Pezani Tomasi Chokongola Honey

Ambiri wamaluwa wamaluwa, ngakhalenso osamalira wamaluwa, nthawi zonse amayesetsa kupeza mbewu yabwino, zomwe zimawathandiza kuti ayesetse kuyesa mitundu yambiri ya ndiwo zamasamba, zipatso ndi zipatso. Masiku ano, tatha kubweretsa mbewu zambiri zamtengo wapatali, kuphatikizapo phwetekere ya pinki. Ndi chotani chodabwitsa pa izi zosiyanasiyana ndipo ndi zinthu ziti zomwe olima wamaluwa amaonetsa mochuluka? Tiyeni tiwone izo.

Khalidwe la phwetekere Phokoso uchi (mankhwala, kukula, mtundu, kulawa, mawonekedwe, kulemera)

Kuyamba kufotokoza za phwetekere ndi kofunikira kuchokera ku mfundo yakuti sizomwe zimayambitsa matenda, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti kuchokera ku tomato zotere zimatha kukonzekera mbewu zambiri chaka chotsatira. SakaniPinki uchi" Zikhoza kukupatsani tomato wamkulu, omwe nthawi zambiri amafika pa makilogalamu 1.5 (amapangidwa ndi kucha pa maburashi oyambirira).

Maonekedwe a tomato ndi ozungulira, mtundu wa chipatso ndiwo pinki, thupi ndi lokoma, minofu ndi msuzi.

Kulawa makhalidwe a tomato "Osalasa uchi" ndi osiyana ndi phwetekere wamba, chifukwa alibe mtundu wowawa. Mitedza yonseyi ndi yamitundu yambiri (4 ndi zina) ndipo imakhala ndi zowonjezera zowuma.

Zipatsozi zili ndi peel wochepa kwambiri, chifukwa chake sizimasinthidwa kuti zisungidwe ndi kuyenda, ndipo kukula kwake kwa tomato kumawapanga njira yosayenera yosungira.

Ndikofunikira! Nthawi zina, malo obiriwira amakhala pafupi ndi tsinde la phwetekere, koma ngati chipatso chokoma chimaikidwa pafupi ndi nthawi yakucha, icho chidzatha.
Posankha mbewu, onetsetsani kuti mukuwerenga ndemanga ndi ndemanga za anthu a chilimwe omwe akhala akugwiritsidwa ntchito ndi pinki mitundu ya tomato yotseguka pansi kapena wowonjezera kutentha. Ambiri mwa iwo amasonyeza kuti akhoza kukhala ndi "Honey Honey" ngakhale pa nthaka ya saline.

Kutalika kwa tchire

Ngati mumakhulupirira zitsimikizo za opanga, tchire ndi tomato ziyenera kukula pafupifupi 60-70 masentimita mu msinkhu, koma malinga ndi ndemanga za wamaluwa omwe amawadyera m'malo otentha, chomeracho chimatha kufika pamtunda umodzi.

Zoonadi, kukula kwa tchire ndi tomato, komanso kukolola kumadalira makamaka momwe zimakhalira ndi kubzala, kotero kutalika kwa tchire kumakhala kosiyana pakati pa 50 ndi 100 masentimita. Kawirikawiri, tomato amatha kukhala ndi mitundu yodabwitsa.

Kutulutsa nthawi ya tomato Phokoso uchi

Tomato "Uchi wokongola" umatanthawuza mtundu wa pakati pa nyengo. Kuchokera ku maonekedwe a mphukira zoyambirira kumayambiriro kwa fruiting, nthawi zambiri amatenga masiku osachepera 110. Nthawi zambiri, tomato amatha kupsa masiku 110-115, ndiko kuti, kumapeto kwa chilimwe.

Kufesa mbewu za mbande kumayambira pachiyambi (chifukwa chokula mu wowonjezera kutentha) kapena kumapeto kwa March (kubzala kotseguka pansi). Kukolola koyamba kulandiridwa mu August.

Ndi bwino kupanga shrub mu zimayambira ziwiri, ndi kuwonjezeka kwa chiwerengero cha mazira a m'mimba mwake.

Mukudziwa? Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya tomato imaphatikizaponso: "Chophika Chokoleti", "Cow Heart", "Mfumu ya Siberia", "Marshmallow mu Chokoleti", "Eagle Heart", "Black Baron", "Sevruga" ndi ena ambiri.

Perekani mitundu

Nyamayi "Uchi wonyezimira" ukhoza kutchedwa mtundu wa minofu, koma zowonjezera zimakhudza kwambiri zokolola ndi khalidwe la mbewu.

Mwachitsanzo, ngati mukufuna kupeza zotsatira zabwino kwambiri, ndiye posankha malo oti mubzala phwetekere, samverani dera, adyezi, anyezi, ndi kaloti zakula kale kale (pambuyo pa nightshade).

Munda wokondedwa wokhala ndi duwa wa tomato ndi 50 x 40 cm, 3-4 zitsamba pa 1 sq. M, koma ana aamuna atangoyamba kuonekera, ayenera kuchotsedwa mwamsanga.

Ndizosatheka kuti tisaganize kuti zomwe adanena zosiyanasiyana sizikonda madzi okwanira ambiri, choncho ndikofunikira kuthirira tchire pokhapokha ngati nthaka ikuda.

Ndikofunika kwambiri kuti pamene kuthirira madzi kugwera mwachindunji pa chomera, pa masamba ndi tsinde. Komanso, "Honey Honey" sumalekerera kutentha kwambiri kapena kutentha, komwe kumakhudza kwambiri zokolola.

Ndikofunikira! Tomato a mitundu yofotokozedwayo imakhala yovuta kwambiri kutentha, choncho, chifukwa chakusowa chipatso, iwo amangiridwa kwambiri, ndipo zomwe zidakalire sizidzakondweretsa iwe ndi misala yaikulu. Kutentha kwabwino kwa mbewu kumera ndi +25 ° C, ndipo kukulirakulira ndi kukula + 15 ... +30 ° C.
Ngati mukutsatira zofunikira zonse za kubzala ndi kusamalidwa, ndiye ndi chitsamba chimodzi mungathe kufika 6 makilogalamu a phwetekere. Manyowa omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito kawiri pa nyengo amathandizira kuwonjezeka kwa chiwerengero ichi: pachiyambi cha vegetative kusasitsa ndi masiku 30 mutatha kudya.

Njira yoyenera ya ntchitoyo idzakhala makina osungunuka m'madzi okhala ndi potassium ndi phosphorous. Ambiri amaluwa amadziwa kuti tomato wa pinki nthawi zambiri imabzala 3-4 maburashi, ndipo chifukwa cha kukula kwake, zipatso sizikhala ndi nthawi yoti zipse. Komabe, izi zosiyanasiyana zimapindulitsa kwambiri kuposa "Mtima wa Bull" wofanana nawo.

Njira kukula tomato Pinki uchi

Mitengo yokoma yowonjezera ya phwetekere ndi zipatso zazikulu zokongola ndi zotsatira za njira yomwe idasankhidwa kale. Pakatikati, mungathe kukula "Usuzi wa pinki" m'malo obiriwira, malo ogulitsira zomera, malo ochepa, nthawi yomweyo, pamabedi a udzu kapena matumba a nthaka osakaniza, komanso pansi pa malo osungirako.

Poona kuti nyengo ikuda kwambiri m'madera akummwera, tomato amakula bwino pogwiritsa ntchito mbande, zomwe zingakuthandizeni kuthetsa vuto losafunikira (mbande zimayikidwa koyamba mu mbale zowonjezera, ndipo zitakula zimabzala pamalo otseguka, otetezedwa).

Mukudziwa? Zipatso za tomato "Pinki Honey" amakhala ndi chizoloŵezi chophwanyidwa, kotero simukuyenera kuganiza kuti mungapange bwanji tomato wofewa.
Kawirikawiri, tomato wa kalasi yapadera ndi yabwino kwambiri yoyenera kulima panthaka. Amayambitsa ana opeza mofulumira (iwo amachotsedwa mwamsanga) ndi kupanga ovary.

Pa nthawi imodzimodziyo, ikadzala mu nyengo yotentha, kuwonjezereka kwina kukuonekera, ndiko kuti, chomera chimakula mofulumira, kupereka kukula kwa msinkhu.

Ntchito ya phwetekere

Matenda a phwetekere "Pink Honey" ndi njira yabwino yopangira saladi zokoma komanso zathanzi komanso kupanikizana. Chakudya chimene chinalengedwa kuchokera ku zipatso si zokoma zokha, komanso chimakhala chopatsa thanzi.

Mitengo yambiri imasiyanitsa madzi a phwetekere, tomato puree, caviar, phala la tomato ndi masukisi osiyanasiyana. Muliwonse mwa mbale izi, olemera kukoma kwa tomato "Pinki Honey" akuwonetseredwa mwamphamvu.

Chinthu chokha chimene simungagwiritse ntchito tomato yapamwamba ndikuteteza, chifukwa chomwe chimakhala ndi khungu lochepa kwambiri (monga tanena kale, ili ndi saladi, choncho m'mabanki, tomato "amangoyamba" ndi kukhala "phala").

Kukoma kwa zipatso izi kumakondweretsa masewera a mitundu ina ya tomato, ngakhale kuti palibe kutchulidwa kokoma ndi kununkhira, khalidwe la tomato zonse, nthawi zambiri kumayamikira kuyamikira izi. Komanso, ena wamaluwa amati mulingo wokoma kwambiri, koma ngati mukufuna kuti mutha kuzizoloŵera.

Mliri wotsutsa matenda

Imodzi mwa zovuta za mtundu wosasakanizidwa wa tomato, zomwe zimaphatikizansopo "Pink Pink", ndi yofooka kukaniza matenda. Komabe, izi sizingaoneke ngati chopinga chachikulu kwa kulima bwino tomato wotere.

Kusamalira nthawi ndi kusamalira bwino zomera kumakuthandizani kupewa mavuto ambiri kapena kuwachotsa m'kupita kwanthawi, ngakhale kuti palibe amene angakupatseni chitsimikizo cha 100 pothandizira njira izi.

Chinthu chokha chimene mungadalire ndikuteteza matenda. Mwachitsanzo, poyamba kudandaula za zovuta kwambiri (mawanga ofiira kapena necrosis amaonekera pamasamba a tomato), m'pofunika kuti mwamsanga muzitha kusintha mbeu zonse (ziribe kanthu kaya akudwala kapena akuoneka ngati ali ndi thanzi labwino).

Pa chifukwa chimenechi, fungicidal kukonzekera (mwachitsanzo, Ridomil) amagwiritsidwa ntchito. Kuonjezerapo, kupeŵa kuchitika kwa vuto lochedwa kudzathandiza:

  • kutsatira zofunikira za njira zothirira (madzi sayenera kugwera masamba);
  • chodzala phwetekere tchire mosiyana ndi zitsamba za mbatata;
  • chithandizo mankhwala njira Bordeaux madzimadzi.
Polimbana ndi nkhungu zakuda kapena fusarium, mapangidwe a fungicidal ayenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito panthaŵi yake. Iwo ndi abwino osati chifukwa chakuti amachiza zomera, komanso chifukwa angagwiritsidwe ntchito pofuna kuteteza. Kuchokera ku masamba okhudzidwa ndi zipatso nthawi yomweyo kuchotsa.

"Uchi wa pinki" uyenera kubzalidwa pa mabedi komwe nyemba, kabichi kapena radishes zinakula chaka chatha, zomwe zinapangitsa nthaka kukhala ndi zinthu zofunika kwambiri kuti kukula kwa tomato.

Large-fruited phwetekere mitundu ayenera kudyetsedwa popanda kusala organic feteleza. Kwa tomato pamwambapa, mukhoza kugwiritsa ntchito yankho la manyowa kapena nkhuku manyowa muyeso ya 1 gawo feteleza mpaka 10-12 malita a madzi.

Komanso, pakukula kwa mmera, ndi bwino kupanga zowonjezera ziwiri kuchokera ku feteleza mchere: woyamba - pa tsiku la 10 mutengedwe, ndipo tsiku lachiwiri pakapita masiku 10-15.

Pachifukwachi, njira yotsatirayi ikugwiritsidwa ntchito: 5, 15 ndi 30 g ya ammonium nitrate, potaziyamu kloride ndi superphosphate amawonjezeka mu 10 malita a madzi. Pakapanga kachilombo kawiri ka feteleza kawiri kawiri. Chomera chilichonse chiri ndi hafu ya galasi yothetsera.

Ngakhale kuti mitundu yosakhala yosakanizidwa ilibe msinkhu wotsutsa matenda, izi siziwalepheretsa kusangalala kwambiri pakati pa wamaluwa.

Choncho, ngati mukufuna kuteteza tomato ku nyengo yoipa, ingobzala mbewu mu wowonjezera kutentha, ndipo zonse zomwe zimafunika kuti mukolole bwino kwambiri ndi luso lamakono la ulimi wakulima mbewu (kukonzekera bwino kwa nthaka, kumamatira kuunikira, kuyamwitsa kwa nthawi yake komanso kukula kwa mbande ndi matani d.)