Strawberry "Asia": mafotokozedwe osiyanasiyana, kulima magetsi

Strawberry zosiyanasiyana "Asia" sichigwirizana kwambiri ndi dera lalikulu padziko lapansi.

Anachotsedwa ku Italy mu 2005. Zosiyanasiyana zakula bwino m'minda yathu, ndipo alimi amakonda.

Strawberry "Asia" ili ndi ubwino ndi ubwino, ndipo mu nkhani ino mudzapeza kufotokoza kwa mitundu yosiyanasiyana, komanso magetsi a kulima ndi zofunikira za chisamaliro chake.

Mukudziwa? Kampani ya ku France Eden Sarl inayesa kulemba fungo la strawberries monga chizindikiro chake. Mwamwayi, iye anakanidwa, ponena za kuti pali smell asanu osunkhira.

Tsatanetsatane wa sitiroberi mitundu "Asia"

Mabasi strawberries mitundu "Asia" lalikulu ndi lonse. Mpando wachifumu ndi wobiriwira, wawukulu. Mphukirazo ndizitali ndizitali, ndipo zimakhala ndi mapesi ambirimbiri. Berry akudumpha mwamsanga kuti maonekedwe ake ayendere. Kalasi ya "Asia" ili yoyenera paulendo wautali, ndipo imasungidwa kwa nthawi yaitali kutentha kotentha.

Unyinji wa sitiroberi imodzi "Asia" - 34 g. Ali ndi mawonekedwe a kondomu. Mtundu wake uli wofiira kwambiri. Berry ali ndi kumapeto kwake. Mnofu ndi wokoma kwambiri, wokongola kwambiri. Icho chimangobwera mosavuta pa tchire.

Nthawi yakucha ndiyo sing'anga yoyambirira. Ndi chitsamba chimodzi mukhoza kutenga 1.5 makilogalamu a zipatso.

Froberberries ikhoza kuzizira, zamzitini, komanso kudyetsedwa mwatsopano.

Berry imatengedwa yozizira-yolimba ndi chilala chosagwira. Strawberry "Asia" imagonjetsedwa ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya fungal ndi mizu matenda, koma ingakhudzidwe ndi powdery mildew, chlorosis ndi anthracnose.

Malo osankhidwa ndi malo ndi zofunikira za nthaka

Malo a mbande za strawberries "Asia" ayenera kutetezedwa ku zojambula ndi mphepo. Choyenera, izi ziyenera kukhala malo otsetsereka kapena malo otsetsereka, omwe akulowera kum'mwera-kumadzulo. Ndibwino kuti musamamuyese m'mapiri otsetsereka kapena m'madera otsika, mwinamwake iye amadwala kapena amapereka mochedwa ndi zochepa zokolola. Chiwembucho chiyenera kuyatsa bwino ndi kuthirira bwino.

Strawberry zosiyanasiyana "Asia" ndi zovuta kwambiri pansi. Ngati mumabzala pa dongo, carbonate kapena dothi lachinyontho ndi otsika kwambiri humus, ndiye chlorosis imawonekera pa tchire. Ichi ndi chifukwa cha kusowa kwa zakudya.

Nthaka yakukula strawberries iyenera kukhala yowala mu kapangidwe. Nthawi zonse ziyenera kukhala zokwanira, koma sizingatheke, chifukwa izi zingakhudze mabulosi. Ndikofunika kukumbukira za madzi apansi.

Ngati atayima pafupi ndi mamita awiri, ndibwino kuti musagwiritse ntchito malowa.

Strawberry amamva zoipa kwambiri, dongo komanso dongo.

Kubzala achinyamata sitiroberi mbande

Musanabzala strawberries pamtengowu, muyenera kuyang'ana dothi la matendawa ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda. Ayenera kuwonongedwa, ndipo pokhapokha atengepo mbande.

Young Mitengo ya sitiroberi wa kalasi ya "Asia" kuyambira April mpaka September obzalidwa. Nthawi ino ikuonedwa kuti ikukula nyengo, ndipo panthawi ino chomeracho chimakhala ndi nthawi yokhala pamalo atsopano chisanachitike chisanu. Polima, m'pofunika kufota nthaka ndi matani 100 a manyowa pa 1 ha. Phosphorous kapena potaziyamu (100 makilogalamu pa 1 ha) ingasinthe. Ngati mukufuna kudzala sitiroberi mbande mu March, muyenera kusamalira mbande zabwino. Kuyenera kusungirako ozizira, chifukwa ndi iye amene amakulolani kuti mupeze zokolola zambiri.

Kubzala strawberries "Asia" m'chilimwe kumabweretsa zokolola zambiri kokha ngati mbeu idzatenthedwa mufiriji. Pachifukwa ichi, mizu yotsekedwa ya zomera imakuthandizani kuti mukhale ndi thanzi labwino komanso lolimba, lomwe limapatsa maluwa ambiri. Pomwe mukudzala masika omwewa, mudzapeza zokolola zazikulu za sitiroberi.

Tsopano pitani ku ikamatera. Mabedi ayenera kukhala trapezoidal. Mtunda wa pakati pawo uyenera kukhala pafupifupi masentimita 45. Izi zidzathandiza kukula kwachitsamba chachitsamba ndi zakudya zokwanira za mizu.

Muyeneranso kupereka njira yothirira madzi. Mzere wa mzere uyenera kukhala pafupifupi mamita awiri. Izi zimalola kugwiritsa ntchito njira yothirira. Kubzala mbande ndizowamba.

Pali malamulo angapo omwe muyenera kutsatira. Izi zimagwirizana ndi kubzala zomera, chifukwa zimadalira kupulumuka kwa strawberries.

  1. Simungathe kulima chomera ngati muzu wake uli wolimba. Mzuwu uyenera kukhala wochepetsedwa ndi kuponyedwa pansi;
  2. Mphukira yamapiko sayenera kukhala pansi. Ziyenera kukhala pamwamba pa nthaka;
  3. Simungakhoze kubzala mbewu kwambiri, chifukwa izi zingachititse imfa ya impso;
  4. Kuwombera ulimi wothirira kumapereka madzi okwanira, koma musanadzale strawberries muyenera kusungunula nthaka.
Nthaka imayenera kukhala yonyowa kwambiri, kenako imasakanikirana ndi kirimu wandiweyani.

Pambuyo pake, strawberries amabzalidwa pansi. Pakadutsa masiku khumi ndi awiri mukhoza kuona ngati mbande yayambira kapena ayi.

Mbali za kukula strawberries "Asia"

Kuti mupeze zokolola zazikulu za strawberries "Asia", simungathe kumaliza ntchito yobzala - ndikofunikanso kudziwa zofunikira za kulima koyenera.

Kuteteza motsutsana ndi sitiroberi matenda

Panthawi yonse ya kukula kwa zipatso, ndikofunikira kugwiritsa ntchito njira zowononga tizilombo komanso kupewa matenda.

Mbewu zochepa zingayambidwe zoyera ndi zofiira tsamba, zofiira ndi powdery mildew. Pamene kuoneka ndi imvi kuvunda kungapangidwe ndi fungicide monga Topaz. Chiwerengero ndi ichi: 1.25 kg pa ha 1. Ndi powdery mildew, "Bayleton" amathandiza (chiwerengero - 0.5 l pa ha 1).

Kupopera mbewu kuyenera kuchitanso nthawi yokolola. Mwachitsanzo, imvi zowonongeka zingathe kuwononga mbeu 40%. Amayamba kutentha kwambiri komanso kutentha.

Pofuna kupewa izi, muyenera kuchotsa zotsalira za zomera m'chaka, pitirizani kupalira mmera, chomera strawberries pamtunda woyenda bwino. Muyeneranso kuchotsa zipatso zowonongeka ndi kudyetsa chomera.

Mukudziwa? Kale analandira wosakanizidwa wa strawberries ndi strawberries - malo a chipululu. Sipasokonezedwa pamabedi, sichiwopa nkhuku, zipatso zimatuluka kunja kwa masamba, ndipo sizing'onozing'ono ndi kilo kuchokera ku chitsamba. Kalata ya "b" yomwe ili pamutuyi siinaphonye - siyiyi, makamaka kuti musasokonezeke ndi strawberries nthawi zonse.

Momwe mungaphunzitsire madzi okwanira

Strawberry "Asia" amakonda kwambiri kutsirira, ngati wina aliyense chomera. Koma muyenera kudziwa nthawi yomwe kuthirira kumapindulitsa, komanso kuti muvulaze nthawi yanji.

Kuti mupeze zokolola zabwino, muyenera kukhazikitsa njira yothirira:

  1. M'chaka chiri bwino kumwa madzi mwakuchitika kuti nyengo yozizira inali ya chisanu;
  2. Mu nyengo yamaluwa;
  3. Pakukolola kwa mbeu;
  4. Mutatha kukolola.
Pa kasupe kouma ndi bwino kuyamba kuthirira mbewu kumapeto kwa April. Mwezi wa May, June ndi July ndikwanira kuthira katatu patsiku. Mu August ndi September, simungamwe madzi oposa awiri. Kuthira kwa ulimi wothirira - 10 l palala. m

Pakati pa maluwa, mizu ya chomera imatha kuchita zoipa ndi kusowa kwa madzi. Panthawiyi ndi bwino kupanga boma la madzi. Ndi bwino kugwiritsa ntchito ulimi wothirira. Ngati simungathe kukhazikitsa dongosolo la ulimi wothirira, mukhoza kuthirira madzi a strawberries pamanja.

Ndikofunikira! Osagwiritsa ntchito madzi ozizira.
Kuthirira kumayenera kuchitidwa m'mawa. Mvula ikagwa, ndi bwino kuphimba strawberries ndi filimu yowala. Mlingo wa kuthirira pa nthawi ya maluwa - 20 malita pa mita iliyonse. m

Ngati mukufuna kusunga chinyezi m'mabedi ndi strawberries, mutha kugwiritsa ntchito singano za singano.

Kudzetsa udzu

Kusamalira strawberries kumaphatikizaponso kuchotsa namsongole, chifukwa amakhala chifukwa cha pang'onopang'ono kukula kwa sitiroberi baka.

Pofuna kuteteza chomera kumsongole, mabedi ndi zipatso ayenera kuphimbidwa ndi mulch wakuda.

Ngati simunatsatire, ndipo munda wanu wamenyedwa ndi namsongole, ndi bwino kuthirira mizere ndikuchotsa zomera zovulaza ndi manja anu.

Izi zikugwiritsidwa ntchito kwa udzu ngati umenewu, monga mbala. Njirayi ndi iyi: Dzanja limodzi limagwiritsira ntchito payipi ndikutsanulira madzi pansi pazitsamba, ndipo linalo liyenera kulowa mozama mu nthaka yomwe imasungunuka.

Timalangizanso kuti mugwiritse ntchito mankhwala osokoneza bongo omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito bwino m'chilimwe: PUB, Prism, Select, Fusilad, Klopiralid, Lontrel 300-D, Sinbar ndi Devrinol.

Ndikofunikira! Werengani mosamala malangizo oti mugwiritse ntchito, kuti musamavulaze strawberries.

Kumasula komanso kumtunda

Kutsegula ndi kutayika kumafuna strawberries nthawi zambiri. Ndi bwino kuchita izi mvula itatha kapena ngati namsongole akuoneka. Kutsegula ndi kutayika kumafunika strawberries nthawi yokwanira eyiti pa nyengo yokula.

M'chaka chiri choyamba kumasula. Izi ziyenera kuchitika pamene dothi limauma pambuyo pa chisanu. Kumasula nthawi zambiri pakati pa mizere ndi kuzungulira baka sitiroberi.

Musanayambe kumasula, ammonium nitrate ayenera kufalikira pamabedi (120 g pa 10 kuthamanga mamita mzere).

Ndikofunikira! Pamene kumasulidwa sikuwononge sitiroberi masharubu.

Amamasulidwa ndi khasu lalikulu mpaka masentimita 10. Pakati pa mizera, choponderetsa chochepa kapena bayonet spade amagwiritsidwa ntchito. Iwo amadziwika kuti akuya masentimita 7, ndi kuzungulira tchire - 4 masentimita. Mukamasulidwa muyenera kupanga mzere wawung'ono mbali ina ya mzere. Ziyenera kukhala pafupifupi masentimita 6, 150 g wa superphosphate ndi 80 g wa sulfate ya potaziyamu imatsanulira mkati mwake, kuphatikizapo 1 makilogalamu a crumbly humus kale. Pambuyo pake, mzerewo umayenera kudzazidwa ndi nthaka ndi tamped. Mutatsegula mzerewu, mutenge mzere wa mulch pakati pa mizere.

Mukamakolola mbeu yonse, muyenera kuchotsa udzu wonse pa webusaitiyi, kudula masharubu, kusonkhanitsa masamba osagwa ndikumasula mzere. M'dzinja amatha kumaliza kulima strawberries.

Hilling ikuchitika kuti apereke oxygen kwa sitiroberi mizu. Komanso chifukwa cha njirayi, chinyezi chimasungidwa ndipo udzu umawonongeka. Ngati mutasankha kusasuntha, timayesetsa kuchenjeza kuti madzi panthawi ya kuthirira adzangoyenda mosiyana, ndipo muzuwo udzakhala wouma.

Nyumba strawberries "Asia" ayenera kuchitika mu kugwa ndi kasupe, izo lifulumira kucha kwa zipatso, ndipo inu mumapeza zochuluka zokolola.

Mukudziwa? Froberberries ali ndi aspirin yambiri, ngakhale pang'ono. Kotero, ngati muli ndi kupweteka mutu, idyani mapaundi angapo a strawberries - ndipo idzadutsa.

Feteleza

Pansi sitiroberi baka amalangiza kupanga mchere ndi organic feteleza. M'dzinja ndi bwino kupanga phosphoric ndi potashi, ndipo m'chaka - nayitrogeni.

Phosphate feteleza amagwiritsa ntchito superphosphate, kuchokera ku potashi - 40% ya mchere wa potaziyamu, komanso kuchokera ku nitrogen - nitrate kapena ammonium sulphate. Manyowa amchere ayenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito mofanana pansi pa tchire. Kupaka mafuta, monga manyowa kapena humus, ayenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito pansi pa tchire. Yabwino feteleza - manyowa ovunda. Zimapangitsa kukhala kosavuta. Ngati mumagwiritsa ntchito manyowa ndi madzi kwa zaka zingapo pamzere, ndiye kuti simukufunika kukumba nthaka.

Pogona m'nyengo yozizira

M'nyengo yozizira, tizilombo timayenera kukonzekera, ndiko kuwonjezera makina a masamba. Kuti amatumikira ngati chitetezo chachilengedwe. M'dzinja muyenera kusamalira bwino tchire, pangani kudya ndi kumenyana ndi majeremusi ndi matenda.

Pafupi ndi nyengo yozizira, mizu ya mizu, yomwe imatha kuphulika, imakwirira bwino ndi dziko lapansi. Kukhazikika ndi kukulumikizana kumafunikanso. Kumapeto kwa chilimwe, muyenera kumasula nthaka kudutsa chitsamba. Izi zimachitidwa kuti mizu yowonongeka ikhale ndi nthawi yobwezeretsa isanafike kumayambiriro kwa nyengo yozizira.

Yabwino kutetezera strawberries kuchokera chisanu ndi chisanu. Izi ndizowonjezera kutentha kwambiri komwe kumachititsa kuti nthaka isamaziziritse.

Masamba, udzu, udzu kapena spruce amagwiritsidwanso ntchito. Koma ndi bwino kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwalawa, chifukwa nthambi za spruce zimapuma. Mukhoza kugwiritsa ntchito singano zapine, zomwe zimateteza kutentha ndikulola mpweya kudutsa.

Ngati simukutha kupeza singano zamapini kapena pinini, mungagwiritse ntchito chuma cha Agrotex nonwoven. Amalola madzi ndi kuwala, komanso amapuma ndi kuchepetsa kusintha kwa kutentha.

Choopsa kwambiri zomwe zingachitike kwa strawberries m'nyengo yozizira, ngakhale ndi pogona, ndi vypryvanie.

Ndi njira zoyenera zaulimi, strawberries adzakhala nyengo yozizira komanso kubweretsa mabulosi akuluakulu.

Mukudziwa? Kwa Achijapani, awiriwa amakhala okondwa kwambiri. Ndikofunika kudula ndi kudya hafu ya izo nokha, ndi kudyetsa theka la mtima kwa wokondana kwambiri - mutha kugwa m'chikondi.

Kudyetsa ndi kusamalira bwino ndikofunika kwa kusungidwa kwa strawberries "Asia". Mukachita zonse bwino, mudzapeza zokolola zambiri popanda khama lalikulu.