Kodi kusamalira tomato Liang

Zimakhala zovuta kusankha mtundu wa phwetekere pakati pa mitundu yambiri ndi mitundu ya mitundu yonse. Ambiri wamaluwa ndi wamaluwa amasankha kulima pa malo awo omwe amadziwika bwino komanso omwe amayesedwa nthawi. Ndipo imodzi mwa otchuka kwambiri ndi phwetekere ya Liana.

Zofunika mitundu Liang

Ndi yakucha komanso nthawi yomweyo. Kuchokera pa nthawi yomwe maonekedwe akuyamba kuphulika, pafupi ndi masiku 85-100.

Chomera ndi chofupika, kutalika kwa tchire ndi 40-50 cm basi. Chili ndi nthambi yamkati, koma ndi kukula kwa masamba. Osagwiritsidwe ntchito pa mitundu yoyenera. Mwa mtundu wa kukula - chodziwika, chitsamba chimapangidwa bwino kwambiri mu tsinde limodzi.

Nyamayi ya Lyan ndi chomera chophweka chokhala ndi tinthu tating'onoting'ono tating'ono tomwe timapanga masamba. Ma inflorescences oyambirira amaikidwa pamwamba pa tsamba la 5-6, ndi zonse zomwe zikutsatira - m'masamba 1-2.

Izi tomato ndi mitundu yabwino ya tomato kummawa kwa Ukraine. Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ndi yabwino kuti ikhale yotseguka pansi komanso mu wowonjezera kutentha. Chomeracho chimagonjetsedwa ndi kusintha kwadzidzidzi kutentha ndipo amatha kupereka zokolola zabwino ngakhale nyengo yoipa. Ndichisamaliro choyenera, chitsamba cha chitsamba chimapatsa 2-3 kilogalamu ya tomato.

Chomeracho sichitha kutengeka ndi apical chipatso chovunda ndipo chimakhala cholimba kwambiri kuti chiume ndi bakiteriya. Koma panthawi imodzimodziyo, ikhoza kukhala ndi kachilombo ka fodya.

Mukudziwa? Zipatso zili ndi carotene yochuluka. Ndibwino kuti mukolole ndikukonzekera mbeu mutangotha ​​kucha.

Kufotokozera za mwanayo

Makhalidwe a phwetekere Liang: Tomato ali ndi mawonekedwe ozungulira ndi kukula kwake. Imani mtundu wawo wofiira. Kuchuluka kwa chipatsocho ndi 50-80 g, tomato amadzazidwa ndi khungu lofewa, lopakati-kovuta. Zipatso ndi zowonjezera ndipo pafupifupi pafupifupi zipinda ziwiri, ndi chiwerengero cha mbewu pafupifupi 0,30% ya kulemera kwathunthu kwa chipatsocho. Nkhani youma siyiposa 6%, shuga - 4%, asidi ndi otsika kwambiri ndipo amakhala pakati pa 0.4 ndi 0.8%.

Tomato amalekerera kayendetsedwe ka katundu komanso yosungirako nthawi yaitali. Pansi pa zinthu zosavuta (kutentha kwa mpweya kumaphatikizidwe ndi madigiri 8-10 ndi chinyezi cha 85%), zipatso zimakhala zatsopano kwa miyezi 2.5-3.

Njira zogwiritsiridwa ntchito

Katemera wa phwetekere wa Liana ndi tomato zosiyanasiyana. Tiyenera kunena kuti tomato si osiyanasiyana a Liang, chifukwa Liang ndi pinki - ndi wosakanizidwa. Komabe, Matatowa ndi abwino kuti asungire, pickling kapena pickling. Amagwiritsidwanso ntchito popanga sauces, juices ndi purees osiyanasiyana. Nkhumba zambiri zimapanga chigawo chofunikira cha chakudya cha ana. Tomato ndi okoma kwambiri, chodziwika bwino ndi kukoma kokoma ndi kuchepa pang'ono.

Mphamvu ndi zofooka

Mtedza wa phwetekerewu uli ndi ubwino wambiri ndipo umaonekera makamaka:

  • chonchi;
  • wachifundo fruiting;
  • chiwerengero cha ntchito;
  • Kulimbana ndi matenda ambiri;
  • bwino transportability;
  • chokoma chokoma;
  • mtengo wapamwamba wa zakudya;
  • zokolola.
Zomwe zimayenera kuyankhula za:

  • kusokonezeka ndi kusuta fodya;
  • chiwopsezo chowonjezeka cha kuukiridwa ndi tizirombo zosiyanasiyana;
  • phytophthora, matenda omwe angawoneke pamene akukula chomera kutseguka nthaka.

Momwe mungasankhire mbeu za phwetekere za mbande

Kubzala tomato pansi pa thanki ndikofunikira kupanga ngalande yosanjikiza. Izi ndi zofunikira kuti athe kuchepetsa chiopsezo chotheka kuwononga mbewu zomwe zimatchedwa "mwendo wakuda" - phytophase woopsa kwambiri.

Dombo lophwanyika lagolisi limatsanuliridwa mu makapu a pulasitiki omwe angathe kusungunuka ndi masentimita 0,5, kenaka nthaka imagwedezeka pa iyo. Zonsezi zimatsanuliridwa ndi madzi kutentha, ndipo zitatha zitaphimbidwa ndi kanema ndipo zimakhala ngati izi kwa maola 5-6. Kwa nthawi yotereyi, chinyezi chimapangika ponseponse pa nthaka.

Kenaka, mothandizidwa ndi mankhwala odzola mano, zochepetsera zing'onozing'ono zimapangidwa - pafupifupi 0,5 cm. Mmodzi mwa iwo, mbewu imodzi imatsitsa mosamala. Ndi chophimba chowongolera chomwecho, grooves ndi owazidwa mofewa, kupondereza pang'ono ndi primer. Malo otsetsereka amaloledwa ndi sprayer wamba, ndipo nthaka imatha. Kenaka makapu pamodzi ndi zomwe zili mkati mwake zimaphimbidwa ndi filimu ndikuyika malo otentha, kumene kutentha kuli 23 ° C masana ndi usiku.

Kubzala mbande pamalo otseguka

Nyengo yoyenera kwambiri yobzala tomato ndi mapeto a kasupe, omwe amasanduka oyambirira chilimwe. Pa nthawiyi, macheza otentha a masana kuchokera ku +22 mpaka + 25 ° С, ndipo usiku nthaŵi zambiri sanagwe pansi + 15 ° С. Ndi bwino kuyamba kuyesa mbande pamalo otseguka masana. Imwani nyemba maola ochepa musanafike mbande. Izi ndizoonetsetsa kuti zitsamba zimachotsedwa bwino m'mitsuko yomwe ili patsogolo pa mbande.

Komanso musatenge mbewu, ngati simukukonzekera kuti muyambe kubzala. Pachifukwa ichi, chomeracho chikhoza kuyamba kuwonjezeka ndikukula mofulumira. Musanadzalemo, dikani mabowo ang'onoang'ono kuti mufanane ndi kukula kwa makapu. Lembani dzenje ndi feteleza zina: humus, phulusa ndi mchere. Bzalani mbande mosamala kuti musamawononge mizu yovuta - mizu ya mbewuyo iyenera kutsogolo. Pambuyo pake, tsitsani ndi kuwaza dzenje ndi wosanjikiza la nthaka youma.

Kusintha nthawi ndi kutengera chitsanzo

Pozindikira nthawi yofesa tomato, pitirizani kuwona kuti nthawi yoyamba 15-20 patatha masiku oyamba kuwonekera, tomato imakula pang'onopang'ono, chifukwa panthawiyi pamakhala mizu. Pambuyo pake, tomato amakula bwino kwambiri, ndipo patadutsa masiku 40, kukula kwa zomera zimakhala osati masiku, koma ndi maola.

Ponena za chiwembu chodzala - zimadalira mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya mbande. Kotero tomato otsika Ndibwino kuti mupange patali pafupifupi masentimita 60 pakati pa mizere ndi 30-40 masentimita pakati pa zomera mumzere womwewo. Mitambo yayitali anabzala pamtunda wa masentimita 70 pakati pa mizera ndi 50 cm pakati pa zomera okha. Zimalangizidwa kuti mubzala tomato mwanjira yochepa. Koma ngati munagula mbewu, mugwiritse ntchito ndondomeko yobzala. Mukhoza kuchipeza pa phukusi, lomwe limagulitsa mbewu za tomato wa Liang.

Pambuyo pa mbeu zomwe zimabzala bwino

Zosakaniza kwambiri za tomato a Len ndi kabichi, kaloti, nyemba, anyezi, maungu, nkhaka, ndi adyo.

Koma mulimonsemo, musabzalidwe mbande za tomato m'madera omwe kale anakula mchere wina, kuphatikizapo biringanya, tsabola, mbatata. Izi ziyenera kupeŵa chifukwa chimodzi chokha - zomera zoterezi zimadwala matenda omwewo ndipo zimakhudzidwa ndi tizirombo zomwezo.

Ndikofunikira! Ngati muli ndi minda yamaluwa, ndipo mulibe mwayi wotsatila zowonongeka kwa mbeu, komanso funso lodzala tomato pambuyo pake ndilo lalikulu kwambiri, kenako mutatha kukolola, bzalani siderata m'mabedi a m'munda, kuzimbela m'nyengo yozizira, ndipo molimba mtima muyambe kubzala tomato m'malo ano .

Kukula tomato oyambirira Lyan

Ngati kukwera kukukonzekera kale, musaiwale za odalirika polyethylene pogona. Nthaka ya mmera wotereyo iyenera kukhala yachonde, koma panthawi yomweyi kuwala ndi kosalala.

Kuthirira ndi kudyetsa nthaka

Tomato amakula bwino ndipo amakula mofulumira ngati dothi limene amakula likukhutira ndi chinyezi ndi 85-90%. Izi zikhoza kuyang'aniridwa pogwiritsira ntchito njira yosavuta - finyani mtanda wa nthaka womwe unakumba kuchokera pa masentimita 10 kuchokera pamwamba. Ngati mtanda umapangidwa mosavuta, ndipo pamene umangopanikizika, umagwedezeka, ndiye izi zimasonyeza chinyezi chokwanira cha nthaka.

Mutabzala mbande pamalo otseguka, muzimwa madzi nthawi zambiri komanso mochuluka. Nthanga za phwetekere zimakhudzidwa kwambiri ndi zochepa, kuchepa kawirikawiri komanso kawirikawiri. Kachiwiri, madzi akhoza kuchepetsa kutentha kwa dothi, ndipo izi zidzakhudza kwambiri ovary chipatso m'tsogolomu.

Ndizothandiza kugwiritsa ntchito phulusa ndi nsomba zofufumitsa pofuna kudyetsa tomato mutakula mu malo otseguka.

Ndikofunikira! Musaiwale kuti mu fruiting nyengo, zomera ayenera kudyetsedwa 2-3 nthawi ndi microelements. Kuti muchite izi, tengani mapiritsi asanu okhudzana ndi mavitamini, kuwaza ndi kuwasakaniza mu 0,5 malita a madzi, ndiyeno kuwonjezera 10 malita a madzi. Kugwiritsa ntchito feteleza kotero ndi 1 lita imodzi chitsamba.

Kubzala ndi kumasula nthaka

Nthaka imene tomato akukula amafunika kumasula nthawi zonse ndi kupalira. Kutsegula kumathandiza kuti mizu ipume, ndipo nthaka imapangitsa chinyezi kukhala bwinoko. Kutsegula kumalimbikitsa pamodzi ndi kuchotsa udzu.

Chotsitsimutsa choyamba chikuchitika mwamsanga mutatha kuziika kwa tomato mu nthaka yotseguka. Kenaka ndondomekoyi imabwerezedwa milungu iwiri iliyonse. Pofuna kumasula nthaka ayenera kukhala yochepa - pafupifupi masentimita 4-6.

Masking ndi garter zomera: kodi amafunikira

Tomato wakula mu wowonjezera kutentha amafunika kuphika nthawi zonse. Tomato kumera kuthengo sikungakhale popanda. Kawirikawiri amalimbikitsidwa kuti azitsatira zowonjezera kuti atenge nthawi yokolola. Monga lamulo, 1-2 zazikulu zimayambira, ndipo ana omwe akuwonekera akuchotsedwa. Ngati mukukonzekera kukolola kwakukulu, pitirizani kusiya ana onse opeza. Nyamayi ya Lyan nthawi zonse amasangalala ndi kucha kwa zipatso. Kumayambiriro kwa mwezi wa August kudzakhala maburashi okwana 5-6 pa chitsamba chilichonse.

Tchire chokula chochepa sichifunika guleti. Ngati tomato ndi yaikulu ndipo amamanga kwambiri mbewu, ndiye kuti iyenera kumangirizidwa kuti asatayike chipatsocho.

Mitengo ya zipatso yakucha

Nthawi ya kucha kwa tomato kuyambira nthawi yofesa mbewu kukolola ndi masiku 85-110. Popeza izi ndi zoyambirira kukula, tomato oyambirira kumabweretsa kufunika kwa ogula.

Mukudziwa? Tomato Lyana ndi yodabwitsa kwambiri kuti zipatso zimakhala zoyenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito nthawi iliyonse yakucha.

Zosiyana ndi Liana ndizosiyana kwambiri ndi zina za tomato. Ambiri mwa eni ake a dacha ndi alimi, atayesera kulikulitsa kamodzi, amatha kulima chaka chilichonse. Mwinanso muyenera kuyesa?