Kukula maple ku Norway

Mapulo ndi mtengo wotchuka kwambiri. Zikhoza kupezeka paliponse: m'mapaki ndi midzi, mumapiri, pa nyumba zachilimwe. Chimakopa chidwi chifukwa chokongola masamba ndi korona, zipatso zachilendo. Makamaka okongola mu kugwa, pamene masamba ake amajambula mu nyundo yophukira mitundu: chikasu, lalanje, chofiirira. Imodzi mwa mitundu yochititsa chidwi ndi yofala ndi mapulo a Norway, omwe amasamalira zomwe zidzakambidwe m'nkhaniyi.

Mukudziwa? Maple a ku Norway amatchedwanso platanovidnym, platanolistnym, chifukwa masamba ake ali ofanana ndi masamba a mtengo wa ndege.

Maple a ku Norway: zinthu zamoyo

Maple a Norway kapena wamba - Ndi mtengo wowonongeka, umene umapezeka ku Ulaya konse ndi ku Asia, mu nkhalango zowonongeka komanso zosakanikirana, zokhazikika kapena magulu. Kawirikawiri amapezeka pafupi ndi phulusa, thundu, birch, mabokosi. Icho chinadzitcha dzina lake chifukwa masamba anali kumapeto kwa mapeto.

Mukudziwa? Maple a ku Norway amatchedwa Acer platanoides. Aser mu kumasulira amatanthawuza kwambiri, amphamvu.
Korona wa mitundu iyi ya mapulo ndi wandiweyani, wapakati, shirokoraskidisty. Mkati mwake, amakhala ndi mamita 15-20. Nthambizi ndizolimba, zikulira, zikukula. Ng'ombe yochepa, yamphamvu. Maple a Norway amakula kwambiri - kutalika kwake kumatha kufika mamita 30. Pafupifupi, thunthu la mtengo lifika pa 12-28 mamita.

Mphuno ya zomera zazing'ono ndi imvi, imakhala ndi nthawi ndipo imadzaza ndi ming'alu.

Masamba ndi osavuta, palmate, okhala ndi lobes asanu kapena asanu ndi awiri. Iwo ali ndi kukula kwakukulu - mpaka masentimita 18 m'litali ndi masentimita 22 m'lifupi. Mbali ya pamwamba ya tsamba la masamba ndi yodzala ndi zobiriwira, gawo lakumunsi liri lowala. Mu autumn, masamba amatembenukira chikasu, lalanje, golidi.

Kuphulika kwa mapulo kumapezeka mu April ndi theka la May kapena mapepala asanawoneke kapena atatha. Maluwa ndi achikasu wobiriwira, anasonkhana corymbose inflorescences wa 15-30 zidutswa. Khalani ndi fungo losangalatsa. Maple a ku Norway ndi chomera cha dioecious. Pamene maluwa amamera, maluwa amphongo ndi amphongo amatsegulidwa pamitengo yosiyana. Kutsekemera kumapezeka ndi chithandizo cha tizilombo. Chipatsocho ndi manja awiri. Zomwe zimapanga, zimathandiza kuti mbewuzo zifalikire pamtunda. Fruiting imapezeka mu September-Oktoba pachaka kuchokera chaka cha 17 cha moyo.

Mzu wa maple a Norway ndi wongopeka, wodulidwa mu nthaka ndi masentimita 20. Mizu yotsatira imakula mwamphamvu. Kaŵirikaŵiri amapezeka pamwamba pa nthaka. Moyo wa mtengo ndi zaka 150. Ngakhale pali zambiri zokhudza oimira 200-300 a zaka za mitundu.

Mapulo a mapulaneti a Norway akufalitsidwa ndi mbewu, mizu yazitsulo, kuphatikiza. Mbewu imadalira stratification. Kutchire, kumapereka kuchuluka kwa kufesa ndi kukula kwakukulu kuchokera ku chitsa.

Ali wamng'ono, mapulo amakula mofulumira - ndi kuwonjezeka chaka ndi chaka cha 45-60 cm mu msinkhu ndi 30-40 masentimita m'lifupi. Pakafika zaka zisanu ndi ziwiri zimadutsa mamita awiri ndi pamwamba. Kumakula kumakula mpaka zaka 25-30, ndiye kukula kwa msinkhu kumatsika, ndipo mtengo ukuyamba kukula. Pambuyo pa zaka 50, kukula kumachepetsanso kapena kuima palimodzi.

Ndikofunika kuwonjezera ku makhalidwe a Norway maple kuti ndi zomera zabwino zotentha kwambiri, zosagwedeza chisanu komanso zomwe zimatha kupirira nyengo yachisanu mpaka madigiri -40, kusagwedezeka kwa mphepo, mosavuta kulekerera kutentha ndi chilala, zingagwiritsidwe ntchito ngati mtundu wowonjezera nthaka, siziwopa kubzala m'midzi, mu mkhalidwe wa mpweya woipa.

Mukudziwa? Mapulo a mapulo ndi 150-200 kg pa 1 ha. Kuchokera ku mtengo umodzi, njuchi zimasonkhanitsa makilogalamu 10.
Maple a ku Norway ali ndi mitundu pafupifupi 150, kuphatikizapo mitundu yambiri yokongoletsera, yomwe imasiyanasiyana ndi kukula, mawonekedwe ndi mtundu wa masamba, mtundu wa korona, kuchuluka kwa msinkhu. Malo otchuka kwambiri m'minda yamaluwa ndi mawonekedwe monga "Purple King", mawonekedwe a Drummond, Schwedler, ozungulira, ofanana, odulidwa manja ndi ena.

Kusankha malo a maple a Norway: zofunikira za nthaka ndi kuunikira

Posankha malo oti mubzala Maple a Norway, ubale wawo ndi kuwala uyenera kuganiziridwa, ndipo popeza ukufunika kuunika, sankhani malo owala bwino. Ngakhale mtengo ukhoza kulekerera ndi kubzala mu penumbra.

Ndikofunikira! Sikofunika kudzala maple a Norway ku madera olimba kwambiri. Mthunziwo umakhudza masamba okongoletsera - iwo adzakhala otayika ndi ochepa. Ndili ndi zaka, kuthekera kwa mthunzi ndi mtengo kumachepa.
Kufuna mapulo ndi mapangidwe a nthaka. Amakonda chonde chomera. Amamva bwino mumdima watsopano wa mchenga. Sitikukula mu saline, mchenga, mchere wobiriwira, wandiweyani. Silingalekerere madzi otukuka.

Njira yobzala achinyamata mapulo mbande

Nthaŵi yabwino yobzala maple sapling adzakhala kumayambiriro kasupe, pamene masamba asanamere. Komanso, mtengo ukhoza kubzalidwa m'dzinja, pambuyo pa tsamba kugwa. Kusakaniza kwa dothi kwa kubzala kumayenera kukonzedwa kuchokera ku chisakanizo chachonde. Iyenera kukhala ndi umuna ndi zinthu zakuthupi. Chifukwa cha dothi lolemera, mchenga kapena ngalande yamadzimadzi ndilovomerezeka. Ndi bwino kugula nyemba ndi mizu yotsekedwa, ndi mtanda waukulu wa nthaka, umene suwonongedwa mutabzalidwa. Mitengo ngati imeneyo idzakhala bwino pamalo atsopano ndipo idzafulumira kukula.

Kuya kwa dzenje lodzala liyenera kukhala osachepera 50 masentimita. Mbewuyo imayikidwa pamalo ake, mwapang'onopang'ono mizu ndi kuwaza dothi. Ndiye mopepuka tamped.

Mutabzala, mtengo uyenera kutsanulidwa mochulukirapo ndipo pitirizani kuchita izi kwa miyezi iwiri. Ngati mukufuna kudzala mapulo, ndiye kuti tikuyenera kuchoka mtunda pakati pa mitengo ya 2-4 mamita.

Kusamalira mitengo ya mapulo aang'ono

Masamba a mapulo, kubzala ndi kusamalira sikufuna nzeru, maluso ndi khama lapadera. Mitengo yachinyamata nthawi zambiri imakhala madzi ambiri. Pambuyo pa zaka ziwiri, mapulo adzatha kuthana ndi chilala cha nthawi yochepa paokha. M'chilimwe, kuthirira kumachitika kamodzi pa sabata, m'nyengo youma kudzatenga zitsamba 1.5-2 pazomera. M'nyengo yophukira, amamwe madzi kamodzi pamwezi.

Ngakhale kuti mapulo ndi chomera chozizira kwambiri, mitengo ya maple a ku Norway amafunika malo okhala m'nyengo yozizira. Mothandizidwa ndi nthambi za spruce kapena masamba owuma mumaphimba mumutu. Akuwombera omwe alibe nthawi yoti aziphimba ndi nkhuni nthawi yozizira isanathe. Komabe, izi sizowopsa kwa mitengo ya mapulo - chifukwa cha kukula kwa msanga, zidzakula kukula, ndipo kuzizira sikungakhudze maonekedwe a mtengo. Chaka chilichonse chisanu chotsutsana cha mbewu chidzalimbikitsidwa.

N'zotheka kubzala mapulo mpaka zaka 15. Amatulutsa njira yosavuta mosavuta.

Kusamalira mitengo ya mapulo okhwima

Mitengo ya anthu akuluakulu imangofunika kudulira kokha mapulogalamu a mapulo. Zimapangidwa kumayambiriro kwa mwezi wa March. Sungani nthambi zouma, zowonongeka. Panthawi imodzimodziyo n'zotheka kupanga korona yokongoletsa.

Mapulo amayankha bwino kumeta tsitsi - amayamba mwamsanga kukula ndi kukula. N'zotheka kukhazikitsa malo osasunthika a dziko lapansi pambali yapansi-pansi pambuyo pa ulimi wothirira ndi mphepo.

Matenda ndi tizirombo ta masamba a mapulo

Pansi pa malo obzala ndi kulima, popanda kukhala ndi chinyezi chokhazikika, sichimakhudzidwa ndi mitengo ya mapulo ndi tizirombo. Komabe, izo zikuchitikabe.

Vuto lalikulu kwambiri pamtengo ndi mkuntho, umene umawonetseredwa ndi madera aang'ono pamphuno ndipo amawombera. Ngati zizindikirozi zipezeka, nthambi zoyenera ziyenera kuchotsedwa nthawi yomweyo. Zomera kudulira mitengo ndi kuphimba ndi phula la munda. Komanso, zipangizo zamaluwa zomwe zidagwiritsidwa ntchito kudulira zimayambitsa matenda ophera tizilombo toyambitsa matenda. Mapulo amatha kupatsa matabwa a Taphrina acerina, omwe amachititsa kuti mabala a bulauni akhale pamaso.

Mwa tizirombo ta mapulo tingathe kuwononga whitefly maple. Mbozi zake zimadyetsa masamba a zomera. Pofuna kulimbana nawo, nkofunika kuwononga nthambi zomwe zakhudzidwa. Ndi khungu lolimba limapanga kupopera mankhwala ammophos.

Pofuna kupewa kupezeka kwa mealybug ya mapulo, musanayambe kuswana, mapulo ayenera kupopedwa ndi mankhwala atatu a nitrafene. Ndiponso, ntchito yake yovulaza pa mapulo ikhoza kupanga ma weevil a tsamba. Potsutsa kwake, mankhwala ndi chlorophos amagwiritsidwa ntchito.

Kugwiritsira ntchito mapu a ku Norway kumalo okongola

Popeza maple a Norway amapanga zokongoletsera nthawi zonse zamasamba, amalekerera bwino mmizinda komanso kumeta tsitsi, kumagwiritsidwa ntchito kumalo okongola komanso osiyanasiyana. Imeneyi ndi imodzi mwa mitundu yambiri yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga minda yamaluwa - nthawi zonse imapezeka m'mapaki, mumzinda, m'mphepete mwa msewu, m'mphepete mwa misewu. Imafesedwa ngati tapeworm komanso mumagulu a magulu. Ikuwoneka bwino pamsana wa conifers. Mapulo amapangidwanso ndi mazenera, omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito mu alpine slides, rockeries. Akuleni iwo pa thunthu, kukameta ubweya mu bulo la bonsai.

Kugwiritsa ntchito mapulogalamu a Norway ku mankhwala ochiritsira

Njira zothandizira anthu popanga mapulogalamu a Norway, zili ndi zinthu zotsatirazi:

  • zopweteka;
  • urinary ndi choleretic;
  • chowoneka;
  • chodabwitsa;
  • machiritso owonda;
  • anti-inflammatory;
  • antibacterial;
  • antipyretic;
  • chithandizo;
  • zosangalatsa
Makungwawa amagwiritsidwa ntchito monga astringent pofuna kusokonezeka kwa dongosolo lakumagazi komanso kulimbikitsa mizu ya tsitsi. Mitsempha ndi masamba opatsirana amatha kuchepetsa kutentha ndi kulimbikitsa chitetezo cha mthupi. Pamene ARVI amagwiritsa ntchito ndalama kuchokera ku zipatso za mapulo. Komanso, timagulu tawiri timagwiritsidwa ntchito mu miyala ya impso. Maluwa amakulolani kuti muthane ndi vuto la kapangidwe ka zakudya. Madzi a ku Norway maple ndi mankhwala achilengedwe. Amachiritsidwa ndi mabala, zilonda, kutupa pakhungu. Zosakaniza mkaka, zimatha kuthetsa chifuwa. Amamwa madziwa kuti alimbikitse mphamvu za chitetezo cha thupi, kuti athetse ludzu. Honey maple ndi wodabwitsa kwambiri wothandizira thupi. Ndikofunika kuti magazi a m'thupi komanso atherosclerosis, apitirize kutulutsa lactation ndi kuimika ntchito ya dongosolo la mantha.

Mtengo wamapulo umagwiritsidwa ntchito mu dendrotherapy. Amakhulupirira kuti amatha kulipira mphamvu zabwino, amathandiza kuthana ndi kuvutika maganizo, kukhumudwa ndi kutopa.

Ndikofunikira! Ndalama zonse zokonzedwa pogwiritsa ntchito maple a Norway, ziyenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito ngati mankhwala owonjezera komanso atatha kufunsa dokotala.
Mapulo ndi chomera chodabwitsa. Nthawi zambiri amagwiritsidwa ntchito mu zokongoletsera zokongola, zofesedwa m'madera ambiri komanso m'nyumba zazing'ono za chilimwe. Kuyamikira kukula kwake kwakukulu, wokongola wandiweyani korona, masamba ovekedwa, maluwa onunkhira ndi zipatso zachilendo. Mitengo yake imaloledwa kupanga zinyumba, zida zoimbira ndi zamisiri. Njuchi zimachikonda chifukwa cha fungo labwino ndi kukolola uchi wokometsera kuchokera kwa iyo, choncho nkhuni ndi yofunika kwambiri pa ulimi wa njuchi. Masamba, makungwa, zipatso ndi madzi zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pochiza matenda osiyanasiyana.