Thuja kumadzulo "Brabant": kukamatera, kusiya, ntchito kumalo

Thuja kumadzulo "Brabant" ndi imodzi mwa mitundu yambiri ya kumadzulo, yomwe imadziwika ndi kukula kwake msinkhu, kutalika kwake kukufikira mamita 20, ndi kukula kwa korona kwake ndi mamita 4. Pomwe kukula kwa thuja Brabant kumangoyamba, koma, mosiyana ndi iyo, sichitha masamba m'nyengo yozizira. Korona ya thuja imakhala yozungulira, yosungunuka, imatha kumira pansi, ndipo makungwawo ali ndi mthunzi wofiira wofiira, nthawi zambiri amawombera.

Zisoti za thuja "Brabant" ndi zobiriwira, nthawi zina ndi zothandizira golide. Amasunga mitundu yake ngakhale m'nyengo yozizira. Ichi ndi chinthu chosafunika kwambiri pa zomera zotere; nthawi zambiri zimakhala zachikasu ndi nyengo yozizira.

Chochititsa chidwi komanso chothandiza kwambiri pa TUI "Brabant" taganizirani pansipa.

Makhalidwe ndi zizindikiro za thuja "Brabant"

Thuja "Brabant" kuchokera ku banja la cypress amaonedwa kuti ndi "chimphona" pakati pa achibale ake. Ilinso ndi korona wokongola. Zisotizo zimakhala ngati mamba mpaka 0,4 masentimita kukula kwake, kukula pang'onopang'ono. Iwo akulimbikitsidwa kuti apulumuke.

Pakatha zaka 2-3, singano zigwera pamodzi ndi nthambi. Mitsempha ya "Brabant" yaing'ono, mpaka 12 mm, ndi yofanana ndi mazira. Zimapangidwa ndi mbale zochepa ndi ziwiri. Mbewu - chikasu ndi mapiko awiri.

Pakati pa chaka, thuja ya kumadzulo imakula mpaka masentimita 30 mu msinkhu komanso kufika masentimita 10 m'lifupi. Ili ndi nkhuni zomveka bwino, zopanda mphamvu, zopanda mapuloteni, ndi zonunkhira zosasunthika, osati zowonongeka. Mzu wa mawu akuti "Brabant" ndi wovuta kwambiri.

Mitundu imeneyi imakonda dzuwa, koma imatha kukula mumthunzi. Zimamva bwino pafupi ndi madzi pansi ndi m'malo amdima. Ndipo anthu achikulire omwe ali ndi mizu yopangidwa mwangwiro akulekerera chilala ndi chisanu mwachizolowezi. Thuja "Brabant" imatha mosavuta mizinda. Mtundu wapachiyambi wa korona wachititsa kuti ntchito ya kumadzulo ikhale yogwiritsidwa ntchito m'madera, pakati pa osakaniza ndi gulu limodzi.

Mukudziwa? Thuja imagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri mu mankhwala. Mbali zonse za zomera zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pokonzekera mosiyana: singano, makungwa, nthambi, mbeke, mungu.

Momwe mungasankhire mbande zathanzi pamene mukugula

Thuja saplings "Brabant" ndi bwino kugula kale. Chomera chirichonse chiyenera kukhala mu chidebe chosiyana ndi feteleza. Chifukwa cha njirayi, mbande sizikufunika kukumba, kuwononga mizu. Akafika pansi, adzalima mizu.

Ndi bwino kupeza mbande za thuja kumapeto kwa May kapena mwezi wa June, panthawi yomwe simungathe kudula chomera chakufa kumalo amoyo. Mbeu zosavuta zimasiyanitsa ndi yowutsa mudyo, osati zouma za singano. Brown kapena chikasu - chizindikiro cha chomera chodwala. Malingaliro a mizu yathanzi imakhala yoyera mu mtundu ndipo kuchokera 1 mpaka 3 mm wakuda. Nthaka imene imera imakula imakhala yonyowa. Ndi bwino kugula zomera mpaka 20 cm kufika 1 mita.

Kodi chomera thuja "Brabant"

Kuti muzisangalala ndi matsenga obiriwira komanso fungo labwino kwambiri la "Barbant" kwa nthawi yaitali, muyenera kutsatira malamulo onse obzala mbande. Ichi ndicho chinsinsi cha kukula bwino ndi moyo wautali wa mbewu.

Nthawi yabwino yopita

Thuja akhoza kubzalidwa kuchokera ku kasupe mpaka kumapeto, kuphatikizapo mbande zabwino mizu mu April - May. Mu miyezi imeneyi ndi bwino kugwiritsa ntchito mbande zotsika mtengo. Kenaka, m'nyengo yozizira, mungathe kupanga mbande zam'mimba. Mwinamwake, zomera zako zonse zidzakhazikika. Koma ndi bwino kumverera, kupweteketsa pang'ono ndikukula zambiri zowonongeka.

Kusankha malo ndi nthaka yobzala

Nthaka yabwino ya Tui ndi yowuma komanso yopepuka. Ngati mumabzala mbewu mu nthaka youma ndi yofiira, ikhoza kukhala youma ndi yotuwa. Thuja sakonda mthunzi ndi mphepo, koma simuyenera kusiya izo zokha ndi dzuwa lotentha. Njira yabwino ikadakhala malo otetezedwa ku mphepo ndi kuwala ndi mthunzi wokwanira.

Kukonzekera dothi musanadzalemo

Musanadzalemo, kukumba mbiya zowonjezera 60 × 60 × 80 cm Ngati nthaka ndi yonyowa pokhala ndi yolemetsa, ngalande ikhale yopangidwa ndi miyala yaing'ono, njerwa zowonongeka, miyala yayikulu kapena miyala yowonongeka ya 20-30 cm. Kusakaniza kwa zakudya kwa thuja kumakhala ndi dothi, mchenga ndi peat (1: 2: 2). Ngati mubzala chomera kumapeto kwa chilimwe, tsitsani 200 g wa feteleza ovuta mu dzenje lililonse. Ngati mubzala kumapeto kwa chilimwe kapena autumn, onjezerani 250 g ya superphosphate.

Kubzala malamulo mbande

Ndikofunika kuyang'ana mtunda pakati pa thuja mutabzala. Amagawira mbande za "Brabant" pamtunda wa 0,5 mpaka 3 mamita. Kuthamanga kwakukulu kwa kukafika kumakhala masentimita 60 mpaka 80. Kusamba - 15 - 20 cm.

Mwachindunji kumalo otsetsereka, mungathe kupitiliza ntchito yothandizira. Ikani mizu ya thuja "Brabant" pa chisakanizo cha michere kotero kuti khosi la mmera liri pamtunda. Thirani mizu ndi osakaniza ndi mopepuka. Izi ndi malamulo omwe ali kumadzulo kwa Brabant thuja. Koma ngati mutasankha kubzala "Brabant" mu kugwa, ndiye kuti muyenera kudziwa zina mwazochitika pa nthawi ino.

  1. Muyenera kukwaniritsa nthawiyi: mbande ndi mizere yotseguka "kutanthawuzira" kuyambira kumayambiriro kwa September kufikira oyambirira a mwezi wa Oktoba, ndikukula mu chidebe - mpaka mapeto a mwezi wa October.
  2. Mukamadzala kugwa sikugwiritsanso ntchito kuvala, kupatula zomwe zimapangitsa kukula kwa mizu.
  3. Ndibwino kugwiritsa ntchito mulch kuti ikhale mizu.
  4. Ndikofunika kuteteza korona wa chomera chaching'ono ku dzuwa ndi chisanu.

Momwe mungasamalire thuja "Brabant" mukukula

Kusamalira ndi kulima Tui - osati ntchito yovuta kwa wamaluwa. Kuti mbeuyo ikhale yokongola komanso yathanzi, m'pofunika kutsatira malamulo a chisamaliro pakukula: feteleza, mulching, kuthirira bwino, feteleza, kudulira ndi kudula.

Kuthirira, kutsegula ndi nthaka mulching

Mutabzala, tsitsani madzi ambiri pa mmera uliwonse. Kenaka pembedzani mtengo wa mtengo wa mtengo uliwonse ndi wosanjikiza wa masentimita 10. Mulch amathandiza kuteteza chinyezi m'nthaka nthawi yaitali, salola kuti izi zisawonongeke, sizilola kuti namsongole akule, ndipo pamene zatha, zimapangitsa kuti mizu ikhale ndi zakudya zambiri. M'nyengo yozizira, mulch imateteza mizu ya thuja kuti ikhale yozizira ndipo salola nthaka kuti iwonongeke.

Peat, makungwa a coniferous zomera, tsamba humus ndi kompositi ali oyenera mulch. Mwezi woyamba mutabzala, ndikofunikira kumwa madzi ambiri ndi thuja tsiku lililonse, popeza mphukira zazing'ono zimafota chifukwa cha kusowa kwa chinyezi, ndi nsonga za korona.

Ndikofunikira! Mizu ya Tui sayenera kuuma ndi kukhala yonyowa kwambiri.
Komanso, thuja imafuna nthaka nthawi zonse kumasula kwa kuya kwa 10-15 masentimita.

Feteleza

Manyowa a thuja "Brabant" sali osiyana kwambiri ndi kudyetsa mitundu ina ya zomera.

Ngati nkhumbazo zimabzalidwa kumapeto kapena chilimwe, mu September muyenera kuganizira za kudyetsa zomera phosphorous-potaziyamu feteleza. M'zaka zotsatira, thuja amadyetsedwa kumayambiriro kwa kasupe ndi fetereza youma "Kemira Universal" kapena hydro complex. Ndondomekoyi imabwerezedwa mu masabata awiri. M'dzinja, chomeracho chiyenera kumera ndi phosphorous-potaziyamu zosakaniza.

Kucheka ndi kumeta tsitsi

Ngati pali chosowa, ndiye kuti wamaluwa amatha kudulira zowonongeka, kuchotsa nthambi ndi zowonongeka. Nsalu yothandizira tsitsi kwambiri yotchedwa "Brabant" idzakhala mu June. Chotsani zosapitirira 1/3 za kutalika kwa mphukira.

Mukudziwa? Pofuna kumanga mpanda wolimba, nthawi zambiri amagwiritsidwa ntchito pogwiritsa ntchito mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya Brabant. Ndiwodziwika chifukwa cha kudzichepetsa kwake komanso zabwino zowononga tsitsi.

Gwedezani ndikugwiritseni ntchito popanga malo

Kuyambira alimi wamaluwa nthawi zambiri amadabwa: Kodi thujani ikukula bwanji ndipo ndi yoyenera kubisala? Mtundu uwu wa Tui umakula mofulumira kwambiri kuposa ena, ndi wosagwirizana ndi zochitika za m'mizinda, choncho umagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga malo ndi kumanga makoma. Thuja "Brabant" ikuphatikizidwa bwino ndi cypress, spruce kum'mwera, hemlock, European larch, globular ndi junipers lotseguka, globular ndi ovoid mapine, microbiota, mapulaneti osakanikirana ndi zomera zina zambiri, zomwe zimakupangitsani kupanga zochititsa chidwi. Kukonzekera kwa malo pali mitundu iwiri ya kuzungulira: kuphulika kwaulere ndi tsitsi lalifupi. Kwa Tui "Brabant", mawonekedwe odulidwa ndi abwino kwambiri. Ngati muli ndi chidwi ndi funsoli: momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito chitetezo, ndibwino kuti muzichita kawiri pachaka - mu March ndi August. Pogwiritsa ntchito nthambi, zomera zimalenga khoma lamdima.

Mmene mungagwirire ndi tizirombo ndi matenda

Thuja kumadzulo "Brabant", ngati zomera zonse, ali ndi mndandanda wa matenda awo.

Bowa Zitha kupezeka pamene mphukira zofiira zimapezeka pamtengo. Mukawona nthambi zoterezi, ziyenera kuchotsedwa kuti bowa sichifalikire ku mbewu.

Ndikofunikira! Kutentha mphukira kuchotsedwa ndi bowa kuti zisasunthire ku zomera zina.
Kwa chithandizo chotsatira cha thuja, gwiritsani ntchito mankhwalawa "Fundazol" 0.2%. Fulumira mbewu kamodzi pakatha masabata awiri mpaka pakati pa autumn. Pofuna kupewa bowa, onjezerani miyala yamchere ku mizu ya mtengo.

Dummy. Amapezeka ngati mawanga achikasu amapezeka pamtengo wa mtengo. Ngati chomeracho sichichiritsidwe m'nthaƔi, mawangawo amakula ndipo thuja idzafa. Gwiritsani ntchito mankhwala "Karbofos" kapena "Rogor".

Ngati chomera chikuyamba kutembenukira chikasu popanda chifukwa chomveka - chingakhale bowa la mizu. "Fundazol" idzakuthandizani kulimbana ndi vutoli. Palibe choopsa kwa tizirombo ziwiri.

Thuja moth. Zigulugufe ting'onoting'ono timayamba kuuluka kumayambiriro kwa May. Pofuna kudziwa kuti vutoli liwonongeka ndi tizilombo toyambitsa matenda ndi losavuta: masamba amasanduka bulauni ndipo nsonga imatha. Kuteteza mawonekedwe a njenjete kungathandize kukonza nkhuni "Cypermetrin."

Tuevaya aphid - tizilombo toopsa kwambiri. Mbozi yamdima yofiira imakhala pansi pa mphukira. Kuwononga tizilombo, tigwiritsireni ntchito "Malathion".

Wintering thuja "Brabant"

Kukonzekera chomera m'nyengo yozizira, m'pofunika kumanga korona ndi twine, izi zimateteza ku mphepo ndi chisanu. Mitengo yaing'ono iyenera kuphimbidwa ndi zinthu zoteteza. Nthambi zapala, zoyera zopangidwa ndi nsalu zofiira kapena kraft ndizoyenera kutero.