Kusinthanitsa nkhaka momwe mungachitire molondola

Wamasamba aliyense wamva za njira yopezera nkhaka ndi mapindu ake. Tiye tikambiraneKusakaniza nkhaka panja ndi ku wowonjezera kutentha, komanso chifukwa chake nkhaka zimafuna njirayi.

Kodi kutsina tizilombo nkhaka

Tizilomboti timatchedwa nkhaka, zomwe zimamera chipatso kokha poyambitsa pollination ndi tizilombo kapena anthu. Mu nkhakayi, makamaka pa stem yaikulu, amuna amtundu wotchedwa inflorescences amapezeka. Zipatso zimapangidwa, monga lamulo, pa ofananira nawo zimayambira.

Mitundu ya tizilombo mochedwa kufika kuyamba nthambi. Choncho, pofuna kulimbikitsa kukula kwa ofananira nawo zimayambira, pinching ikulimbikitsidwa. Mukamapindikiza tsinde loyamba mu nthawi, mumalola kuti mbaliyo ikuwombere, kukula ndi kupanga maluwa okongola.

Ndikofunikira!Nkhaka, zomwe zimakhala m'madontho ochepa, zimakoka zakudya zonse, ndipo zimapangitsa kuti zipatso zina zikhale zazikulu.
Sakani mitundu yosiyanasiyana imayamba pambuyo poonekera pa tsinde 5-6 masamba. Kuchokera m'matumba amunsiwa amafunika kuchotsa inflorescences, nyundo ndi nthambi zotsalira.

Mu inflorescence, mu sinus m'munsi, zipatso zimakhala zovuta kwambiri, zimafa, kapena zimakhala zosaoneka bwino.

Ndikofunikira! Mukamapindikiza, masamba ayenera kusiya, chifukwa amathandiza kwambiri pa zakudya zamasamba.

Maluwa oyamba omwe amaoneka pa nkhaka ndi a amuna. Mwa anthu omwe amatchedwa "maluwa opanda pake", pomwe samangiriza zipatso. Mayi, fruiting maluwa m'mitundu yambiri ya tizilombo imakula kuchokera kumtunda.

Choncho, wamaluwa kutsuka nkhaka, kuchotsa zopanda mphamvu.

Mukudziwa? Ngati kumera nkhaka kuchotsa mphukira za amuna, ndiye kuti masamba angakhale owawa.
Sakani tsinde lalikulu, kusiya mbalizo kukhala zobala zipatso. Zotsatira zam'tsogolo zimayenera kumangirizidwa ndi twini wokonzeka ku mtanda kuti apange chitsamba cha nkhaka.
Mukudziwa? Olima ena samachotsa inflorescences m'mitengo ya m'munsi ya mbeu, pamene akuganiza kuti akhoza kutaya zokololazo.

Kodi kutsinika nkhaka mu wowonjezera kutentha

Kusinthanitsa nkhaka mu wowonjezera kutentha ndi ntchito yovuta komanso yovuta. Koma ndi njira yoyenera, izi sizingakhale zovuta kwa inu. Njira yochititsa khungu nkhaka mu wowonjezera kutentha ikhoza kuimiridwa ngati ndondomeko inayi.

Pa gawo loyamba, Pambuyo poyamba phokoso pamtunda, nkofunika kuti choyamba chimangirire ndi kuyamwa madzi.

Kusinthanitsa nkhaka mu gawo lachiwiri amayamba pambuyo pa mawonekedwe a masamba 5-8 pa chitsamba. Ife timapindikiza mbali ziwiri mphukira kuchokera ku mphukira yaikulu.

Gawo lachitatu kuyembekezera mapangidwe a masamba khumi ndi kutsitsa mbali yomwe ikuwombera ndi zina zamimba.

Pamene tsamba la khumi ndi limodzi lidaumbidwa, chomeracho chafika kale kutalika kukonzekera pa mtanda. Ndizo siteji yotsiriza Kusakaniza pamwamba pa nkhaka, mutatha izi, nkhaka imafuna feteleza.

Mukudziwa? Mukasiya nkhaka zowonjezera popanda kutsekemera, ndiye adzakula kotero gawo la mbeu lidzafa chifukwa cha kusoĊµa kwa dzuwa.

Njira ndi malamulo pa mapangidwe a nkhaka za nkhaka

Malamulo ambiri

Kupanga chitsamba cha nkhaka ndi chofunika kwambiri kuposa chiwombankhanga.. Njirayi ndi yofunikira kuti chomeracho chikhale ndi dzuwa ndi zakudya zokwanira kuti zikhale ndi zipatso zokoma. Kukonzekera katsamba ka nkhaka kumachitidwa ndi kumangiriza mapesi ake a nkhaka, zomwe zimapanga fruiting shrub.

Nkhaka ili ndi mizu yoipa, yomwe sungathe kupereka madzi ndi zakudya zonse kwa zipatso ndi mazira, chifukwa cha zomwe zimakhala zachikasu ndi zowonongeka. Chikale chooneka bwino ngati shrub alibe mavuto otero, ndipo Kuchokera pamenepo mudzatha kusonkhanitsa zipatso zambiri kusiyana ndi chitsamba chokhazikika.

Munda wa minda ayenera ndithudi nthawi yochotsa zowonjezera zimayambira monga kuchedwa kungathe kuwononga mbewu za nkhaka.

Momwe mungapangire chitsamba mu tsinde limodzi

Ngati mukukula nkhaka mu wowonjezera kutentha, simuyenera kuyembekezera kuti chomeracho chitayambe. Muyenera kuchimanga kale kwambiri, sabata yachiwiri mutabzala mbande. Izi zidzakupangitsani kukhala kosavuta kuti musamalire mphukira zoyamba ndi mazira.

Poyamba, zidzakuwonekerani kuti kupanga chitsamba chimodzi ndi chovuta komanso nthawi yowonongeka, koma kwenikweni, Ngati mukuchita izi mwadongosolo ndikusunga kufufuza mphukira zatsopano, simudzakhala ndi vuto.

Ndikofunikira! Ndikofunika 1-2 pa mlungu kuti muyambe kafukufuku wopezeka kwa majeremusi ndi nthambi zatsopano.
Malamulo a mapangidwe a chitsamba
  1. Pakapita masiku 11 mutabzala mbande mu nthaka yomwe mukuyenera kumangirira ndi zingwe, kuzipititsa kutalika kwake.
  2. Pafupi ndi zitsamba zazomera, pafupi ndi nthaka, pakati pa masamba 4-5 oyambirira, chotsani maluwa onse ndi kumera.
  3. Pamene chomera chikukula makope 4-5, chotsani mbaliyo ikuwombera.
  4. Pamene tsinde likukula, chotsani mbaliyo.
  5. Timatsiriza mapangidwe a chitsamba pamene tsinde likuposa kutalika kofunikira kuti tipeze - timayang'ana pamwamba.
Ndikofunikira! Sitingalole kukula kwanthawi yaitali kwa mphukira yotsatira.

Mapangidwe mumayendedwe angapo

Ndi njira iyi yopangidwira, nkhaka yamtengo wa nkhaka imapezeka ndi yaikulu komanso yowonjezera yambiri.

  1. Chitsamba chachikulu chimakhazikika ndi chingwe ndipo chimakhudzidwa ndi kutalika kwake.
  2. Siyani mbali yomwe ikuwombera yokha pamaso pa mapangidwe oyambirira.
  3. Pambuyo poonekera mazira oyambirira, mbali ikuwombera modekha kukwera mpaka mphukira yaikulu.
  4. Mapesi omaliza amawamanga ndi matayala awo kumbuyo kwa tsinde lalikulu.
  5. Pamene chotsatira chimayamba kukula, tizimangiriza ndi matchati kumodzi.
Potero amapanga chitsamba Musaiwale nthawi ndi nthawi kuti muzitsuka mapesi ena.

Malangizo ndi Zothandizira Kukanikiza Ndi Nkhaka Mapangidwe

Mlimi aliyense amadziwa mmene pinch nkhaka, koma palinso zizolowezi zomwe kukuthandizani kuti mukhale ophweka pa njirayi ndi kuthetsa zoopsa. Ngati mulibe zochepa, ndibwino kuti muphunzire zambiri mwatsatanetsatane ndipo funsani wolima wamba.

  • Mukamangiriza nkhaka, musaiwale za miyendo yawo yofooka, mwinamwake mungathe kukoka msanga chomera.
  • Kupanga shrub ya nkhaka, musaiwale za kayendedwe ka zochita zonse ndi kukulunga zimayambiriro kuzungulira maziko.
  • Musaiwale kuti mwatsatanetsatane kuchotsani tchire zowonongeka ndi nkhaka, komanso amuna inflorescences.
  • Ndikofunika kukumbukira kuti phesi la nkhaka palokha ndi lochepa komanso lopanda phokoso, siliwononge umphumphu wake.
  • Ndikofunika kuti nthawi zonse muzidula masamba owuma ndi zowonongeka kuchokera ku chomera.
  • Dulani ndi kuyeretsa chomeracho ndikupanga zipangizo zowongoka bwino.
  • Pa nthawi yokolola, musasinthe nsonga za tchire, monga chomeracho chingasinthe chikasu ndikufa.
  • Palibe chofunikira kuchoka pamphuno potsamira kudulira masamba. Izi zingachititse mapangidwe a powdery mildew, omwe ali ndi zotsatira zovulaza mapangidwe a mazira ndi chitukuko cha nkhaka.

Nkhuka zokula ndi zokopa ndi zovuta, koma zothandiza. Wamasamba aliyense amadziwa za phindu lopaka. Pambuyo pake, zotsatira zake, mumapeza zokolola zabwino ndi zipatso zokoma, zokoma.