
  • Enchantment - kuwala kofiira inflorescences;
  • Chipale chofewa - maluwa oyera.

Back conic primrose ndi wa banja la Chitchaina. Zimasiyanitsa kukula kwakukulu kwa maluwa. Chomera chosathachi chimafika kutalika kwa masentimita 20. Mukhoza kusamba nthawi zonse mosamala.

Chomera chambiri cham'mbuyo cham'mimba choyambirira - Ndimakhudzireni mobwerezabwereza. Maluwa ake ali ndi zofiirira, violet, lavender.

Ndikofunikira!Zikudziwika kuti mitundu yambiri ya zenizeni zowonongeka zimayambitsa chifuwa.

Stemless Primrose ndi maonekedwe a hybrid. Choponderetsa ichi chingakulire m'munda ndi kunyumba pawindo. Mitunduyi ikuphulika kuyambira April mpaka July ndipo ili ndi mitundu yambiri. Mmodzi wa otchuka kwambiri ndi awa:

  • Sphinx Apricot - maluwa ndi kuwala kowala lalanje, lomwe limasanduka kubiriwira;
  • Sphinx F1 ndion Rose - maluwa okongola a maluwa;
  • Vidiyo ya Eclipse ndi Rim - maluwa a lilac okhala ndi malire a golidi.

Kuwonjezera pa mitundu yomwe ili pamwambapa, imapezeka nthawi zambiri Chinese primrose (woyera, pinki, maluŵa ofiira ndi mapiri a wavy) ndi Kyuish primrose (ndi maluwa ochepa achikasu).

Makhalidwe ochitira chipinda choyamba

Kwa primrose siidwala ndipo imakhala pachimake, muyenera kudziwa momwe mungasamalirire kunyumba kwanu. Zomwe zimasamalidwa ndi primrose ndi izi: Kuyenera kusankha malo a mbewu, kuthirira bwino, kuyatsa ndi kutentha, feteleza ndi kuthirira. Ngati chirichonse chikuchitidwa molondola, primrose idzakuthokozani ndi maluwa okongola ndikukongoletsa kwanu.

Kuunikira ndi kutentha

Kunyada kumakonda kutentha ndi kuwala kwa dzuwa. Koma kuwala sikuyenera kulunjika, chifukwa kuli koopsa kwa masamba achikondi a primrose.

Ndi bwino kuika chomera pa maalumali kapena mawindo pawindo kumadzulo kapena kummawa. Kenaka dzuŵa liwunikira primrose, koma zochepa zochepa.

Mavuto otentha pakuti primrose iyenera kuthandizidwa motere:

  • Spring-autumn - kuchokera ku +18 kufika + 20 ° С;
  • Zima - kuyambira +16 mpaka + 18 ° С;
  • Pakati pa maluwa - kuyambira +16 mpaka + 20 ° С.

Ngati muwona nyengo yoyenera ya kutentha ndi kuyatsa kowala, primrose idzaphulika motalika komanso mochuluka.

Ndipo ngati mukuyenera kuganizira chifukwa chake masamba amtengo wapatali amatembenukira chikasu, muyenera kumvetsera mwatcheru kuunikira kapena mphepo yotentha kumalo kumene zomerazo zili.

Chipinda chamkati cha Flower

Mbali yapansi ya primrose ingagulidwe kale yokonzekera banja Primrose, ndipo mukhoza kuphika nokha. Pofuna kukonzekera dzikoli kuti likhale primrose, m'pofunika kumamatira kukula kwake: tsamba lapansi, mchenga, peat - 1: 1: 1.

Onetsetsani kuti musamalire ngalande, kuti mizu ya mbewuyo isavunda.

Kuthirira ndi kuthirira nthaka

Kudziletsa kungathe kudyetsedwa ndi zofooka za mchere ndi microelements. Izi zimapangidwa bwino panthawi ya maluwa, feteleza kamodzi pa milungu iwiri iliyonse.

Ngati muwonjezera feteleza musanayambe maluwa, ndiye masamba okha amakula. Panthawi yotsala ndibwino kuti musadyetse primrose, chifukwa sichifunikira zambiri.

Okonda chipinda choyambira nthawi zambiri amadzifunsa kuti: "Momwe mungamwetse chipinda cham'kati?" Pa maluwa, chomera chimafuna zambiri kuthirira.

Onetsetsani kuti dziko lapansi siluma kwambiri, koma simukusowa kutsanulira, ngati mizu ingayambe kuvunda.

Madzi ayenera kukhala ofewa komanso kutentha. Musati muzitsanulira pomwepo madzi pa matepi, mulole iwo ayime.

Ndikofunikira! Onetsetsani kuti madzi samagwera pa masamba a primrose panthawi ya kuthirira. Izi zingawachititse kuti avunda.

Kuika kwazomera

Kukula ndi kusangalatsa kwa maluwa kumafunika kubzala. Kuti muchite izi, tsatirani luso la momwe mungasinthire primrose. Mitengo yaing'ono imaikidwa kamodzi pa chaka, akuluakulu - kamodzi pa zaka ziwiri kapena zitatu.

Kuti muzitha kuikidwa bwino muyenera:

  • Sankhani moyenera mphika. Mphamvu yatsopano iyenera kukhala yayikulu kuposa yomwe yapita kale.
  • Nthaka ndi ngalande ziyenera kusankhidwa makamaka kwa primrose.
  • Pakuika phokosolo ayenera kukhala pamwamba.
  • Dziko liyenera kusinthidwa kwathunthu.

Mukasamukira, samalani kuti musavulaze mizu yovuta. Mphungu imayikidwa m'dzinja, kumapeto kwa September. Pakati pa zitsamba, nthaka yozungulira mbewu imayenera kusinthidwa nthawi ndi nthawi.

Primroon akukakamiza

Ngati mukufuna kuchotsa primrose, ndi bwino kugwiritsa ntchito mbande za pafupi zaka ziwiri.

Ayenera kubzalidwa m'miphika kapena zida zapadera pamodzi ndi clod ya padziko lapansi. Maluwa ayenera kukhala m'chipinda chozizira, mwachitsanzo, mu wowonjezera kutentha. Distillation iyenera kuchitidwa pamaso pa kuzizira.

Kusamalira primroses n'kosavuta. Tsatirani ulamuliro wa kutentha (+ 5 ... + 8 ° С), sikoyenera kuthirira zomera. Mu February, zomera ziyenera kusunthira kumalo owala ndi kutentha kwa 8 ° C. Kuyambira tsopano, yambani kuthirira primroses. Mbewu zokhala ndi chisamaliro chabwino zidzasamba pakatikati mwa mwezi wa February.

Mukudziwa? Alimi wamaluwa nthawi zambiri amatha kukakamiza March 8. Patsiku la chikondwerero, maluwa okongola lero, pamodzi ndi otchuka ndi tulips, amaperekedwa kwa akazi.

Kubeletsa kumabwerera kunyumba

Kukula kwa Primrose kumachitika m'njira ziwiri: pogawanitsa chitsamba kapena mbeu. Njira zonse zoyambirira ndi zachiwiri sizili zovuta ndipo sizikudya nthawi yambiri.

Mbewu

Pofuna kupeza mbewu, primrose ndi yopangidwa ndi mungu. Bzalani mbewu m'chilimwe mozama, koma muli zitsulo zambiri kapena zitsulo. Mbeu itabzalidwa, imafunika kuphimba ndi filimu kapena galasi.

Pofuna kuti chiwombankhanga chiwonekere, chiyenera kupereka mphamvu zoyenera kutentha - izi ndi 16 ... + 17 ° С. Ndi bwino kubzala, mbande idzakhala masabata awiri.

Kugawa chitsamba

Kubalidwa pogawanitsa chitsamba kumapezeka panthawi yopatsira. Kuti muchite izi, muyenera kudziwa momwe mungakhalire chipinda chapopu.

Kuchokera kwa akulu akulu amalekanitsidwa ndi zatsopano, zitsulo zazing'ono ndikubzala mu miphika yosiyana. Kuti chomeracho chikhale bwino, chembani ndi nthaka yomwe idakula kale.

Zothandiza zimadzipangira primrose

Kunyumba kwanu kumabweretsa zosiyana zothandiza katundu. Kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwalawa kumagwiritsidwa ntchito pa mankhwala pofuna kuchiza matenda osiyanasiyana. Iwo amadziwika chifukwa cha mkulu wake wokwera ascorbic acid, carotenoids, ndi phenolic glycosides.

Mizu ya chomera ili ndi sapomin. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito kulimbitsa chitetezo cha mthupi, kumenyana ndi cholesterol, kuteteza chiwindi. Mizu ya Primrose imagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati nyumba yosungira mafuta ofunikira..

Maluwa owuma amagwiritsidwa ntchito popangira mavitamini ndi teas pamutu, beriberi ndi kuzizira.

Tizilombo ndi matenda

Ngakhale mitengo yamakono ndi zomera zolimba, koma, monga ena, ikhoza kudwala ndi kuvutika ndi tizirombo. Kawirikawiri majeremusi ambiri amakhudzidwa.

Matenda owopsa ndi awa:

  • Mame a chiwindi - mawanga a chikasu ndi maluwa ofiira amapezeka pamasamba. Matendawa amatha kukhala ndi mvula yambiri komanso kutentha kwake. Kulimbana ndi matendawa M'pofunika kusamalira masamba ndi Bordeaux osakaniza kapena mkuwa oxychloride. Ngati chomera chikuwonongeka, chiyenera kuchotsedwa.
  • Gray kuvunda - imayambitsa masamba ndi maluwa. Maluwawo ali ndi maluwa ndipo amayamba kuvunda. Amakhala ndi chinyezi chachikulu komanso nayitrogeni m'nthaka. Kuwononga matendawa ayenera kupopera mbewu ndi mkuwa oxychloride. Chotsani zomera zosakhudzidwa.
  • Ramulariosis imawonetsedwa ndi ma chikasu pamasamba, pamunsi mwa masamba ndi chipika choyera. Mitengo yokhudza amafunika kutsukidwa ndi mchere oxychloride kapena mankhwala ena amkuwa.
Kulimbana ndi zikhomo ndi timapepala yang'anani zomera za uterine nthawi zambiri. Ndi zilonda zochepa Tengani chomeracho ndi sopo (nyumba) kapena mafuta amchere. Ndi kugonjetsedwa kwakukulu Gwiritsani ntchito Phyto-farm, Akarin, Fufanon Iskra-M, ndi zina zotero.

Kotero, ngati muwona kuti primrose inayamba kuoneka yachilendo kapena kusabzala, samalirani kusamalira.

Kuti mudziwe zoyenera kuchita ngati primrose ikutha, muyenera kumvetsetsa zovuta zomwe zingakhalepo pakamwa kapena kutentha komwe kuli koyenera.

Onetsetsani chinyezi mu chipinda ndipo musaiwale za feteleza panthawi ya maluwa. Ngati mutatsatira malamulo a chisamaliro cha primrose, idzaphuka bwino komanso kwa nthawi yaitali.