Mmene mungakulitsire anthurium, malamulo a kukula ndi kusamalira duwa

Kupangira nyumba kokongola ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya mawonekedwe osazolowereka, omwe amawoneka ngati pulasitiki kuchokera patali, amatchedwa anthurium. Maluwa okongola kwambiri, chifukwa cha zovuta zawo, otchedwa "flamingo ya maluwa."

Mavuto abwino

Kuti chomera chisangalatseni osati ndi masamba okhazikika, komanso ndi maluwa okongola, nkofunikira kukwaniritsa zofunikira zonse za kulima kwake.

Maonekedwe a nthaka ya anthurium

Kubzala m'nyumba anthurium amagwiritsa ntchito nthaka yosakaniza, yomwe imakhala ndi humus, tsamba la masamba, peat ndi mchenga. Zonse zigawo ziyenera kukhala ndi chiwerengero cha 2: 1: 1: 0.5.

Kuonjezera madzi ndi mpweya wokwanira, pafupifupi 15 peresenti zowonjezera zowonjezera zimaphatikizidwa ku nthaka osakaniza: michere, zidutswa za njerwa, makala, ndi peat moss. Nthaka iyenera kukhala yonyamulira pang'ono - PH kuchokera pa 5.5 mpaka 6.5.

Dothi losakaniza likhoza kukonzedwa kuchokera ku chisakanizo cha dothi la maluwa ndi gawo la orchids mofanana. Zabwino ndi Kuwonjezera kwa Moss.

Kutentha kwa mpweya ndi chinyezi

Popeza anthurium ndi chomera chozizira, kusintha kwakukulu kwa kutentha n'kosafunika kwa izo. Chomeracho chimamva bwino pa kutentha kwa 20-25 ° C. M'nyengo yozizira, kutentha sikuyenera kukhala pansi pa 16 ° C.

Anthurium imakonda kutentha kwambiri ndipo silingalekerere drafts, kotero kupopera mbewu kwa masamba kumachitika nthawi zonse.

Ndikofunikira! Musayese ma inflorescences a anthurium, pamene amawoneka pa mawanga, ndipo izi zimakhudza nthawi ya maluwa.

Kuti uwonjezere chinyezi cha mlengalenga, mosamalitsa sphagnum amayikidwa pamwamba pa mphika. Amakhala ndi chinyezi bwino ndipo amachititsa kukula kwa mizu ya mlengalenga. Komanso, kuti muwonjezere chinyezi ndi chomera pafupi ndi icho, mukhoza kusunga mbale ndi madzi, kutuluka kwa madzi komwe kumabweretsa nyengo pawindo pafupipafupi.

Kuunikira bwino

Chomeracho chimakhala mthunzi wolekerera, koma kuti ukhale kukula bwino komanso maluwa umasowa kuwala popanda kuwala kwa dzuwa. Mumthunzi anthurium amakula, koma maluwa - ayi.

Kulephera kuyatsa kumakhudza maluwa, ngakhale kuti chomera sichimalola kuwala kwa dzuwa. M'nyengo yozizira, kuwala kwina kungagwiritsidwe ntchito maluwa.

Momwe mungasamalire pachimake anthurium

Ngati mumasamalira anthurium, zimakondweretsa inu ndi masamba okongola ndi maluwa okongola. Anthurium amatanthauza zomera zopanda nzeru.

Ikhoza kumverera mwachibadwa pawindo lanu, koma osati pachimake. Ganizirani zinthu zomwe zingakhudze kusowa kwa maluwa:

  • Mphika waukulu. Mwina inu "munasamalira" mbeu yanu ndikuyiyika mu mphika waukulu kuti ikhale yaikulu. Komabe, izi ndi kulakwitsa, chifukwa kuti mbeu yanu ikuyandikira kwambiri, ikufulumira.

    Mu mphika waukulu, mungathe kupeza masamba okongola okha. Posankha mphika, zitsatiridwa ndi mfundo yakuti sayenera kukhala mfulu, koma iyenera kukhala yayikulu.

  • Kupatsanso malo kwa gawo lapansi pachaka kumakhudzanso maluwawo.
  • Machitidwe osayenera a ndende.

Kuthira bwino nthaka

Chomerachi chimafuna kutentha kwa 18-20 ° C kuti ikhale ndi maluwa. Choncho, ngati anthurium ali pafupi ndi batentha yotentha, ndiye kuti izi zimakhudza kwambiri maluwa. Chinyezi chiyenera kukhala chapamwamba, koma onetsetsani kuti kumwa madzi mopitirira muyeso sikuwatsogolera ku kuvunda kwa mizu.

Ndikofunika kuthirira madzi ndi madzi ofunda masiku 3-4, nthawi yozizira nthawi kuthirira imachepetsedwa kamodzi pa sabata. Anthurium imakhudza zonse ku madzi okwanira komanso nthaka youma ndi mapepala a chikasu.

Ngati atathirira madzi poto, ndiye kuti iyenera kuthiridwa pambuyo pa theka la ora.

Zinthu zofunika kuti ulimi wothirira bwino ndi madzi ofunda osakhala ndi laimu, popeza anthurium amakonda gawo lochepa kwambiri.

Kupaka pamwamba

Pakuyenda maluwa, ntchito yofunikira imasewera ndi feteleza ndi feteleza kwa mtundu wa anthurium. Apa chinthu chofunikira sikuti chiziwonongeke. Pochita izi, yambani kuvala nthawi zonse, koma njira yothetsera vutoli iyenera kuchepetsedwa.

Ndikofunikira! Kupaka pamwamba kumachitika nthawi yotentha kawiri pamwezi komanso m'nyengo yozizira kamodzi pamwezi.

Pofuna kudyetsa chakudya cha anthuri kunyumba, nkofunika kusinthanitsa mchere ndi feteleza. Kudyetsa mbewu yaying'ono ingathe kuchitidwa pokhapokha atadzaza mizu yonse.

Ngati chomeracho chikudwala, ndiye kuti kudyetsa kuyenera kuimitsidwa. Chomeracho chimafuna kupuma ndikuchira.

Mukudziwa? Pali njira zolimbikitsira maluwa. Kuti tichite zimenezi, kumayambiriro kasupe madzi zomera ndi madzi ofunda (40-50° C). Izi zidzayambitsa maluwa. Koma ziyenera kukumbukiridwa kuti chomeracho chiyenera kupuma kuchokera maluwa ndi kukhala ndi nthawi yolima masamba. Kutsitsimula kwa nthawi zonse kumatha kupha.

Kubwezeretsa mbewu

Chomera chakale chimataya mawonekedwe okongoletsera, komanso chimasiya kuphulika.

Ngati manrium anu amakupatsani mbali zambiri amawombera kapena amasanduka shrub ali ndi masamba ang'onoang'ono ndi maluwa ang'onoang'ono, kapena ali ndi rosette imodzi yokha ya masamba pa thunthu lopangidwa ndi zitsamba za masamba akale, ndiye zizindikiro zonsezi zimasonyeza kufunikira kubwezeretsanso chomeracho.

Njira yobwezeretsa ndi yophweka. Popeza kuti anthurium imakhala ndi mizu yambiri, m'pofunika kudula pamwamba pa chomeracho ndi mizu 2-3 ya mlengalenga ndikuimera m'nthaka..

Chomera chodulidwa, kuthirira kuyenera kuchepetsedwa, ndipo patapita kanthawi, mbali ya rosettes ya masamba idzawonekera. Akamakula, maluwawo akhoza kufalikira pagawa.

Ngati mukufuna kubwezeretsa chomera, koma alibe mizu ya mlengalenga, ayenera kuyamba kukula. Pochita izi, mbali yosawerengeka ya tsinde m'malo oyamba a mizu ya mlengalenga yophimbidwa ndi sphagnum moss ndi nthawi zonse yothira. Mizu idzaphuka mwamsanga mofulumira, ndipo izi zidzathandiza kuti pakhale kukonzanso popanda kuwonongeka.

Malamulo oteteza kusamalira maluwa owopsa

Anthurium amatanthauza zomera zakupha. Choncho, muyenera kusamala kuti ana kapena ziweto zisamafune masamba ndi zipatso za mbewu. Zizindikiro za poyizoni zingakhale kusanza, kutsekula m'mimba kapena kutupa kwa khungu.

Kubwezeretsa chomeracho, khungu la manja likhoza kutetezedwa ndi magolovu a mphira, ndipo mutatha kuwasamalira, musaiwale kusamba m'manja bwino ndi sopo ndi madzi.

Ngati nyemba za zomera zimakhudzana ndi khungu kapena m'maso, m'pofunika kutsuka madziwa m'maderawa. Ngati mbali zina za mmunda zili m'mimba, m'pofunika kuyambitsa kusanza kuti muwachotse ndi kumwa zakumwa. Ngati zizindikiro zoopsa za poyizoni, itanani ambulansi.

Ngakhale kuti anthurium ndi owopsa, ndiyomwe amazindikira oyera mtima.

Mukudziwa? Anthurium imateteza anthu obadwa pansi pa chizindikiro cha Leo. Amapereka chikondi, chimwemwe ndikuwatsogolera ku chilengedwe.

Momwe mungasinthire anthurium

Mbewu yaying'ono iyenera kubzalidwa pachaka, ndipo wamkulu - kamodzi pa zaka zitatu. Ngati izi sizichitika, masamba a zomerawo adzasanduka wakuda, ndipo maluwawo adzafota posachedwa.

Kupititsa patsogolo kwa Anthurium kuyenera kuchitika motere:

  • Chotsani maluwa ku mphika wakale m'munsi mwa mapesi ndikuchotsa pansi pakati pa mizu. Izi zikhoza kuchitidwa ndi ndodo, ndiyeno pansi pa madzi othamanga.
  • Ngati ndi kotheka, chotsani mizu yoonongeka. Magawo kuwaza ndi kuika makala kapena sinamoni. Pofuna kukulitsa kukula kwa mizu, mungathe kuzimitsa mizu ya mbeu mu njira yothetsera maola awiri.
  • Ikani kukhetsa pansi pa mphika. Zidzathandiza kuti mizu ikhale yovuta kwambiri.
  • Kuika dothi laling'ono pakati pa mphika, ikani maluwa. Yambani mizu ndi kuphimba iwo ndi dziko lapansi. Nthaka yosanjikiza pamwamba pa mizu iyenera kukhala osachepera 2 cm.
  • Imwani chomera bwino.

Njira zoberekera

Njira zoberekera za anthurium zingakhale zambiri, koma taganizirani zofala kwambiri.

Gawani

Odziwa bwino wamaluwa ndiwo njira yabwino kwambiri yotchulira kubereka kwa anthurium kuchokera ku chomera cha mayi. Kubzala kotereku ndi koyenera kwa zomera zazikulu. Kuti muchite izi, chotsani chomeracho mu mphika ndipo mpeni wakugawidwa m'magawo.

Zigawo zimapangidwa ndi ufa ndi mpweya wa mpweya. Gawo lirilonse liyenera kukhala ndi mizu ndi zimayambiriro. Mbali zosiyana zimabzalidwa miphika yosiyana ya voliyumu. Kufalitsa zomera motere, mungathe kupeza maluwa pakali pano.

Mu mphika waukulu, njira zotsekemera zimapangidwa nthawi zambiri. Iwo akhoza kupatulidwanso panthawi yoika. Musati muwatulutse kunja kwa mphika, chifukwa izi zimawononge kwambiri mizu ya mbewu.

Cuttings

Cuttings wa zomera zakhazikika mu masiku 15-20, koma chiyambi cha ndondomekoyi ikhoza kuwonedwa mu sabata. Mwamsanga pamene mizu ikukula mpaka 2-3 masentimita yaitali, iwo amabzala pansi mu makapu apulasitiki.

Kubalana ndi cuttings kumachitika motere:

  1. Dulani tsamba la chomera ndi kukula kwake 5-8 cm;
  2. Lembani zomera zouma mumlengalenga kwa mphindi 5-10;
  3. Timachotsa tsamba la masamba;
  4. Phesi imayikidwa mu mchere wosakaniza kapena peat ndi kuwonjezera mchenga mu chiƔerengero cha 1: 1;
  5. Phizani mbale ndi zidutswa za pulasitiki ndi kuika pamalo otentha.

Mizu ya m'mlengalenga

Kawiri kawiri kawirikawiri kafalitsidwe ka cuttings ndi mizu ya mlengalenga. Njirayi siimasowa rooting, ngati kutalika kwa mizu ndiposa masentimita atatu. Ngati kutalika kwa mizu kuli kochepa, nkofunika kuti ikule kukula mwa kukulunga mu moss ndi kuigwedeza nthawi zonse.

Anthurium ndi epiphyte, imatha kupereka mizu ya mlengalenga. Mphamvu imeneyi imagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri mu rooting cuttings, ofananira nawo ana ndi cuttings.

Sankhani njira yabwino yoswana bwino ndipo musaiwale kuti mukukhala bwino ndi kusamalira zomera zanu nthawi zonse. Ndiye izo zidzakondweretsa iwe ndi maluwa okongola.