Momwe mungamere ndi kukula Caladium kunyumba, mfundo zothandiza kusamalira chomera

Kumene mungapeze caladium, kusankha malo kwa chomera choda moto

Caladium (Caladium)- woimira banja la Aroid (Araceae). Dziko lakwawo ndi Brazil, kumene limakula m'mphepete mwa nyanja ya Amazon. Ichi ndi chomera chachikulu chokonda kutentha, chomwe chimafika pamtunda wa mamita asanu.

Kunyumba, Caladium imagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga wowonjezera, ndipo m'deralo chomera ichi chimatchuka chifukwa cha mawonekedwe ake okongola. Caladium imakonda malo otentha, malo ozizira. Pofuna kukula bwino, ndi bwino kusankha mbali kumadzulo ndi kummawa.

Chovomerezeka kwambiri ndi 20 ... + 25 ° С. Kuunikira kuyenera kukhala kowala, koma osati kulunjika. Ndi bwino kusankha kuwala kosiyana. Chinyezi chiyenera kukhala chapamwamba kwambiri. Ngati mugwiritsira ntchito wogulitsira, piritsani masambawo.

Mukudziwa? Dzina lotchuka la Caladium ndi "makutu a njovu" (chifukwa cha kukula kwa masamba).

Zomwe zimayendera Caladium

Caladium imafuna chisamaliro china pakhomo. Makamaka ayenera kulipira kuthirira ndi kudyetsa.

Kodi mungasankhe bwanji mphika ndi kudzala chomera?

Chophimba cha caladium chiyenera kukhala chachiwiri ngati maluwa a tuber. Ngati mukufuna kubzala 2-3 tubers, mphika ndi bwino kutenga 10 masentimita awiri. Ngati pali zina zambiri, sankhani mphika wokhala ndi masentimita 15 kapena kuposa.

Ngati mumachulukitsa mbewu za caladium, ndibwino kuti mutenge mphika wawung'ono, ndipo mutengere chomeracho mumphika waukulu. Kufika kovuta kumakhala kosavuta. Chinthu chachikulu ndikuchita zonse moyenera: ikani zowonjezera pansi pa mphika, mchenga pamphepete (ndibwino kugwiritsa ntchito mchenga wouma wouma).

Ikani nthaka yokonzedweratu kuti mubzalidwe pa mchenga mumtambo, moisten pang'ono. Pakatikati pa phiri, pangani chitsime, mudzaze ndi mchenga, pangani chomera cha Kaladium apo, kotero kuti gawo limodzi mwa magawo atatu aliwonse a tuberwo alowetsedwa pansi, ndikumwaza nthaka yotsalayo.

Ndikofunikira! Ngati mukufuna kupeza masamba ambiri, osati ma tubers oberekera, ndiye kuti caladium iyenera kubzalidwa pansi.

Kodi mungasamalire bwanji caladium musanayambe mizu

Chofunika kwambiri pa chisamaliro cha caladium musanayambe mizu - yabwino ngalande. Mbewu ikafesedwa kapena tubers ikabzalidwa, m'pofunika kusunga kutentha + 25 ... + 30 ° С.

Kuti muchite izi, mukhoza kuphimba chomeracho ndi chivindikiro kapena galasi (koma kuwalako kudakalipo). Muyenera kuthira madzi masiku awiri, kenako "tuluka" miphika.

Amalamulira kudyetsa ndi kuthirira caladium

Caladium imafuna madzi okwanira ambiri panthawi ya kukula kwambiri, makamaka m'chilimwe. Kwa masamba akulu mumasowa kuchuluka kwa chinyezi, mwinamwake, ndi kusowa kwa madzi, masamba adzatayika maonekedwe awo okongoletsera. Padziko lonse la Caladium liyenera kutonthoza mpweya, kutulutsa zotsatira za "utsi".

Koma musapitirire! Madontho aakulu kwambiri sakhala owuma kwa nthawi yaitali. Pamalo a madontho amenewa akhoza kuwoneka mawanga ofiira. Kumapeto kwa chilimwe, kuchepetsa kwa kuthirira kwafupika, ndipo pamene caladium imagwetsa masamba ndi masamba kuti apume pantchito, kuthirira kwaimitsidwa.

Pa nthawi ya "tulo", mutha kuthira mochepa nthaka ndi botolo lopopera kuti mizu isagwe. Kwa feteleza zomera zimagwiritsa ntchito mchere wamchere, kuphatikizapo phosphorous, nayitrogeni ndi potaziyamu. Ndibwino kudyetsa caladium mu nthawi ya kukula, yogwira ntchito, masabata 3-4.

Ndikofunikira! Caladium, yomwe "imadzuka" kokha, iyenera kuthiridwa madzi moyenera. Asanayambe mawonekedwe a masambawo safuna kuchuluka kwa chinyezi.

Zomwe zimasamalidwa mu nthawi yochepa

Nthawi yotsala ya Caladium imayamba kuyambira pakati pa mwezi wa Oktoba ndipo imatha mpaka kumayambiriro kwa masika. Panthawi ino, duwa siloyenera kudiridza. Mukhoza kuthira mochepa pang'ono nthaka ndi kupopera madzi pa botolo.

Caladium iyenera kusamukira ku malo amdima, ozizira kumene kutentha kudzakhala 13 ... + 15 ° С. Caladium safuna kudyetsa kwina kulikonse. Mbewu ya tuber ikhoza kusungidwanso mu nthawi ina yonse mwa njira ina. Tengani tuber mu mphika ndikusungira pamalo otentha.

Chimene muyenera kudziwa pothandizira caladium

Kunyumba, Caladium imayenera kupereka chisamaliro chabwino ndi kulima, komwe kuli kokonzedwa bwino kwa mbewu. Ziyenera kuchitika pachaka, kumayambiriro kwa masika.

Asanaikidwe, chotsani caladium mosamala kuchoka ku mphika wakale, kudula zitsamba zonse zouma. Ikani madzi, mchenga ndi gawo (chisakanizo cha dothi, masamba ndi nthaka) mu mphika. Mutabzala, sungani nthaka pang'ono.

Mukudziwa? Ngati mutengapo chomeracho mumphika 3-4 masentimita, masamba ake adzakhala akuluakulu, ndipo mtundu udzakhala wowala kwambiri.

Kubalana caladium, kufufuza njira

Caladium ndi yotchuka kwambiri pakati pa amalima a maluwa. Kwa kubereka kwake pali njira zingapo: mbewu, tubers, kugawanika kwa tchire. Tiyeni tione tsatanetsatane wa njira izi.

Mwana wamkazi

Mwana wamkazi wa tubers amagwiritsidwa ntchito popatsa. Pa rhizome sankhani kwambiri tuber ndipo mosamala muidule ndi secateurs.

Magawo ayenera "kuyanika" ndi makala. Mukamaliza ndi "kuyanika" tuber, muyenera kuchoka kwa maola angapo, kenako mutsike, kutsatira zotsatira zonse za kubzala Caladium.

Kusiyana kwa lalikulu rhizomes

Ngati mwasankha kufalitsa mbewuyo pogawaniza rhizomes, muyenera kudziwa zimenezo Ndi njira iyi, pali chiopsezo chochuluka chomera chomera. Kwa opaleshoniyo pogwiritsa ntchito mitsuko yowopsya, yomwe imagawaniza tuber "ndi bondo" - mumphepete.

Gawoli liyenera kuchitika mu March, mwamsanga pamene mphukira zatsopano ziwonekera. Zigawo zimawaza ndi makala ndipo zimabzalidwa mu gawo lapansi. Anayambitsa tubers yokutidwa ndi pulasitiki ndikudikirira mbande kwa milungu iwiri.

Ndikofunikira! Mukamagwiritsa ntchito mwana wamkazi wa tubers kapena njira yogawira chitsamba, muyenera kusankha tizilombo toyambitsa matendawa.

Kubzala mbewu

Mbewu imafesedwa kumayambiriro kwa masika mu chisakanizo cha peat ndi tsamba lapansi. Mu mphika umodzi, muyenera kufesa mbeu 10 (kuchuluka kwa dzuwa 50:50).

Pambuyo pofesa, mbewu ziyenera kuphimbidwa ndi polyethylene. Yoyamba dzuwa ikuwonekera masabata 2-3. Mbande ziyenera kuthiriridwa kuchokera nthawi yomwe zizindikiro zoyamba za kuyanika nthaka.

Mukudziwa? Mukamagwiritsa ntchito mbewu, pangakhale kusintha kwina. Mtundu wa leaf umasiyana.

Makhalidwe a kulima bwino

Kwa Caladium kulima bwino kumafuna madzi okwanira, kudyetsa nthawi ndi malo abwino. Ndipo komabe ndi bwino kumvetsera zina mwachinyengo pakukula maluwa.

  1. Masamba a Caladium sayenera kuzungulidwa. Phulusa liyenera kupukutidwa ndi brush fluffy (mawanga ofiira amatha kupanga masamba pogwiritsa ntchito nsalu yonyowa).
  2. Mitengo ya tuber imatha kuthiridwa kuchokera pamwamba (ngati sichikhoza kuvunda). Ndi bwino kuthirira pamphepete mwa mphika.
  3. Caladium nthawi zambiri imayambitsa chifuwa. Muyenera kugwira naye ntchito mu magolovesi.
  4. Kawirikawiri, zomera zimakhudzidwa ndi choipitsa. Kamodzi pachaka kangathe kuchitidwa mankhwala kuchokera ku tizilombo.
  5. Caladium imakula bwino m'nthaka yamchere.

Izi ndizo mitundu yonse yomwe muyenera kudziwa pamene mukukula Caladium. Mukamatsatira malangizo ophweka, mudzasangalala ndi maonekedwe anu okongoletsera maluwa anu.