Mbali za kulima rasipiberi "Caramel": khalidwe labwino, kubzala ndi kusamalira

Zosintha zamitundu yonse nthawi zonse zimakopa chidwi. Zipatso zokoma, zazikulu, tchire, kubereka chipatso nthawi yonse sizothandiza zonse mitundu yatsopano. Chimodzi mwa zinthu zatsopanozi ndi rasipiberi "Caramel".

Izo zinkawoneka osati kale litali, mu 2013, ndipo eni ake osiyanasiyana ankakhutitsidwa ndi zokolola zoyamba.

Kufotokozera za rasipiberi zosiyanasiyana "Caramel"

Rasipiberi "Caramel" amatanthauza mbewu zapakatikati, zomwe kutalika kwake sikuposa mamita 1.5. Chitsamba cha zosiyanasiyana ndi wandiweyani, wokhazikika, wowongoka.

Mapesi a chitsamba amadzaza ndi zovuta, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti kukolola komanso kusamalira raspberries zikhale zosavuta. Masamba a "Caramel" - mawonekedwe a rasipiberi.

N'zotheka kukula izi zosiyanasiyana m'madera ang'onoang'ono komanso pa mafakitale.

Lingaliro la rasipiberi "Caramel" silidzakhala lathunthu ngati kufotokoza kwa zosiyana sikutchula zipatso. Zipatso za rasipiberizi zimakhala zazikulu - 12-15 g, okoma, yowutsa mudyo, ndipo mu kukoma ndi fungo iwo amafanana nkhalango raspberries. Tsinde limagawanika mosavuta, lomwe ndilobwino kwambiri pa zokolola.

Zipatso "Caramel" - wandiweyani, kusungira bwino mawonekedwe panthawi yopita. Chitsamba chimayamba kubereka zipatso chaka choyamba mutabzala. Rasipiberi ya Caramelka imayamikiridwa kwambiri, ndipo zokolola zake zimakhala pafupifupi makilogalamu asanu kuchokera ku chitsamba.

Ubwino ndi kuipa kwa zosiyanasiyana

Phindu la rasipiberi "Caramel" ndilo:

  • zokolola zapamwamba ndi zofulumira (zipatso zimatha kukolola chaka choyamba);
  • kuthekera kokolola mothandizidwa ndi zipangizo zamakina;
  • kukoma kokoma;
  • kukana kutentha kutentha;
  • kufotokoza kokondweretsa;
  • kuthekera kudya zipatso kwa masiku 30.
Tiyeneranso kukumbukira kuti posamalira rasipiberi "Caramel" ali ndi yozizira yovuta hardiness.

Zina mwa zolakwika zomwe zikuyenera kupangidwira kupanga mapangidwe ang'onoang'ono a mphukira zatsopano. Ichi ndi chifukwa chakuti mitundu yosiyanasiyanayi idalumikizidwa kuti ipeze zokolola zabwino. Komanso, chomera sichimalola chilala, choncho chimafuna nthawi zonse kuthirira.

Momwe mungasankhire mbande zathanzi pamene mukugula

Kuti mupeze zokolola zomwe mukufuna, ngakhale musanadzalemo, muyenera kusankha mbande zoyenera. Choyamba, ayenera kukhala ndi thanzi labwino kuti asafe m'nyengo ya kukula. Izi zimakhala zofunikira makamaka chifukwa fruiting imabwera msanga, ndipo tchire imakula mofulumira.

Ndi bwino kugula mbande m'masitolo apadera. Kuti musankhe chitsamba chamtsogolo, muyenera kutsatira malamulo ena.

Choyamba, kumbukirani kuti mu masamba a kasupe masamba samakhalapo nthawi zonse. Choncho, ngati osankhidwawo ali nawo, izi zikhoza kusonyeza kuti sapling yakhala yozizira ndipo mwinamwake malamulo oyambirira a nyengo yozizira sanawonedwe.

Zipatso zotere zimawoneka zokongola, koma kupeza kwawo kungakhale kolakwitsa. Mitengo ya rasipiberi ya caramel inayesetsa kwambiri kuti imere masamba, ndipo mutabzala iwo sangakhale pachimake chaka choyamba, ngakhale kuyesetsa ndi kusunga malamulo a chisamaliro. Kuwonjezera pamenepo, zojambula zoterozo zidzakhala zolimba kwambiri kuposa nthambi zosakongola.

Muyenera kulabadira kuti mbewu sizinayambe, kusataya masamba. Izi zikhoza kusonyeza kuti mbande zimakololedwa molakwika, kapena zowonongeka ndi tizilombo. Nthambi izi sizingokhala mizu m'deralo.

Mphukira chaka chatha sayenera kukhala ndi zizindikiro za nkhungu kapena matenda (mdima kapena malo ochepa akhoza kunena za kukhalapo kwawo). Mdulidwe wa phokosolo uyenera kukhala chimodzimodzi monga chingwe chosakaniza cha rasipiberi.

Musanapange chisankho chomaliza, muyenera kufufuza mosamala mizu ya achinyamata a raspberries - ayenera kukhala amoyo komanso ophweka. Zingakhale zabwino ngati mizu yayikidwa kale mu gawo lapaderayi kapena yodzazidwa mu filimu ndi zakudya zosakaniza.

Ndikofunikira! Rasipiberi mbande ziyenera kukhala zosalala - Mapulotechete ndi zitsulo pa tsinde zimasonyeza kuti pali kansali ya mizu.

Ndi liti ndipo ndibwino kuti chomera rasipiberi "Caramel"

Rasipiberi amakonda kutetezedwa, madzuwa (pafupifupi theka la tsiku) ndi nthaka yokonzedwa bwino. Malo abwino odzala - kumwera kumbali popanda nyumba ndi kumera.

Ndikofunikira! Ngakhale kuchepa kwa dzuwa ndi kutentha kungayambitse kutaya mbewu.
Rasipiberi "Caramelka", kawirikawiri, zofunika pa nthaka sizowopsya kwambiri: imatha kukula bwino ndi kubala zipatso pamtunda uliwonse, koma zimakhala bwino mu chisakanizo cha humus, superphosphate ndi fetashi feteleza. Chikhalidwe chokha - acidity ikhale yofooka kapena yopanda ndale.

Mukudziwa? Konzani mtundu wa rasipiberi mitundu yambiri yolimbana ndi tizirombo ndi matenda osiyanasiyana, kotero ndi kosavuta kusamalira.
Kumidzi ya kumidzi, pamene mubzala musunge mtunda pakati pa mizere ya raspberries mu 1.5 mamita, ndi pakati pa mbande - mu 50-70 masentimita.

Young raspberries obzalidwa poyera pansi masika kapena autumn, makamaka madzulo kapena mitambo nyengo. Mukamabzala mbewu kumapeto kwa nyengo, ndi bwino kusankha malo omwe chipale chofewa chimachokera koyamba, kotero chimayamba kusungunuka mofulumira pazitali zazing'ono bwino zokhala ndi feteleza kapena manyowa.

Mu kasupe, mbande zabzala kumayambiriro kwa mwezi wa March, pamene nthaka yayamba kale thawed. M'nyengo yophukira, mu September-Oktoba, iwo amawona kuti nthawi ino ndi yabwino, popeza tchire timakhala bwino kulimbitsa mizu ya nyengo yatsopano.

Chabwino, ngati oyambirira a raspberries anali mbatata, tsabola, tomato kapena eggplant. Mulimonsemo simungabzalidwe "Karamelku" kumalo omwe raspberries analikukulapo - nthaka yatopa, zomwe zidzakhudza zokololazo.

Popeza mizu ya rasipiberi imatulutsa zinthu zapadera, zingabzalidwe kokha zaka 5-7.

Kodi kubzala rasipiberi mbande

Masabata awiri asanatuluke, malowa ayenera kubwezeretsedwa ndikupangidwanso. Kenaka konzekerani maenje ndi masentimita 40 (pamtunda wa 50 cm). Osapitirira 3-5 zomera ayenera kubzalidwa pa 1 mamita, chifukwa njirayi imaperekanso mpweya wabwino. Mu kugwa, mbande imodzi yazaka zathanzi zogwira bwino mizu zakhazikika, ndipo zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kudzala rasipiberi ya Caramelka masika.

Mu mitsuko yokonzeka yonjezerani 2 tbsp. makapu a superphosphate, mbewu zimachepetsedwa mpaka 25-30 masentimita, kumizidwa m'madzime ndi kuwaza dziko lapansi (ndikofunikira kuti palibe zotsalira zomwe zimasiyidwa mu rhizome).

Pansi pa katundu wa zipatso, rasipiberi baka amafuna thandizo, choncho "Karamelka" akulimbikitsidwa kuti anabzala mu trellis mwambo.

Chisamaliro choyenera ndicho chinsinsi chokolola chabwino.

Mu chisamaliro rasipiberi "Caramel" si chovuta: M'malo mwake muzitsuka nthawi zonse, kumasula ndi kusunga namsongole.

Kuchiza ndi chitetezo ku tizirombo ndi matenda

Chifukwa chakuti raspberries amakonda zachilendo padziko lapansi ndi humus, zomwe zimakhala ndi masamba ovunda ndi nthambi, zingakhudzidwe ndi tizirombo monga:

  • zopanda;
  • chithunzi;
  • kachilomboka kakang'ono;
  • aphid;
  • impso.
Amakonda mkulu wa carbon ndi bowa. Choncho, kawirikawiri, kuteteza matenda pa rasipiberi "Caramelka", ndikwanira kusunga magetsi a kulima.

Kuteteza matenda pogwiritsa ntchito anthu ambiri, njira zachilengedwe, kuti asawononge tizilombo tokha m'munda. Ngati tizilombo timapezeka, tizilombo toyambitsa matenda (monga Actellic, colloidal sulfuri, etc.).

Mukudziwa? Rasipiberi amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri mu mankhwala am'mawa. Zipatso zake zili ndi tanins, pectins, fibre, chitsulo, mkuwa, folic acid, mavitamini B12, B1, PP, C.

Kusamba madzi nthawi zonse

Pofuna kusonkhanitsa zokolola za raspberries, muyenera kuzimwa nthawi zonse. Ndikofunika kwambiri kuyang'anira chinyezi cha omwe amakula "Caramelka" m'madera akum'mwera.

Nthawi zambiri komanso ulimi wa ulimi wothirira umadalira kuchuluka kwa mphepo, kutentha kwa mpweya ndi nthaka.

Kawirikawiri, pa nyengo yokula, "Caramelka" imayenera kuthiriridwa kamodzi pa masabata awiri ndi masentimita asanu ndi awiri (5-10 l) pansi pa chitsamba chilichonse, ndipo ngati chilimwe ndi mvula, ndiye kuti ndalamazi zikuwonjezeka.

Ndikofunikira! Kuthira mowa mopitirira muyeso kungachititse kugwa kwa mbeu ndi kuvunda kwa mizu, choncho ndibwino kuti musatsanulire zakuda kuposa kutsanulira.
Po kuthirira mbewu, mungagwiritse ntchito njira zingapo:

  • kukonkha;
  • payipi kapena njira zothirira (madzi ambiri amatha, chifukwa nthaka imadonthozedwa pakati pa mizere);
  • kuthirira ulimi wothirira.
Njira yomaliza ndiyo ndalama zambiri. Zachitika mosavuta: Ogudubuza amapangidwa kuzungulira mzere (masentimita 15), momwe madzi amatsanulira.

Kuthirira kwaimitsidwa mu August kapena kumayambiriro kwa September.

Kukulumikiza ndi kumasula nthaka

Kutsegula nthaka kumapindulitsa pa kukula ndi fruiting ya raspberries. Ndikofunika kumasula masabata asanu ndi awiri ndi awiri okha ndi awiri okha ndi masentimita 6-7. Pa nthawi imodzimodziyo, tikulimbikitsanso kuti tithe kusuntha pamodzi ndi dothi mulching (kugwiritsa ntchito peat ndi humus) komanso feteleza.

Feteleza

Zovala zapamwamba zazikuluzikulu - chofunikira chokolola bwino.

Manyowa "Caramel" katatu m'nyengo yonseyi:

  1. Mu March, organic ndi mchere feteleza amagwiritsidwa ntchito. Manyowa achilengedwe (mullein, zitosi za mbalame) amadzipukutira ndi madzi ndipo amagwiritsa ntchito malita 4-5 a osakaniza pa 1 mamita. Ziyenera kukumbukira kuti 1 lita imodzi ya mullein imadzipikitsidwa mu 10 l madzi, ndi 1 lita ya zinyalala - 20. Chisakanizo cha ammonium nitrate (15 g) ndi urea (10 g) amagwiritsidwa ntchito monga mchere wothirira. Zokonzedwa izi ndi zokwanira 1 m². Musanayambe kugwiritsa ntchito mchere feteleza, groove imakumba pafupi ndi chitsamba chilichonse, kumene feteleza imayikidwa. Pambuyo pa umuna, tchire timathiriridwa, ndipo kuyanjana kumachitidwa ndi peat kapena udzu (wosanjikiza - 7 cm).
  2. Pa maluwa feteleza amapangidwa, okhala ndi 2 tbsp. supuni ya potaziyamu sulphate, 3 tbsp. makapu a double superphosphate ndi 10 malita a madzi. Gawo ili ndikwanira 1 mamita.
  3. Pambuyo pa fruiting - mu theka lachiwiri la September. Kuti muchite izi, gwiritsani ntchito 1 tbsp. supuni ya potaziyamu sulfate, 2 tbsp. supuni za superphosphate, 10 malita a madzi. Bukuli ndikwanira kwa 1 m².

Mabulosi a rasipiberi

Choyamba, garter imathandiza kuwonjezera zokolola.

Ngakhale rasipiberi "Caramelka" ndi zamphamvu zimayambira, koma pansi pa kulemera kwa chipatso iwo akhoza kuĊµerama pansi. Mothandizidwa ndi zomangiriza, chitsamba chimapatsidwa kuunikira kwa yunifolomu, mpweya wabwino komanso kupewa matenda opatsirana ndi fungal.

Kuti apange trellis pafupi ndi tchire (pamtunda wa mamita 3-4 kuchokera pamenepo), anaika zipilala zamita awiri (kuya kuya 45-50 cm). Pakati pa zipilala, pamtunda wa masentimita 75, 100 ndi 160, wayawo watambasula. Pambuyo pake, mutha kumanga tchire kumathandiza.

Kudulira zolemba

Mukatha kukolola rasipiberi tchire muyenera kudula. Masamba akagwa, zimayambira zimadulidwa pansi kuti zomera zisamawombedwe m'nyengo yozizira ndikupereka zokolola zabwino nyengo yotsatira.

Ngati mphukira siidulidwa mu kugwa, amafunika kumangidwa ndi kugwada pansi, komanso kuti atetezedwe ndi agrofiber.

M'chaka cha mphukira zatsopano ayenera kukhala thinned kuti tchire tikhale ndi malo okwanira. Chitani njirayi mu April ndikudula nthambi ku Mphukira yoyamba.

Ndikofunikira! Ngati simugwiritsa ntchito kudulira mu kugwa, mphukira imathandiza kuti chisanu chikhalebe pa tsambalo, ndipo chomeracho chimasintha nyengo yozizira.
Mu June, iyenso iyenera kudulidwa tchire pofuna kuchotsa zofooka zimayambira ndi njira zowonjezera.

Mphukira imadulidwa ndi mitsempha yamphamvu m'munsi mwa mizu.

Zimalasipiberi zachisanu

Musanayambe kubisala nsomba zam'madzi, dera loyandikana nalo liyenera kutsukidwa kuchokera ku masamba, lomwe liyenera kutenthedwa nthawi yomweyo.

Terms of kucha ndi kukolola raspberries

Zipatso za "Caramel" zimafikira kukhwima kumapeto kwa July-pakati pa August. Kubwezera sikuli kofanana, kotero choyamba amasankha zipatso zofiira, kusiya ena tsiku lotsatira.

Rasipiberi ndi bwino kusonkhanitsa masana. Kuti musaphonye zipatso zopsa, muyenera kumvetsera kumunsi kwa zimayambira. Chotsani chipatso cha chitsamba mosamala kwambiri, popanda kukanikizira ndi chala chanu chachikulu ndi chojambula. Ngati rasipiberi sichigawidwa pang'onopang'ono, muyenera kusiya izo kuti zipse.

Kusonkhanitsa zipatso mu chidebe chirichonse, koma popanda kukonzekera kuti muwapereke iwo ku chidebe china chiri chosafunika, chifukwa izi zingawononge chipatso.

Rasipiberi "Caramel" imakhala yolemekezeka kwambiri kuchokera ku nyengo ya chilimwe, makamaka chifukwa cha zokolola zake, zowonongeka ndi kukana tizirombo. Podziwa tsatanetsatane wa kusamalira shrub, mukhoza kusangalala ndi zipatso zokoma nthawi yonseyi.