Makhalidwe apamwamba a chithandizo cha tradescantia

Garden tradescantia ndi zomera zosatha zomwe zimapanga shrub wandiweyani. Zomwe zimayambira kumayambiriro kwa nyengo zamasamba ndi zolunjika, ndiye zimagwa. Masamba akhoza kufika pamtunda wa masentimita 21. Maluwa a Tradescantia nthawi zambiri amakhala maluwa a buluu kapena mabuluu, omwe mwamsanga amatha. Maluwa amawonekera mwachizolowezi mwamsanga pamene am'mbuyowo amatha. Nthawi yamaluwa ndi chilimwe.

Mukudziwa?Chomeracho chimadziwika ndi Anderson, wotchuka wa botanist wa ku America, yemwe kwa zaka zambiri adalimbikitsa kuphunzira za tradescantia komanso adalenga zowonjezera.

Dzina lofala ndi Anderson's Tradescantia. Mtundu wosakanizidwa ukhoza kufanana ndi chitsamba (kuyambira 30 mpaka 50 cm), komanso mtundu wa masamba (imvi, zofiirira kapena maluwa achikasu), komanso mu kukula ndi mtundu.

Kusankha malo okuma tradescantia m'munda

Monga malo oti ikamatera ndi bwino kusankha osakhala dzuwa kwambiri. Zabwino kwambiri pa Tradescantia, mthunzi waung'ono ndi kukhalapo kwa gombe m'munda udzachita. Dothi la tradescantia liyenera kukhala lachonde, lowala komanso losavuta pang'ono. Maluwa pa chomera ndi amphindi, choncho mthunzi udzakhala njira zabwino zopezeka ndi kukula.

Ndikofunikira! Chilala chidzachititsa kufa kwa mbewu.

Tradescantia mu chilala chidzatha kuphulika ndipo chidzafuna nthawi zonse kupopera madzi. Njira zoterezi zimapangidwa bwino madzulo.

Tradescantia munda m'makonzedwe a dziko

Garden Tradescantia imagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri popanga malo. Ndi chithandizo cha Tradescantia, mukhoza kupanga zolemba zogwira mtima kwambiri. Chomeracho ndi chosiyana, kotero mukhoza kutenga zosakaniza ndi ferns, gravilates, swimsuit, iris kapena daylily. Amabzalidwa ndi anemone, geyher, marigold, mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya alendo, astilbe, cuffs, variegated sedges, medunitsami. Mitengo yotereyi imapereka chithandizo chabwino kwa Tradescantia, komanso masamba / masamba, omwe amasiyana ndi mtundu ndi mawonekedwe, akhoza kupanga zolemba zabwino kwambiri, kutsindika bwino ubwino wokhawokha.

Pamaso, mutha kukongoletsa zonse za geraniums, ndi kalasi yapamwamba ya Tradescantia ikhoza kusinthidwa kumbuyo. Zomera za zomera izi ziwoneka bwino pafupi ndi ziwembu m'munda, m'matanthwe kapena, mwachitsanzo, pakati pa udzu. Tradescantia imatha kukulanikanso m'magulu odyera, miyala yamaluwa, komanso maluwa okongola. Maluwawo ndi oboola, koma ndi chomera chabwino kwambiri cha uchi, kotero kuti mutakhala ndi mankhwala ochulukirapo mumunda, mukakhala ndi chidwi chokopa tizilomboti, zomwe zingathandize kwambiri malo okongola.

Kusamalira dothi

Munda wa Tradescantia umakonda malo amvula, kotero kusamalira Tradescantia ndi kuthirira kwake kuyenera kuchitidwa mosamalitsa. M'dzinja, kuthirira kwa Tradescantia kuyenera kuchepetsedwa

Maonekedwe a nthaka ya tradescantia:

  • sod;
  • humus;
  • masamba;
  • mchenga;
  • kapena mungathe kusankha nthaka yokonzedwa bwino ndi madzi abwino.

Mankhwalawa amachokera mu March. Ndikofunika kutenga 10-30 g wa feteleza pa mita imodzi, ndikumba mu nthaka pafupifupi 8 masentimita. Kudyetsa kudya kotere kumachitika kawiri pa mwezi ndi chithandizo cha Kemira madzi feteleza. Pambuyo pake, chitetezocho chimachotsedwa, ndipo chomeracho chimaphatikizidwa ndi peat chophimbidwa ndi lapniki.

Zosintha za Tradescantia

Tradescantia imakhala ndi maluwa ochulukirapo, koma mcherewo sangathe kusweka mosasamala m'munda. Madzulo, madzulo, pa tsiku lotentha, kapena pamadzulo, koma kale mpaka madzulo, maluwa a Tradescantia amayamba kupota ndi kutha m'mabotolo awo, monga nkhono m'magombe awo. Mwa njira iyi, mukhoza kusunga chinsinsi cha kubadwa kwa mbewu.

Mu mawonekedwe awo, mabelu ndi mbewu ndi masamba omwe sanayambe kutsegulidwa, zimafanana ndi masango akuluakulu. Iwo ndi plexus yovuta, kotero zimakhala zovuta kudziwa kuti "gulu" lina liti lidzasanduke maluwa okongola okhala ndi zidutswa zitatu mmawa wotsatira. Njira yayikulu, monga tanenera kale, ndiyo maluwa otalikira komanso osapitirira a munda wamalonda.

Ndikofunikira! Kuyang'ana kukongoletsera kumakhudzidwa ndi katundu pamapeto a nyengo, ngati mutayesa kuchotsa masango osweka nthawi iliyonse.
Ndiye achinyamata maluwa mapesi ndi masamba akhoza kuwonekera kuchokera masamba xiphoid, ndipo tradescantia kachiwiri yokutidwa ndi maluwa ndi pamakhala atatu.

Kusindikiza ndi kuberekana kwa munda tradescantia

Ngati mwasankha malo enieni odzala duwa, ndiye izi ndi zabwino, kuyambira Tradescantia ikhoza kukula kwa nthawi yaitali m'dera limodzi. Chitsamba cha chomerachi chiri ndi kukula kwake, kotero duwa silili la munda wamagulu.

Chomera chakale chimayamba kuphulika kwambiri, choncho kamodzi pa zaka zisanu Tradescantia iyenera kugawidwa ndi kubwezeretsedwa. Nthawi yabwino yowonjezera tradescantia ndi masika, pamene mphukira zazing'ono zikuyamba kuonekera.

Tradescantia imafalikira ndi mitengo ya cuttings, mbewu, ndi kugawa chitsamba. Kubereka kwa tradescantia ndi mapesi kungakhoze kuchitidwa mophweka kwambiri. Ndikofunika kuti muzitsuka mosamala phesi pambali pa tsamba, kumene limapanga medina, ndikuyika phesi m'madzi. Zidutswazi zimazika mizu m'masabata awiri.

Mbewu imafalikira, komabe, monga momwe olima amachitira, zimakhala zosasinthika. Tradescantia imafalikizidwanso pogawanitsa chitsamba. Kumayambiriro kwa chaka, muyenera kukumba chitsamba ndikuzigawa mofatsa muzitsamba zingapo, osayesa kuwononga mizu ya chomera. N'zotheka kugawa chitsamba ndi kumapeto kwa chilimwe. Mwanjira iyi, Tradescantia ikhoza kukhala pamalo omwe mumasowa m'munda.

Kulimbana ndi kuzizira kwachisanu

Tradescantia imakhala yovuta kwambiri kuzizira. Komabe, nyengo yozizira isanafike, chomeracho chiyenera kubvundilidwa ndi masamba osagwa - izi sizilola maluwa kuundana m'nyengo yozizira.

Kulimbana ndi matenda otheka ndi tizirombo

Pali nthawi yomwe wamaluwa amaganizira chifukwa chake masambawo amatembenukira chikasu ku Tradescantia. Kuti mudziwe chifukwa chake, nkofunika kuyesa maluwa nthawi zonse, monga nthata ndi zotupa zingathe kuwonjezeredwa kuyamwa kuyamwa kuchokera ku chomera, chomwe posachedwapa chimayambitsa imfa yake. Masamba owuma ndi achikasu amatha kukhala ndi chinyezi.

Shchitovka

Tizilomboti timatha kufika mamita 4 mm kutalika ndipo timayang'ana ngati tsamba laling'ono lomwe limagwiritsidwa ntchito tsamba la pansi pamtunda. Mtundu umasintha kwambiri - wachikasu, wofiira, wofiirira. Masambawa amadzazidwa ndi zidendene, kenako amatembenukira chikasu ndikugwa. Komanso pakati pa zizindikiro zingathe kuwerengedwa kusakaniza kuchokera masamba ndi mphukira. Tizilombo timakonda kudya madzi awa. Kuchotsa ziphuphu kumachitika mothandizidwa ndi nsalu yosakanizidwa ndi sopo kapena zakumwa za mowa. Ngati chomeracho chili ndi kachilombo koyambitsa matenda, ndiye kuti mukufunika kuchigwira ndi Carbofos, Fufan kapena Aktellik. Ngati njirazi sizikuthandizani, muyenera kuyendetsa mbali zomwe zimakhudzidwa kwambiri.

Aphid

Tizilombo tingathe kuwononga masamba ang'onoang'ono ndi mphukira. Za zizindikiro zazikulu - masamba amayamba kutulutsa ndi kufa, ndipo mphukira imakhala yopunduka. Aphid imayamwa kuyamwa kwa maluwa. Tizilombo timakonda kutulutsa masamba ndi mphukira, komwe kumapanga timango tambirimbiri pamphukira. Chimodzi mwa zizindikirozo ndi masamba omwe ali ndi masamba a chikasu; masamba amatha. Njira zovuta: Sambani tradescantia ndi sopo ndi kuchapa zovala. Ngati chomeracho chikudwala kwambiri, ndiye kuti ayenera kuchiritsidwa ndi Malathion kapena Actellic.

Bowa wakuda

Amakhala pamwamba pa pepala kapena amawombera. Ili ndi mawonekedwe a filimu yotchedwa sooty. Nkhumba sizowopsya, komabe chifukwa cha filimuyi mu zomera, photosynthesis ndi kupuma zingasokonezedwe, ndipo izi zidzathetsa kufooka kwakukulu kwa maluwa. Bowa amatha kuchotsedwa mosavuta ndi sopo ndi madzi.

Timapereka njira zina zotchuka zowononga tizilombo. Nsabwe za m'masamba zimayambidwa ndi kupopera mankhwala opunthira mizu kapena masamba atsopano a dandelion. Ndondomekoyi imabwerezedwa kwa masiku khumi, mpaka nsabwe za m'masamba ziwonongeke. Mbendera zingachotsedwe mothandizidwa ndi pyrethrum tincture kapena adyo.