Kufotokozera ndi chithunzi cha mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya msondodzi

Willow - mtengo wamtengo wapatali kapena shrub, ukukula makamaka m'madera ozizira. Pali mitundu ina m'madera otentha komanso ngakhale kudutsa Arctic Circle. Akatswiri ofufuza zinthu zakale apeza mapepala a mitengo ya msondodzi m'madzi a Cretaceous oposa zaka masauzande ambirimbiri.

Kwa nthawi yaitali Willow wakhala ikugwiritsidwa ntchito monga chomera chokongoletsera, ndipo mitengo yotchuka kwambiri ya msondodzi idzafotokozedwa m'nkhaniyi.

Msondodzi woyera

Mtsinje woyera, kapena msondodzi wa siliva, ndi mtengo wamphamvu, pa msinkhu wa msinkhu umatha kufika mamita 25 mu msinkhu. Mtengo uli ndi korona wokongola kwambiri yomwe imakhala ikugwa yaitali, yofewa imayambira ndi masamba obiriwira, okongoletsa siliva. Mu April, mphepo imatuluka ndi maluwa achikasu, otchedwa amphaka, maluwa, ndi oona, amawoneka ngati zidutswa za ubweya. Mtsinje wa White womwe ukufunidwa mu malo okongoletsera. Imamera msanga, imakhala ndi chisanu, imakula pafupifupi dothi lililonse, imapirira mosavuta tsitsi. Willow samaopa chinyezi, ngakhale mopitirira muyeso, amakonda kuwala kwa dzuwa. Mitengo yokhwima imakhala ndi korona mamita 20 m'lifupi. Mitundu yodzikongoletsa kwambiri ya msondodzi woyera:

  • Argentea ndi mtengo womwe ukugwa pansi mpaka mamita 25 pamwamba, tsamba lowala kwambiri la tsamba la mdima wonyezimira, lochepetsedwa liri loyera, panthawi ya maluwa korona imakhala yowoneka ndi chikasu chowala.
  • Limpde ndi mtengo wa 20-40 mamita wamtali, wosiyana ndi mtundu wachikasu wa zimayambira. Korona wamtengo wapatali monga mawonekedwe a cone pafupifupi mamita 12 m'lifupi mwake. Chomera cha uchi, chimatuluka mu April, mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya chisanu.
  • Tristis - kutalika kufika mamita makumi awiri, ndikutambasula mpaka mamita 20 m'lifupi ndi korona, makungwa achikasu ndi nthambi. Willow ndi chomera cha uchi, chimamera mu April, pafupifupi nthawi imodzimodzimodzi ndi kufalikira kwa masamba.

Willow wa Babulo

Willow ku Babulo - mtengo wotsika mpaka mamita 15, ndi kuyala korona yolira malire mamita 10 m'lifupi. Nthambi za msondodzi, kupatulapo zobiriwira, zimatha kukhala ndi mdima wachikasu ndi wofiira, nthambi zimakhala zopanda kanthu, ndi makungwa ofiirira omwe amawonekera pansi. Chomera chobiriwiracho chimakhala m'mphepete mwa ma clove ang'onoang'ono, nkuyamba kutembenukira chikasu pafupi ndi Januwale. Pambuyo pa masambawo, mtsinje umadzala ndi maluwa owala oyera. Msondodzi uli ndi hardiness yabwino yozizira ndipo sichikulirakulira.

Willow Babylonian Tortuosa. Ndi mamita awiri-high shrub, mbali yochititsa chidwi ya zosiyanasiyana - nthambi zopotoka za mtundu wachikasu-golide womwe umawonekera mochititsa chidwi motsatira maziko a masamba ofiira owala. Zosiyanasiyanazi zimawopa kuzizira, koma mwamsanga zimabweretsanso ngati zimasintha. Kukula Tortuosis, mumasowa kuwala kwambiri. Willow Babylonian Crispas. Izi ndi zosiyana kwambiri, osati mamita awiri mu msinkhu. Shrub ndi yokongoletsera chifukwa cha masamba osazolowereka: mbale zowonongeka za mtundu wobiriwira zimapotozedwa ngati duwa, zophimbidwa ndi gloss.

Iva Kanginskaya

Willow Kanginskaya ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya kuswana, dzina lachilatini la msondodzi ndi Salix Kangensis Nakai. Mitunduyi imayimilidwa ndi mitundu iwiri: mtengo ndi shrub. Mitundu yonse ya zomera imakula kufika mamita 10 pamwamba. Masamba amasiyana mosiyana kuchokera kwa wina ndi mzake: mphukira zimatuluka mpaka masentimita 20, masamba ndi theka lalikulu pa mbeu zowonjezera. Mabala a masamba ndi lanceolate, pubescent. Mvula imamera kumayambiriro kwa masika, maluwa obiriwira. Amakwera kukula m'mphepete mwa mitsinje ndi matupi ena, amakonda kuwala, nyengo yozizira-yolimba, msondodzi uwu ndi chomera cha uchi. M'chilengedwe, zimakhala zachilendo ku Primorsky Krai, ku Korea, ndi kumpoto chakum'maƔa kwa China.

Mukudziwa? Asilavo akale ankalemekeza msondodzi ngati mtengo wopatulika wa moyo, mtengo unali chizindikiro cha mulungu Yaryla. Otsatira a Buddhism amakhulupirira kuti msondodzi ndi chizindikiro cha kasupe wa chitsitsimutso. Taoists amatchedwa msondodzi chizindikiro cha kuwonetseredwa kwa mphamvu mufooka chifukwa chogwedezeka, koma kuswa, zimayambira. Mtengo wopatulika, pafupi ndi mapemphero omwe anaperekedwa kwa milungu, unali pakati pa anthu akale a ku Mexico ndi Amwenye a ku North America.

Willow caspian

Mawindo ambiri a Caspian amakula shrub, nthambi ya shrub ndi korona mu mawonekedwe a fan, yayitali yaitali yofiira. Mphepete mwa msondodzi ndi wobiriwira, masambawo ndi owala, obiriwira, okongola. Kutalika kwa masamba ndi masentimita 10, kutalika kwa chitsamba ndi mamita atatu, korona ndi pafupifupi mamita awiri mu mamita. Willow imamasula mu May ndipo limamasula kwa masiku atatu okha. Zima-wolimba, koma sakonda kwambiri chisanu. Kukonzekera kwa malo kumagwiritsidwa ntchito kukongoletsa mabwinja amadzimadzi kapena mitsinje yachilengedwe ndi mabwinja, mizu yake, kukula, kulimbikitsa nyanja bwino.

Mbuzi ya Willow

Msondodzi wa mbuzi, kapena bredana, ndi mtengo wawung'ono womwe uli ndi nthambi zakugwa. Nkhumba ya nkhumba imakhala yopanda ulemu: siopa mthunzi, nthaka yowuma, imakula pa dothi lirilonse, ndi nyengo yozizira. Chomerachi chimabzalidwa m'mabasi. Willow imamera maluwa kuyambira April mpaka May ndi maluwa achikasu. Maonekedwe a korona wa msondodzi wa mbuzi akulira. Mitundu yotchuka kwambiri ya nkhuni:

  • Nkhumba ya Pendula ya mbuzi ndi mtengo wokhala ndi korona yolira, siliva wobiriwira ndi amphaka a golidi. Kukaniza, osakonda malo owala, amakula bwino mumthunzi. Willow Pendula sichiposa mamita awiri, kukula kwa korona - kufika mamita limodzi ndi hafu.
  • Zilberglyants ndi mtengo mpaka mamita asanu ndi atatu mmwamba, zimayambira zimakhala zikugwa pansi, ndipo kukula kwa korona kuli pafupi mamita asanu. Mtengo umaphulika mu April.
  • Machimbuzi a mbuzi a mtengo wa mbuzi - mtengo kapena shrub, mtengo wamtali - kufika mamita 10, mamita a korona kufalitsa - kufika mamita asanu ndi limodzi. Pamunsi mwa thunthu, makungwa a ming'alu yaing'ono, pamwamba pake imakhala yosalala, imvi. Maluwa okongola a bluish amakhala ndi fungo lokoma.
Zosangalatsa Anthu amanena kuti mtima wa msondodzi umafa poyamba: umachokera pamtima pa thunthu. Chochititsa chidwi, chifukwa cha izi, zinkaganiziridwa kuti ngati mwana anajambula ndi wicker, sizingamere, ndipo panthawi imeneyo anavulazidwa kuchokera ku msondodzi chifukwa chosamvera. Mwachiwonekere, kotero, kalelo kunali anthu otsika kwambiri.

Mphuno yosalala

Mtsinje uli wosalimba, msondodzi, monga umatchedwanso, - mtengo wamtengo wapatali (kufika mamita 20) kapena shrub. Korona wake ngati mawonekedwe a hema, zimayambira sizinasinthasintha, zathyola, zomwe zimapangitsa dzina la msondodzi. Zimayambira sizamasamba, zobiriwira, zokometsetsa, zoyambira kumayambiriro kwa chitukuko cha mbewu. Masamba ndi aakulu, masentimita 15 m'litali, ndi mawonekedwe a lanceolate, okhala ndi serrate m'mphepete mwa nsonga. Mtengo umamasula pamene masamba akuphulika - mu May-April, okhala ndi ndolo zautali wobiriwira. Mtsinje Wosiyanasiyana Bullata ndi wodziwika bwino komanso wotchuka. Iye ali ndi korona wozungulira, wofewa bwino. Mapangidwe ndi chitukuko cha mtengo ndi zofanana ndi nsomba yofiira. Mbali ya koronayo ili ndi zimbudzi zomwe zimapezeka kumtunda, ndipo pansipa zikukula mphukira zimathandizira dome iyi. Nthambi zimakula molimba kwambiri moti mtengo umawoneka ngati uli ndi velvet wobiriwira.

Iva Matsuda

Mtengo umenewu umakhala ku Korea ndi ku China. Mtengo umakula mpaka mamita 13 wamtali, uli ndi thunthu laling'ono, lolunjika, korona mu mawonekedwe a piramidi. Mapale aatali, otsika, okwera mmwamba ali aang'ono ali oundana, ojambula mu azitona ndi msuzi wachikasu. Kuponyera pang'onopang'ono, pang'onopang'ono mpaka masentimita 10 m'litali. Pamodzi ndi kutuluka kwa masamba, ndolo zamphongo zikuphulika. Yves Matsuda amakonda kukongola bwino, kutentha, sikulekerera kusintha kwa kutentha, kumakula pa dothi la zakudya.

Ndikofunikira! Mitundu yambiri ndi mitundu ya msondodzi imakula mofulumira, choncho amafunika kudulira nthawi zonse, ngati izi sizitheka, mtengo kapena shrub zidzakula mu misala. Kumeta kunayamba mtengo kapena shrub, kufika pamtunda wa 80 cm.

Norway willow

Willow Norway ali ndi mayina ambiri - sheluga ndi ofiira, ofiira, msondodzi. Mtengo uwu kapena wamtali wa shrub ali ndi mthunzi wofiira wa nthambi, monga momwe amachitira pa dzina. Kuwonjezera pa mtundu, zimayambira sera zophimbidwa pamakungwa. Zimapezeka m'chilengedwe m'madera a Ciscaucasia, kudera lonse la Ulaya la Russia. Amamera mumtambo, m'matanthwe a mchenga komanso pafupi ndi malo ogona. Nyongolotsi imakula mpaka mamita 10 kutalika kwake, korona yake ikufalikira, yoboola ngati masamba, masamba ndi amtali ndipo ndi opapatiza, amdima wobiriwira, mapesi a masamba ndi ofiira-chikasu pamapulaneti a masamba. Amakoka maluwa asanatuluke. Kumaloko kumagwiritsidwa ntchito pa landings pafupi ndi matupi a madzi, m'mapaki, ngati khoma. Pakati pa anthu, cat Willow catkins amagwiritsidwa ntchito mwambo wachipembedzo pa Lamlungu Lamlungu. Amagwiritsa ntchito nthambi zowonjezera kupanga mipando, madengu ndi ziwiya zina zapakhomo. Mtundu wokongola kwambiri wa msondodzi ndi msondodzi wa Chitata. Chomera ichi chiri ndi korona yakulira mu nthawi ya maluwa chimadza ndi ndolo zoyera.

Chenjerani! Ngati mukukula msondodzi wamsana, chonde onani - mu kutentha, amapereka kuti palibe dziwe pafupi ndi mtengo, liyenera kuthiriridwa mobwerezabwereza ndi kupopedwa. Mvula imakhala yoyera kuti chilala chikhale cholimba kwambiri.

Mitambo yokwawa imakwera

Mawindo okwera a Armando ndi ofanana, ochepa shrub, okhala ndi zimbudzi zochepa. Chitsambacho chili ndi korona waukulu mamita atatu m'kati mwake, kutalika kwa chitsamba sichiposa mamita. Masambawo ndi matte, pamtunda wa tsamba ndi wobiriwira, m'munsi mwake ndi wobiriwira, wa pubescent. Mphuno yamaluwa yofiira-yofiira. Willow imagonjetsedwa ndi kutentha kwapansi, imakonda kuyatsa bwino ndi chinyezi. Zotsambazi zimatha kukhala wamkulu mu malo amkati mu tubati. Pa tsambali amagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga minda yamwala, kukongoletsa kwa mapiri, rockeries, mabwawa.

Willow

Mtsinje wa Willow, kapena hemp, umakhala m'madera ambiri a Russia ndi mayiko a Baltic. Amakonda mabanki a mitsinje, nkhalango ndi nkhalango. Ili ndi shrub lalitali kufika mamita asanu ndi atatu, ndi korona yofalitsa, mphukira yaitali, nthambi, zophimba, monga mulu ukukula, umatha. Masambawa ndi otalika ndipo ndi opapatiza pamphepete mwazitali, pansi pake pansi. Dzina lachiwiri la msondodzi lovomerezeka chifukwa cha mawonekedwe ndi malo a masamba: amawoneka ngati masamba a khansa. Mphepete imamera maluwa asanayambe, imakhala ndi masentimita 6 mu mawonekedwe a silinda, imamasula kwa milungu iwiri yokha. Mtedza uwu umaphatikizapo madengu, mazinga. Chitsamba chimakula mofulumira, chimalekerera chisanu bwino, sichiri chokwanira pa nthaka ndi zikhalidwe.

Msondodzi wofiira

Mtedza uwu ndi wodabwitsa chifukwa cha mtundu wofiira wa zimayambira. Ichi ndi shrub ndi korona mu mawonekedwe a mpira, wochepa thupi ndi wautali kwambiri ndi masamba a siliva. Chitsamba chimakula mpaka mamita asanu mu msinkhu, korona wozungulira ndi pafupi mamita asanu. Msondodzi wotsekemera umaphulika mu May; maluwa ali ndi nsalu zofiirira.

  • Zosiyanasiyana za Lighthouse. Zokongola shrub ndi pinki nthambi, kugonjetsedwa ndi otsika kutentha. Amakonda malo ndi kutentha kwa chinyezi. Kutalika kwa chitsamba - zitatu mamita, yemweyo m'mimba mwake ndi ozungulira korona.
  • Zosiyanasiyana za Nana. Shrub, ikukula osapitirira mamita limodzi ndi theka, ikufalikira kwambiri, osati yopanda phindu kwa nthaka ndi kukula. Kulimbana ndi chisanu. Koma kuchokera ku mphepo yamphamvu kuti iphimbe. Chitsambachi chili ndi mphukira zobiriwira, zimakhala ndi maluwa okongola.
  • Pendula. Chitsamba chosapitirira mamita atatu mamita, korona ndi yobiriwira, kulira, masamba ali wobiriwira ndi nsalu yabuluu, maluwa ndiwo mtundu wa purpura. Wosasinthasintha, wokonda chinyezi, wachikondi, sangathe kuvutika ndi chilala. Zikuwoneka bwino ndikukula pafupi ndi madzi.

Rosemary willow

Mawindo a Rosemary amatchedwanso msondodzi wa Siberia, netala ndi nicelosis. Awa ndi shrub ya mita yaitali ndi korona wochuluka, mphukira zofiirira. Chitsamba chimakhala ndi masamba obiriwira, chobiriwira chakuda pamwamba ndi imvi pansipa. Willow imamasula ndi ndolo zachikasu kapena zofiira mu May, mphete zimakhala ndi zonunkhira. Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ndi yopanda chisanu komanso yopanda ulemu, imakula pang'onopang'ono, pa nthaka iliyonse.

Mphepo imatuluka

Mphepo imatuluka - imathamanga mpaka mamita awiri. Zili ndizitali, zokhotakhota, zowonjezera kukula. Masamba a msondodzi amawoneka ngati dzira, akuwombera ku petiole, mozama kumbali. Mbali yakumtunda ya tsamba ndi yobiriwira, gawo la pansi ndilo lopaka buluu, pepala la pepala liri ndi phokoso lofewa. Mitundu yosiyanasiyana imagonjetsedwa ndi kutsika kutentha ndi mphepo.

Willow

Mtsinjewo ndi mamita atatu mamita, thunthu pansi pa chitsamba ndilopindika. Mtsinje umakhala pamalo pomwe thunthu limafanana ndi fern, amachokera ku thunthu la chigoba chofuna kuthamanga. Masamba ndi ofunda, ovunda, otumbululuka. Maluwa mu May zophimba zofiirira ndi zonunkhira zosavuta za kufalikira kwa hyacinths. Zima-zolimba ndi zolimbana ndi matenda. Zotchuka kwambiri ndi Hakuro-nishiki. Ichi ndi mtengo wotsika kwambiri kufika mamita awiri mu msinkhu ndi kukula kwake kwa korona. Maonekedwe a korona ndi ozungulira, okongola ma masamba: oyera, pinki, wobiriwira. Amamera mu April ndi maluwa achikasu. Amakonda malo ounikira ndi dothi lonyowa.

Willow - yankho labwino kwambiri la zomera zokongoletsa zachilengedwe, zomwe nthawi zambiri zimabzalidwa m'madera. Chomerachi chimakhala ndi malingaliro ochepetsetsa, komanso, ndizodziwika kwa nyengo yathu komanso zosavuta kwambiri kuposa alendo achilendo.