Kodi "Elizabeth 2", malamulo odzala ndi kusamalira mabulosi achifumu?

Berry sitiroberi wokondedwa ndi ambiri. Pali mitundu yambiri ya zomera, iliyonse yomwe ili ndi zizindikiro zake: kulawa, maonekedwe, zokolola. Mitundu ya sitiroberi zosiyanasiyana Elizabeth 2 imakondedwa ndi ambiri wamaluwa, ndipo izi zimayenera chifukwa cha makhalidwe ake.

Mukudziwa? Alimi wamaluwa ndi amaluwa amalumikiza Elizabeth 2 chifukwa chakuti zipatso zake zimanyamula bwino ndikusungidwa. Kuonjezera apo, iwo sali opunduka pa nthawi ya chithandizo cha kutentha ndipo ndi abwino kwambiri kuzizira.

Fotokozani mitundu "Elizabeti 2", chifukwa chake kutchuka

Strawberry Elizabeti 2 ali ndi makhalidwe otsatirawa (kufotokoza za mitundu yosiyanasiyana kumagwira ntchito yofunika posankha chikhalidwe cha kuswana):

  • chokolola chachikulu;
  • Zipatso zazikuluzikulu zokhala ndi lala ndi mnofu wofiira;
  • kukonzanso;
  • Chakudya cha mchere: zipatsozo ndi zokoma ndi zonunkhira.
Strawberry baka Elizabeth 2 akuwoneka wamphamvu kwambiri. Iwo ali ndi ndevu zambiri ndi masamba akulu omwe ali ndi chidima chobiriwira chakuda, ngakhale pamene iwo akuwoneka posachedwapa. Pali zambiri fruiting baka. Kwenikweni, zipatsozo zimakhala zolemera 40-50 g, ngakhale pali zitsanzo zazikulu zopitirira 100-125 g.

Ngati simukuchotsa mapesi a maluwa, Elizabeti 2 amapanga 3-5 ndevu ndi 2-3 rosettes pa nyengo, yomwe imakhudzana ndi kuwononga mphamvu pa mapangidwe a zokolola. Peduncles ali pansi pa msinkhu wa masamba ndi kugulira pansi pa kulemera kwa zipatso.

Muzinthu zosiyanasiyanazi, ambiri amakopeka ndi kutsitsimuka. Zokolola za Elizabeth 2 zikhoza kusonkhanitsidwa kuyambira kumayambiriro kwa chilimwe mpaka pakati pa autumn. Zipatsozo ndi zokoma ndi zonunkhira, koma zokolola, zophika mu June-July, zili ndi kukoma kokoma kuposa September.

Mitengo yosiyanasiyana ya zipatso imagonjetsedwa ndi matenda ndi tizilombo toononga.

Kodi kukula strawberries ku mbewu

Kuti mukhale ndi strawberries kuchokera ku mbewu, muyenera kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zambiri. Koma njirayi ndi yabwino kwambiri ndipo imakulolani kupeza chomera chofunikira. Kukula kwa strawberries Elizabeti 2 kuchokera ku mbewu kumaphatikizapo kukhazikitsa ntchito zingapo zotsatirazi:

  • Mphamvu ya mbande iyenera kudzazidwa ndi nthaka pa 12 cm;
  • onetsetsani nthaka ndi madzi musanabzala mbewu;
  • Mbewu yogawanika imafalikira pamtunda ndikuyikanikiza pansi;
N'zotheka kufesa mbewu za mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya strawberries kumapeto kwa January, ngati n'zotheka kupereka zowunikira kwina. Apo ayi, mbewu zingabzalidwe kumapeto kwa February kapena kale mu March.

Ndikofunikira! Pofuna kuti mbeu zizitha bwino, mutabzala, ziyenera kuikidwa ndi galasi kapena pulasitiki kuchokera pamwamba, motero kupanga mpweya wowonjezera.
Sikofunika kwambiri kukulitsa mbewu pansi, pamene zimamera m'kuunika. Choncho, ndi bwino kuyika chidebe ndi mbande pazenera zowoneka bwino.

Nthaka iyenera kupereka mpweya, womwe ndi galasi kapena filimu yamtundu uliwonse, imene imabzala mbewu, muyenera kukweza.

Kutalika kwa ndondomekoyi ndi 8-10 mphindi patsiku. Komanso, nthaka ikhale yothira, yomwe ndi yabwino kugwiritsa ntchito botolo la kutsitsi.

Mukudziwa? Strawberry mbewu ndi otsika kumera, okha 50-60%. Chofunika ichi chiyenera kuwerengedwera pakufesa ndi kusawerengera nthiti zazikulu zotsamba zitsamba.
Kubzala mbewu za Elizabeth 2 zimayamba pa masiku 14-18. Pambuyo pa tsamba 1 lija, nthawi ya mpweya wabwino iyenera kuwonjezeka mpaka theka la ora. Mbeu ikadzakula, pang'onopang'ono iyenera kuphunzitsidwa zenizeni za chilengedwe.

Pamene mbande zikamasula tsamba lachiwiri, ziyenera kutsika m'makapu osiyana. Kuthirira mbewu kuyenera kuchitidwa mosamala kuti rosette isasinthe wakuda ndipo zomera sizifa.

Kwa mbande za Elizabeth 2, kuunikira n'kofunika kwambiri. Ngati simungakwanitse kuwala kwachilengedwe, m'pofunikira kukonza kuunikira kwina.

Musanabzala mbande pansi (pafupifupi masabata awiri), ziyenera kusinthidwa kuti zikhale kunja. Kufikira izi, mbande zimatengedwa kupita mumsewu ndipo zimachoka kumeneko kwa kanthawi. Pakapita nthawi, kutalika kwa mbande pa msewu kumakula pang'onopang'ono.

Pena paliponse pa tsiku la 120 mutatha mbande, mbewu za Elizabeth 2 zingabzalidwe m'malo osatha. Mbewu zomwe zinakula kuchokera ku mbewu zimabereka mbewu chaka choyamba, koma pafupi ndi September.

Momwe mungasankhire mbande zabwino

M'chaka, sitiroberi mbande zimagulitsidwa kwambiri. Momwe zikhazikiti zitakhazikika, minda imayamba kugawira mbande. Kulima mu Julayi kumatengedwa kukhala kofunika kwambiri, monga kumapeto kwa mwezi wa August chaka chino maluwa amapangidwa, omwe ndi ofunika ku mbeu ya chaka chamawa.

Mu kugwa, minda imalinso kugulitsa sitiroberi mbande, koma ili yotsika mtengo. Kawirikawiri, chifukwa cha mitundu yambiri, kubzala kusaloleka kuti pakhale maluwa, ngakhale kuti Elizabeth 2 sakukhudzidwa ndi izi.

Spring imaonedwa kuti ndi nyengo yabwino yobzala strawberries. Mbewu zowonongeka zimayambira bwino. Chinthu chokha: palibe mndandanda waukulu wa mbande m'minda, kotero ndikofunikira kudziƔa zikuluzikulu za mbande zapamwamba.

Zizindikiro za mmera wabwino:

  • masamba ali obiriwira, owala, owedzeredwa kapena ofewa;
  • Mbande ndi mizu yotseguka imakhala ndi muzu kutalika kwa masentimita 7;
  • zimakhudza mwachindunji chitukuko cha zomera ndi kukula kwake kwa nyanga (zomwe zimakhala zowonjezereka, m'pamene padzakhala zipatso, ndipo malire ake amtengo wapatali wa 0.7 cm);
  • Mbewu mu makapu ndi makaseti ayenera kukhala ndi mizu yabwino kwambiri, yomwe yatha kale kuzindikira bwinobwino kuchuluka kwa mphika. Izi zikhoza kuyang'aniridwa ndi kukokera chomeracho kuchokera mu chidebecho mwa kukoka mosakaniza masamba a masamba;
  • peti mphika ndi sitiroberi mbande ziyenera kuchotsedwa.
Zizindikiro za mbande zosakwanira:

  • shriveled achinyamata masamba, masamba samafutukula mpaka mapeto - chizindikiro cha kukhalapo kwa sitiroberi mite;
  • Masamba otumbululuka amalankhula za matenda owopsa omwe amachititsa kuti phokoso likhale lopweteka kwambiri. Mitengo yotereyo imamwalira;
  • Madontho a sitiroberi masamba ndi bowa mawanga.

Malamulo oyendetsa "Elizabeth 2"

Strawberry Elizabeti 2 amamva bwino kumunda, malo obiriwira komanso atakula pakhomo (kapena ku greenhouses). M'mitengo yobiriwira, zipatso zipse msanga.

Zosiyana Elizabeth 2 ali ndi mbali imodzi: wamkulu chitsamba, ang'onoang'ono zipatso. Pankhaniyi, tikulimbikitsanso kubzala mabedi atsopano mu kugwa, kuti mu nyengo yotsatira mutenge zomera zomwe zakonzeka ku fruiting.

Komabe, mutabzala strawberries m'dzinja, ziyenera kubisala kuzizira. Pachifukwa ichi, malo osungirako owuma amamangidwa (monga roses). Strawberries amafalitsidwa ndi rosettes kumera pa masharubu.

Mukhoza kugwetsa Elizabeti 2 pakati pa kasupe ndi yophukira. Nthawi yabwino kwambiri ndi pakati pa chilimwe (August). Mwezi umodzi musanabzala, ndi zofunika kukonzekera nthaka. Pochita izi, gwiritsani ntchito organic kapena mineral feteleza (mwachitsanzo, "Kemira"), zomwe zimatengedwa pamtingo wa 70-80 magalamu pa 1 sq. M.

Mfumukazi Elizabeti 2 kukonza sitiroberi ndi wovuta kwambiri pa nthaka yobereka. Choncho, siteji ndi feteleza ndizofunika kuti zitheke.

Mtunda wa pakati pa sitiroberi uyenera kukhala 20-25 masentimita, ndipo pakati pa mizera ikhale 65-70 masentimita Ngati kukwera ndi mzere umodzi, ndiye kuti mtunda wa pakati pa mizere iwiri ikhale 25-30 cm.

Mbali za kukula ndi kusamalira mitundu ya strawberries "Elizabeth 2"

Popeza sitiroberi Elizabeth 2 amamasula ndi kubala zipatso kwa nthawi yayitali, kubzala ndi kusamalira kumafuna chidwi chapadera.

Choyamba chomeracho chiyenera kudya nthawi zonse. Manyowa omwe ali ndi potaziyamu ndi nayitrogeni ndi opambana pa ntchitoyi, ndipo pokonzekera nthaka kubzala mbewu, imakhala ndi phosphorous.

Chachiwiri kuthiridwa mobwerezabwereza, chifukwa kukula kukula zipatso.

Miyeso yeniyeni monga kumasula nthaka ndi kuchotsa namsongole imathandizanso pazinthu zosiyanasiyana. Mulching udzu umapangidwa ndi humus, udzu, utuchi. Zimalimbikitsanso kugwiritsa ntchito feteleza zokhazokha, zomwe zimakhala zosavuta kuti zisafe.

Pa fruiting mabulosi ayenera kudyetsedwa kamodzi pa sabata. Kudyetsa kosalekeza kumaphatikizapo potaziyamu ndi nayitrogeni ndipo kumathandiza chomera kubzala mbewu yabwino.

Kuti mutenge zipatso zazikulu, Choyamba peduncles ya kasupe ayenera kuchotsedwa. Masamba a strawberry amachotsedwa asanafike nyengo yozizira, kenako imakhala yozizira.

Ndikofunikira! Strawberry Elizabeti 2 amafunikira tekinoloje yoyenera yaulimi (mwachitsanzo, amafunikira bedi lapamwamba feteleza ndi humus), chifukwa pokhapokha padzakhala zokolola zabwino.
Strawberry Elizabeti 2 ali ndi zizindikiro zake, zomwe zimasonyezedwa pofotokozera zosiyanasiyana, koma nthawi zambiri zimatha kudziwa ngati mitunduyo idagulidwa pokhapokha atalandira zokolola.

Maluwa a strawberry Elizabeth 2 ndi bwino kugula mzipinda zapadera, kutsimikizira kuti chiyambi cha mbande zomwe adazipeza. Komanso, pokhala ndi strawberries pa chiwembu chanu, zingatheke kufalitsa ndi masharubu.