Mmene mungakulire ndi goldrod mu chilimwe kanyumba, nsonga wamaluwa

Goldenrod - zokongola ndi chomera mankhwala. Chilengedwechi chimapezeka ku Ulaya, Caucasus, kumbali ya Ulaya ya Russia, ku Central Asia, Mediterranean ndi Scandinavia. Chomeracho chimakonda malo otsetsereka pamphepete mwa mitsinje, m'mphepete mwa nkhalango ndi glades.

Goldenrod (solidago)

Goldenrod ndi herbaceous osatha wa banja la Asteraceae. Chomera chimakula mpaka mamita kukwera, tsinde ndi lolunjika, osati ramified kuchokera pansi, limakula pamene likukula. Mbali zonse zakumtunda zakunja zimakhala ndi zofewa. Tsinde lobiriwira, nthawi zina limatenga utoto wofiira. Mu masamba a goldenrod oblong, mawonekedwewa ali ofanana ndi ellipse, m'mphepete mwake ndi lakuthwa ndi zolemba. Maluwa a goldenrod ndi ang'onoang'ono, owala, achikasu, ophatikizidwa m'magazi omwe ali ndi madengu ambiri.

Zipatso ndi mbewu zomwe zimaoneka ngati silinda, ribbed ndi crested. Goldenrod imamasula mu July, imamasula nthawi zambiri kufikira September. Zipatso zipse mu October. Goldenrod amadziwika kuti wokongola melliferous. Kuwala kwa mitundu yake ya dzuwa ndi timadzi tosiyanasiyana mwa iwo kumakopa njuchi. The goldrod imagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati mankhwala gha mankhwala, pogwiritsa ntchito gawo la pamwamba ndi rhizome kuti zigwiritsidwe.

Ndikofunikira! M'mawonekedwe ake, goldenrod, kapena solidago (dzina la sayansi la chomera) liri ndi zinthu zoopsa. Mankhwala ogwiritsira ntchito mankhwalawa ayenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito mosamalitsa malinga ndi mlingo umene dokotala anauzidwa.

Mmene mungabweretse goldrod, malo omwe mungasankhe

Goldenrod amawoneka bwino pabedi la maluwa, mixborders ndi rabatkah. Kuchokera ku chomeracho amapeza chodabwitsa chophimba. Solidago amagwirizana bwino ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya udzu wokongola.

Kuunikira kwa goldenrod: dzuwa kapena mthunzi

Goldenrod amamva bwino kwambiri dzuwa ndi mthunzi wa tsankho. Pachiyambi choyamba, solidago maluwa akuphuka kale, mchiwiri iwo amasintha kwambiri.

Kodi nthaka ikufunika bwanji kuti mukhale ndi goldenrod?

Chopangidwa ndi chomera ndichokuti chimakula bwino ngakhale pa nthaka yolemera ndi yosauka. Ngati mukufuna kuwona maluwa okongola, ndibwino kuti mubzale pa zakudya zokhala ndi mchere, mlengalenga ndi nthaka.

Kupanga teknoloji ya goldenrod m'munda

Nthawi ya maluwa solidago yokhudzana ndi nthawi yobzala ndi nthawi yake. Ngati mutasintha zomera kumapeto kwa April, zidzasintha masabata awiri kenako maluwa ena onse. Mutabzala ndi kuziika chomera amafunika madzi okwanira ambiri.

Tsiku lofika

Nthaŵi yoyenera yobzala ndi kuika kabichi ndi April - May. Nthaka ndi mpweya ziyenera kutenthedwa mokwanira, ndipo chiwerengero cha rooting ndi moyo chimadalira dothi la dothi.

Mmene mungabzala zopangira za goldrod

Pakuti chomera muyenera kukumba dzenje, kuganizira kutalika kwa mizu ya goldenrod mbande. Pangani madzi ambiri ndipo mudzaze tsinde la nthaka pansi. Pewani mmera pa phiri, yongolani mizu, kuti mizu isagwedezeke ndikumva kuti yayitali. Kenaka pukutani ndi dothi, mopepuka pang'ono ndi zala zanu ndi madzi bwino.

Zizindikiro zimasamalira golide mumunda

Goldenrod ndi chomera chosasokonekera palimodzi ndikudzala ndi kusamalira. Chomera chimalolera chilala bwino, koma salola nthaka kuti iume, ngati mukufuna maluwa okongola. N'chimodzimodzinso ndi kuvala. Pa dothi losauka, goldenrod sidzaphuka bwino, kotero kumapeto kwa nyengo, zimapanga zovuta kupanga zomera zokhala ndi nayitrojeni mu 20% ya zonsezi. Ndipo mu kugwa ndi nthenda ya nayitrogeni mu 10%. Ndodo ya golidi, monga mbewu imatchedwanso, imakula bwino, nthawizina mapesi amafunika kuthandizidwa. Pambuyo maluwa, ngati simukufuna kubzala, inflorescences ndi mbewu ayenera kuchotsedwa. Pamaso pa chisanu, dulani mbali ya mlengalenga, osasiya masentimita 10 pamwambapa: njirayi zomera zimapulumuka m'nyengo yozizira bwino. Kuphimba goldrod sikofunika: ndizozizira.

Mukudziwa? Uchi umene umapezeka kuchokera ku goldenrod umagwiritsidwa ntchito pa mankhwala pofuna kuchiza mapulaneti osiyanasiyana. Chofunika kwambiri cha mankhwalawa ndi kristallisation nthawi yaitali. Uchi umakhala ndi zinthu zonse zomwe zimapindulitsa komanso makhalidwe ake mpaka miyezi isanu ndi umodzi.

Kuswana kwa goldenrod

Chifukwa cha golide, kukula kwa mbewu sikubweretsa zotsatira. Nthanga za zomera zimataya mwamsanga kuthekera kwawo kuti ziphuphuke.

Mbewu

Ngati mwasankha kufesa mbewu, dikirani kutentha komwe kumaloledwa kufesa - osachepera 18 ° C. Pangani maenje osalimba ndikuyika mbewu ziwiri kapena zitatu mu dzenje limodzi, kutsanulira ndi madzi. Zikumera ziyenera kutaya masabata awiri kapena atatu.

Chenjerani! Kumbukirani kuti mudzadikirira maluwa chaka chokha mutatha kufesa. Komabe, zomera zakula zikuwonjezeka bwino pakudzifesa.

Njira ya mmera

Pali kuthekera kwa kuswana chikhalidwe mbande. Pogula, ayang'anitseni miphika ndi mbande: chitsamba chiyenera kukhala nthambi, masamba oyera ndi olemera mu mtundu, mphukira - amasinthasintha komanso amphamvu. Ngati mukufuna kukwaniritsa maluwa obiriwira, musanadzale mbande m'nthaka, dulani malowa ndi kutulutsa humus. Mukamabzala, sungani zitsime, muthe madziwo mutatha.

Kufalikira kwa goldenrod mwa kugawa chitsamba

Pakati pa chitukuko, goldenrod imakula mwamphamvu, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti zibwereke pogawanitsa chitsamba. Kugawidwa kwa zitsamba zaka zonse zinayi, m'chaka. Chitsamba chimakumbidwa mosamalitsa, chigawidwa m'magawo angapo (aliyense ayenera kukhala ndi mphukira zamphamvu ndi mizu). Mukamabzala pakati pa tchire, pitani pafupi masentimita 40. Mutabzala, muthirira mobwerezabwereza.

Goldenrod kudula

Goldenroot ndi kufalitsidwa ndi cuttings; ganizirani momwe mungamere chomera mwa njira iyi. Momwe ntchitoyi imalandirira mphukira zamphamvu za chaka chomwecho, nthawi zambiri kuchokera pamwamba pa chitsamba. Mukhoza kutenga nthambi zomwe zinakula kuchokera ku masamba atatha kudula inflorescences. Kwa rooting, mabokosi kapena miphika yambiri imakonzedwa, yodzazidwa ndi chisakanizo cha mchenga wa mtsinje ndi peat 1: 1. Cuttings ndi pang'ono kukonda kulowera mu gawo, pambuyo rooting kuziika ku malo okhazikika.

Zosangalatsa Mankhwala a zomera amadziwika kwa nthawi yaitali, ngakhale ndi achiritso akale. Kutanthauziridwa kuchokera ku Chilatini, solido amatanthauza "kusonkhana, kugwirizana." Goldenrod imagwiritsidwanso ntchito popanga zida zamtundu ndi mankhwala.

Kukaniza kwa golide kwa matenda ndi tizilombo toononga

Goldenrod sizowonongeka ndi matenda, kupatula powdery mildew, ndi kusasamala bwino. Powdery mildew ingakwiyidwe kawirikawiri feteleza ndi nayitrogeni, imabzalidwa bwino, komanso madzi. Pofuna kuteteza chitsamba ku matendawa, m'pofunika kudziwa mlingo wa feteleza, kuthirira ndi kupatulira kumera nthawi zambiri, kusiya mtunda wabwino pakati pawo. Ngati matendawa adakaligunda solidago, spray kubzala Bordeaux madzi kapena mkuwa sulfate. Mwa tizirombo ta goldenrod tikuopseza slugs. Mitunduyi imayenera kusonkhana ndi manja; Pofuna kulepheretsa kuti iwo apite kunthaka, amabalalitsa phindu lopotoka pozungulira dothi. Mutalima munda wa golide wanu, mudzapeza zokongola za munda kapena mabedi. Chomeracho chikuwoneka chokongola ndi chopindulitsa pa kubzala kamodzi, ndi mu gulu la zomera zomwe zimatuluka mu nthawi yomweyo. Komanso, kumusamalira ndi mophweka mophweka ndipo sizitenga nthaŵi yochuluka ndi chidwi.