Bokosi lachikhomo: chisamaliro ndi kulima

Tonsefe timadziŵa bwino chomera chomwe chimagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga linga, lotchedwa greenwoodwood. Posachedwapa, bokosilo linayamba kukula ngati chophikira m'nyumba. Masamba ang'onoang'ono, kukula msanga komanso kukwanitsa kulekerera tsitsi kumalola kuti mukhale ndi mitengo yochepa.

Chomeracho chimakhalanso ndi zopindulitsa. Mwachitsanzo, imatulutsa phytoncides - neutralizers ya mabakiteriya owopsa.

Momwe mungagulire kamera kakang'ono m'sitolo

Kusankha mitengo yaing'ono ya boxwood mu sitolo, muyenera kudziwa zomwe zimakula pakhomo. Makamaka, izi ndi mitundu monga:

  • Balearic (kutalika kwa tsamba mpaka 4.5 cm);
  • zochepa (kutalika kwa tsamba mpaka 2.5 cm);
  • zobiriwira (kutalika kwa tsamba mpaka 3 cm).
Kupanga bonsai ya boxwood, mtundu woyenera kwambiri Garland. Amalekerera tsitsi, komanso kusintha kwa mawonekedwe pogwiritsa ntchito felemu.

Mukamagula, mvetserani maonekedwe a chomera. Masamba ayenera kukhala a mdima wobiriwira, zimayambira sizinawoneke. Ichi ndi chizindikiro cha chomera chabwino..

Mavuto akukula

Musanayambe bwino kubzala bokosi kumapeto kwa nyengo, m'pofunika kufufuza zomwe zili m'munda wake. Kunyumba, boxwood imafuna kusamala mosamala.

Zofunikira za Kuunikira

Bokosi limakonda malo opatsa, koma silimasuntha dzuwa. Pansi pa dzuwa lotentha masamba a chomera amatembenukira chikasu ndi owuma. Kawirikawiri izi zimachitika kumapeto kwa nyengo yozizira, pamene mizu ikugona ndipo masamba akuwuka pansi kwambiri.

Masamba samapeza chinyezi chokwanira ndi youma, zomwe zimayambitsa kuwopsa kwa matabwa a boxwood. Pofuna kupewa izi, tchire tiyenera kuphimba.

Mavuto otentha

Pa kutentha kozizira, bokosi la bokosi limakula bwino. Koma m'nyengo yozizira imayenera kutentha kwa + 6 ... + 10 ° С. Bokosi limakonda malo otseguka, choncho m'chilimwe ndi bwino kutulutsira ku khonde kapena pabwalo.

Kusamalira boxwood mkati

Boxwood ndi malo opangira zopanda phindu, kotero ndi chisamaliro chosayenera icho chingathe kutaya masamba onse.

Kuthirira ndi chinyezi

Pa otentha, m'nyumba boxwood amafunika zambiri kuthirira ndi tsiku kupopera mbewu mankhwalawa ndi madzi firiji. Popeza mizu ya boxwood silingalole kwambiri chinyezi, nyengo yophukira ndi yozizira iyenera kuchepetsedwa.

Feteleza ndi kuvala pamwamba pa nthaka

M'chaka ndi chilimwe muyenera kudyetsa boxwood kamodzi mu masiku 10-12. Ndikofunika kupanga organic ndi mchere feteleza. Kwa boxwood oyenera feteleza oyenera kuti azaleas. Tisanayambe kumeta tsitsi, m'pofunika kudyetsa boxwood m'chaka. Izi zidzakuthandizira kukula ndi kukula kwa zomera za masamba.

Kupanga korona ndi korona

Ganizirani nthawi ndi momwe mungadulire bokosi.

Dulani chipinda cha bokosi chomwe chimagwiritsidwa ntchito chaka chonse. Pamene chomera chimakula pang'onopang'ono, kukonzekera korona kuyenera kuganiziridwa bwino.

Komabe, sikoyenera kuopa njirayi. Ngati chomera chanu chinkamera bwino, mukhoza kupanga korona. Izi kawirikawiri zimachitika chaka chachiwiri zitatha.

Poyamba, ife timadziwa mawonekedwe. Maonekedwe a bokosi lamakono akhoza kukhala cubic, ozungulira, conical kapena mawonekedwe ena.

Kuti mudule mpira wangwiro, muyenera choyamba kuchotsa "equator" ndi "meridians" 4, ndipo pakapita nthawi, pogwiritsa ntchito malangizowa, perekani chitsamba mwangwiro.

Komanso cholinga chimenechi mungachigwiritse ntchito chitsulo. Mapangidwe ake ali ndi ndodo ndi phokoso la waya la selo lokhala ndi mawonekedwe mozungulira kumasinthasintha kuzungulira. Ndodo imakanikira pansi pafupi ndi thunthu la boxwood. Poyesa mphukira yochulukirapo, yendetsani mawonekedwe oyandikana ndi zomera.

N'zotheka kupanga mawonekedwe ndi chitsulo chosanjikiza. Iye anaika chomeracho mutabzala, kuchotsa mphukira zonse zomwe zimapita kupyola chimango. Kupanga mawonekedwe a chomera chotero kwa zaka zingapo.

Pambuyo podzaza mawonekedwe, chingwecho chikhoza kuchotsedwa, tsitsili liyenera kuchitika nthawi zonse. Kawirikawiri njirayi imapanga nyama zosiyanasiyana.

Mukudziwa? Kwa nthawi yoyamba kugwiritsa ntchito chitsulo chojambulira kupanga zojambula zobiriwira kunagwiritsidwa ntchito mu 1962 ku American Disneyland. Zithunzizi zinali zojambulajambula.

Komanso amaoneka bwino bonsai a boxwood. Pofuna kupanga bonsai, m'pofunikira kudula masamba ndi mphukira zazing'ono kuchokera pansi pa mtengo wa boxwood. Pogwiritsa ntchito waya, mphepo gawo lochepa la tsinde lakuda pang'onopang'ono madigiri 45, kupanga thunthu la mtengo.

Mphukira yapamwamba imadulidwa ndi lumo mu mawonekedwe a mpira kapena dontho. Kuti apange nthambi yosakanikirana ndi waya, perekani mawonekedwe oyenera, ndipo musinthe malingaliro anu mwa kukonza mphika.

Nthambi iyenera kukhala pamtunda osati miyezi isanu ndi iwiri. Ngati sichichotsedwa, ndiye kuti ikhoza kukula. Pambuyo pochotsa waya kuchokera ku nthambi yowoneka, kukula kwake kudzapitirizabe kumbali iyi.

Pambuyo pa kumeta tsitsi, bonsai ayenera kuikidwa mu chidebe chapadera. Pochita izi, tsitsani madzi okwanira 2 masentimita pansi pa chidebecho. Timatenga chomeracho mumphika, kuyeretsa mizu kuchokera pansi ndikudulira ndi lumo lakuthwa, kusiya gawo lachitatu.

Kenaka, ikani chomera mu chidebe chatsopano ndikugona tulo pamwamba pa gawo lapansi. Zimakonzedwa kuchokera ku dongo, humus ndi mchenga mu chiŵerengero cha 1: 2: 2. Mbendera imatha kuphimbidwa ndi sphagnum moss. Idzasunga chinyezi kwa chomera ndikuchiyang'ana. Kuthirira kumachitika masiku 4 aliwonse.

Mukudziwa? Tizilombo toyambitsa matenda limatanthawuza zojambulajambula, zomwe zimapangidwira mtundu wa mitengo ndi zitsamba mothandizidwa ndi tsitsi. Boxwood ndi wangwiro pa cholinga ichi. Wofesa munda Knei Matius, yemwe ankakhala m'zaka za zana la 1 BC, ndi kholo la zojambulajambula.

Kusintha malamulo

Ndi nthawi yoti mudziwe nthawi yobwezeretsa boxwood. Kulima kwachinyumba kosachepera zaka 4 kumafuna kuyika chaka ndi chaka. Poto yatsopano sayenera kukhala yayikulu kwambiri poyerekeza ndi yapitayi, mwinamwake izi zidzetsa kuchedwa kwa kukula kwa chomera ndikuchiwononge.

Ndikofunikira! Ngati munapanga bonsai ya boxwood, ndiye kuti nthawi zambiri sizingatheke kuti musamalike, kuti musamawononge mphukira. Kuwombera kumachitika kamodzi pa zaka 10 mpaka 15.

Njira zoberekera m'nyumba boxwood

Kuti mumvetse mmene boxwood imabereka kunyumba, nkofunika kudziwa njira zowonjezeretsera - cuttings ndi mbewu. Ambiri akuphatikizapo. Ganizirani momwe mungakulire boxwood nokha.

Cuttings

Ndondomeko ya kumtengowo ikuchitika mu August - September. Kwa ichi, cuttings adadulidwa ndi mtengo tsinde mpaka 9 masentimita yaitali ndi internodes awiri. Kuzukula kumatenga nthawi yaitali. Kupititsa patsogolo njirayi pogwiritsira ntchito phytohormones ndi Kutentha kwa nthaka.

Chophimba chodzala chiyenera kukhala ndi wosanjikiza. Kukula bwino kwa mbeu, ndikofunikira kukonzekera nthaka kuchokera kunthaka ya nthaka, coniferous lapansi ndi mchenga wonyezimira mu chiŵerengero cha 2: 1: 1.

Mbewu

Njira yobalera yoberekera pogwiritsa ntchito mbewu ndi yovuta kwambiri.

Kuti tichite zimenezi, mbeu zabwino zimabvikira m'madzi ndi kukula kokondweretsa tsiku limodzi. Ndiye amafesedwa pa nsalu yolunjika, ataphimbidwa ndi mapeto ena a nsaluyo ndi kuvulaza. Mtolo umenewu uyenera kukhala wothira nthawi zonse (osati wothira) kwa mwezi kufikira utakula woyera.

Ndikofunikira! Gawo lofunika pa mbeu ya boxwood - stratification. Izi ndizotsanzira nyengo yachilengedwe yozizira yomwe mbewu za zomera zimayikidwa kuti zithandize mbande. Ikuchitika mu firiji.
Pambuyo kumera, nyembazo zimafesedwa papepala ndi mchenga wofanana, ndipo chidebecho chatsekedwa ndi filimu. Kuwombera kumawonekera pasanathe milungu itatu, kenako filimuyo imachotsedwa. Spring mbande idabzala pansi.

Matenda ndi tizirombo

Kusamalidwa bwino kwa zomera kumakhudza makhalidwe okongoletsera a zomera. Kuthira mowa kwambiri kumathandiza kuwonongeka kwa mizu, kupopera mankhwala mobwerezabwereza - kuyanika masamba, ndi kutentha kwa mlengalenga m'nyengo yozizira - kutaya masamba.

Popeza masamba ndi nthambi za boxwood zili ndi alkaloids (chinthu ichi ndi chakupha kwa tizirombo zambiri), mndandanda wa tizilombo zomwe timadya zomera sizitali.

Tizilombo toyambitsa matendawa timaphatikizapo tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.

Galitsa - iyi ndi tizilombo. Amapanga kukula kwa zimayambira ndi mitengo ikuluikulu ya boxwood, momwe zimakhalira kubzala ndi kusasitsa kwa mphutsi. Mbozi imadyetsa masamba omwe amawathira.

Mukudziwa? Gallitsa aphidymia imamangidwa mwaluso kumalo oteteza zomera kuti ateteze zomera zazikulu ku nsabwe za m'masamba.
Pofuna kuteteza zomera kuti zisawononge tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, ndi bwino kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala obzala bwino mutabzala. Ndi kugonjetsedwa kwa kufunika kodula ndi kuwotcha masamba oonongeka, ndipo chomeracho chimachizidwa ndi fungicides.

Kangaude mite - wamba tizilombo toyambitsa zomera. Chifukwa cha kupukuta minofu ndi tizilombo ndikuyamwa chomera pamtengo, timadontho tating'onoting'ono timawamasamba pamasamba.

Monga choyimitsa chitetezo, chomera chirichonse chomwe chimapezeka m'nyumba mwako chiyenera kupyolera mu choletsedwa choletsedwa. Nkhupakupa zikuchulukira bwino mu nyengo yotentha, youma, choncho nkofunikira kupopera zipinda zamkati ndi kutsegula chipinda.

Kuphatikiza pa mankhwala, kangaude amakhudzidwa ndi kupopera mbewu mankhwalawa ndi madzi sosa, mankhwala ndi nyali ya ultraviolet, kumwa mowa masamba.

Shchitovka - tizilomboti timasiyana ndi wina ndi mzake chifukwa thupi lake liri ndi chishango cha sera. Tizilombo timakhala pamtengowo, timadula masamba ndikuyamwitsa madzi. Mphamvu ya shchitovki pa boxwood imadziwika ndi kutsitsika kwa masamba, maonekedwe a chikasu pa iwo. Njira zothandizira ndi kuteteza zimakhala zofanana ndi kangaude.

Ndizovuta kwambiri kuthetsa vuto la matenda a boxwood ndi mankhwala awo.. Matenda omwe angakhudze boxwood ali kuwombera necrosis. Amadziwika ndi imfa ya mapeto a mphukira ndi mapangidwe a mawanga pa masamba.

Ngati mutayang'ana gawo pa nthambi yodwalayo, mukhoza kuona chipinda cha cortex ndi mdima. Njira yabwino yothetsera matendawa ndi kudula nthambi za matenda. Izi zidzapangitsa kuti mpweya uziyenda bwino ndikulowa mkati. Nthambi zimadula, ndipo zomera zimachizidwa ndi fungicides pogwiritsa ntchito mkuwa kapena sulfure.

Ngati boxwood yakhala yachikasu pambuyo pa nyengo yozizira, pakhoza kukhala zifukwa zitatu, chifukwa zizindikirozo zikufanana kwambiri. Izi zimakhala mphukira ya necrosis, yozizira ya nthambi zazing'ono chifukwa cha kuzizira, kapena kutentha kwa kasupe ka chitsamba..

Choncho, m'pofunikira kudula nthambi zowonongeka ndikupanga fungicide pamodzi ndi olamulira ena othandizira chomera. Kufufuza molondola kungapangidwe mu labotale poyesera kukhalapo kwa necrosis.

Komanso boxwood ingakhudzidwe ndi khansa. Pofuna kuthana ndi matendawa, m'pofunika kuchepetsa gawo lomwe lakhudzidwa ndi chitsamba ndikukhala ndi thanzi labwino ndikuchilonda ndi Learnzol.

Kukula ndi kusamalira boxwood, mudzasangalala kwambiri. Idzateteza nyumba yanu ku mabakiteriya ndikupanga chitonthozo.