TimadziƔa bwino mitundu yambiri yotchuka yokonza raspberries

Mphamvu ndi zomera zomwe zimatha kuphuka ndi kubereka zipatso kangapo panthawi yomwe ikukula. Chidziwitso chake ndi kuthekera kubereka zipatso pa mphukira pachaka ndi biennial. Osati remontant rasipiberi zipatso mu chaka chachiwiri cha kukula.

Mukudziwa? The zipatso za remontant rasipiberi mitundu pang'ono zowawasa kuposa mwachizolowezi mitundu ya mabulosi awa. Koma ulemu wawo - nthawi yayitali ya fruiting nyengo.

Kodi ndipadera bwanji pakusakaniza rasipiberi?

Kukonza mitundu ya rasipiberi kumafuna zosachepera. Nthawi zambiri amakula ngati mbeu ya chaka chimodzi. Kwa nthawi imodzi chitsamba chimakula ndipo chimapereka mbewu pa zopulumuka za chaka chomwecho. Mphukira, yomwe kale imakhala yotchedwa otplodonosili, imadulidwa pa kugwa kwa nthaka. Pankhaniyi, chiwongoladzanja chochuluka chimatsimikiziridwa, ndipo zambiri zimabuka mu August ndi September.

Ndikofunikira! Kukonzanso rasipiberi n'kovuta kubereka. Amapereka mphukira zochepa, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti zisamakhale zosavuta kusamalira, koma zovuta kubereka. Ikhoza kupangidwa pogawa mizu.

Konzani rasipiberi uli ndi ubwino wambiri:

  • kuchepa kwa matenda ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda. Pankhaniyi, ikhoza kukula popanda kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala;
  • Mbeu ndi yokonda zachilengedwe, ndipo kukula sikufuna ndalama zazikulu za ndalama ndi ntchito;
  • palibe vuto la hardiness yozizira, popeza kumtunda kwa chitsamba kudulidwa, ndipo mizu imakhala yozizira kwambiri;
  • mkulu zokolola zikufaniziridwa ndi wamba raspberries. Koma chifukwa cha izi, mitundu ya remontant imafuna chakudya chambiri, chinyezi ndi kuyatsa;
  • Nthambi zowonongeka ndi masamba obiriwira asanatengedwe m'madzi, ndipo amayamba kuphuka.
M'nyengoyi, mitundu yotsitsa imatha kubzala mbewu ziwiri. Pa nthawi yomweyo zipatso zachiwiri, kenako zokolola, zikhoza kukhala zazikulu kuposa zoyamba.

Zosiyanasiyana zoyambirira kucha rasipiberi

Raspberry remontant ali ndi nthawi yosiyana. Pali mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya mapuloteni oyambirira a ravberant, omwe amapezeka kwambiri ndi wamaluwa.

Arbat

Mitundu yambiri ya Arbiberi yakutchire yoyamba kucha, inagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi obereketsa ku Russia. Mbali yake yosiyana ndi yayikulu kwambiri zipatso zolemera 15-18 g. Pali zambiri mwazitsamba zazikulu, zamphamvu, zowamba bwino popanda minga.

Kuchokera ku chitsamba chimodzi mukhoza kukolola 5-6 makilogalamu. Mukhoza kukolola ndi kukolola kawiri, ngati mupanga manyowa ndi kusamalira rasipiberi.

Zipatso zosiyana, conical mawonekedwe. Arbat ndi rasipiberi wofiira, pamwamba pake amawala. Kuchokera mu tsinde la zipatso zimachotsedwa mosavuta, popanda kupasuka. Msuti wa rasipiberi ali ndi zokoma zokometsera zokoma ndi mbewu zingapo. Zipatso zowirira zimalola kulephera.

Zomera za hard winter zowonjezera, ndi kukana matenda ndi tizilombo toononga pamtunda wapamwamba.

Diamondi

Mitundu yambiri ya rasipiberi Zokongola kwambiri zipatso, pamtunda chitsamba chimadza kufika mamita 1,5. Mitengo ya zomera ndi yofewa ndipo ili pansi pa chomeracho. Malo a fruiting ndi theka la tsinde. Mitengo yayikulu yokwana 7 g yakucha m'zaka khumi zoyambirira za August. Iwo ali ndi mtundu wolemera wa ruby, pamwamba. Kukoma ndi kokoma, mchere.

Brusviana

Brusviana ndi rasipiberi yamadzimadzi yosiyanasiyana, mitengo ya mtengo yomwe imatchuka chifukwa cha kutalika kwake - imatha kufika mamita awiri. Zitsamba ku Brusuvans ziri nthambi zambiri, zakhala ndi minga pang'ono. Mphukira ya zitsamba imayima molunjika, yomwe ili yabwino pamene yokolola. Zipatso zimachokera kumtunda wonse.

Zipatso za Brusuvia ndi zazikulu kwambiri - 15 g. Mtundu wawo ndi rasipiberi, kukoma kwake kumakhala kokoma.

Ndikofunikira! Brusvyan amapereka mbewu ziwiri pachaka. Chokolola choyamba chikupezeka pakati pa June, chachiwiri - mu August-September.

Brusvian rasipiberi chitsamba akhoza kupanga 7 makilogalamu. Zosiyanasiyanazi zimakonda kwambiri ndipo zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pazinthu zamalonda. Ili ndi kuyenda bwino.

Bryansk zodabwitsa

Rasipiberi Bryansk chozizwitsa amayamba kubala zipatso mu 2 koloko ya August. Fruiting akupitiriza mpaka chisanu. Panthawiyi, chomeracho chimapereka mbewu zonse, zomwe pafupifupi 3.5 kg pa chitsamba. Mitengo ya Bryansk diva imakhala yaikulu ya 5-7 g. Kuchuluka kwake kwa zipatso kukufanana ndi mitundu ya mafakitale, zipatso zimakhoza kusungidwa kwa nthawi yaitali, zimalola kulephera.

Kukoma kwa zipatso mitundu Bryansk zodabwitsa okoma ndi wowawasa. Fomuyo imapangidwira, makamaka imatchulidwa muzitsanzo zazikulu. Zomera zamasamba siziyenera kumangiriza, ngati palibe mantha a mphepo kapena mvula yambiri. Nthambi sizikhala ndi minga, chitsamba chomwecho chikufalikira pang'ono ndi mphukira zakuda.

Chisangalalo cha Bryansk ndi chodabwitsa. Ngati itayikidwa pamalo otseguka, imakulolani kukolola msanga zipatso zapamwamba.

Hercules

Rasipiberi zosiyanasiyana Hercules ndi lalikulu, matenda ndi tizilombo toyambitsa zosiyanasiyana zosiyanasiyana remontant raspberries. Mitundu yoyamba ija imakhala ndi mphukira zosafunika kuti zisamangidwe ndikukonzekera zothandizira.

Theka la kutalika kwa mphukira ndi fruiting. Ng'ombe imakhala yoonda kwambiri, yovuta komanso yovuta. Mitengoyi imakhala ndi tinthu tambirimbiri tomwe timakhala tomwe timapanga. Kunenepa kumafikira magalamu 10, ndipo amamwewa okoma ndi owawasa.

Zokolola zochokera ku Hercules zikhoza kusonkhanitsidwa kuyambira chiyambi cha August mpaka chisanu choyamba.

Nyumba zagolide

Mitengo ya golide ndi yokwera kwambiri yopatsa rasipiberi zosiyanasiyana. Amapereka 2 mbewu pa nyengo. Yoyamba ikuwonekera kumapeto kwa June - kumayambiriro kwa mwezi wa July, wachiwiri - mu August, ndipo mukhoza kusonkhanitsa chisanu chisanafike. Chitsamba chimodzi chikhoza kubala pafupifupi 2 kg ya mbewu.

Zitsamba Golden domes apanga kutalika kwa 1.3-1.5 mamita. Iwo akufalikira, akuthamangira mphukira ndipo palibe minga. Mitengo yosiyanasiyana imalemera mpaka 6 g, mawonekedwe ake ndi ozungulira, mtundu uli wowala wachikasu. Kukoma kwa mchere zosiyanasiyana zipatso, zokoma ndi zowawasa ndi wosakhwima rasipiberi kukoma.

Lyashka

Polish rasipiberi zosiyanasiyana Lyashka - oyambirira yakucha. Ichi ndi chimodzi mwa mitundu yabwino kwambiri, ndi mabulosi aakulu.

Chipatso chomera kwa nthawi yaitali. Chapakatikati mwa mwezi wa June, zokolola zoyamba zimachitika, zomwe zimatha kuchokera masabata atatu. Zosiyanasiyanazi ndi zabwino kwa kulima kwapanyumba ndi mafakitale.

Zipatso zofiira za Lyashka zimapangidwira, zikuluzikulu ndi za pubescent. Kulemera kwa zipatso kumakhala pafupifupi 6 g, kukula kwa masentimita 4. Transportability ndi yabwino kwambiri.

Zitsamba za Lyashka zimakula mpaka mamita 2-3 m'lifupi. Ma spikes pa iwo si achiwawa, zimayambira ndi zambiri.

Perseus

Kumayambiriro kwa chilimwe Perseus rasipiberi zosiyanasiyana ali mkulu wowongoka mphukira. Zipatso zake zingakhale zazikulu ndi zazikulu za 3.1-5 g, mtundu wawo ndi wofiira. Zipatso ndi zosavuta kusiyana ndi tsinde, zimadya zokoma ndi zowawasa.

Zosiyanasiyana za Perseus - kuchapa panthawi imodzi. Zipatso ziphuka kumapeto kwa theka la June.

Zosiyanasiyana za remontant rasipiberi sing'anga kucha

Raspberries m'munda ukhoza kubala chipatso nthawi yonseyi, ngati mutabzala baka zotsamba zosiyana. Mitundu yotchuka kwambiri komanso yapamwamba kwambiri ya rasipiberi yakuchayo ikufotokozedwa pansipa.

Antlant

Rasipiberi cultivar Atlant ndi mtundu waukulu wa zipatso. Zipatso zamtundu uwu zimadzera 6-10 g, wandiweyani komanso zotengedwa. Iwo ndi osavuta kuchotsa ku phesi.

Mphukira ya Atlant zosiyanasiyana ndi kukula mozama, kutalika kwake kwachuluka.

Kuchokera ku chitsamba chimodzi akhoza kuchotsedwa 2-2.5 makilogalamu a zipatso. Amayamba kuphulika zaka khumi zachiwiri za mwezi wa August. Kukoma kwa zipatso zimakhala zonunkhira, zowutsa mudyo komanso zokoma, mawonekedwe awo amawoneka bwino. Angathe kuzizira, kusinthidwa ndikudya mwatsopano. Zizindikiro zapamwamba za zipatso ndizokulu kwambiri.

Chozizwitsa cha Orange

Mitambo ya rasipiberi Orange chozizwitsa ndi matenda osagwira, obala zipatso, obiriwira kwambiri. Zipatso zake zimakhala ndi mawonekedwe okwana 4 masentimita m'litali, zimakhala zolemera 12 g. Kuwala kumakhala kowala kwambiri lalanje, lokoma, lokoma ndi wowawasa. Zipatso zitsamba mpaka chisanu.

Cumberland

Cumberland zosiyanasiyana zimakhala ndi mawonekedwe odabwitsa. Awa ndi rasipiberi wakuda, obadwira ku America. Chifukwa cha maonekedwe ake, amakopa chidwi. Zipatso zazing'ono zimaphimbidwa ndi zokutira. Khalani ndi kukoma kokoma, mofanana ndi kukoma kwa mabulosi.

Mukudziwa? Cumberland ili ndi zinthu zabwino: vitamini C kwambiri, antioxidants; Kugwiritsidwa ntchito kwa zipatso kumapangitsa chitetezo cha m'thupi, chimakhala ndi antimicrobial ndi antiviral zotsatira.

Pali mbewu zambiri mu Cumberland zipatso zomwe anthu ambiri sazikonda. Zipatso zimachotsedwa mosavuta ku chitsamba, kupirira moyo wautali wautali, wopangidwa kuti azipita. Zipatso zili zoyenera kukolola kupanikizana, kuzizira, kuphika, kuphika zipatso zowonjezera.

Ngati muonetsetsa kusamalidwa bwino, mitunduyi imapereka makilogalamu 10 a zokolola kuchokera ku chitsamba.

Polana

Remontny kalasi ya Polana - skoroplodny ndi mkulu-ololera. Amaonedwa kuti ndi mafakitale, ngakhale kuti amapezeka pazinthu zowonongeka zapakhomo.

Polana ndi wakale wa pulaspiberi zosiyanasiyana. Wotchuka chifukwa cha zasayansi zamakono.

Zipatso zosiyanasiyana kuyambira m'ma August mpaka November. Zipatsozi zili pamwamba pa mphukira kuyambira pakati mpaka pamwamba. Mphukira ili ndi kutalika kwa 1.5 mamita, kukula popanda garter. Kututa kuchokera ku chitsamba kufika pa makilogalamu 6.

Mtundu wa zipatsozo ndi wofiira, pamwamba pake ukuwala. Kulemera kwa mabulosi amodzi kufika 3 g.

Himbo Top

Mitundu ya Himbo Top inalengedwa ndi wofalitsa wa ku Switzerland. Mitunduyi imakhala ndi zipatso zokwanira 6-8 g. Zipatsozi ndi zapakatikati, zimachotsedwa mosavuta, sizingatheke mpaka kumapeto kwa nyengo.

Zokolola za Himbo Top zimapsa mu theka lachiwiri la August ndipo zikhoza kukololedwa kwa masabata asanu ndi limodzi ndi asanu ndi atatu, ngati nyengo ikukula. Chomera chimodzi chingapereke zokolola za 3 kg.

Zomera za zosiyanasiyanazi zimafuna kuti chonde chikhale chonde. Mbali ya kanjira iyenera kukhala mamita awiri-3-3, monga tchire timapanga nthambi zowonjezera zipatso zam'tsogolo.

Mtundu wa Ruby

Gulu lopindulitsa - Ruby mkanda, uli ndi wandiweyani wamkulu wonyezimira. Kulemera kwake sikufikira magalamu asanu ndi atatu, kukoma kwake ndikokoma, kumatsitsimutsa. Pansi pa mphukira ndi ma spikes, omwe samalepheretsa kwambiri kukolola.

Yaroslavna

Ambiri wamaluwa amakhulupirira kuti rasipiberi Yaroslavna ndi imodzi mwa zokoma zosiyanasiyana remontant raspberries. Amadziwikanso pansi pa mayina a Brusviana wachikasu ndi Rosyanitsa.

Nyengo zapakati pa nyengoyi zimapatsa zipatso mpaka 3.5 cm. Mtundu wa zipatso ndi wachikasu. Ndi chitsamba chimodzi chingatenge makilogalamu 4 a mbewu. Mitengo Yaroslavna ikukula kufika 1.7 m, nthambi zawo pang'ono.

Mbewu yoyamba Yaroslavna zosiyanasiyana imapereka kumayambiriro kwa June, yachiwiri - kuchokera pa August 10 mpaka kumapeto kwa October.

Kuchokera m'magulu a masukulu - otsika transportability, monga zipatso ndi zofewa, zachifundo komanso zowerengeka.

Zosiyanasiyana mochedwa yakonza kukonza raspberries

Mapulotoni apamwamba mitundu ndi oyenera kulima kum'mwera zigawo. Zipatso zipsa kumapeto kwa August kapena ngakhale mu September. Mitundu yochepa ya remontant raspberries si ambiri. Anthu otchuka kwambiri pakati pawo ndi Heritage, Otm Trezhe, Morning Dew, Eric, Shugana. Kukonza mochedwa rasipiberi Heritage imatsogolera mphukira zamphamvu. Mitunduyi inalengedwa mu 1969 chifukwa cha kudutsa kwa mitundu ya Durham, Milton ndi Katberg. Zipatso zake ndi zofiira, zowonjezera kukula, zowuma ndipo sizikutha kwa nthawi yaitali. Zimakhala zosavuta kuchotsa pa tsinde, zimalola kulephera. Kukoma kuli bwino, ndi fungo losangalatsa.

Heryteydzh - mitundu yambiri yobala, imakhala yotsutsa matenda ndi tizilombo toononga. Kubweretsa zipatso kuyambira July mpaka chisanu. Zima zowonjezera nyengo yachisanu.

Otm Trezhe anabadwira ku UK. Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ndi yamphamvu, mphukira ndi yoongoka ndipo ilibe minga. Zipatsozi zimachotsedwa mosavuta ku chipatsocho, ndi kulemera kwake kwa 3.3-3.5 g. Maonekedwe awo ndi ochepa-mtundu, mtundu ndi wofiira. Zipatso za zosiyanasiyana Otm trezhe bwino kulekerera kayendedwe, zasungidwa bwino kuposa mitundu yambiri ya chilimwe.

Dew Morning yakucha kumapeto kwa chilimwe. Mitundu yosiyanasiyana idalimbikitsidwa ndi obereketsa ku Poland. Zimapanga zipatso zazikulu zolemera 8 g chikasu. Kula ndi kokoma ndi kowawa.

Erika - Izi ndi zokolola zambiri za ku Western Europe kuswana, imodzi mwa yabwino kwambiri. Zipatsozo ndi zazikulu, zofiira, zowala komanso zabwino kwambiri.

Zotsatira zosiyanasiyana za Shugana ali pakati-mochedwa, kusagwirizana kwa chilala, kusankha Chiswisi. Zipatso za kukula kwapakati, zomwe zimasamalira chitsamba ndikufika 10 g.

Pali mitundu yambiri yokonza raspberries. Ndi zosiyana siyana, n'zosavuta kuonetsetsa kuti nthawi yonse yokolola ikukolola mpaka nyengo yoziziritsa. Ndipo chisamaliro chabwino cha raspberries, chimabweretsa zipatso zambiri.