Momwe mungalimbire plumeria kuchokera ku mbewu: kubzala ndi kusamalidwa kwina

Plumeria, wochokera ku mbewu ndi manja awo, ndi mphatso yeniyeni kwa okonda zosowa.

Chitsamba chozizira ngakhale m'mikhalidwe ya chipinda chidzakondweretsa ndi kukongola kwake kodabwitsa ndi fungo la maluwa.

Kuti muchite izi, muyenera kumalima bwino mbeu ndikupatsanso chisamaliro choyenera.

Mukudziwa? Ma plumeria a ku America omwe anali ndi maluwa okongola ndi fungo labwino m'zaka za m'ma 1500, adasinthidwa padziko lonse lapansi ndi a Spanish ndi amishonale - amapezeka ku Ulaya, kum'mwera chakum'maŵa kwa Asia, pazilumba za nyanja ya Pacific ndi Atlantic, ku India ndi kumpoto kwa Africa. Ku Ulaya, chomerachi chili ndi mayina awiri: plumeria (polemekeza wolemba mabuku wa ku France dzina lake Charles Plumer, yemwe adalemba ndondomeko yake yoyamba) ndi frangipani (m'malo mwa Marquis a ku Italy, odzola mafuta pa khoti la Louis XIII, Maurizio Frangipani, amene adayambitsa njira yotha kukonza zinthu zonunkhira mowa).

Mbewu yokonzekera musanadzalemo

Mbewu ya Frangipani ndi yaikulu, ndi mikango (ngati mapulo). Kwa kubzala, mbewu zowonongeka ziyenera kusankhidwa, momwe mizu imayambira. Musanadzalemo, chodzala chiyenera kuthiridwa. Pali njira zingapo zomwe mungakwerere.

Nambala yoyamba 1:

  • Mbeu ziyenera kuyamwa kwa mphindi 15 mu njira yothetsera potassium humate, Epkin, HB-101 kapena mizu yowonjezera kukula;
  • onetsetsani pa chimbudzi chakuda / chophimba ndi kuphimba ndi gauze yonyowa / nsalu;
  • malo mu chidebe chowonekera (chabwino, ngati dzuŵa lidzagwa ndi kutentha). Nthawi yozizira, mukhoza kuika pafupi ndi batiri. Pofuna kusunga tsiku, nthawi yowonongeka kaye ku botolo la kutsitsi.

Patatha tsiku, mukhoza kuyamba kubzala, koma mukhoza kuyembekezera masiku angapo mpaka mizu yoyera idzaze.

Nambala 2:

  • Lembani mbewu za plumeria mumadzi ofunda (maola 3-4);
  • katatu kuchepetsa kwa masekondi 2-3 mu hydrogen peroxide yankho ndi youma;
  • onetsetsani mbeu mu ming'alu ya thonje pad ndi kuima;
  • kutsanulira madzi ofunda mu chidebe chophwanyika ndikuyika diski ndi mbewu za lionfish up;
  • Mizu idzaphulika m'masiku 6-7.

Dothi lodzala

Musanabzala plumeria kuchokera kumbewu ndikofunika kukonzekera nthaka. Chofunika chodzala chidzakhala chosasunthika ndi gawo lowala. Kwa kukonzekera iwo amagwiritsa ntchito humus, mchenga, peat, vermiculite (2x1x1x1).

Ngati msuzi kapena malo obirira kuchokera kumunda wanu - ndikofunika kuti muziwotchera mu uvuni (25 minutes) chifukwa cha disinfection (mphindi 25) kapena muyike mu microwave (mphindi 2-3). Kukonzekera-Kusakaniza kwa mchere (cacti, adeniums) ndibwino kuti mubzala.

Gawoli liyenera kutsanuliridwa m'mitsuko ndi mabowo.

Njira yobwera

Ena wamaluwa amalimbikitsa kuti abzalitse mbewu iliyonse mu chidebe chosiyana, motsimikizirika kuti amakayikira kuti plumeria sakonda kusintha. Zina - gwiritsani ntchito mabokosi akuluakulu kapena mapulasitiki a pulasitiki, osakayikira kuti pakadali pano, kusamalira duwa kudzakhala kosavuta komanso kosavuta.

Ndikofunikira! Mbeu ya mbeu ya plumeria ili ndi vuto lalikulu (kapena mwayi). Mpata wobwerezabwereza za mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya mbewu ya kholo ndi pafupifupi zero, ndipo mwana wamkazi wamkulu wamkulu adzakhala wodabwitsa. Kwa kubereka mbewu kwa akatswiri apanyumba a plumeria amalimbikitsa kugwiritsa ntchito mbewu zofiira plumeria (Plumeriarumba).

Kubzala ndi motere:

  • Pakatikati mwa thanki (mphika) mu gawo lapansi ndikofunika kupanga dzenje;
  • Gwiritsani ntchito nyembazo ndi lionfish mm (pang'onopang'ono ziyenera kukumbidwa pansi kapena zidutswa zitatu, koma lionfish ayenera kukhala pamwamba pa nthaka). Nthaka yozungulira mbewuyo mopepuka ikani pansi;
  • onetsetsani gawolo ndikuphimba ndi polyethylene kapena galasi.

Mavuto abwino ndi kusamalira mbewu

Kuti plumeria iphuke, m'pofunika kuonetsetsa kuti muzisamalira bwino komanso mukusamala - Kukula mphukira zoyamba kumatenga masiku 6 mpaka 12. Pambuyo pofika, zimbudzi ziyenera kuikidwa pamalo otentha (kutentha kwambiri - 23-25 ​​madigiri Celsius) popanda ma drafts.

Nthaŵi zambiri (2 pa tsiku) m'pofunika kutsegula ndi kutsegula mphindi 15-20. Monga mukuyenera, sungani gawo lapansi ndi botolo la kutsitsi.

Ndikofunikira! N'zosatheka kuwonjezera pa gawo lapansi, kuthirira kumakhala koyenera, panthawi yopuma mpweya ndi kofunika kupukuta condensate yomwe imasonkhanitsidwa. Chinthu chachikulu sikuti nthaka ikhale yowawasa.

Chizindikiro cha mapangidwe a mizu - mtunda wa lionfish. Pakubwera kwa tsinde ndi ziphuphu, zidazi zimayikidwa pamalo ozizira ndi ofunda.

Nthawi zina duwa limasowa kuthandizira kuchotsa "khungu" la lionfish (chomeracho sichitha kupirira ndikumasiya kukula). Kuti muchite izi, m'pofunika kuchepetsa ziphuphu pogwiritsa ntchito nsalu yonyowa ndipo, mutatenga chotokosera zamano, muchotsepo pang'ono. Chophimbacho chiyenera kuchotsedwa pang'onopang'ono (kuwonjezerapo nthawi yokhalamo) pambuyo pa 2-3 masamba enieni amakula.

Mukudziwa? Plumeria ili ndi makhalidwe ambiri othandiza: mafuta ofunika a chomera amagwiritsidwa ntchito mwakhama mu perfumery ndi cosmetology (fungo la plumeria likuphatikizidwa ndi fungo la rose, jasmine, sandalwood, lavender, citrus, etc.). Mafuta a plumeria amakhala ndi zotsatira zabwino pa khungu - amachititsa mafuta, amatsitsimutsa komanso amapereka fungo lokoma komanso losatha. Kuonjezera apo, plumeria - amphamvu ya aphrodisiac, imagwiritsidwa ntchito pa chithandizo cha kusowa kwachabe ndi kuuma. Maluwa a Plumeria nthawi zambiri amagwiritsidwa ntchito kukongoletsa zakudya.

Kuwaza mu miphika

Maonekedwe a masambawa ndi kutalika kwa masentimita 6 - ichi ndi chizindikiro cha zisankho. Chomerachi chimayikidwa muzitsulo zazikulu (8-10 masentimita) pulasitiki (ndizosayenera kugwiritsa ntchito miphika ya dothi - mizu ya dothi imamatira dongo) ndi dothi ladothi. Pofuna kukhala pansi, mungagwiritsirenso ntchito mapepala okhala ndi peat (5-7 cm) ndikuwamasulira nawo.

Mphungu ya frangipani iyenera kuikidwa pamalo otentha ndi dzuwa (ndi malo owala). Plumeria ikukula mofulumira - masika onse ayenera kuikidwa mu mphika 2-3 cm kuposa kuposa kale. Pamene chomera chikufikira kukula kofunika, zoperekera ziyenera kuimitsidwa. Pachifukwa ichi, mukuyenera kusintha ndondomeko ya pamwamba pa dziko lapansi masika onse (pafupifupi ¼ ya voliyumu).

Mukudziwa? M'zilumba za Hawaiian, anthu a ku Polynesia ankasunthira nsalu zawo pamphepete mwa mitengo ya plumeria. Plumeria inayamba kukondana ndi a Hawaii chifukwa maluwa amene anasankhidwa kwa milungu iwiri sanawonongeke. Pa chifukwa chomwechi, Achibuddha ndi Ahindu ankaganiza kuti plumeria ndi duwa losatha komanso losakhoza kufa. Ku Bali, ku Laos, Plumeria yakhala chizindikiro cha dziko, ku Philippines ndi ku Oceania amakhulupirira kuti frangipani imawotcha vampires. Pa asteks, mapula okongoletsedwa ndi maguwa a nsembe ndi maluwa a plumeria.

Kusamalanso kwina

M'zaka ziwiri zoyambirira za moyo, plumeria imafuna kusamalitsa mosamala - kuthirira, kudyetsa, chitetezo ku tizirombo, etc. Ngati chisamaliro chiri cholondola, chomeracho chidzafika mamita masentimita 90-100 masentimita, ndipo chidzasintha muzaka 3-5.

Kuthirira kumafunika pamene dothi lokhala pamwamba limakhala louma. Kuthirira kumakhala kofewa, osati ndi laimu ndi madzi osakhala ozizira (mvula kapena chipale chofewa amasungunuka bwino makamaka). Chilimwe chimakhala kuthirira tsiku ndi tsiku kuphatikizapo kupopera mbewu. Mu kasupe ndi autumn - kuthirira kamodzi pa masiku atatu. M'nyengo yozizira, plumeria imalowa m'nyengo yochepa (imataya masamba) ndipo imasowa kuthirira (ndikwanira kupopera nthaka kamodzi pa masiku khumi ndi botolo lopopera).

Kutentha kwakukulu ndi 16-18 madigiri Celsius. Ngati simungachepetse kutentha kwa mpweya, n'kuzisiyamo madigiri 23-25, duwa lidzayesa kukula ndipo silidzalowa mu mpumulo. Pachifukwa ichi, mupitirize kuthirira maluwawo mwachizolowezi, kuwonjezera kuwala kwapadera (maola asanu ndi atatu pa tsiku).

Ndikofunikira! Mpumulo amafunika frangipani kuti apeze mphamvu ndi kupereka zambiri pachimake. Ngati Ngati mukufuna kupeza maluwa a plumeria panyumba - perekani kutentha pang'ono ndi kuthirira mosavuta.

Plumeria amadyetsedwa kangapo:

  • nthawi yoyamba - pa tsiku la 50 pambuyo pa mphukira zoyamba ndi zokonzedwa ndi nayitrogeni;
  • M'chaka choyamba cha moyo ayenera kudyetsedwa miyezi iwiri iliyonse;
  • M'chaka chachiwiri, m'chaka, mugwiritsire ntchito feteleza ndi nitrogen, potaziyamu ndi phosphorous (1x1x1) milungu iwiri iliyonse ("Pokon", "Rainbow"). Kumapeto kwa May - June - ndi phosphorous ("Kuphulika kwakukulu" "," Kukongola ", ndi zina zotero). Mu July-September - ndi potaziyamu, magnesium, phosphorous ("ArganiQ"). Kudyetsa sikofunika m'nyengo yozizira.

Kudulira kumapangidwa bwino pambuyo pa mbeu yomwe imasiya njira yonse - m'chaka. Kuti mukhale ndi nthambi yabwino ya plumeria kuchokera ku nyemba, ndi bwino kuyembekezera mpaka ilo limamasula. Pambuyo maluwa, zimakhala zofunitsitsa kupereka nthambi zatsopano.

Plumeria ali ndi adani ochepa - akunja owopsa kwambiri samathira tizilombo tonse kuti tilawe. Pa tizirombo tizilombo toyambitsa kang'onoting'ono ndizovuta kwambiri. M'chaka ndi chilimwe zimalangizidwa kupopera masamba ndi tizilombo to prophylaxis, kuchotsani masamba otsala ndi maluwa, ndipo musadwale zomera.

Ngati pangakhale vutoli, gwiritsani ntchito "Aktellik", "Fitoverm" kapena mankhwala ochizira (kulowetsedwa kuchokera ku dandelion mizu, anyezi, adyo).

Madzi angabweretse mavuto aakulu pa chomera - amatha kupweteka matenda a bowa (chithandizo ndi mankhwala a Readzol ndi Fitosporin -2-3), pangitsani mizu yoola (chotsani chomera, kudula malo okhudzidwa, ziloweretseni mizu ya mphindi 4-5 Vitarosa (2 ml x 1 l madzi) ndi kuikidwa mu gawo latsopano).

Choncho, plumeria ndiyothandiza kuti ikhale tcheru ndi mphamvu zake, ndipo kulumikila maluwa kuchokera kumbewu ndi kotheka kukhala wolima maluwa.