Kodi mtengo wa Chihungari ndi momwe ungakulire m'deralo

Padziko lonse pali mitundu ikuluikulu 30 ya mitengo ya maula. Ambiri mwa iwo akugawidwa m'magulu awo - mazinthu omwe amalimbidwa ndi obereketsa. Muzinthu zamakono tidzakambirana za mtundu wa Hungary.

Makhalidwe ndi maonekedwe a maulamuliro a Hungary

Chihungary ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya zoweta zapakhomo. Zipatso za mawonekedwe a dzira la Hungary, ofanana, maonekedwe a buluu, omwe ali ndi khungu lofiirira komanso malaya a blue. Ichi ndi mbali yawo. Nyama ya plums imeneyi ndi yowirira komanso yowutsa mudyo, ndipo imakhala yochepa.

Maluwa a ku Hungarian ndi mbali zowonjezera zowonjezera, kotero kuti nyengo imawonekera pamtanda. Oyenera kwambiri pazinthu zosiyanasiyana "Anna Shpet" ndi dzira la chikasu.

Zakudya za caloric za anthu a ku Hungary ndi otsika kwambiri. Zipatso zili ndi 2% mafuta, 8% mapuloteni ndi 90% zimagulu. Ichi ndi mankhwala osapatsa thanzi omwe ali ndi mafuta ochepa. Zokwanira kwa anthu omwe akufuna kusintha kagayidwe kake ka mthupi ndikumangokhala bwino. Nkhalango ya Hungarian yokhayo imatha kubala zipatso zoyenera kupanga kupanga prunes - ichi ndi khalidwe lalikulu la subspecies, lomwe limatsimikizira kukhala lawo osiyanasiyana. Nthawi zina amaphatikizapo mitundu yosiyanasiyana, yokhazikitsidwa ndi zizindikiro zakunja. Chinthuchi ndikutulutsa mandimu, chipatsocho chiyenera kukhala ndi pectin ndi shuga wambiri mu mawonekedwe owuma.

Mbali imeneyi ili ndi chiyankhulo chokha cha Chihungary. Ngati mukufuna kuuma zipatso za mtundu wina, monga tsamba lobiriwira, mudzakhumudwa, chifukwa potsirizira pake mutenga pang'ono pang'ono zouma zouma.

Ndikofunikira! Zipatso za ku Hungary zimatha kusankhidwa chosapsa, zimafika, zimatenga kukoma kwa nyumbayo.

Maluwa a ku Hungarian ndi olimba kwambiri ndipo ali ndi chitetezo champhamvu ku matenda ndi tizilombo toononga, choncho, zokolola za zosiyanasiyanazi ndipamwamba kwambiri. Mitengo ya zaka zisanu m'nyengo zabwino imatha kupanga zipatso zokwana 180 kg. Pali milandu pamene mitengo khumi ija inasonkhanitsa makilogalamu 220 a plums.

Anthu a ku Hungarian monga osiyanasiyana akhoza kupatulidwa m'magulu angapo a subspecies, omwe ali ndi zizindikiro za gululi. Awa ndi a ku Hungary: nthano ya Kuban, Wangeim, Chiitaliya, Azhanskaya, wamba, Caucasus, golide, Koziyevskaya, blyufr, tuleu-gras ndi ena.

Mukudziwa? Dzinali la zosiyanasiyana limayankhula palokha. M'zaka za m'ma 1900, anthu oyambirira a ku Hungary anapezeka m'dera la Hungary. Ngakhale panthawiyi, anthu am'deralo amadziwa bwino za maulamulirowa. Iwo sanatenge zipatso zokoma za mitengo, koma anadikirira mpaka perespeyut ndi kugwa pansi kale pang'ono zouma.

Kusankha malo odzala plums

Mukasankha malo oti mukambirane ku Hungary, ganizirani za tsogolo lawo, kukonzekera kutsogolo komwe mungakonze korona. Pamene ikukula mtengo waukulu wokwanira, chokani chipinda cha chitukuko kwa chi Hungary. Mafutawa ndi ofunika-amafunika, okonda kutentha, ngakhale kusungunuka kwa chisanu, komanso amakonda kuchuluka kwa chinyezi. Popeza magulu onse a dziko la Hungary ali pachimake pafupipafupi kapena nthawi zamapeto, musaope kuwakhazikitsa m'madera otsika, chifukwa sakuopa frosts. Mitengo ingabzalidwe pamphepete mwa mipanda, makamaka chofunika, kuchokera kumbali ya dzuwa ndi kutetezedwa ku mphepo.

Ndikofunikira! Mbali yabwino kwambiri ya munda wakubzala Hungary ndi kum'mwera, kumwera chakumadzulo kapena kumadzulo.
Kuwombera mthunzi m'mawa ndi madzulo sikumapweteka ndipo sikudzakhudza fruiting. Maula a ku Hungarian akufunira chinyezi, ngati maula, koma amalekerera kulima mwakachetechete komanso nthawi yowuma. Ngati mumabzala pafupi ndi mitengo yomwe imasankha chinyezi, muyenera kuwonjezera kuthirira.

Njira yobzala mbande

Pofuna kukhetsa dziko la Hungary mofulumira linakula, liyenera kubzalidwa m'munda wokonzedwa bwino, wopanda namsongole ndi zakudya zambiri. Pofuna kuti nthaka ikhale yopindulitsa ndikupangidwanso ndi mankhwalawa, tikulimbikitsanso kulima nthaka ndi manyowa wobiriwira kapena kompositi. Dulani mabowo 60 cm m'kati mwake ndi masentimita 30. Kukula kwa dzenje kungakhale kosiyana ndi zaka za mmera. Maluwa a Hungary - "Osakhala amantha", koma mbande ziri bwino kugula mu chidebe cha pulasitiki ndi mchere wamchere. Choncho simungathe kuyika chomerachi pangozi yokumba ndi kuwonongeka kwa mizu. Mbeu iyi imakhala yolimba mizu. Dulani mtengo kuchokera mu chidebe chaching'ono kupita mu dzenje popanda kuwononga clod. Ngati chomeracho chili ndi mizu yopanda mizu, m'pofunikanso kudzaza phiri la pansi mpaka pansi pa fossa, konyozetsa mizu ya maula ndi kuwagawa mofanana.

Thirani mmera ndi nthaka yachonde ndikupondaponda pang'ono. Sikofunika kupeza madothi osakanikirana a nthaka, zonse zimadalira kukula kwa nthaka. Ndikofunika kwambiri, sizikhala zofunikira kugwiritsa ntchito feteleza mchere. Pangani mzere wozungulira mtengo kuti ugwire madzi a mvula ndikudzaza mtengo kwambiri ndi madzi ochuluka m'njira zambiri.

Mukudziwa? Zipatso za ku Hungary zimakhala ndi mavitamini ambiri m'magulu A, B, C, P, PP, E ndi K ndikuwunika zinthu monga mkuwa, chitsulo, ayodini, zinc, potaziyamu. Pali antioxidants, pectin, fibre ndi zinthu zina zopindulitsa mu plums. Kudya nthawi zonse ku Hungary, mumalimbitsa chitetezo chanu, kuteteza chiopsezo cha khansara ndi achinyamata ena.

Zonse zokhudza chisamaliro cha Hungary

Mkhalidwe umene zimagwiritsidwa ntchito ku Hungary zimakhala zofanana.

Momwe mungaphunzitsire kuthirira?

Chi Hungary, monga plums onse, ndi chomera chokonda chinyezi. Zakudya zabwino kwambiri zimayesedwa ngati kuthirira madzi, kenako nthaka imakonzedwa mozama masentimita 40. Kuthirira ndi kofunikira makamaka nthawi yakucha ya zipatso, kotero kuti muteteze tsogolo lawo. Pa nyengo yokula, achinyamata a ku Hungary amamwetsa maulendo anayi mpaka kasanu ndi kamodzi, ndikutsanulira ndowa 10 pa madzi nthawi imodzi. M'dzinja, wochuluka podzimny ulimi wothirira ndilofunikira, kuwuza mtengo ndi chinyezi mpaka masika. Komanso njirayi imapangitsa chisanu kukana mitengo. Ngati madzi apansi ali pafupi, ndiye kuti mitengo yothirira ingachepetsedwe pang'ono.

Kodi ndi liti komanso motani?

Pulogalamu ya ku Hungary kuchokera ku mitundu yomwe sichifunikira chisamaliro chachikulu. Mitengo yokhayokha idayenera kudyetsedwa bwino ndi feteleza mchere, koma ngati nthaka ili yochuluka, mukhoza kuchepetsa kuchuluka kwa feteleza. Gawo loyambirira la zakudya liyenera kupangidwa chaka choyamba pakati pa May, yachiwiri - mwezi. Izi zidzathandiza kugwa kupanga zopindulitsa zamphamvu zomwe zidzakhala maziko a mapangidwe a korona. Ngati mbande zikukula mofulumira, ndiye chaka chotsatira, kuyeza feteleza - kuthira manyowa kumayambiriro kwa mwezi wa May. Kuti maulawo abereke zipatso m'chaka chachitatu kapena chachinayi, umuna wa nayitrogeni umayenera kukwaniritsidwa pang'onopang'ono.

Kodi mungadule bwanji?

Kudulira mitengo ya ku Hungary kumagwiritsidwa ntchito kumapeto kwa kuyamba kwa kuyamwa. Mtundu wotchuka kwambiri wa korona ndi wochepa kwambiri. Mapangidwe angakhoze kuchitika m'chaka chachiwiri cha moyo wa mtengo pamunda. Popeza maula amakula kwambiri m'zaka zoyambirira, kudulira korona kuyenera kupitilizidwa kwa zaka zisanu. M'chaka choduka, sikoyenera kuigwira, ndipo kumayambiriro kwa kasupe mumatha kupanga mapiri a 5-7 omwe ali kutali kwambiri ndi magulu a mafupa omwe amachokera kumbali zosiyanasiyana pamtunda wa madigiri 45 ndi thunthu.

Mapangidwe a chimanga amayamba kubwerera tsinde ndi theka la mita, ndipo nthambi zoyera zikuyenera kuchotsedwa. Chirichonse pamwamba pa chizindikiro ndi pangodya la 40º chimachotsedwanso, chifukwa chingathe kutha panthawi ya fruiting. Nthambi zamakhwala ziyenera kufupikitsidwa katatu, ndipo ena onse akudulidwa pa mphete, osasiyiratu. Wotsogolera ayenera kuchepetsedwa kuti mtengo wa chaka chimodzi usadutse masentimita 180 mu msinkhu. M'chaka chachitatu, otsogolera akufupikanso, koma kale masentimita 40 pamwamba pa chizindikiro. Ndikofunika kuti thunthu likhale lolunjika. Nthambi za kukula, zomwe zinatambasula masentimita 60, kudula ndi gawo limodzi mwa magawo atatu, ndipo mbali imachoka ndi masentimita 15 mpaka impso. Nthambi zachiwiri ziyenera kukhazikitsidwa pamtunda wa mamita awiri kuchokera pamtengo. Mtunda wa pakati pawo suyenera kukhala wosachepera 30 cm. Kwa chaka chachinayi, otsogolera ayenera kudulidwa kuti kutalika kwake kukhale ndi nthambi zisanu ndi chimodzi. Mapangidwe ake ayenera kupitilira mpaka kukula kwa mamita 2.5. Chaka chilichonse mutha kuchotsa kukula kwatsopano.

Pokhala ndi udindo kupita ku mapangidwe a korona wa Hungary - ziyenera kukhala piramidi. Pambuyo pa kuyamba kwa fruiting, woyendetsa ayenera kudulidwa pamlingo wa nthambi yapamwamba ya chigoba. Kukula kwa chaka chatha kuyenera kuchepetsedwa, motero kukulitsa kukula kwatsopano kuchokera chaka chamawa. M'chaka chachisanu, pamene korona yapeza kale mawonekedwe oyenera, imapangitsa kukula kwa nthambi zatsopano za zipatso, zomwe zimapereka kuchuluka kwa mbeu. Zipatso zimawoneka pa nthambi zazing'ono za zaka ziwiri kapena zitatu. Nthambi za zaka zinayi zomwe zinapatsa mbeu chaka chatha ziyenera kudulidwa. Pogwiritsa ntchito ndondomeko yotereyi, simudzasowa kukonzanso mtengo wa ukalamba. Mapangidwe a korona wa Hungary akugwiritsidwa ntchito ndi zipangizo zokha, ndipo zigawo zonse zili ndi munda wamaluwa.

Mukudziwa? Mu 1910, panthawi yokhala ndi cholera ku Sochi, mitengo ya ku Hungary inabadwa mwa nambala yaikulu kwambiri. Iwo anayamba kuuma kwambiri. Kenaka zinachitika kuti prune iyi ndi yoposera kuposa yomwe imatengedwa kuchokera ku mayiko a ku Ulaya.

Kodi mungakonzekere bwanji nyengo yozizira?

Chi Hungary chodabwitsa wintering popanda zipangizo za pogona iliyonse. N'zotheka kugwedeza bwalo losatha ndi peat kapena humus. Ndi bwino kukulunga timitengo tating'onoting'ono tomwe timapanga kapena kusunga masamba a spruce. Musagwiritse ntchito zipangizo zopangira, ngati mitengo yomwe ili pansi pawo idzawonongeka, ndipo izi zikudzaza ndi zotsatira zopweteka.