Mapulogalamu opangira macelium (mycelium): momwe ndingamere mycelium kunyumba

Kwa nthawi yoyamba timaphunzira zomwe mycelium ziri mu gulu la biology, koma ambiri samvetsa bwino chifukwa chake kuli kofunika kukula ndi ntchito yake. M'nkhaniyi tiona momwe tingakhalire mycelium ya bowa, zomwe zimapangidwa ndi kulima mycelium, ndipo choyamba tidzamvetsa zomwe zili.

Kodi mycelium ndi chiyani ndikukula?

Kawirikawiri mycelium imatchedwanso mycelium, tiyeni tisiyane. Mycelium ndi mtundu wobiriwira wa bowa. Mycelium muyeso yake imasiyana ndi kukhalapo kapena kupezeka kwa septa pakati pa maselo, motero mycelium imakhala yoonda kwambiri, yomwe imatchedwa hyphae, komanso nuclei ndi septa (malingana ndi mtundu wa mycelium: cenotic kapena septate).

Mukudziwa? Mycelium wa bowa amakhala kunyumba, simungadye komanso kumwa, monga Kombucha.
Chifukwa cha zochitika za sayansi yamakono, kulima mycelium kunyumba kudzathandiza kuti zokolola za bowa zisakhale zovuta kwambiri. Bowawa sakhala ndi zokoma zokha, komanso amathandizi a chilengedwe, chifukwa amathandizira kuwonongeka kwa mitengo yakufa mofulumira. Komanso, kuchokera ku mycelium yamtunduwu, munthu akhoza kuyamba kupanga mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya bowa, monga mandulu, bowa, kapena bowa wa oyster, kapena, poika minda yamaluwa m'matope, ndi nthawi yokolola bowa woyera.

Mitundu ya mycelium

Musanapange mycelium, muyenera kudziwa bwino mtundu wina wa bowa mycelium yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga. Tinazindikira kale kuti mycelium ya bowa imatha kusiyanitsa malinga ndi mtundu wa mkati, komanso kuti magulu awiriwa amatchedwa coenotic mycelium ndi septic mycelium.

Palinso gawo lina, lomwe limadalira mtundu wa zakudya zamtundu wa mycelium, apa mungasankhe njere mycelium, gawo lapansi mycelium ndi madzi mycelium. Mmodzi wa mitundu iyi akhoza kupangidwa kunyumba. Aliyense ali ndi ubwino wake ndi ubwino wake. Mwachitsanzo, bowa wa substrate mycelium imakula pang'onopang'ono kunyumba, koma ikhoza kusungidwa moyenera. Ponena za njere ya mycelium, mtundu uwu sungathe kukhazikika pa nkhuni, ndipo nthawi yosungirako sizitali; madzi a mycelium amagwiritsidwa ntchito kawirikawiri chifukwa cha kuchuluka kwa zofuna za mitunduyi kuti zikhale zosavuta komanso zikhalidwe.

Ndikofunikira! Mbewu mycelium imakondera tirigu wosakaniza, komabe, ngati njirayi isapambane, nkhungu idzawoneka kuti idzawononga zokolola za bowa.

Momwe mungakonzere malo oti mukule mycelium

Mycelium wa bowa amatha kufika pa webusaiti yanga, koma musanafike pakhomo pakhomo ndikofunikira kupanga zinthu zina zomwe zimathandiza kukula kwa bowa. Chinthu choyamba kusamalira ndi malo okulira bowa mycelium. Chinyezi ndi chikhalidwe chofunikira apa, chifukwa bowa aliwonse amakula bwino pamalo amvula, choncho, kuti bowa likhale lokondwera ndi zokolola, chinyezi chiyenera kukhala pamwamba. Chinthu chachiwiri chomwe chiyenera kuganiziridwa posankha malo okulira mycelium ndi kutentha, ndikofunika kutsatira malamulo onse pano, osalola kuti zomera zisawonongeke.

Mukudziwa? Ngati kutentha kwapakati kumaposa 30 °C, mycelium idzafa, ndipo pa kutentha pansipa firiji yamakono, kukula kungachedwe.
Ndi bwino kusankha malo a mycelium osati kumene kutentha kwapakati kumasungidwa, komanso kuti kusintha kosasintha kutentha sikuchitika, kumakhudza mycelium. Komanso, ngati mukuganiza za momwe mungapezere malo a mycelium muzitseko, muyenera kusamala kuti malowa ali bwino komanso ali ndi mpweya wabwino.

Mbewu za mycelium zikukula zamakono

Kuchulukitsa mycelium kuchokera ku tirigu wa kunyumba ndi teknoloji yomwe imakonda kwambiri pakati pa osankha bowa. Nthawi zambiri chimanga cha mycelium cha ma bowa chimapangidwa muzipangizo zamakono zogwiritsidwa ntchito, koma makina opanga zipangizo zamakono sasowa ndalama zamtengo wapatali. Taganizirani momwe mungachitire panyumba. Palibe ndondomeko imodzi yokonzekera mycelium kunyumba; aliyense amangogwiritsa ntchito luso lamakono loyenera.

Njira yosavuta ndi iyi:

  • kutsanulira tirigu mu supu yaikulu kapena phalasitiki ndikudzaza ndi madzi kuti mbewuzo ziphimbedwe 2-3 masentimita;
  • valani chitofu ndi kuwiritsa kwa mphindi 30;
  • Chotsani, fyuluta ndi youma pamtunda wapamwamba;
  • timagona tirigu ogona m'mabanki pa 2/4;
  • onetsetsani mitsuko mu supu yaikulu;
  • mabanki ayenera kuzizira, ndiye kuti aliyense aziika mycelium pangТono kakang'ono.
Mudzawona zizindikiro zoyamba za kukula kwa mycelium masiku atatu - zoyera zidzaonekera, koma mycelium idzaonekera patatha sabata. Patapita sabata, mycelium ikhoza kufesedwa pa udzu ndikuyamba kukula bowa.

Ndikofunikira! Musanabzala mycelium mu sing'anga yam'mimba, iyenera kukhala yotetezedwa ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda, ndipo njira zonse zimagwiritsidwa ntchito poyerekeza ndi nyali ya quartz kuteteza matenda a mycelium ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.

Mmene mungalimbikitsire mycelium kuchokera ku bowa la miyendo pa makatoni

Pali njira zambiri zowonjezera mycelium, imodzi yomwe ikukula mycelium pa makatoni. Cardboard ndizovuta mtengo komanso zosavuta kupeza. Kuwonjezera pamenepo, makatoniwa amapangidwa ndi matabwa, ndipo mycelium imapulumuka bwino, ndipo makotoni omwe amavomereza amatha kupuma bowa mtsogolo, zomwe zidzathandiza kuti chitukuko changa chitheke.

Sayansi yamakono yopanga mycelium kuchokera ku bowa miyendo pa makatoni oboola ndi osavuta:

  • kudula mu zidutswa za makatoni popanda malemba ayenera kuthira madzi otentha kwa ola limodzi, ngakhale, ngati atakhala m'madzi motalika, sizikhala zoipira;
  • konzani mbewu;
  • bowa ayenera kugawidwa mu utoto pogwiritsa ntchito mpeni kapena tsamba;
  • mu thanki yomwe mukadzalowera mycelium, muyenera kupanga mabowo kuti madzi asapitirire;
  • Kuchokera pa makatoni muyenera kuchotsa mosamalitsa pamwamba;
  • ikani bowa pa makatoni ndikuphimba ndi wosanjikiza kuchotsedwa kale;
  • ikani makatoni ndi zinthuzo mu chidebe, kuziphwanya;
  • chidebecho chiyenera kukhala ndi polyethylene;
  • pa chizindikiro choyamba cha kuyanika kwa makatoni - moisten ndi botolo la kutsitsi;
  • Phukusi limaponyera tsiku lililonse chifukwa chowombera.
Pakatha masabata angapo (pafupifupi 3 mpaka 6), makatoniwo adzatembenuka ndi kuyera, ndiye akhoza kuikidwa mu sing'anga.

Monga mukuonera, kulima bowa kunyumba ndi ntchito yotsika mtengo. Mycelium idzakuthandizani kukolola mbewu za bowa kunyumba popanda mavuto, chinthu chachikulu ndicho chikhumbo ndi chipiriro.