Momwe mungatetezere "mtengo wa dola" kuchokera ku tizirombo ndi matenda

Zamioculkas ndi yokongola yokongola shrub kuchokera ku Aroid banja. Chomera chobiriwira chobiriwirachi chokhala ndi korona wokongola ndi masamba obiriwira. Koma patapita nthawi pambuyo pa zamiokulkas anabzala yotseguka nthaka, masamba kutembenukira chikasu. M'nkhaniyi tiona chifukwa chake izi zikuchitika, komanso fufuzani momwe mungathetsere vutoli.

Mawanga a mdima pa masamba a zamiokulkas: chochita chiyani?

Zamiokulkas, mofanana ndi zomera zina zokongola, ali ndi matenda: mdima wandiweyani akhoza kuwoneka pamasamba ake. Zosokonekera zoterezi zimachitika ngati shrub inali yotsika kutentha kwa nthawi yayitali kapena imaimirira. Komanso kuthirira mofulumira kumabweretsa tsamba lakuda. Njira yothetsera vutoli ndi yophweka: ndikofunikira kubweretsa kutentha ndi madzi a mmbuyo kuti zikhale zachilendo, kuthetseratu kuchepa kwa madzi ndikusiya kuwonjezereka.

Mmene angachiritse chomera ku mizu zowola

Ngati malookulkas anali ndi mdima pa tsinde, ichi ndi chizindikiro choyamba cha muzu kuvunda. Chifukwa cha kuvunda kwa mizu, kugubuduza pa thunthu, kumatsitsimula kwambiri pa kutentha.

Ndikofunikira! Zamioculkas amakonda kutentha, koma salolera kutentha. Chinyezi chiyenera kusungidwa bwino, koma chomera chimalekerera chilala. Zingafanane ndi ngamila, popeza chilengedwe chakonzekera zamakono kuti zitha kukhala ndi madzi.
Dongo lopanda nthaka silingapereke mpweya wabwino komanso mpweya wokwanira, motero mizu ndi tsinde zimavunda. Pa chifukwa ichi, chitsamba chimamwalira nthawi zambiri. Koma ndizotheka kusunga masiku oyambirira, ngati mukukumba tuber ndikuchotsa njira zonse zomwe zakhudzidwa, ndikuwaza magawo ndi makala amoto. Ngati mankhwalawa ali odwala komanso amdima amaoneka pamtengo, ndiye kuti chomera chonsecho, kuphatikizapo mizu, amafunika kuchiritsidwa ndi fungicides, monga Oxy, kapena Readzol. Kenaka pitani mumphika watsopano ndi m'malo mwadothi. Ngati njira yovunda isalephereke, ndiye kuti tuber iyenera kuchotsedwa ndi kutayidwa, ndipo masamba akugwiritsidwa ntchito kuti apitirize kubereka.

Mukudziwa? Zamioculkas anatulukira ndi botanist kumayambiriro kwa 1830. Makope oyambirira a shrub yokongola iyi anapezeka pamapiri a ku East Africa.

Momwe mungapangire Zamiokulkas pachimake

Zamioculkas ndi oimira zomera zokongoletsera, kulima ndi kusamalira zomwe zimakhala panyumba zikusowa zina. Miyeso ya kuwala, kutentha ndi kuthirira ayenera kukhala yachirengedwe ngati n'kotheka.

Popeza Zamiokulkas imachokera kumphepete mwazing'ono za Africa ndi miyala yam'mphepete mwa nyanja, izi sizidzaphulika kumbali ya kumpoto kwa nyumba kapena nyumba. Kupanga izi zokongoletsera shrub pachimake, m'pofunika kuzimwa madzi kuyambira nthawi ya April mpaka kumapeto kwa chilimwe - kamodzi pa milungu iwiri iliyonse, idyani ndi feteleza kwa cacti ndi succulents, pukuta kapena kusamba masamba ndi kusunga kutentha kwa 18-20 ° C. Ngati simukuyembekeza Zamiokulkas maluwa, ndiye kuti duwa iyi ndi imodzi mwa anthu osadzichepetsa kwambiri. Chomera chachilendochi chokongoletsera chokongola chidzakongoletsa chilichonse mkati, ngakhale icho chisasinthe.

Chifukwa chiyani mukusiya youma ndi kugwa

Ngati anuokulkasa (nayenso amatchedwa"mtengo wa dola") kusiya masamba otupitsa, kenako wouma ndi kugwa, ndiye musachite mantha. Izi zimachitika makamaka ndi tsamba lochepa la tsamba. Uku ndi ukalamba wachilengedwe. Ngati ziwalo zonse za zomera zimayamba kugwa pang'onopang'ono, zikutanthauza kuti pali zolakwika zina muchisamaliro chake. Chifukwa chake chingakhalenso kuwonongeka kwa mitundu yosiyanasiyana.

Mukudziwa? Zamioculkas adatchuka kwambiri ku China. Kumeneko akutchedwa "mtengo wa golidi" mwina"Chomera Chamakono cha Chaka Chatsopano cha China".

Bwanji masamba a zamiokulkas akutembenukira chikasu

Ngati mazakoka ataya mawonekedwe ake akale, masamba amasanduka chikasu ndikugwa, zikutanthauza kuti akudwala ndi chinachake. Ngakhale kuti mawu awa si oona nthawi zonse. Chinthuchi n'chakuti izi zokongola shrub limakula pang'onopang'ono. Pogwiritsa ntchito masamba atsopano, akalewo amayamba kumira, pang'onopang'ono kutembenukira chikasu ndi kuyanika. Mapesi a duwa akhoza kudzala ndi mdima, koma, monga tafotokozera kale, izi sizomwe zimatanthawuza kuti mbewuyo ikudwala. Ngati pali kukula kwa mphukira zatsopano, ndipo mawangawo ndi owuma, ndiye kuti zonse zimakhala bwino. Masamba ofiira akulimbikitsidwa kuti achotsedwe akakhala owuma.

Nanga bwanji ngati masamba akuda masamba? Zikakhala kuti mphukira zatsopano zisakule pambuyo pake, zofunikira zowonjezereka zimafunika. Kusintha kwa mtundu wa masamba kungakhale chizindikiro cha kusintha kwadzidzidzi kutentha, kuwonongeka kwa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, ma drafts kapena madzi okwanira. Muyenera kudziwa molondola chifukwa cha maonekedwe achikasu, ndikutsata njira zoyenera kuzichotsera.

Shchitovka pa zamiokulkas

Shchitovki kawirikawiri amagwera pa zokomera zomera zozungulira. Poyambirira, iwo ali pafupi kumva, koma kuchuluka mofulumira. Chizindikiro choonekera cha maonekedwe awo chidzakhala mdima wa zimayambira. Akuluakulu, chifukwa cha kuchepa kwawo, akhoza kuchotsedwa ndi siponji yonyowa. Mphutsi imaphedwa ndi kupopera mbewu zomera ndi madzi omwe sopo kapena tizilombo toyambitsa matenda. Amathandiza bwino "Aktara".

Kodi mungachotse bwanji kangaude?

Nkhumba zimakonda mpweya wouma. Mukhoza kuzindikira maonekedwe ake ndi loyera loyera la ukonde mu internodes. Ndi ntchito yaikulu ya tizilombo toyambitsa matenda zamiokulkasa ayamba kutembenukira chikasu ndikugwa. Mungathe kuwononga tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ndi sopo kapena fodya. Pambuyo pa chithandizo, chomeracho chiyenera kutsukidwa ndi madzi ambiri ofunda. Ngati izi sizikuthandizani, lowani tizilombo "Akarin" kapena "Antikleshch." N'zotheka kupopera Zamiokulkas, koma ziyenera kuchitika m'malo osakhalamo.

Mukudziwa? Mabuku ena amanena kuti zamiokulkas ndi owopsa. Iye, monga chinyezi china, ali ndi ziwalo zake zonse zotengedwa ndi oxalic acid-calcium oxalate, yomwe, ikatengedwa mkati, imatha kupweteka m'kamwa ndi mmero, kupweteketsa mtima, koma siimayambitsa poizoni wowopsa.

Mmene mungamenyane ndi momwe mungapezere aphid pa zamiokulkas

Nsabwe za m'masamba ndi tizilombo ting'onoting'ono timene timakhala pansi pa masamba. Zitha kukhala zobiriwira, zakuda kapena zakuda. Aphid amayamwa zamiokulkas madzi, ndipo masamba ake anayamba pang'onopang'ono curl ndi youma. Aphid ikuwonjezeka mofulumira kwambiri. Mukhoza kuchipha ndi yankho la chikonga, chomwe chili motere: 1 g ya chikonga, 1 g wa sulphate, madzi okwanira 1 litre.

Chifukwa chiyani nyongolotsi zimakhala zikuwoneka ndi momwe angazichotsere

Chinyama china cha Zamiokulkas ndi mphutsi za powdery. Ichi ndi tizilombo toopsa kwambiri kuchokera ku tizilombo, chomwe chimakhudza zomera zapakhomo. Kuvulaza zomera kumayambitsidwa ndi akulu akulu ndi mphutsi. Amadyetsa masamba, masamba ndi mphukira.

Ndikofunikira! Mbozi zimakhala zovuta kuti ziwonongeke, ndipo kuti zitheke bwino, zimakhala zofunikira nthawi zonse kuti zithetse zomerazo panthawi yomwe yakhala ikukonzekera.
Nyongolotsi za mealy zimawonekera chifukwa cha zinthu zolakwika za zamiokulkas:
  • Ngati mu chipinda ndi chomera kutentha ndi pansi pa madigiri 18.
  • Dothi lakuda kapena loipitsidwa.
  • Palibe kusamalira zitsamba nthawi zonse.
  • Zida zakufa sizichotsedwa nthawi.
Pali magawo awiri ogonjetsedwa ndi Zamiokulkas ndi mphutsi za powdery, zomwe zimafuna njira zosiyana ndizo:
  1. Matenda ovuta. Chithandizo pa gawo ili la matenda sivuta. Malo onse omwe ali ndi kachilomboka ayenera kupukutidwa ndi thonje yoviikidwa mu madzi asopo. M'mwezi, mlungu uliwonse, muyenera kupopera mbewuyi ndi fodya wa fodya, decoction ya cyclamen kapena anyezi yankho. Mukhoza kupukuta ndi antiseptic mowa tincture wa calendula.
  2. Matenda oopsa. Pankhaniyi, njira zowonjezera zakhala zikudziwika kale. Mlungu uliwonse muyenera kupopera mankhwala amodzi: "Aktar", "Confidor", "Fitoderm", "Biotlin" kapena "Tanrek".