Ndi mitundu yanji ya maula ndi yoyenera kulima m'midzi

Mafuta a Cherry, omwe anthu ambiri amawoneka ngati maula, amagwirizanitsidwa nthawi zonse ndi chidziwitso chakumwera chakumwera. Ndipo ine ndinkafuna kuti maulawo akhale mbadwa ku madera a Moscow, komanso iwo ankayimiridwa ndi mitundu yabwino kwambiri. Mitundu imeneyi inamera chifukwa cha maula, ndi maula ndi kuwoloka. Tsopano phokoso m'madera ndi ofunikira ngati m'madera otsika.

Mukudziwa? Pamphepete mwa nyanja ya Crimea, akatswiri ofukula zinthu zakale apeza mafupa a nthuri ya chitumbuwa kuchokera m'zaka za zana la 9 BC. er

Asikuti owongoka

Pakati pa zipatso za chitumbuwa, Scythian Gold zosiyanasiyana zimakhala zachikasu. Kuphatikiza pa chikasu chochititsa chidwi, zazikulu, zipatso zoyamba kucha zimasiyanitsidwa ndi zokoma zosungunuka zokoma ndi zofewa. Pachifukwa ichi, iwo ndi oyenerera osati kutumikira kokha patebulo, komanso kuthandizira. Mbewu imakula kukula kwapakati. Zosasinthika ndi kusintha kwa kutentha, mtengo umatambasula mpaka mamita atatu. Imakhala yokongoletsedwa ndi korona yofalikira, yomwe ili ndi masamba obiriwira a masamba ang'onoang'ono. Olima munda amalimbikitsa kusintha maulamuliro a Gold Asikuti ku tchire. Maluwa oyera samadzipitsa mungu.

Mukudziwa? Mtundu woyera wa nthumba ya chitumbuwa imapezeka mwachindunji pamtengo wamtengo.

Cleopatra

Zosiyanasiyana zinapezeka zaka 13 zapitazo. M'nyengo yozizira-mazira a chitumbuwa amadodometsa ndi kukongola kwakukulu kwa zipatso zazikulu zofiirira ndi zakuda, zophimba pang'ono ndi sera yosanjikiza, ndikusiya mpando woonekera bwino. Chokongola ndi chokoma kwambiri, mawonekedwe ake amafanana ndi nyama yokhala ndi mafupa, fupa lomwe liri kale logawanika kale. Mtengo mwa miyezo ya gulu lapakati ndipamwamba kwambiri ndi korona wapadera. Zomera zosiyanasiyana zimakhala zopindulitsa, koma ndi nyengo yozizira hardiness ndi zachilengedwe kutetezera matenda, kuphatikizapo tizilombo.

Kuban komet

Alycha Kuban comet anali ngati maziko a mitundu yambiri. Zotsatira izi zinapangitsa kufufuza zambiri za obereketsa. Kuban comet wosakanizidwa, wokonzedweratu ndi nyengo yoyandikana ndi Moscow, kumayambiriro kwa tsiku lililonse (kuyambira chaka chachitatu) cha August amabweretsa zipatso zochuluka za zipatso zazikulu za amber. The bwino chingwe cha yowutsa masitala mwamphamvu amakongoletsa osapatukana fupa. Kutentha kwa asidi kwa chipatso sikutseka. Mtengo uli wotsika, wokhala ndi korona wozungulira, wokonzeka bwino ndi wong'onongeka.

Mara

Odyera achi Belarusi anapanga mitundu yosiyanasiyana yokoma ndi ya ryhlovato ya Mara, yomwe imapereka zaka zisanu ndi ziwiri za moyo kwa anthu okwana 0.4 ochokera pamtengo uliwonse. Thupi lapamwamba (mpaka mamita 3) la mtengo wa chitumbuwa, pamene likukula, limafuna kusamalira kwina kuoneka kwa korona. Kuyambira mwezi wa July mpaka pafupifupi mwezi wa Oktoba, chomerachi chikukongoletsedwera ndi zipatso za chikasu. Mara amayamikiridwa ndi wamaluwa chifukwa chotsutsana ndi chilengedwe chilichonse, kuphatikizapo zomwe zimayambitsa kleasterosporiosis.

Nesmeyana

Nesmeyana yodziwika kuyambira m'ma 2000s. Kalasiyo inakhala yaikulu ndi yamphamvu, yokhala ndi mpando waukulu. Zipatso zazikulu zimasewera maonekedwe ofiira ndi ofiirira, ndipo nsalu za pinki zofiira sizimasintha mafupa. Chipatso chokoma chimakhala ndi kukoma kokoma kwambiri, komwe, mwina, kunapangitsa kuti winemakers azigwiritse ntchito ngati chopangira zakumwa zakumwa. Zina mwa ubwino pa zokolola zambiri, kubzala koyamba kwa zipatso, kuthekera kwawo kupirira kwa nthawi yayitali (mpaka masiku 4) kumaonekera. Kuwonjezera pa chitumbuwa maula vinyo, Nesmeyana amapanganso kangapo kukonzekera nyengo yozizira.

Woyenda

Pakati pa mitundu yambiri ya hybrid, maluwa a chitumbuwawa amadziwika ndi kudzikonda yekha ndi zipatso zabwino, kuyambira chaka chachitatu kapena chachinai (0,4 wokhala pakati pa nyengo). Ndipo zipatso zoyamba kucha nthawi zambiri zimayambira kumayambiriro kwa July. Thunthu laling'ono lazunguliridwa ndi dome wobiriwira wa korona wokhala ndi masamba osungunuka pang'ono kuchokera kumbuyo. Maluwa oyera amachokera muwiri. Mu khungu lakuda, kuchotsa khungu la mabulosi kuchokera ku zipatso zazing'ono, mtundu wofiira umakhala wofiira kwambiri, ndipo pansi pake umatsegula nyama yowonongeka, ndi mafupa abwino. Fungo labwino la chipatso limasungidwa bwino mu zakumwa ndi zakudya zina zamchere. Mitundu yosiyanasiyana imalekerera nyengo yozizira pakati pa nyengo ya nyengo ndipo nyengo yowuma ndi yachilendo apa.

Mphatso ku St. Petersburg

Anaperekedwa ku St. Petersburg zosiyanasiyana chitumbuwa chokhazikika modabwitsa m'midzi. Mtengo wagwetsa nthambi za korona kuphatikizapo tsinde lalifupi ndi thunthu laling'ono. Mitundu yambiri yoyera imapezeka kale m'masiku otsiriza a April. Koma mbeu yoposa mitundu yonse (0.6 pakati pa mtengo uliwonse) imayamba kukolola kumapeto kwa July - oyambirira a August. Komanso, mitengo yayikulu, yopatsa zipatso zochuluka chotero, ndizomwe zimamangirizidwa pa chaka chachitatu chitatha. Mbewu zokolola zimanyamula ulendo wautali mosavuta. Mukatulutsa lalanje ndi zipatso zachikasu, maenje ovundala amakula mpaka kumapangidwe a zamkati, ndipo kutsamba ndi madzi kumakhala ndi kukoma kokoma kwambiri.

Ndikofunikira! Mu nthawi yakucha muyenera kufulumira, monga zipatso zimatsanulira kuchokera ku nthambi.

Skoroplodnaya

Tsabola wofiira ndi maluwa a lalanje a nthusi yamakono Skoroplodna amapindula ku madera a ku China. Mtengo umabweretsa zokolola zoyamba, kawirikawiri m'chaka chachiwiri. Ng'ombe yamphongo yaing'ono, yomwe imabisika mu mabulosi amtundu wonyezimira, imakhala yosiyana kwambiri ndi zamkati. Mabulosi a hybrid a Skoroplodnaya omwe adapezedwa powoloka amakhala mtsogoleri pakati pa nthuri ya chitumbuwa ndi mavitamini C. Kumapeto kwa nyengo yokolola kumayambiriro kwa May May akufalikira kumbuyo kwa korona wawukulu yopangidwa ndi mdima wa masamba. Thupi laling'ono siliteteze maula a mitundu yosiyanasiyana kuti asamalimbane ndi matenda alionse, komanso ndi chisanu ndi mphepo osati ku madera a Moscow okha, komanso kumpoto kwa Russia.

Ndikofunikira! Ngati muli ndi mitundu yambiri ya hybrid pa sitepa, ndiye kuti sipadzakhala mavuto ndi pollination.

Ruby

Maluwa a chitumbuwa amapeza dzina lochititsa chidwi kwambiri, la red ruby ​​la kukula kwakukulu (mabulosi amodzi akhoza kulemera kuposa magalamu 30) zipatso. Mulawa, yowutsa mudyo lakasupa zamkati zamkati zimaphatikizapo kukoma ndi kuwawa. Thupi silingathetse. Zokolola zabwino zimasintha ndi kusintha kwakukulu kwa nyengo, koma mbewu yokha ndi chilala, ndi chisanu chokhalitsa chisanu. Mitengo ya samobbledny yomwe imakhala yamtunduwu imasiyana mosiyana komanso imakhala yozungulira kwambiri. Ruby chitumbuwa maula - nthawi yaitali. Mitundu yosiyanasiyana idalandilidwa ndi obzala Chirimani mu 1969.

Timiryazevskaya

Zosiyanasiyanazo zinaonekera ku Moscow Agricultural Academy. K.A. Timiryazeva. Chomwe amatsogoleredwa ndi wotchuka kwambiri wa cherry plum zosiyanasiyana Kuban comet akuwonekera ku pollinator. Mu Timiryazevskaya chitumbuwa cha chitumbuwa, pamalongosola pali zinthu monga kukhazikika (mtengo umabweretsa mankhwala okwana 0.3 a zipatso chaka chilichonse), bata (sizowopsa kwa matenda a fungus), kudzichepetsa (zidzakhala zosavuta kusamalira), kusinthasintha (ngakhale kupanikizana, ngakhale kupanikizana, ngakhale zitha kupangidwanso, osatchulidwa mowa mwatsopano).

Mtengo wokha ukhoza kufika pamtunda wa mamita atatu, uli ndi masamba ochepa ndipo uli ndi korona wachikale ngati mawonekedwe. Chomeracho ndi chokhalitsa. Burgundy zipatso zamtundu wochepa thupi zimawoneka ngati zazing'ono. Mkati mwa iwo, zamkati zamtundu, zomwe mafupa amangozizira mosavuta.

Pogwiritsa ntchito maluwa a chitumbuwa mumzinda wa Moscow, tcherani khutu kuti simungabzalidwe m'malo omwe dzuwa lilibe. Mukamabzala sizomwe mumagwiritsa ntchito kukula. Limbikitsani kugwira ntchito yoyendetsa nthawi yomweyo chisanu chimasungunuka. Powerengera mtunda pakati pa mitengo ya mtsogolo (kuyambira 3 mpaka 6 m), ganizirani kufalikira kwa korona zawo.

Mafuta a chitumbuwa amatha kupirira, koma ndi tizirombo (mitundu iwiri ya golide, phokoso njenjete, apulo shchitovik) pofuna kupewa njira zowononga ziyenera kulimbana pamene zikukula. Kukhazikitsidwa kwa zosavuta, makamaka pokhala kale ndi olima wamaluwa, malamulowa adzabweretsa chisangalalo cha ntchito ya dziko, komanso kukondweretsa kotuta.